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private animosities and church distractions;" this evil will accrue occasionally among any similar bodies of people whatever. But that such communities have this natural tendency, I absolutely deny. A body of people cannot always unite in sentiment on every occasion. Men will think and speak differently; and if they are not particularly guarded in the expression of their sentiments, it will Daturally produce altercation and distraction. Why then does B. attach a stigma to such bodies, which, no doubt, deserve the affectionate regard of the society in general ?
Your correspondent also stands opposed to instrumental music.-“If instruments of music and exclusive choirs of singers were used under the legal dispensation," says he,"it by no means follows that a christian congregation must collect into an orchestra a certain number of singing men and singing women, and conimit to them, by a kind of charter, the exclusive right of monopolizing a branch of the public service of Almighty God.” If such may be called argumeot, I would retort by observing, that it by no means follows they ought not. But your correspondent must be either totally ignorant of the term monopoly, or of the regulations which the Conference passed in the years 1805, 1815, and others, in which instrumental music was properly restricted, and all those anthems and pieces probibited in the public worship of God, in which the congregation could not join.
The observations on the Saviour of the wo:ld pitching a sprightly tone, while some of his disciples were screaming counter, and others of them roaring out bass, are truly ludicrous, and bordering on profanity. I would, however, venture my opinion, and observe, that when the parts of a tune are judiciously arranged, it adds a harmony which destroys indifference, whets our spirits, and renders us more capable of worshipping God in the full and proper exertion of all our powers.
I feel ioclived to notice several other things in the same paper, which are truly objectionable; but the length to which this article bas already swelled, compels me to conclude by making a few observations on your other correspondent's communication, in your November number. J. C. in bis zeal for public singing, properly conducted, ventures to propose his judgment respecting the qualifications necessary for the composition of sacred music, but, unfortunately betrays a want of information. “I doubt," says he, “ whether they (musical professors) are qualified for composing tunes properly adapted for Divine worship, except they have tasted something of the love of God in their own hearts.” Every man who understands the nature of composition, must perceive the impropriety of such an observation. For what necessary connection is there between the love of God in the heart, and the composition of sacred music? Noles of music, like types in printer's boxes, may be converted either to a sacred or profane purpose, according to the design and spirit of tho-e who use them. Men who never tasted of the love of God in their hearts, have composed some of the best and most solemn tunes which we use in our public worship. Farther, he observes, that “Hymns which are composed of anapæstic feet, may be introduced occasionally with very good effect. 'For if the poetry be eorrect, and the words well chosen, the music will then move in rather quick time, and will be both pleasing to the ear, and gratifying to ihe heart.” I grant that in the primitive days of Methodism, hymns composed of anapæstic feet, had tunes appended to them which were so light and airy as destroyed every solemn feeling. But in our modern publications of music, those gig tunes which were originally sung to such hymns, are now generally laid aside, and the graver common and treble tunes substituted in their stead. As these observations, however, are of minor importance, I slali pass on to notice his last paragraph, in which he entreats those who have taste and judgment, and who have likewise experienced the religion of the heart, to lend their aid, if possible, to restore Divine music to its original design. I grant,” says be, “that piety alope is not sufficient in this case; for persons may be pious and truly sincere, and yet, respecting a taste for poetry and music, may be nearly as dull as an ox.” It must be regretted that he has not told us the original design of music. Does he mean that every tune which we sing in our chapels ought to have been composed by those only, “who bave felt the love of God in their hearts ?" or does he mean that all tunes, the parts of which cross each other, ought to be laid aside; that there should be no repetition of words or music? If this is not his design, I confess I cannot perceive any other. Such, however, would destroy the very best of our tunes; and that characteristic of sweet singing, which we have so justly acquired, would soon be lost.
