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16th of August, 1763; he died on the 5th Charles Stuart, seventh duke of York. of January, 1827. A few miscellaneous was second son of James I., by whom he memoranda are extracted from journals of was created to that title in 1604, and whom the dates they refer to, he succeeded in the throne as Charles I. VIII.
The duke of York was sent to Germany James Stuart, a younger son of Charles I., to finish his education. On the 1st of was the eighth duke of York, While bears August, 1787, his royal highness, after ing this title during the reign of his brother having been only five days on the road from Charles II., he manifested great personal Hanover to Calais, embarked at that port, courage as a naval commander, in several on board a common packet-boat, for Eng. actions with the Dutch, ' Under the title of land, and arrived at Dover the same afterJames II., he incompetently filled the noon. He was at St. James's-palace the throne and weakly abdicated it.
following day by half-past twelve o'clock; IX.
and, on the arrival of the prince of Wales
at Carlton-house, he was visited by the Ernest Augustus Guelph, ninth duke of duke, after an absence of four years, which, York, duke of Albany, earl of Ulster, and far from cooling, had increased the affection bishop of Osnaburgh, was brother to George of the royal brothers. Lewis Guelph, elector of Hanover, and king of England as George I., by letters from whom, in 1716, he was dignified as
On the 20th of December, in the same above, and died in 1728, unmarried.
year, a grand masonic lodge was held at
the Star and Garter in Pall-mall. The X.
duke of Cumberland as grand-master, the Edward Augustus, tenth duke of York,' prince of Wales, and the duke of York, were duke of Albany, and earl of Ulster, was in the new uniform of the Britannic-lodge, second son of Frederick prince of Wales, and the duke of York received another de. and brother to king George III., by whom gree in masonry; he had some time before he was created to those titles. He died at been initiated in the first mysteries of the Monaco, in Italy, September 17, 1767, un- brotherhood. married.
" On the 5th of February, 1788, the duke THE LATE DUKE OF YORK. ';.
of York appeared in the Court of King's
Bench, and was sworn to give evidence - Frederick, eleventh Duke of York, was before the grand jury of Middlesex, on an brother of His Majesty King George IV., indictment for fraud, in sending a letter to and second son of his late Majesty King his royal highness, purporting to be a letter George IH., by whom he was advanced to from captain Morris, requesting the loan of the dignities of Duke of the Kingdom of forty pounds. The grand jury found the inGreat Britain, and of Earl of the Kingdom dictment, and the prisoner, whose name of Ireland, by the titles of Duke of York does not appear, was brought into court by and of Albany in Great Britain, and of Earl the keeper of Tothill-fields Bridewell, and of Ulster in Ireland, and presented to the pleaded not guilty, whereupon he was reBishopric of Osnaburgh. His Royal manded, and the indictment appointed to Highness was Commander-in-Chief of all be tried in the sittings after the following the Land Forces of the United Kingdom, term ; but there is no account of the trial Colonel of the First Regiment of Foot having been had. Guards, Colonel-in-chief of the 60th Regia ment of Infantry, Officiating Grand Master of the Order of the Bath, High Steward of
In December of the same year, the duke New Windsor, Warden and Keeper of the
ordered two hundred and sixty sacks of New Forest Hampshire, Knight of the
coals to be distributed among the families Garter, Knight of the Order of the Holy
of the married men of his regiment, and Ghost in France, of the Black Eagle in
the same to be continued during the seveRussia, the Red Eagle in Prussia, of St.
rity of the weather. Maria Theresa in Austria, of Charles III. in Spain, Doctor of Civil Law, and Fellow. In 1788, pending the great question of of the Royal Society.
