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for e', e, o", and in both 441 and 442, 22 for 12; p. 551, after Bindheimite, sb, Pb, H for S, P, H; p. 593, 5 1. from foot, + 1 aq added to end of 2nd formula ; p. 721, 13 l. from foot, XLYORETINITE GROUP for RETINITE GROUP; p. 812, 806 added after Cumengite.

OBITUARY.-J. NICKLES.— Through a letter from Mr. Achilles Delesse, dated Paris, April 7th, we have intelligence of the death of our correspondent, Mr. Nicklės, Professor in the University at Nancy. Prof. Nicklės died after a short illness, from a severe cold aggravated by breathing an atmosphere containing some hydrofluoric acid. He had been experimenting for some time upon certain fluorids.

WILLIAM MITCHELL, a well known mathematician and astronomer, died of general 'debility at the Vassar College, near Poughkeepsie, on the 2nd of April, aged seventy-six years. He lived in the Observatory with his daughter, Miss Maria Mitchell, the astronomer. William Mitchell was a member of the Society of Friends, and in all relations of life a most esteemed man.

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1. Handy Book of Meteorology; by ALEXANDER BUCHAN, M.A., Secretary of the Scottish Meteorological Society. Second edition, 12mo, pp. 371. Edinburgh, 1868. William Blackwood.)—This is, as its title declares, a very handy manual of meteorology, carefully prepared by a well known Scotch Meteorologist, and brought down to the times by a painstaking digest of the recent literature of the subject. It has been a prominent object with the author to present his subject in such a manner as to engage on its behalf a wide spread interest in the general mind.” The work is beautifully printed and illustrated by isobarometric and isothermal charts printed in colors in an extremely satisfactory manner. He has availed himself of the results of American investigators with fairness and good judgment for the most part. The work is on sale by Chas. Scribner & Co., 654 Broadway, New York.

2. Annual of Scientific Discovery, &c., for 1869. Edited by SAMUEL KNEELAND, A.M., M.D., &c. 12mo, pp. 377. Boston, 1869. (Gould & Lincoln.)—This old acquaintance is always an agreeable reminder of its predecessors of former years, as well as of numerous discoveries, facts and principles in various departments with which we are, as fellow laborers in the great field, more or less familiar, but which it is always pleasant to find marshalled in an orderly and compact manner, under their appropriate heads. Every such review of the year must of necessity be imperfect and unequal as an exposition of all that has been done, but even a cursory glance at Dr. Kneeland's Annual will show any fair-minded reader the vast variety of topics which now engage the attention of scientists and the painstaking care with which the editor has endeavored to present the most important results. The notes by the editor forming an introduction to the volume give an interesting summary of the progress of science for 1868.

A portrait (a better likeness than such efforts usually) of Prof. JAMES D. Dana is a pleasant frontispiece to the volume.

3. First Principles of Chemical Philosophy; by J. P. COOKE, Jr. Cambridge, 1868. 12mo.—This important manual of instruction can hardly be said to be published in the ordinary sense of that term. It has been prepared especially to present the philosophy of chemistry in such a form that it can be made with profit the subject of college recitations, and to furnish the teacher with the means of testing the student's faithfulness and ability. To Prof. Cooke more than to any American, is due the credit of having made chemistry an exact and disciplinary study in our colleges. The present work has grown out of his “Problems,” prepared several years since to elucidate his methods, and is designed to inculcate these methods by the use of the unitary system of chemical notation and philosophy. It is a logical analysis and deduction of the subject which will command the careful attention of chemists whose duties require them to instruct in this difficult department.

Outlines of Physiology, Human and Comparative; by JOHN MARSHALL, F.R.S., with additions by the American Editor, F. G. Smith, M.D. 1042 pages. 8vo. Philadelphia. (Henry C. Lea.) 1868.- This work treats of physiology as connected with anatomy, chemistry and physics, on which its principles so largely depend. It brings the reader to the level of the most recent investigations. It is a work of vast labor evincing, in many respects, the utmost ability and research. So far as the subject matter of the work is concerned this book is probably unsurpassed, and perhaps not equalled by any treatise on physiology in the English language.

This is more than we can say for the artistic and mechanical execution of the work. It is surprising that with a text of such excellence the publishers contented themselves with a series of illustrations inferior to those in some other works of much less merit. It is to be hoped that in the next edition they will give attention to arranging the material in conspicuous paragraphs with appropriate headings, and also introduce illustrations in keeping with the style of modern art, and more recent investigations.