Sir, I worship God in the great congregation. I think suitable hymns and tunes ought always to be united. Good congregational singing, which can only result from a well-regulated body of singers, adds greatly to the solemnity of the worship of God; and as far as I can see room for improvement in our singing department, since the Conference have passed such salutary regulations, is, to make a proper selection of persons and voices, and by placing a judicious and pious leader over them, the singing will no doubt be conducted to the benefit of the congregation, and the glory of God. Hoping you will give the above thoughts a speedy publication, Newcastle-upon-Tyne,
I am, Sir, &c. November 8, 1818.
To the Edilor of the Methodist Magazine. DEAR SIN,
Ir is a fuct too well established to admit of a question, that some persons who frequent the house of God, look upon singing and prayer as unimporlant, if not superfluous parts of Divine worship. Others again are so captivated by harmonious singing, as to think prayer and preaching are scarcely worthy of their notice. The following observations of Mr. Bradburn, contained in one of his Sermons, (new edition, pages 310, 311,) shew the error of these extremes. If in your opinion they are calculated to profit any of your numerous readers, their insertion in your Miscellany, will much oblige,
Your's respectfully, Nov. 2, 1818.
" If praising God and the Lamb be so great a part of the employment of saints and angels in heaven, surely it ought not 10 be considered as a trifling or insignificant part of Divine worship upon earth. Yet how many, who consider themselves as true Christians, make litile or no account of it. Leaving all other descriptions of professors to themselves, is there no blame due to any of the people called Methodists concerning their singing ? What can exceed the doctrine, the language, and the experimental part of our hymns ? Hox have some of them been blessed to thousands! Why then are the ministers in most places, grieved, first, by a great many of the congregation coming in when singing is over, and often not till prayer is oturiy fioished? And secondly, why, as soon as the sermon is dene, are so many sometimes seen going away? Is hearing a man talk to you, what you call worshipping God? Alas for you! this stews the low state of your souls. Preaching has its use; but if preaching alone be considered as public worship, it is a sad mistake. I had alaost said, it is no part of it. To say the best, it is the least par: of it; for prayer and praise are the chief parts of the true scripTural worship of God in Christ Jesus. I fear very much lest the singing in our chapels should be wholly left to a set of singers. I tave no oljection to singers sitting together, and taking the lead, if the congregation can follow them; nor do I think there is any evil in the singers, where they are numerous, occasionally singing a few terses a be, if the tune be a good, but difficult one : but even this should be only once out of two or three times during Divine service, and never, if the words are not for the glory of God. How like a little heaven does an assembly of pious people appear, when joining with angels and glorified saints in sioging the praises of God and our Saviour! Such we have often seen and heard to our comfort, and there is no need of altering this means of grace and proof of our love ; but rather improve herein, by taking the advice of St. Paul, “ Let the word of Christ dwell in you in all wisdom, teaching and admonishing one another in psalms, and hymns, and spiritual surgs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.” Col. iii. 16.
In our Magazine for March last, page 224, we inserted a letter from Switzerland, stating the distress existing there by famine, and soliciting help from England. The Rev. Dr. Steinkopff received from benevolent friends, and remitted, 501. the receipt of which is acknowledged in the following Extract of a Letter from the Rev. J. F. Franz, Parish Miuister at Mogelsberg, in the
District of Toggenburg, dated August 18, 1818. “ When I first applied to you for assistance, I was minister of a small parish of 300 souls, many of whom were in extreme distress during that au ful period of famine in 1816 and 1817. Since the commencement of the present year, it pleased God to call me from that congregation to a much larger parish, containing no less than 1800 souls. I found them in a state of alienation from God, and a degree of poverty which no words can describe. There I saw whole families deprived of the privilege of frequeuting the house of God by the almost entire want of clothes; children, and even young men and young women, twenty years of age, unable to read a single letter ; numbers of the inhabitants, who had neither a Bible nor a catechism. I scarcely knew what to do and how to help, when your first donation seacbed me. I felt constrained to bless God, who commisserates the poor and needy, and had disposed the hearts of distant benefactors to afford them relief. I immedia ately procured food for the hungry, clothes for the naked, Bibles, Testaments, and school books for the uninstructed and destitute. When the money was all gone, I applied to the Basle Bible Society for a further supply of the Scriptures, and received from its committee a generous present of fifty Bibles and one hundred Testaments. I cannot describe the joy which these treasures afforded both to me and my children. I had scarcely informed them, that I could furuish them with a New Testament at the cheap rate of a feav pence, than they ilocked to my house with their weekly farthings; and when they had completed their subscriptions, they hastened home with their Testaments full of sacred delight and gratitude. Whilst I was thus er. deavouring to diminish the mass of misery among my people, a nervous sever broke forth in my parish, the natural consequence of very low living. In a single week, I had frequently six or seven to bury; in many instances, both the father aud the mother died, leaving behind a number of belpless orphun-. In this crisis, my lieart was gladdened with another charitable contribution from our British friends, for which I could not suficiently thank God. I immediately applied this sum for the relief of these forsaken orplans, feeding and clothing them, and putting them out as apprentices.
