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KING HE NE
LITERARY AND HISTORICAL THE cransactions comprized in this historical play commence about
the eighth, year of King Henry's reign; or with the marriage betw which reconciled the differences of the two crowns. It was writt beth's forces in Ireland were commanded by the Earl of Essex. foibles and dissipation of Henry, whilst a prince, was under the lustre of his character sa monarch. In this, with one exceptio: succeeded. The old woman's account of Falstaff's death is admiral turally circumstantial : every reader must regret bidding adieu to 1 variably produced a smile. Of Pistol, Dr Johnson says, " his okai bullies that have yet appeared on the English stage."
DRAMATIS PERSONA KING HENRY THE FIFTI.
CHARLES DUKE OF GLOSTER,
LEW19, 11 DUKE OF BEDFORD, Brothers to the King.
DUKES 0 DUKE OF EXETER, Uncle to the King.
B Duke or YORK, ('orisin to the King.
The CON EARLS OF SALISBURY, WEST YORELAND, and RAMBORE WARWICK
GOVERNO ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY. BISHOP OP ELY.
AMBASSA Earl of CAMBRIDGE, Conspirators against Lord SCROOP,
ISABEL, SIR THOMAS GREY, $ the King.
KATHARI SIR THOMAS ERPINGHAM, GOWER, FLUELLEN,
MACMORRIS, JAMY, Officers in King ALICE, a
Henry's Army. BATES, COURT, WILLIAMS, Soldiers in the QUICKLY
same. NYM, BARDOLPH, Pistol, formerly Servants Lords, I
to Falstuf, now Soldiers in the same. Boy, Servant to them.-A HERALD.--CHORUS.
The SCENE, at the beginning of the play, lies in England
Attest, in Oh! for a muse of fire, . that would ascend And let u The brightest heaven of invention ?
On your A kingdom for a stage, princes to act,
Suppose, And monarchs to behold the swelling scene! Are now Then should the warlike Harry, like himself, Whose hi Assume the port of Mass; and, at his heels,
The penil Leash'd in like hounds, should famine, sword, Piece on and fire,
Into a th Crouch for employment. But pardon, gentles And mali all,
Think, w The flat unraised spirit that hath dar'd
Printing On this unworthy scaffold to bring forth
For 'tis So great an object : Can this cockpit hold The vasty fields of Frauce; or may we cram Carry the Within this wooden 0, + the very casques,
Turning That did affright the air at Agincourt ?
Into an O pardon ! since a crooked figure may
Admit m • Alluding to the Peripatetic system, which imagines Genúy to several leavens ope above another; the last and highest of which was one of fire.
1 An allusion to the circular form of the theatre.
And wholesome herries thrive and ripen best,
Neighbour'd by fruit of baser quality : SCENE 1.-London.-An Antechamber in
And so the prince obscur'd bis contemplation the King's Palace.
Under the veil of wildness; which, no doubt, Enter the Archbishop of CANTERBURY,
Grew like summer grass, fastest by night,
and Bishop of ELY.
Unseen, yet crescive • in his faculiy.
Cant. It must be so : for miracles are ceas'd; Cant. My lord, I'll tell you, that self bill is And therefore we must needs admit the meaus, arg'i,
How things are perfected. Which, in the eleventh year o'the last king's
Ely. But, my good lord, reign
How now for mitigation of this bill Was like, and had indeed against us pass'd, Uig'd by the commons ? Doth bis majesty But that the scambling and inquiet time
Incline to it or no?
Cant. He seems indifferent;
Than cherisbing the exhibiters again-t ils : Cant. It must be thought on. If it pass For I have made an offer to his majesty, against us,
(Upon our spiritual convocation ; We lose the better half of our possession ;
And in regard of causes now in hand,
As touching France, to give a greater sum
honour, Foll fifteen earls, and fifteen hundred knights ;
Ely. How did this oiler seem receiv'd, my
lord? Six thousand and two hundred good esquires ; Cant. With good acceptance of his majesty : And to relief of lazars, and weak age,
Save, that there was not time cuongh to hear or indigent faint souls, past corporal toil, A hun red alms-houses right-well supplied ;
(As 1 perceiv'd, his grace would falu bave
done,) And to the coffers of the king beside,
The severals and unhidden passages A thousand pounds by the year ; Thus runs the Of bis true titles to some certain dukedoms; bill.