5. The Ornithological Collection of John Cassin. It will be seen by the advertisement that the very valuable collection of birds belonging to the late lamented ornithologist, John Cassin, is now offered for sale. This collection includes the types of many new species described by him, as well as numerous very rare and beautiful forms, seldom offered for sale, and would be a very important addition to any museum. We learn through Dr. George Smith that Mr. Cassin's birth-place was incorrectly given in our last number. He was born in Upper Providence township, Delaware county, Pa., September 6th, 1813.

6. Catalogue of the Orthoptera of North America, described previous to 1867, by S. H. SCUDDER. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, 1868.—This work, although intended only as a compilation, cannot fail to be of great value to working entomologists. Every name under which species have been described is entered, with full references to the works in which it occurs and the locality from which it was stated to have come, but no attempt has been made to give the actual synonymy. It is accompanied by a full list of authorities, and at the end is a tabular arrangement of the genera and families, which appears to us more natural than the systems usually adopted.

7. Memoirs of the Peabody Academy of Science, Vol. I, No. 1, royal 8vo. Press of the Essex Institute, Salem, Mass. — This new serial makes its appearance in a style that will compare favorably with the publications of any other scientific institution, whether foreign or American. The typography is beautiful and the paper of excellent quality. The size is well adapted for the purpose. The part now issued contains a very complete monographic revision of the Large, Stylated, Fossorial Crickets, by S. H. Scudder, illustrated by an excellent plate, giving details of the wings and fore legs of most of the species. This group, including the species usually designated as Mole-Crickets, the author divides into two genera, Gryllotalpa and Scapteriscus. The latter includes eight species, of which four are new; the former fifteen species, two of which are new. Nearly all the known species have been carefully redescribed, with full tables of measurements and localities.

V. 8. Bulletin of the Essez Institute, Vol. I, Nos. 1 and 2. Salem, Mass. 8vo. Jan, and Feb., 1869.—This new monthly serial is intended to replace, in part, the “Proceedings of the Essex Institute,” which will be discontinued at the end of Vol. VI. It will contain the reports of the meetings of the Society, lists of donations to the museum and library, etc., together with the shorter and less technical communications, in both the historical and scientific departments. It is furnished at the very low price of one dollar per annum.

V. Facts and Arguments for Darwin. By Fritz Müller. With Additions by the Author. Translated from the German by W. S. Dallas, F.L.S. 144 pp. octavo. London, 1869.

MEMOIRS Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. Vol. I, Part 4.-p. 473, Weapons and Military Character of the Race of the Mounds; C. Whittlesey.—p. 482, Distortion of Pebbles in Conglomerates; G. L. Vose.—p. 488, Notes on Birds observed in Western Iowa, in July, Aug. and Sept.; also on Birds observed in Northern Illinois, in May and June, and at Richmond, Wayne Co., Indiana, between June 3d and 10th ; J. A. Allen.-P. 527, Notes on Hesperomannia, a new genus of Hawaiian Compositæ; W. T. Brigham.—p. 529, Notes on Alsinidendron, Platydesma, and Brighamia, new Genera of Hawaiian Plants; with an Analysis of the Hawaiian Flora; H. Mann.-p. 542, Geographical Distribution of the Native Birds of the Department of Vera Cruz, with a List of the Migratory Species; F. Sumichrast.—p. 564, Eruption of the Hawaiian Volcanoes, 1868; W. T. Brigham.- p. 588, Physical Geology of Eastern Ohio; C. Whittlesey.—p. 599, Index to the Vol.

PROCEEDINGS PORTLAND Soc. Nat. Hist. Vol. I, Part 2.--p. 98, List of Fossils from Zebb's Cove, Cape Elizabeth, Me.; W. Wood.-p. 99, Fossil Plants at Perry, Me.; J. W. Dawson.-p. 104, Catalogue of Fossils from Square Lake; E. Billings. -p. 127, Catalogue of the Flowering Plants of Maine (continuation); G. L. Goodale.—p. 138, Discovery of Heath in Maine.—p. 143, Orthoptera of the State of Maine; S. I. Smith.—p. 152, Curious Formation of the Egg of the Common Fowl; N. T. True.-p. 153, The Characters of the Lepidopterous Family Noctuidæ ; A. S. Packard, Jr.-p. 157, Fresh Water Polyzoa occurring in Maine; A. Hyatt. - p. 163, New Localities of Minerals in Maine; N. T. True.—p. 165. Mineralogy among the Aborigines of Maine; N. T. True.—p. 168, On the Motion of Glaciers; J. De Laski. -p. 179, Decades of Maine Fungi, I and II; M. C. Cooke.—p. 185, Clio borealis on the coast of Maine; W. Wood.-p. 194, Portland Soc. Nat. Hist. from 1866 to 1869.

