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7. The Days of the Fathers in Ross-shire. By the Rev.

John Kennedy, Dingwall. Second Edition. 12mo.

Edinburgh, 1861.

8. History of Civilization in England. By Henry

Thomas Buckle. Vol. II. 8vo. London, 1861 139

VI.-1. The Russians on the Amur ; History of Discovery,

Conquest, and Colonization up to the Treaty of

Peking in 1860 : with a detailed Description of the

Country, its Inhabitants, Productions, and Com-

mercial Capabilities, together with Personal Accounts

of Russian Travellers. By E. G. Ravenstein, F.G.S.,

Corresp. F.G.S., Frankfurt. London, 1861.

2. Travels in the Regions of the Upper and Lower

Amoor, and the Russian Acquisitions on the Confines

of India and China. By Thomas Witlam Atkinson,

F.R.G.S. and F.G.S., author of Oriental and

Western Siberia.' London, 1860.

3. Japan, the Amoor River, and the Pacific, with Notices

of other places : comprised in a Voyage of Circum-

navigation in the Imperial Russian Corvette Rynda,'

in 1858-1860. By Henry Arthur Tilley. London,


4. Les Nouvelles Acquisitions des Russes dans l'Asio

Orientale : le Fleuve Amoûr. Par V. A. Malte

Brun. Paris, 1860.

5. The Progress and Present Position of Russia in the

East: an Historical Summary. London, 1854.

6. Commentaries on the Productive Forces of Russia.

By M. G. Tegoborski, Privy Councillor and Member

of the Council of the Russian Empire. London,


7. The Chinese Empire. By M. Huc, formerly Mis-

sionary Apostolic in China. London, 1859.

8. Correspondence respecting Affairs in China. Pre-

sented to both Houses of Parliament. 1859-1860 - 179

VII.-1. Opere Politico-Economiche del Conte Camillo Benso

di Cavour. Cuneo, 1857.

2. Camillo Benso di Cavour, Per Roggero Bonghi.

Torino, 1861.

3. Count Cavour, his Life and Career. By Basil H.

Cooper, B.A. London, 1860


VIII.-1. The Rebellion Record : a Diary of American Events,

1860-61. Edited by Frank Moore. London, 1861.

2. Causes of the Civil War in America. By John

Lothrop Motley, LL.D. London, 1861.

3. Considerations on Representative Government. By

J. S. Mill. London, 1861


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1.-1. The Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley. Edited by

Mrs. Shelley. One volume. London, 1854.

2. Life of P. B. Shelley. By Thomas Jefferson Hogg.

London, 1858. Vols. I. and II.

3. Shelley Memorials from Authentic Sources. Edited

by Lady Shelley. London, 1859.

4. Recollections of the Last Days of Shelley and

Byron. By E. J. Trelawney. London, 1858.

5. Fraser's Magazine, Nos. 342 and 361, Memoir of

Percy Bysshe Shelley. By T. L. Peacock

· 289

II.-1. Reports of Her Majesty's Inspectors of Coal-Mines.


2. Our Coal and our Coal-Pits: the People in them and

the Scenes around them. By a Traveller Under-

ground. 1853.

3. The Coal-Fields of Great Britain: their History,

Structure, and Duration. By Edward Hull. 1861.

4. Transactions of the North of England Institute of

Mining Engineers. 1852-59


III.-1. The Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences. By

William Whewell, D.D. 1858.

2. History of the Inductive Sciences. By William

Whewell, D.D. 1858 -


IV.-1. Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and Discoveries of

Sir Isaac Newton. By Sir David Brewster. London,


2. Addresses on Popular Literature, and on the Monu-

ment to Sir Isaac Newton. By Henry, Lord

Brougham, F.R.S. London, 1858


V.-Bell's Annotated Series of British Poets. London.

Twenty-nine volumes


VI.-Plutarch's Lives. The Translation called Dryden's,

corrected from the Greek and revised by A. W.

Clough, sometime Fellow and Tutor of Oriel College,

Oxford, and late Professor of the English Language

and Literature at University College, London. In

five volumes. 1859


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VII.-1. Report of the Commissioners appointed to inquire

into the State of Popular Education in England.

London, 1861.

2. Communications from E. Chadwick, Esq., C.B.,

respecting Half-Time, and Military and Naval Drill,

and on the Time and Cost of Popular Education on

a Large and on a Small Scale. 1861.

3. A Letter to N. W. Senior, Esq., explanatory of

Communications, &c. By Edwin Chadwick, Esq.,

C.B. 1861.

4. Suggestions on Popular Education. By Nassau W.

Senior. London, 1861.

5. Sunshine in the Workhouse. By Mrs. G. W.

Sheppard. London, 1861.

6. The Workhouse Orphan. By the Author of 'A Plea

for the Helpless. London, 1861.

7. On Girls' Industrial Training. By Rev. J. P. Norris,

late Fellow of Sion College, Cambridge, and one of

Her Majesty's Inspectors of Schools. London, 1860.

8. Two Letters on Girls' Schools, and on the Training

of Working Women. By Mrs. Austen. London, 1857.