the regency, it was contended on that side · The late duke of York was born on the of the House of Commons from wheụce
extension of royal prerogative was least exé royal assembled in gala, in the apartments pected, that from the moment parliament was of the dowager queen, where the diamond made acquainted with the king's incapacity, crown was put on the head of princess a right attached to the prince of Wales to Frederica. The generals, ministers, ambásexercise the regal functions, in the name of sadors, and the high nobility, assembled in his father. On the 15th of December, the the white hall. At seven o'clock, the duke of duke of York rose in the House of Lords, York, preceded by the gentlemen of the and a profound silence ensued. His royal chamber, and the court officers of state, led highness said, that though perfectly unused the princess his spouse, whose train was as he was to speak in a public assembly, carried by four ladies of the court, through yet he could not refrain from offering his all the parade apartments; after them went sentiments to their lordships on a subject the king, with the queen dowager, prince in which the dearest interests of the country Lewis of Prussia, with the reigning queen, were involved. He said, he entirely agreed and others of the royal family to the white with the noble lords who had expressed hall, where a canopy was erected of crimson their wishes to avoid any question which velvet, and also a crimson velvet sofa for tended to induce a discussion on the rights the marriage ceremony. The royal couple of the prince. The fact was plain, that no placed themselves under the canopy, before such claim of right had been made on the the sofa, the royal family stood round part of the prince; and he was confident them, and the upper counsellor of the conthat bis royal highness understood too well sistory, Mr. Sack, made a speech in German. the sacred principles which seated the house This being over, rings were exchanged ; and of Brunswick on the throne of Great Bri- the illustrious couple, kneeling on the tain, ever to assume or exercise any power, sofa, were married according to the rites be his claim what it might, not derived from of the reformed church. The whole ended the will of the people, expressed by their with a prayer. Twelve guns, placed in the representatives and their lordships in parlia- garden, fired three rounds, and the benement assembled. On this ground his royal diction was given. The new-married couple highness' said, that he must be permitted to then received the congratulations of the hope that the wisdom and moderation of all royal family, and returned in the same considerate men, at a moment when temper manner to the apartments, where the royal and unanimity were so peculiarly necessary, family, and all persons present, sat down on account of the dreadful calamity which to card-tables ; after which, the whole every description of persons must in com- court, the high nobility, and the ambassamon lament, but which he more par- dors, sat down to supper, at six tables. ticularly felt, would make them wish to The first was placed under à canopy of avoid pressing a decision, which certainly crimson velvet, and the victuals served in was not necessary to the great object ex gold dishes and plates. The other five pected from parliament, and which must be tables, at which sat the generals, ministers, most painful in the discussion to a family ambassadors, all the officers of the court, already sufficiently agitated and afflieted. and the high nobility, were served in other His royal highness.concluded with saying, apartments. that these were the sentiments of an honest D uring supper, music continued playing heart, equally influenced by duty and affee in the galleries of the first hall, which im tion to his royal father, and attachment to inediately began when the company entered the constitutional rights of his subjects; the hall. At the dessert, the royal table and that he was confident, if his royal broʻ was served with a beautiful set of china, ther were to address them in his place as a made in the Berlin manufactory. Supper peer of the realm, that these were the senti being over, the whole assembly repaired to. ments which he would distinctly avow. the white hall, where the trumpet, timbrel;
and other music were playing; and the flam-. His majesty in council having declared beau dance was begun, at which the minishis consent, under the great seal, to a con-. ters of state carried the torches. With this tract of matrimony between his royal high ended the festivity. The ceremony of the ness the duke of York and her royal highre-marriage of the duke and duchess of ness the princess Frederique Charlotte' York took place at the Queen's Palace, Ulrique Catherine of Prussia, eldest daugh- London, on the 23d of November. " ter of the king of Prussia, on the 29th of Sep- The duchess of York died on the 6th of tember, 1791, the marriage ceremony was August, 1820. performed at Berlin. About six o'clock in the afternoon, all the persons of the blood
. . . . . . . .