1

INDEX TO VOLUME XLVII.

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A

Brinton, D. G., on Central American MSS.,
Academy Nat. Sci. Philad., Proceedings, Brome's report on Gibraltar caves, 277.

152.
Agassiz, A., Edwards's Oiseaux fossiles de Bunsen, P., washing of precipitates, 321.

Buchan's Meteorology, noticed, 434.
la France, noticed, 276.
Alcohol from castor oil, 426.
octylic, new source of, 425.

C
tritylic, by fermentation, 426.
Allen, H., Comparative Anatomy and California gold-fields, geol. of, 134.

Casium, new salt of, Sharples, 178.
Medical Zoology, noticed, 149.

oils, distillation of, Peckham, 9.
Allen, J. A., Catalogue of Mass. reptiles wealth of, Cronise on, noticed, 150.
and batrachians, noticed, 285.

Cambridge, Mass., Museum of Compara-
American Philos. Society, Proceedings,

tive Zoology, report noticed, 286.
296.
Ammonium-amalgam, composition of, Campbell on N. W. boundary, noticed,
420.

Carbon in iron, how determined, 374.
Andes of Ecuador, geol. of, Orton, 212.

varieties of, Berthelot on, 418.
Annual of Scientitic Discovery, 434.

Carbonylic chlorid, Schützenberger on,
Arctic researches, recent, Gilman, 103, 377.

423.
Arnott, G. A. W., obituary, Gray, 140.

sulphid, 422.
Arsenic, nitrate of silver test for, 255.

Carruthers on equisetacea, 279.
Artesian water, Charleston, S. C., 357.

C'assin, J., obituary, Brewer, 291.
Atomic ratio, Cooke, 386.
volumes of elements, Clarke, 180, 308. Caucasus, highest peaks of, 382.

ornithological collection of, 435.
Avery, C. E., test for arsenic, 255. Central American MSS., Brinton, 222.

Chemistry, Rolfe and Gillet's Handbook,
B

294.
Barker, G. F., notices in physiological China, notes on, Martin, 98.
chemistry, 20, 258, 393.

Chlorid, carbonylic, Schützenberger, 423.
chemical abstracts, 420.

Chromiies of magnesium, Nichols, 16.
Berthelot on varieties of carbon, 418. Clarke, F. W., atomic volumes of liquids,
on cyanhydric acid, 420.

180.
Billings, E., structure of Blastoidea, 353.

of solid elements, 308.
Binocular vision, Le Conte, 68, 153. Coan, T., eruption in Hawaii, 1868, 89.
Blake, W. P., on decrease in production Conrad, T. A., notes on American fossilif-
of gold, 432.

erous strata, 358.
Bone Caves, Gibraltar, report on, 277.

Cook, G. H., Geol. of N. Jersey, noticed,
Bost. Nat. Hist. Soc., Proceed., 152, 296,

429.
436.

geol. map of N. J., noticed, 112, 279.
Botanical necrology, 1869, Gray, 140. Cooke, J. P., Jr., atomic ratio, 386.
BOTANICAL WORKS noticed :-

Chemical Philosophy by, noticed, 435.
Gray, Field, forest and garden Botany, Cope's Alleghany fishes, noticed, 285.
280.

Coues's Lists of birds, noticed, 150.
Hooker and Baker, Synopsis filicum, 143. Cronise's Wealth of California, noticed,
Watson, Index to names of Indian 150.
plants, 143.

Cyanhydric acid, Berthelot on, 420.
BOTANY:
Autumnal foliage, Wharton, 251.

D
Plantæ Wrightianæ Cubenses, 144.
Brazil reptilian remains, Marsh, 390. Dana's Mineralogy, corrections for, 433.
Brewer, W, H., obituary of Martius, 288. "Delessert, F., obituary, 142.

any, 280.

E

Hitchcock, C. H., supposed fossil foot.
Eaton, D. C., Hooker's Synopsis filicum, Hörnes, M.,

obituary, 294.

marks in Kansas, 132.
143.

Hooker's Synopsis filicum, 143
Gray's Field, forest and garden Bot-|Hurricane, Bahamas, 1866, Redfield on,

116.
Eclipse, solar, on observing corona dur. Hydrocarbors, distillation of, Peckham, 9.
ing, Newcomb, 413.

boiling point, etc., of, 424.
spectroscope observations, 127.