And, generally, to the crown and beat of Ely. This would drink deep.
France, Cant. 'Twould drink the cup and all.
Deriv'd from Edward, his great grandfather. Ely. But what prevention ?
Ely. What was ihe impediment that broke this Cant. The king is full of grace and fair
ofl ? regard.
Cant. The French ambassador, upon that Ely. And a true lover of the holy church. Cant. The courses of his youth promis'd it Crav'd audience; and the hour I think is come,
To give him bearing : Is it four o'clockt The breath no sooner left his father's body,
Ely. It is. But that bis wildness, inortified in him,
Cant. Then go we in to know his embassy; Seem'd to die too : yea, at that very moment,
Which I could, with a ready guess, declare, Consideration like an angel camne,
Before the Frenchman speak a word of it. Aod whipp'd the offending Adam out of him;
Ely. I'll wait upon you; and I long to bear Leaving his body as a paradise,
(Exeunt. To envelop and contain celestial spirits. Never was such a sudden scholar made :
SCEVE II.-The same.- A Room of State in Never came reformation in a food,
the same. With such a heady current scouring faults ; Nor bever Hydra-headed wilfulness
Enter King HENRY, GLOSTER, BEDFORD, EXE. So soon did lose his seat, and all at once,
TER, WARWICK, WESTUORELAND, and AtAs in this king.
tendants. Ely. We are blessed in the change. (ant. Hear him but reason in divinity,
K. Hen. Where is my gracious lord of Can. And, all-admiring, with an inward wish
terbury? You would desire the king were made a pre
Exe. Not here in presence. late:
K. Hen. Send for him, good uncle. Hear bim debate of commonwealth affairs, West. Shall we call in the ambassador, my You would say, it hath been all-in all his
liege? study :
K. Hen. Not yet, my cousin ; we would be reList bis discourse of war, and you shall hear
solv'd, A fearful battle ander'd you in music :
Before we hear him, of some things of weight, Tur bim to any cause of policy,
That task our thoughts, concerning us and The Gordian knot of it he will unloose,
Enter the Archbishop of CANTERBURY, and And the mate wonder lurketh in men's ears,
Bishop of Ely. To steal bis sweet and honeyed sentences;
Cant. God and his angels guard your sacred So that the art and practic part of life
throne, Must be the mistress to this theoric : +
And make you long become it! Which is a wonder, how his grace should K. Hen. Sure, we thank you. glean it,
My learned lord, we pray you to proceed ; Since his addiction was to courses vain ; And justly and religiously unfold, His companies i unletter'd, rude, and sballow; Why the law Salique, that they have in France,
hours fill'd up with riots, banquets, Or should, or sbould not, bar us in our claiin. sports;
And God forbid, my dear and faithful lord, And never noted in him any study,
That you should fashion, wrest, or bow your Agy retirement, any sequestration
reading, Toro open baunts and popularity.
Or nicely charge your understanding soul Ely. The strawberry grows underneath the With opening titles miscreate, + whose riglit pettle ;
Suits not in native colours with the truth; • Alloding to the method by which Hercules cleansed For God doth know how many now in health the Augear etable: viz. turning a river through it. 1 Thcory. 1 Companions.
Ball drop their blood in approbation
Was re-united to the crown of France. or what your reverence shall incite us to : So that, as clear as is the summer's sun, Therefore take heed huw you impawu our King Pepin's title, and Hugh Capet's claim, person ;
King Lewis his satisfaction, all appear How you awake the sleeping sword of war ;- To hold in right and title of the female : We charge you in the name of God, take heed : So do the kings of France unto this day ; For lever liro such kingdoms did contend, Howbeit they would hold up this Salique law, Without much fall of blood ; whose guiltless To bar your highness claiming from the fetuade; drops
And rather choose to hide them in a net, Are every one a wne, a sore complaint,
Than amply to imhare their crooked utles 'Gainst hiui, whose wrongs give edge unto tbe Usurp'd from you and your progenitors. swords
Ki Hen. May 1, with right and couscience, That make such waste in brief mortality.
make this claim ? I'nder ibis conjuration, speak, my lord ;
Cant. The sin upon any head, dread so And we will hear, mote, and believe in heart,
vereign ! + That what you speak is in your conscience For in the book of Numbers is it writ, wash'd
When the son dies, let the inheritance As pure as sin with baptism.
