A Discourse on the Rise, Progress, Peculiar Objects, and Importance, of Political Economy: Containing an Outline of a Course of Lectures on the Principles and Doctrines of that Science
A. Constable, 1825 - 124 стор.
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advantage agriculture balance of trade branches of industry bullion capital cause cial Cicero circumstances civilization classes commerce commodities consequence consumption corn cultivators dities doctrines Dr Smith ductions Dudley North East India economical science Economists effect endeavour error established exchangeable value exclusively expence exportation foreign gold and silver greatest hommes important increase individuals influence interest l'ordre naturel land laws which regulate liberté loix Malthus manufactures means mercantile system merchants national wealth nature nécessaire necessarily neral nomy º º object observation opinion opulence particular Political Eco Political Economy population precious metals prejudices principles and conclusions principles which determine production of wealth profit progress prosperity published quantities of labour Quesnay rate of wages raw produce refined render rent respect Ricardo rise science of Political Sir Josiah Child Sir William Petty société society soil subsistence supposed theory tion trade truth unproductive Wealth of Nations
Сторінка 28 - Although a Kingdom may be enriched by gifts received, or by purchase taken from some other Nations, yet these are things uncertain and of small consideration when they happen. The ordinary means therefore to increase our wealth and treasure is by Forraign Trade, wherein wee must ever observe this rule; to sell more to strangers yearly than wee consume of theirs in value.
Сторінка 25 - the actions of the husbandman in the seedtime, when he casteth away much good corn into the ground, we shall account him rather a madman than a husbandman. But when we consider his labours in the harvest, which is the end of his endeavours, we shall find the worth and plentiful increase of his actions.
Сторінка 55 - ... comes with us from the womb, and never leaves us till we go into the grave.
Сторінка 119 - ... greater than a few artificers employed in working the superfluity of our wool, or the merchants who gain by the exportation of our manufactures, is manifest — 1. Because they are the masters and proprietaries of the foundation of all the wealth in this nation, all profit arising out of the ground which is theirs.
Сторінка 11 - ... to explain their operation in the majority of instances, leaving it to the sagacity of the observer to modify them so as to suit individual cases. Thus, it is an admitted principle in the science of Morals, as well as of Political Economy, that by far the largest proportion of the human race have a much clearer view of what is conducive to their own interests, than it is possible for any other man or select number of men to have ; and, consequently, that it is sound policy to allow...
Сторінка 18 - They may plainly discover in all the useful and beautiful variety of governments and institutions, and under all the fantastic multitude of usages and rites which have prevailed among men, the same fundamental, comprehensive truths, the sacred master-principles which are the guardians of human society, recognised and revered (with few and slight exceptions) by every nation upon earth...
Сторінка 56 - He also showed, in opposition to the commonly received opinions of the merchants, politicians, and statesmen of his time, that wealth does not consist in the abundance of gold and silver, but in the abundance of the various necessaries, conveniences, and enjoyments of human life...
Сторінка 35 - It is this system which has stimulated nations to employ force or cunning to extort commercial treaties, productive of no real advantage to themselves, from the weakness or ignorance of others. It has formed colonies, that the mother country might enjoy the monopoly of their trade, and force them to resort exclusively to her markets. In short, where...
Сторінка 36 - The new ideas ultimately made their way into the House of Commons ; and in 1663, the statutes prohibiting the exportation of foreign coin and bullion were repealed, and full liberty given to the East India Company, and to private traders, to export these articles in unlimited quantities.