I' TAE DANCE or Torches. " in which forty pounds of gunpowder being As a note of illustration on this dance at
b et deposited, a number of most curious warthe Prussian nuptials of the duke" and
like instruments, which his royal bighness
had collected on the continent, were de duchess of York, reference may be had to
stroyed. Many of the guns and other a slight mention of the same observance on
weapons were presented from the king the marriage of the prince royal of Prussia
of Prussia, and German officers of diswith the princess of Bavaria, in the Every
tinction, and to each piece was attached its Day Book, vol. i. p. 1551. . Since that his
history. By the seasonable exertions of the article, I find more descriptive particulars of it in a letter from
neighbourhood, the flames were prevented baron Bielfeld,
s from spreading to the main part of the giving an account of the marriage of the
building. The duchess was at Oatlands at prince of Prussia with the princess of Brunswick Wolfenbuttle, at Berlin, in 1742.
the time, and beheld the conflagration from The baron was present at the ceremonial.
her sleeping apartment, in the centre of the “ As soon as their majesties rose from
mansion, from which the flames were pre table, the whole company returned into the
vented communicating by destroying a gatewhite hall; from whence the altar was re
way, over the wing that adjoined to the
house. Her royal highness gave her orders inoved, and the room was illuminated with fresh wax lights. The musicians were
with perfect composure, directed abundant placed on a stage of solid silver. Six lieu
refreshment to the people who were extintenant generals, and six ministers of state,
guishing the flames, and then retired to the stood, each with a white wax torch in his
rooms of the servants at the stables, which hand, ready to be lighted, in conformity to
are considerably detached from the palace. a ceremony used in the German courts
His majesty rode over from Windsor-castle on these occasions, which is called the
to visit her royal highness, and staid with dance of torches, in allusion to the torch
her a considerable time. of Hymen. This dance was opened by the new married prince and princess, who made
On the 8th of April, 1808, whilst the the tour of the hall, saluting the king and
duke of York was riding for an airing along the company. Before them went the ministers and the generals, two and two, with
the King's-road towards Fulham, a drover's their lighted torches. The princess then
dog crossed, and barked in front of the gave her hand to the king, and the prince
horse. The animal, suddenly rearing, fell
backwards, with the duke under him; and to the queen; the king gave his hand to the queen mother, and the reigning queen
the horse rising, with the duke's foot in the to prince Henry, and in this manner all
stirrup, dragged him along, and did him
further injury. When extricated, the duke, the princes and princesses that were pre
with great cheerfulness, denied he was sent, one after the other, and according to their rank, led up the dance, making the
much hurt, yet two of his ribs were broken,
the back of his head and face contused, and tour of the hall, almost in the step of the
one of his legs and arms much bruised. A Polognese. The novelty of this performance, and the sublime quality of the per
gentleman in a back chaise immediately
per alighted, and the duke was conveyed in it formers, made it in some degree agreeable. Otherwise the extreme gravity of the dance
to York-house, Piccadilly, where his royal itself, with the continual round and formal
highness was put to bed, and in due time pace of the dancers, the frequent going out
recovered to the performance of his active of the torches, and the clangour of the
duties. . .
. trumpets that rent the ear, all these I say made it too much resemble the dance of . On the 6th of August, 1815, the duke of the Sarmates, those ancient inhabitants of York,'on coming out of a shower-bath, at the prodigious woods of this country.” Oatlands, fell, from the slippery state of the
oilcloth, and broke the large bone of his On the 7th of June, 1794, about four
left arm, half way between the shoulder o'clock in the morning, a fire broke out at
and the elbow-joint. ' His royal highness's the duke of York's palace at Oatlands. It
excellent constitution at that time assisted began in the kitchen, and was occasioned
à the surgeons, and in a fortnight he again by a beam which projected into the chim
attended to business. ney, and communicated to the roof. His royal highness's armoury was in that wing :On the 13th of Oetober, in the same of the building where the fire commenced, year, his royal highness's ļįbrary, at his office in the Horse-guards, consisting of the Brunswick, and to those principles which best military authors, and a very extensive had placed it on the throne, and of having collection of maps, were removed to his on all occasions a'cted an independent and new library (late her majesty's) in the honourable part towards the government of Green-park. The assemblage is the most the country, and I therefore thought myself perfecto collection of works on military justified in concluding my letter in the fol. affairs in the kingdom.