Descend unto the daughter. Gracious lort, Cunl. Then hear me, gracious sovereign, - Stand for your own ; unwind your bloody diag; and you peers,
Look back unto your mighty ancestors : That owe your lives, your faith, and services, Go, my dread lord, iv your great grandsire's To this imperial throne ;—There is no bar
tomb, To make against your bighness' claim to France, from whom you claim ; invoke his warlile But this, which they produce from Phara.
And your great uncle's Edward the black In terram Salicam mulieres ne succedant,
prince ; No rroman shall succeed in Salique land: Who on the French groumd play'd a tragedy, Which Salique land the French unjustly gloze, + Making defeat on the sull power of France ; To be the realm of France, and Pharamoud Whiles his nost mighty faiber on a hill The founder of this law and female bar.
Stood smiling, to behuld liis lion's whelp Yet their own authors faithfully altorm,
Forage in blood of French mobility. . That the land Salique lies in Germany,
O noble English that could entertain Between the floods of Sala and of Elbe :
With hall their forces the full pride of France; Where Charles the great, having subdued the And let another ball stand laughing by, Saxons,
All out of work, and cold for action ! There left behind and settled certain French ; Ely. Awake remembrance of these valiant Who, holding in disdain the German women,
dead, For some disbonest manners of their life, And with yunr puissant arm renew their feats : Establishi'd there this law,-10 wil, no female You are their heir, you sit upon their thinge ; Should be inheritrix in Salique land;
The blood and courage, that renowned them, Which Salique, as I said, 'twixt Elbe and Runs in your veitis; and iny thrice-puissau Sala,
liege Is at this day in Germany callid Meisen.
Is in the very May-morn of his youth, This doth it well appear, the Salique law Ripe for exploits and mighty enterprises. Was not devised for the realin of France :
Ere. Your brother kings and mouarchs of Nor did the French possess the Salique land
the earth Uiitil four hundred one and twenty years
Do all expect that you should roose yourself, Alier defunction of king Pharaniond,
As did the former lions of your blood. July suppos'il the founder of this law;
West. They know your grace bath cause, and Who died within the year of our redemption
means, and might; Four hundred twenty-six ; and Charles the So hath your highness; never king of Englaud great
Hai mobies richer and more loyal subjects; Subdued ibe Saxons, and did seat the French Whose bearts have left their bodies bere is Beyond the river Sala, in the year
Cant. o let their bodics follow, my dear Did as heir general, being descended
liege, or Bliuild, which was the daughter to Clo. With blood, and sword, and fire, to win foar thair,
right: Make claim and title to the crown of France. In aid whereor, we of the spiritnalty High Capel also, that usurp'd the crown will raise your bighness such a mighty sum, of Charles the duke of Loraill, sole heir male As hever did the clergy at one tiine of the true line and stock of Charles the Bring in to any of your ancestors. great,
k. Hen. We must not only arm to invade the To fine his title with some show of truth,
French; (l'hougti in pure truth, it was corrupi and But lay down our proportions to defend manylii,)
Against the Scol, who will make road upon es Convey'd j himself as heir to the lady Lingare, With all advantages. Daughter to Charlemaill, who was the son Cant. They of those marches, $ gracious so To Lewis :he emperor, and Lewis the son
vereign, or Charles the great. Also king Lewis the shall be a wali 'sufficient to defend telth,
Our inland from the pellering borderers. Who was sole heir to the tsurper Capet,
K. Hen. We do not mean the cruising suatCould not keep quiet in his conscience,
chers only, Wearing the crown of France, till satisfied But fear the main intendments of the score That fair queen Isabel, his grandinother, Who hath been still a giddy neighbour to us : Was lineal of the lady Erinengare,
For you shall read, Thai my great grandfather Danghter 10 Charles the foresaid duke of Never went with his forces iirto France, Lorain :
But that the Scot, on his unfurnisu'd Kingdom, By the which marraige, the line of Charles the
+ This Chichly, archbishop or Canterbury, perem
meude an attack on France, 10 save the moscables of • The whole of his long specchie copied from Hollin. Mother Church ... tume.
