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station, and whilst it is creditable to the industry of the brethren wbo have been employed there, shews how necessary are the qualifications of patience and a persevering spirit in Missionaries to the heathen, and those who support hem. This is the seed time, and the work assigned to us is to sow plenteously. A plenteous harvest will be reaped, for such is the tevor of the proinises of God; but when, must be left to him to whom belong " the times and the seasons." It may be later than the expectations of some, and soouer than the period fixed by the fears of others.
THE SITUATION of Negombo is about shockingly common, as to be almost une 22 miles N. of Colombo, and is both noticed by those accustomed to see them, healthful and pleasant, as much so as any The Portuguese people are generally belstation in the island, and certainly pre. ter taught, and so of course, raised much sents a wide field of prospective usefulness. above either of the former in most things. The POPULATION is very great for such a They are doubtless most demoralized by place; it has been estimated at 20,000, habits of indolence, which naturally iobut this it is supposed is rather over the duce a slothful inactivity of mind ; there mark, and perhaps it is more accurate seems in them not the least relish for to say, that it is about 15,000. mental improvement, and very little for
The people are Malabar, Cingalese, religious knowledge; passionately fond of and Portuguese; it is rather question worldly pleasure, such as dress, dancing, able which of the two former are the cards, &c. they find their chief employ
With regard to the ment in these things when they are not on RELIGION of the inhabitants, I believe their couches. They have much of that they are generally Mahomedans or Roman sort of pride, which is manifested in keepCatholics, but a comparative few calling ing them even from a place of worship, themselves Protestant Christians; and if they cannot appear, according to their truly those who do, have nothing of views, respectably; this is a great bar to Christianity but its name; open idolatry, their improvement. The religion which gross superstition, or the most lax indif- they generally profess, leaves them at ference to all real religion, envelopes the liberty (it should seem) after mass, to whole. There are three Roman Catholic break the sabbath with impunity, for it is churches in the neighbourhood, a Maho. quite coinmon to see them on the Lord's medan place, a Budhist temple, and three day, making clothes, shoes, &c. in their native churches or schools, two of them virandas! The heathens do no more. complete ruins. To these the people Respecting the means employed by the occasionally resort, especially on their mission for the improvenient and converfestivals ; but the effect of their religion, sion of these various people, these had is best gathered from the state of their their rise in the establishment of a school MORALS, which are in general most de. of about 60 boys, by our Colombo brepraved. The Mahomedans, however, are thren, about the beginning of 1817, which far from being the worst in this respect, has fourished greatly under the tuition for they do maintain generally more oul- of a young man, who himself was inward decency of deportment. Their chief structed in the Colombo mission school, vices appear to be the blindest ignorance and also in occasional visits and preaching conceivable, and a love of gain, which by the brethren. Since the station has leads them 10 the lowest arts of knavery been occupied, nine more schools have and cheating, in order to increase their been added to the originel one, within a wealth. With the Cingalese people it is circuit of about 21 miles in circumference, worse ; confessedly idolaters, with few which afford the benefits of Christian real exceptions, they have no moral instruction to between 4 and 500 children restraint to the worst passions of our of both sexes, of various ages, and of all nature, and hence, neither murder nor descriptions, whether of Cingalese, Malaadultery are uncommon among them, and bar, or Portuguese origin. The preachthey seem to think little of the most abo. ing of the gospel is likewise offered to all; minable vices. They are absolute slaves in Tamul, occasionally, in the Bazar, (as to the most furious anger and deep malice, of course the Mahomedans will come to no though to Europeans they are servile and place of Christian worship :) in Cingalese timid to a proverb; and hence it is, I at all the country schools, and also at the suppose, that one of the most distinguish- station, (where there is now regular Suning traits in the Cingalese character is, day service in that language ;) in Portusystematic cunning ayd studied deceit. guese twice in the week to that people ; Quarrelling and swearing, lying and and in English once, to the few who undrunkenness, are sins of open day, and so derstand it. The differen: congregations