9. The Claims of Ragged Schools to Pecuniary Educa-

tional Aid from the Annual Parliamentary Grant, as

an integral part of the Educational Movement of the

Country. By Mary Carpenter. London and Bristol.

10. Report on the Education of Destitute Children.

July, 1861 -


VIII.-Memoir, Letters, and Remains of Alexis de Tocqueville.

Translated from the French by the Translator of

Napoleon's Correspondence with King Joseph.

London, 1861

517 ,

IX.-1. Reports of the Committee of the House of Lords

appointed to consider the Assessment and Levy of

Church-rates. London, 1859-60.

2. Speeches of John Bright, Esq., M.P., on the Second

and Third Readings of the Bill for the Abolition of

Church-rates. Hansard's Debates. London, 1861.

3. The only Compromise possible in regard to Church-

rates. By Lord Ebury. London, 1861.

4. The Designs and Constitutfon of the Society for the

Liberation of Religion from State Patronage and

Control. By Archdeacon Hale. London, 1861 544

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Art. 1.-Selections, Grave and Gay, from Writings published

and unpublished by Thomas De Quincey. Edinburgh and London, 1854-60. 14 vols. 12mo. THE position of De Quincey in the literature of the present

day is remarkable. We might search in vain for a writer who, with equal powers, has made an equally slight impression upon the general public. His style is superb : his powers of reasoning unsurpassed : his imagination is warm and brilliant, and his humour both masculine and delicate. Yet with this singular combination of gifts, he is, comparatively little known outside of that small circle of men who love literature for its own sake, which, in proportion to the population, is not an increasing class. Of the causes which contributed to this result, such as depended on his own character will develop themselves in the course of our remarks. Of the others, it is sufficient to point out these two, that he neither completed any one great work, nor enjoyed the advantage of being represented by any great periodical; a circumstance which has sometimes given permanence and unity to a writer's reputation as effectively as independent authorship. That his essays are not, in general, upon popular subjects is of course another element in the case ; although they only require to be read to show how easily a man of genius can lubricate the gravest topics by his own overflowing humour, without making the slightest approximation to either flippancy or coarseness. As we fancy, however, that even less is known of his birth, parentage, and education, than of his literary remains, we shall endeavour to make our sketch of him complete by prefacing our critical remarks with a brief memoir of his earlier career as far as it can be extracted from the fragmentary materials which he has left us.

The subject of this article was born at “The Farm,' a country house occupied by his father near Manchester, on the 15th of August, 1785. But his earliest recollections were of Greenhays,' a villa near the same town, where he was brought up in all the comfort and elegance of the household of an opulent English merchant. His family was of Norwegian origin, but, as he assured George III., had been in England since the Conquest. Thomas was the fifth of eight children, and, if his own reminiscences are to Vol. 110.-No. 219.



be credited, was a warmhearted but musing, imaginative, and rather weakly child. The death of two elder sisters before he had completed his sixth year left a lasting impression on his mind; and he has described, in language of great force and beauty, his sensations at the funeral of one, and the singular dreams with which his first experience of death inspired him. His father died when Thomas was in his seventh year, leaving Greenhays, with a fortune of 16001. a-year, to his widow. This father the child had scarcely ever seen. Business kept him constantly abroad; and the only means by which he contrived to see his family at all was by meeting them occasionally at a watering-place, to which Thomas was considered too young to be taken. But Mr. De Quincey's death brought back another comparative stranger to the family hearth, in the shape of the eldest boy, then about twelve years of age,

who had been educated at Louth Grammar School. The advent of this brother precipitated De Quincey's • Introduction to the world of strife,' an initiation which he admits was not without considerable advantage both to his moral and physical constitution. His natural addiction to loneliness and dreaming, combined with grief for his sisters' loss, was generating in him an unwholesome condition of both mind and body, which his brother's arrival rudely, but opportunely, dissipated. De Quincey says himself, in reference to this period of his childhood, that he thanks Providence for four things—first, that he lived in a rustic solitude ; secondly, that the solitude was in England; thirdly, that his infant feelings were moulded by the gentlest of sisters,' instead of 'horrid pugilistic brothers;' finally, that he and they were members of a pure, holy, and magnificent Church. But our readers must not suppose that De Quincey had any real doubt about the paramount utility of a public school education; though at the age of six years the world of strife,' as opened to him by his elder brother, proved anything but soothing to his feelings. This brother seems, in all respects, to have been a remarkable boy. He read lectures on physics to the rest of the nursery. He endeavoured to construct an apparatus for walking across the ceiling like a fly, first on the principle of skates, and subsequently upon that of a humming-top. He was profound on the subject of necromancy, and frequently terrified his young admirers by speculating on the possibility of a general confederation of the ghosts of all time against a single generation of men. He made a balloon; and wrote, and in conjunction with his brothers and sisters performed, two acts of a tragedy, in which all the personages were beheaded at the end of each act, leaving none to carry on the play, a perplexity which ultimately caused Sultan Amurath’to be abandoned to the housemaids. In all these matters,


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