Al llar bamle hod. + Explain • Make shows or specious Cressy.
The borders of Englanu ani Derived listule.
| General disposition.
Came pouring like the tide unto a breach, Cannot defend our own door from the dog.
the Dauphin. Hath shook and trembled at the ill neighbour- [Exit an Attendant. The King ascends hood.
his Throne. Cant. She hath been then more fear'd.than Now are we well resolv'd; and, by God's harm'd, my liege :
help For hear her but exampled by herself,- And your's the noble sinews of our power, When all her chivalry bath been in France, France being our's, we'll bend it to our awe, And she a mourning widow of her nobles, Or break it all to pieces : Or there we'll sit, She bath herself not only well defended, Ruling, in large and ample empery, But taken and impounded as a stray,
O'er France, and all her almost kingly dukeThe king of Scots; whoin she did send to
Or lay these bones in an unworthy urii, To fill king Edward's fame with prisoner Tombless, with no remembrance over them : kings;
Either our history sball, with full mouth, And make your chronicle as rich with praise, Speak freely of our acts ; or else our grave, As is the ooze and bottom of the sea
Like Turkish mute, shall have a tongueless With sunken wreck and sumless treasuries.
Enter AMBASSADORS of France.
of onr fair cousin Dauphin; for, we hear, Comes sueaking ; and so sucks her princely Your greeting is from hiin, not from the king. eggs ;
Amb. May it please your majesty, to give us Playing the moase, in absence of the cat,
leave To spoil and bavoc more than she can eat. Freely to render what we have in charge ; Fze. It follows then, the cat must stay at Or shall we sparingly show you far oft bome :
The Dauphin's meaning, and our embassy ? Yet that is but a curs'd necessity;
K. Hen. We are no tyrant, but a Christian Since we have locks to safeguard necessaries,
king ; And pretty traps to catch the petty thieres. Unto whose grace our passion is as subject, While that the armed band doth fight abroad, As are our wretches fetter'd in our prisons : Tbe advised bead defends itself at home : Therefore, with frank and with aucurbed plainFor goveminent, though high, and low, aud
Tell us the Dauphin's mind. Put into parts, doth keep in one concent; + Amb. Thus then, in few. Congruing I in a full and natural close,
Your highness, lately sending into France, Like music
Did claim soine certain dukedoms, in the right Canl. True : therefore doth heaven divide of your great predecessor, king Edward the The state of man in divers functions,
third. Setung endeavour in continual motion :
In answer of which claim, the prince our To wbieb is fixed, as an aim or butt,
master Obedience : for so work the honey bees ; Says, that you savour too much of your youth ; Creatures, that, by a rule in nature, teach And bids you be advis'd, there's nought in The act of order to a peopled kingdom.
France, They have a king, and officers of sorts : $ That can be with a nimble galliard + won ; Where soine, like magistrates, correct at home; You cannot revel into dukedoins there: Oibers, like merchants, venture trade abroad ; He therefore sends you, meeter for your spirit, Others, like soldiers, armed in their stings, This tun of treasure ; and in lieu of this, Make boot upon the summer's velvet buds; Desires you let the dukedoms that you claim, Which pillage they with merry march bring Hear no more of you. This the Dauphin To the tent-royal of their emperor : (home speaks. Who, basied in his majesty, surveys
K. Hen. What treasure, uncle ? The singing masons building roofs of gold; Ere. Tennis-balls, my liege. The civil citizens kneading up the honey; K. llen. We are glad the Dauphin is so pleaThe poor mechanic porters crowding in
sant with us ; 1 Their heavy burdens at liis narrow gale ; His present, and your pains, we thank you for : Tbe sad.ey'd justice, with bis surly buin,
When we have match'd our rackets to these Delisering o'er to executors I pale
balls, The lazy yawning drone. I this infer,
We will, in France, by God's grace, play a set, That many things, having full reference
Shall strike his father's crown into the hazard : To oue consent, may work contrariously ; Tell him, he hath inade a match with such a As many arrows, loosed several ways,
wrangler, Fly to one inark;
That all the courts of France will be disturb'd As many several ways meet in one town ;
With chaces. And we understand him well, As Biany fresh streams run in one self sea : How le cimes o'er us with our wilder days, As many lines close in the dial's centre;
Not measuring what use we made of them. So mnany a thousand actions, once afoot,
We never valu'd this poor seat of England; End in one purpose, and be all well borne And therefore, living hence, did give ourself Without defeat. Therefore to France, my To barbarous licence ; As 'us ever commun, liege.