are very variable; it may be said from 10 reasonably expect great things, and “llis to 100, but seldom more than 20 or 30, arm is not shortened." I could now have except on particular occasions; and in the preaching at five or six places at one time, Bazar, a small class has been forined of in and about Negombo, had l people to about eight members, which meets every send, but how can one person supply more Monday, and is formed of two Malabars, than one place at one time ; shoaid the two Cingalese, two Poriuguese, and two cause prosper here mider the hand of Europeans. All the Cingalese and other God, there should certainly be two Missischool-masters, are met every week like. onaries, one to the Malabar department wie in a sort of catechetical class, for alone. The PROSPECTS of success on this even these have to be instructed in order station must be looked for at prezent to instruct. The sacrament of the Lord's principally among the schools ; for it supper has been regularly administered appears as if religion must be planted and to about six persons, of whom I hope, to grow up with them, to take any permanent say the least, that they are not far from The most sanguine expectations the kingdom. I have, under the gracious from the sinking generation, as they may blessing of God, (as the people were truly and awfully be called,) are enermost deplorably ignorant of the Scrip. vaied by stubborn facts. Such is their tores,) translated the New Testament, for ruoted apathy, and absolute indifference the Portuguese people, some of which I about their souls, (where they know that hope soon to see dispersed among them; they have souls) and such is the state of as our brethren are printing from ir, abject mental slavery in which they are the Lord's sermon on the mount. Pers held, to their equaily ignorant superiors haps it may be offered as one excuse
or head-unen, ibat it sometimes staggers for their indifference, that they have the faith of those, who are nevertheless hitherto been wholly without the Scrip- labouring day and night for their convertures in their own tongue, and few of sion. However, there are such prospects them can read any other. Such is the as ought by no means to be given up in Nature of the climate here, and such its despair, and especially on so short a trial. effects on the European constitution, that " With God noihing shall be impossible," the blessed system of itinerating from and when He is pleased to pour out of His village to village, cannot be attended to Spirit upon this benighted place, there as at home, or doubtless much more good will be a harvest indeed, for the people would be the result. A European cannot are many, though the labourers are few. walk with safely in the sun long, and The late Budhist priest, Benjamin Parks, going in a palanquin is attended with is, as you will perceive by the minutes, much inconvenience and expense; a gig placed with me on this station ; concernor bandy, caunot always get to our ing him, I can say at present, that he is, schools, &c. in the jungle, where there is to the best of my knowladge, strictly seldom more than a very narrow footpathi'; moral, and professedly seeking salvation so that natural obstacles are not a few. Through Jesus Christ ; he meets with us I walked into the country till I could walk in our class, and I believe him to be very no more, withcut great imprudence and sincere; he conducts a small school in the hazard; but should the Lord raise up neighbourhood. some native preachers among us, we may
Extracts from the Fourth Number of the Quarterly Correspondence of the Brethren in
Ceylon with each other, published in July, 1818. From Mr. Harvard ;--Colombo: anticipate, with believing joy, the estaIt is a satisfaction to report that our blishment of a good cause among them. usual routine of work has been punc- Several heathens are in a course of intually attended to, throughout, in the last struction for bap:ism; and several have quarter; and we feel thet our Master been baptized during the quarter, who is with us. Notwithstanding that I still have at least an understanding and revelabour under the disadvantage of preach- rence of the faith which they have voluning through an interpreter in the Cingalese, tarily espoused. yeil have felt in the last quarter an increas- For many reasons we have judged it ing sweetness and unction, while address- adviseable io divide our Pettah Class into ing our native congregations. There can two, and to make a separate one for be no doubt the Lord is working among Portuguese, and another for Cingalese. them; and we begin to notice an apparent The lat:er meets on a Thursday morning stability in the atiendance of many adults at seven o'clock, and the former at seven on the Cingalese services, which leads us to in the evening of the same day. I expect
this will remove a hindrance out of the average number is from forty, sixty, and way of our Cingalese members, and leari eighty, to a hundred, ou a Sunday evento their profiting more deeply from this ing.There is seldom a congregation 10 blessed means of grace; as, on the former Colombo, which exceeds this number, in plan, those who do not understand the any place: though we have many fellow. Po rtuguese, were necessarily uninterest. tabourers, who are doing their utmost 10 ed, while we were speaking to our other engage the attention of the people, in friends in that language.