Hydrogen and palladium, Graham on, 417.
Edwards, Oiseaux fossiles de la France,

noticed, 276.
Eggertz, on determining carbon in iron,

J
374.
Elements, atomic volumes of, 180, 308.

Johnson, S. W., nitrification, 234.
Engineering Magazine, Van Nostrand's,

How Crops Grow, by, noticed, 147.
295.
Essex Inst., Proceedings, 296.

K
Bulletin, 436.

Kingsley, J. L., Weston meteor, 1.
F

L
Flames, luminous, Hilgard, 218.
Fleck on sodium in explosives, 431.

Lakes, Great American, flow of, 145.
Forbes, J. D., obituary, 294.

Lapham's geol. map of Wisc., 279.

Lartet and Christy's Reliquiæ Aquitanicæ,
G

151, 279.

Lawrence Scientific School contrib.,
Geographical notices, Gilman, 98, 377.

Sharples, 178, 319.
GEOLOGICAL WORKS noticed :-

Lea I., Unios sensitive to light, 430.
Cook, Geology of N. J., 112, 279, 429.

Lea, M. C., transmitted and diffused light,
Edwards, Oiseaux fossiles de la France, 364.
276.

LeConte, J., binocular vision, 68, 153.
Lapham, map of Wisconsin, 279.

Light, chemical reactions caused by, Tyn.
Lartet and Christy, Reliquiæ Aquitania dall on, 129.
ca, 151, 279,

transmitted and diffused, Lea, 364.
Worthen, Illinois geol. Report, 151.

Liver, sugar in thc, 20, 258, 393.
GEOLOGY:
Amer. fossiliferous strata, Conrad, 358.

Loew, 0., derivatives of trichlormethyl.

sulphon-chlorid, 350.
Andes of Ecuador, Orton, 242.

Long, T., on Arctic explorations, 105.
Blastoidea, structure of, Billings, 353. Lyceum Nat. Hist. N. Y., Annals, 296.
Brazil reptilian remains, Marsh, 390.
Calamiteæ and equisetaceæ, Carruthers

M
California gold-fields, Phillips, 134.
Gibraltar caves, report on, 277.

Magnesium, chromites of, Nichols, 16.
Kansas, supposed footmarks in, Hitch. Man, Remains of. See Bone-caves.

Magnetism of chemical compounds, 128.
cock, 132.
Louisiana, Lower, geol. of, Hilgard, 77. Manganese, separation of nickel and co-
S. C. Phosphates, C. U. Shepard, Jr., 354. Mann, H., obituary,

143,
origin of, C. U. Shepard, Sr., 338. Manufacturer and Builder, the, noticed,
Western Vt., geology of, Perry, 341.

295.
Gibbes, L. R., on the occultator, 191.
Gibus, W., chem. abstracts, 127, 272, 415. Maps for showing distribution of plants

wave lengths of spectral lines, 194. (Marsh, 0. C., Brazil reptilian remains, 390.
Gibraltar bone-caves, 277.
Gilman, D.C., geographical notices, 98,377. Martin, W. A. P., notes on China, 98.

Marshall's Physiology, by Smith, 151, 435.
Gold in Rhinebeck, N. Y., 139.

Martius, C. F. P. V., obituary, Brewer, 288.
in Scotland, 280.
decrease in production of, 432.

Meteorites, carbonaceous matter of, 130.
See also California.

Cohahuila, Mex., Smith, 383.
Gray, A., botanical necrology, 1868, 140.

U. S., new, Shepard, 230.
Gulf stream soundings, 379.

Wisc., Smith, 271.
Gynecological Society, Boston, 288.

Meteorology, Buchan's, noticed, 434.

Meteors of Aug., 1868, Newton, 287.
H

Nov., 1868, Newton, 118, 399.

Weston, Conn., Dec., 1807, 1.
Hagemann, G., ivigtite, 133.

MINERALS :-
Hawaii, eruption in, 1868, Coan, 89. Diaspore, Sharples, 319.
Henry, T. H., nickel and cobalt from man- Ivigtite, Hagemann, 133.
ganese, 130.

Lesleyite, Sharples, 319.
Hügard, E. W., geology of Louisiana, 77. Pattersonite, Sharples, 320.

processes in luminous flames, 218. Mitchell, W., obituary, 434.

on, 279.

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