That men are merriest when they are from Divide your happy England into four ;
home. Whereof take you one quarter into France, But, tell the Dauphin, I will keep my state ; And you withal shall make all Gallia shake. Be like a king, and show my sail of greatness, li we, with thrice that power left at home, When I do rouse me in iny throne of France ;
• Dominion. An ancient dance. • Frightened.
1 This stury is by no means credible : the great offers 1 Agreeing
Different lexrers. made in France, to avert the war, shew that they enter i sabes, orwe. Executioners. lained a just idea of lleury's character..- Hume.
For that I bave laid by my majesty,
Confirmi'd And plodded like a man for working days ; And by the But I will rise there with so full a glory, (If hell al That I will dazzle all the eyes of France,
Ere be ta Yea, strike the Dauphin blind to look ou us. And tell the pleasant prince, this mock of bis
Linger yo Hath turn'd his balls to gun-stones; and his The abuse soul
(geance The suin Shall stand sore charged for the wasteful ven. The king That shall fly with them: for many a thousand Is how to widows
(bauds; There is Shall this his mock mock out of their dear bus. And then Muck motbers from their sons, mock castles Aud briu down:
To give And some are yet ungotten, and unborn,
We'll no That sball have cause to curse the Dauphin's But, till scoru.
Uuto Sot But this lies all within the will of God, To whom I do appeal, and, in whose name,
SC Tell you the Daupbin I am coming on, To venge me as I may, and to put forth My rightful band in a well-ballow'd cause.
Bard. So, get you belice m peace; and tell the Dau
Nym. His jest will savour but of shallow wit, [phin, Bard. When thousands weep, more than did laugh friends at it.
. Convey them with safe conduct.-Fare you well.
but WE [Errunt AMBASSADORS. smiles ;Ere. This was a merry message.
not fight K. Hen. We hope to make the sender blush It is a
at it. (Descends from his Throne. toast ch Therefore, my lords, omnit no happy hour,
man's s That may give furtherance to our expedition :
Bard For we have now do thought in us but France ;
friends Save those to God, that run before our business. to Fran Therefore, let our proportious for these wars
Nym. Be soon collected ; and all things thought upou, that's tl That may, with reasonable swiftness, add
any lo More feathers to our wings; for, God before, We'll chide this Dauphin at his father's door.
Bard Therefore, let every man now task his thought, ried to That this fair action may on foot be brought.
Nym may :
throats ACT II.
patienc Enter CHORUS.
tell. : Chor. Now, all the youth of England are on
fire, And silken dalliance in the wardrobe lies :
Bare Now thrive the armourers, and honour's thought
wife : Reigns solely in the breast of every man :
now, 11 They sell the pasture now, to buy the horse ;
Pist Following the mirror of all Christian kings,
Now, With winged heels, as English Mercuries.
Nor sh For now sits Expectation in the air ;
Quie And bides a sword, † from hilts unto the point,
cannot With crowns inperial, crowns, and coronets,
gentler Proinis'd to Harry and his followers.
their The French, advis'd try good intelligence
bawdy of this most dreadful preparation,
o wel Shake in their fear; and with pale policy
O Lor Seek to divert the English purposes.
have O England! model to thy inward greatness,
Good Like little body with a mighty heart,
uothin What might'st thou do, that bonour would thee do,
Nun Were all thy children kind and natural!
Pisi But see thy fault! France hath in thee found out eared A nest of follow bosoms, which he i fills
Quie With treacherous crowns: and three corrupted men,
Nyr One, Richard earl of Cambridge ; and the second,
solus. Henry lord Scroop of Marshamn ; and the third,
Pis Sir Thomas Grey knight of Northumberland, Have, for the gilt g of France, (O guilt, indeed !) These
And i • Balls of stone were discharged from ordnance for anerly.
And, + Shakspeare perhaps took this idea from the figure I do r of Edward lit. in the alicient armoury of the tower; that For I king being represented with two crowns upon the And a point of his sword, in allusion to the two kingdoms of France and England. II. e. 'The king of France.
of a n