“Blessed be God, the years of famine are now past. In looking back to that most distressing period, it affords me a pleasing satisfaction to have been employed as an almoner of British bounty, and ihus to have become an humble instrument in the hand of God, of rescuing some from a state of starvation, whilst many others have been refreshed and benefited both in body and soul. For I constantly aimed to combine due attention to the temporal necessities of the poor with a regard to their spiritual wants, pointing out to them the inexpressible mercy of God in the salvation of lost sinners through our Lord Jesus Christ. The distress to which many families are still exposed, chiefly arises from want of employment. Formerly, our manufactories employed numbers ia weaving and spinning, but a great falling off has taken place, and many of the industrious poor cannut procure work. I scarcely dare to solicit any further relief, our benefactors having been already liberal toward us; but I would simply recommen i beth my parishioners and myself to their Christian remembrance, earnestly praying that the Most High may bless our generous friends both in time and eternity.”
To the Editor.
nessed, in so crowded a congregation as My Dear Sir,
attended her funeral sermon, such geThe following short account of the last neral and tender emotions of affection but truly happy and triumphant moments
and sorrow. O that they may be wise, of the late much lamented Mrs. Rowe, that they may understand this, that they has been tran-mitted to me for the Obi- ray consider their latter end. “ Precious duary of the Magazine. By its immediate in the night of the Lord is the death of insertion, you will much oblige many of his saints.' your readers, and particularly her mouru- I am, your's, affectionately, ing friends, to whom she was justly en
J. BUCKLEY. deared by the amiableness of her disposition, the sincerity of her friendship, late excellent Mr. John Thonias, alder
Martha, the dutiful daughter of the her active benevolence, and genuine
man of Newport, Monmouthshire, of piely. *
Her superior mental endowments, both whom a short but interesting Memoir apnatural and acquired, with the amiable peared in the 36th volume of the Me. Christian virtues with which she was
ihodist Magazine, and the most affec
tionate and beloved wife of Thomas adorned, rendered her a biight ornament
Rowe, died September 16th, 1818, aged in society, and qualitied her for extensive usefulness in her providential sphere. If we nuay form an estimate of real worth order which terminated her valuable life,
The immediate cause of the fatal dis. from public opinion and feeling, she possessed no ordinary degree of Christian tender feelings received, about three
was the shock which her humane and exceilence. Thave seldom, if ever, wit
months before her denth, at seeing a * A Memoir of Mrs. Rowe is prepar- child struck down by the horses of a gen. ing to be published in the Methodist Ma- tleman's carriage, as it passed rapidly gazine, or in a separate volume.