lowing terms :- I know not in what esti
mation your royal highness may hold my It appears, from the report of the com
repeated endeavours, in moments of danmissioners of woods, forests, and land
ger, to support the religion and the constirevenues, in 1816, that the duke of York
tution of the country; but if I am fortunate purchased of the commissioners the follow
enough to have any merit with you on that ing estates: 1. The manor of Byfleet and
score, I earnestly request your protection Weybridge, with Byfleet or Weybridge
for my son. I am a bad courtier, and know park, and a capital messuage and offices,
little of the manner of soliciting favours and other messuages and buildings there.
through the intervention of others, but I 2. The manor of Walton Leigh, and divers
feel that I shall never know how to forget messuages and lands therein. 3. A capital
them, when done to myself; and, under messuage called Brooklands, with offices,
that consciousness, I beg leave to submit gardens, and several parcels of land, situata
myself in ed at Weybridge. 4. A farm house, and "..Your Royal Highness's divers lands, called Brooklands-farm, at
. Most grateful servant,' Weybridge. 5. A messuage and lands,
R. LANĎAFF.' called Childs, near Weybridge. 6. Two
“I received a very obliging answer by the rabbit-warrens within the manor of Byfleet
return of the post, and in about two months and Weybridge. To this property was to
my son was promoted, without purchase, be added all lands and premises allotted to
from a 'majority to a lieutenant-colonelcy the preceding by virtue of any act of enclo
in the Third Dragoon Guards. After hav. sure. The sale was made to his royal
ing experienced, for above' twenty-four highness in May, 1809, at the price of ye
years, the neglect of his majesty's ministers, £74,459. 38.; but the money was permitted
I received great satisfaction from this atto remain at the interest of 31 per cent. till
tention of his son, and shall carry with me the 10th of June, 1815, when the principal
tó my grave a most grateful memory of his and interest (amounting, after the deduc
goodness. I could not at the time forbear tion of property-tax, and of the rents, which,
expressing my acknowledgment in the during the interval, had been paid to the
following letter, nor can I now forbear’in. crown, to £85,135. 58. 9d.) were paid into
serting it in these anecdotes. The whole the Bank of England, to the account of the
transaction will do his royal highness no commissioners for the new street. His
discredit with posterity, and I shall ever royal highness also purchased about twenty
consider it as an honourable testimony of acres of land in Walton, at the price of his approbation of my public conduct, £1294. 25. 3d.
Calgarth Park, Nov. 9, 1805.
- Do, my lord of Canterbury, While the duke was in his last illness. But one good turn, and he's your friend for ever." members on both sides of the House of Thus Shakspeare makes Henry VIII. Commons bore spontaneous testimony to speak of Cranmer; and from the bottom of his royal highness's impartial administration my heart, I humbly entreat your royal of his high office as commander-in-chief; highness to believe, that the sentiment is and united in one general expression, that as applicable to the bishop of Landaff as it no political distinction ever interfered to was to Cranmer. prevent the promotion of a deserving officer. The bis dat qui cito dat has been most
A statement in bishop Watson's Me- kindly thought of in this promotion of my moirs, is a tribute to his royal highness's son; and I know not which is most dear reputation.
to my feelings, the matter of the obligation, " On the marriage of my sou in August, or the noble manner of its being conferred. 1805, I wrote," says the bishop, “ to the I sincerely hope your royal highness will duke of York, requesting his royal high- pardon this my intrusion, in thus expressing ness to give him his protection. I felt a my most grateful acknowledgments for consciousness of having, through life, che- them both . " Fished a warm attachment to the house of
...; *!** R. LANDAFF.'"
ever spent a dart upon
Mr. Charles Lamb.