along the street; for although the child
was not killed, nor materially injured, the commencement of my illness, felt I per there was every probability at the was safe on the Rock of Ages, but I nomect that it would be crushed to death. wanted to experience entire sanctificaAbout a fortnight before her triumphant tion : I thought, what is it? Surely, it entrance into glory, she broke a blood. is to be totally emptied of self, and veszed in the lungs, which was followed completely filled with God. I prayed, by frequent emissions of blood, for three O God, give me a clean heari ! and or four days. On the last of these days, he said, “I will; be thou clean,' I then the symptoms were so alarining, that lier enjoyed the first part of the blessing, medical attendant was apprehensive of and, just now, the latter part has been immediate dissolution. To the inquiry also communicated: Lain now filled with hom she felt, made by her afflicted hus- all ihe fulness of God!” This night she bard, as he held her in his arms, though sung, “ He smooths my bed and gives scarcely able to articulate, she replied, nie sleep," the favourite anthem of her
Locking upward;" and shortly after honoured father, “ Let the words of my heckoning unto him, exclaimed, with a mouth, and the meditations of my heart, lovely stile, “ The Lord my righteous- be acceptable in thy sight, O Lord, my
It was justly observed by one of strength, and my Redeemer," and several her sisters who was present,
Thus did this most amiable and holy * A mortal paleness on her cheek, Bat glory in her eye.”
woman continue happy in the Redeemer's
love until the night of the 16th, when The same day she exultingly said, “I she intered into its full enjoyment in am happy in my heavenly Father's love." glory. About four hours before her de
Froin this period until her final depar- Parture, a profuse perspiration issued tare from this world of shadows, her from every pore, and her extremities bemed was preserved in perfect peace. came cold in death. In reply, to the in* Not a wave of trouble rolled across her quiry of him whom heaven has bereft and peaceful breast.” In the night seasons, left io sorrow, yet not without hope, how although she had scarcely any sleep, a she felt? she said, “ Strength in weaklovely smile rested on her countenance; ness.” A few minutes after, observing a end she frequently said, to those who had smile indicative of the most rapturous the privilege of sitting with her, He feelings of delight, playing on her lovely giveih songs in the night.” “ He will keep countenance, he said, “ You are happy, these in periect peace whose minds are stayed upon him." To her husband's in my love." "Yes,” she ardently replied,
* very happy ; ! have great peace and joy qury, if she had any new or peculiar views through believing; my Jesus has done of the nature of that religion which they all things well. He is a mighty Saviour; mutually professed and enjoyed, she an
he tred the wine-press aloue, when of the skered," "No, it is all love; keep in the people there was none to help, no, not old paths; the doctrine of entire sanctifi. one! Praise him, praise him; 0, I shall cation is a glorious doctrine, hold it fast." have an eternity to praise him!”' Then, One day she said, her eyes being raised
as if desirous of affording instruction to with holy joy towards heaven, " There those around her, affectionately addressis my hope-ihere is my happiness; he ing them, she said, “ Religion is not a little compasses me about with songs of deli- thing; the right hand must be cut off, the Ferance !" The morning of the last sab- right eye must be plucked out; yes, in-i bath she spent on earth, she said, “ A deed, the right hand must be cut off: relitransient cloud has passed over my mind, gion is a great thing; it is to love the Lord lest in consequence of the oppression on ihy God with all thy heart, with all thy my breath I should not always continue soul, with all thy mind, and with all thy patient; but that has been removed by strength. Yes,” she reiterated, exerting the promise, I will be with thee in the all her mental and bodily energies, “with day of trouble, and thou shalt glorify all thy strength.” Turning her eyes, with ize.In the afternoon, she requested expressions of great tenderness towards that the fine hymn, containing the fol- ber husband, whom she loved with all lowing most consolatory lines, might be that affection which the sacred Scriptures read onto her:
warrant and enjoin; she said, “ my love, * Be tbou, O Rock of Ages, nigh,
we shall meet together again, I know we So whall each marmuring thought be gone; shall.” A little before twelve, at the reAnd grief, and fear, and care shall fly, As clouds before the mid-day sun."
quest of one of her sisters, he desired her
to suspend, for a few moments, her extra. At night, she addressed the writer of ordinary exertion in the utterance of this account as follows: “I have, from praise, “ What is the word,” she ear