John, not being able to bring Matilda,
the chaste daughter of the old Baron FitzTo the Editor.
water, to compliance with his wishes,
causes her to be poisoned in a nunnery. .' Dear Sir,
It is not unknown to you, that about SCENE. John. The Barons : they being sixteen years since I published.“ Speci- . as yet ignorant of the murder, and mens of English Dramatic Poets, who having just come to composition with lived about the Time of Shakspeare.” For
the King after tedious wars. Matilda's .. the scarcer Plays I had recourse to the hearse is brought in by Hubert. Collection bequeathed to the British Mu
John. Hubert, interpret this apparition, seum by Mr. Garrick, , But my time was
Hubert. Behold, sir, but short, and my subsequent leisure has
A sad-writ Tragedy, so feelingly discovered in it a treasure rich and ex
Languaged, and cast; with such a crafty cruelty haustless beyond what I then imagined.
Contrived, and acted ; that wild sa vages In it is to be found almost every production would weep to lay their ears to, and (admiring in the shape of a Play that has appeared in To see themselves outdone) they would conceive print, from the time of the old Mysteries Their wildpess mildness to this deed, and call and Moralities to the days of Crown and Men more than savage, themselves rational. D'Urfey. Imagine the luxury to one like And thou, Fitzwater, reflect upon thy name.* me, who, above every other form of Poetry, And turn the Son of Tears. Oh, forget have ever preferred the Dramatic, of sitting That Oupid in the princely apartments, for such they That Hymen ever coupled thee; or that ever are, of poor condemned Montagu House, The hasty, happy, willing messenger which I predict will not speedily be fol. Told thee thou had'st a daughter. On look here! lowed by a handsomer, and culling at will, Look here, King John, and with a trembling eyej . the flower of some thousand Dramas. It is Read your sad aot, Matilda's tragedy, like having the range of a Nobleman's Lie Barons. Matilda! brary, with the Librarian to your friend. Fitzwater. By the lab'ring soul of a much-injurel Nothing can exceed the courteousness and
man, attentions of the Gentleman who has the
child Matilda ! chief direction of the Reading Rooms here;
Bruce. Sweet niece! and you have scarce to ask for a volume,
Leicester, Chaste soul! before it is laid before you,
John. Do I stir, Chester?
If the occasional Extracts, which I have been tempted
Good Oxford, do I move ? stand I not still
To watch when the griev'd friends of wrong'd Matilda to bring away, may find an appropriate Will with a thousand stabs turn me to dust, place in your Table Book, some of them. That in a thousand prayers they might be happy? are weekly at your service. By those who will no one do it? then give a mourner room, remember the “ Specimens,' these must be A man of tears. Oh immaculate Matilda, considered as mere after-gleanings, supple. These shed but sailing heat-drops, misling showers, mentary to that work, only comprising a The faint dews of a doubtful April morning; longer period. You must be content with But from mine eyes ship-sinking cataracts, sometimes a scene, sometimes 'a song; a Whole clouds of waters, wealthy exhalations, speech, or passage, or a poetical image, as Shall fall into the sea of my afliction, they happen to strike me. I read without Till it amaze the mourners. order of time; I am a poor hand at dates: Hubert. Unmatch'd Matilda ; and for any biography of the Dramatists, Celestial soldier, that kept a fort of chastity I must refer to writers who are more skil- 'Gainst all temptations. ful in such matters. My business is with Fitzwater. Not to be a Queen, their poetry only:
Would she break her chaste row. Truth crowns your . Your well-wisher,
Unmatch'd Matilda was her name indeed.
C. LAMB. January, 27, 1827.
* Fitzwater : son of water. A striking instance of tbe compatibility of the serious pun with the expression of the profoundest sorrows. Grief, as well as joy, finds ease in thus playing with a word. Old John of Gaunt
in Shakspeare thus descants on his name : * Gaunt, and No. I.
gaunt indeed;" to a long string of conceits, which no
one has ever yet felt as ridiculous. The poet Wither [From “ King John and Matilda," a Tra thus, in a mournful review of the declining estate of
gedy by Robert Davenport acted in his family, says with deepest nature: *
The very name of Wither shows decay.