various languages. As yet, the Spirit of The Portuguese congregation has for God is not poured out, as we are led to some time appeared to grow more steady. hope and believe it will be. Our average number is from eighty to a The little English congregation in the hundred, on a Tuesday evening. I often Fort, continues to be well kept up; and feel much blessed in this service. We the Society preserves iis peace and purity. have evidence that the word is “ quick We often have very refreshing seasons, in and powerful,” to many; and cannot help administering to them the Word of life: concluding that the adorable Jesus is and of those of the members, who are in making his way into the hearts of a few, the interior, we hear, from time to time, “ O Lord, let thy work appear unto thy good accounts. servants.” The week before last, I com, One informs me, that among the Coast menced preaching in the Fort, in Portn. Coolies, at present on military service in guese; and had a congregation of between the interior, he has met with a native forty and fifty. It is my intention to Protestant, from Madras, who knows a continue this, if the people shall continue little English. He speaks of him as very to manifest a disposition to hear, A poor pious, and as being remarkably well acwoman, who came with her family to hear, quainted with the Sacred Scriptures: on that occasion, having since been sum- and adds, that he has built a small shed moned into a world of spirits, has tended of cocoa-nut-leaves, in the jungle, near greatly to confirm this intention. At the their barracks, and that he, and his request of her husband, I buried her, on Brother-Christian, the Cooly, and another Sunday last, in the Pettah burial ground. religious friend, regularly retire to it, for
The English congregations in the pious exercises, whenever duty allows. Pettah, are not larger than usual. Our
BOMBAY Extract of a letter from Mr. HORNER, to Mr. Bunting, dated May 25, 1818. UNDER all the disadvantages attending asked the question, and have always given a Mission in Bombay, such as the exor- a plain and decisive answer,) and that bitant dearness of every article of living, there is no danger of their being forced to the absence of high official patronage, change their modes of worship, and so on, and the general disinclination of Euro- they will sometimes allow us to look on at peans to countenance it, I consider it, a respectful distance, and will enter into notwithstanding, a good situation; as conversation on the peculiarities of the well, on other accounts, as for it's cen- Christian religion, &c. As an instance tral position, and the facilities for learn- of the latter, I will transcribe from my ing the languages of the neighbouring Journal a conversation that took place a countries, such as the Guzerattoo, Hin- few weeks ago, between two young Hindoostanee, and Mahratta, spoken respec- doos and mysell; one of them understands tively in the north and east, the Hindoo. enough of English to read the Testament; Portuguese, used all round the coast, from he brought written on a bit of paper, Rom. Surat to the Ganges, and the Persian, the vi. 23. and immediately began : importance of which to Europeans appears Hindoo. “The wages of sin is death;" daily more and more considerable. One what does that mean? Missionary, “It principal trait in the character of the means that men die because they are Hindoos, is, that they are close and re. sinners." H. " What, all men die ; thereserved in things belonging to their relifore all men are sinners:"-M. “ Yes; if gion; they do not like to have it examined any man never had any sin in him, and by a foreigner; and another is, they are had never committed it, such a person in general quite unconcerned to know would never die, but would live for ever." what are the customs or forms of worship-H. “Your Shaster says that Jesus adopted by any people but themselves. Christ died; was ve therefore a sinner.” Bombay is, in some degree, an exception: -M. “ No; He had no sin in him at all, knowing that Missionaries are not in the and yet he died that he might purchase pay of government, (I have often been pardon for the sins of others."-- . “ For whose sins?" -M. “ For the sins of all Missionary was to be sent to this Station. mnen."-H. “Then are the sins of all men May he be preserved from the perils of perdoned !"-M. “ Not so; God pardons the sea, and be brought in the fulness of the sins of all who pray to him in the the blessiugs of the gospel of peace. I name of Christ Jesus; but some people have for a long time felt the disadvantage are so proud and obstinate that they will of being alone ; and though blessed wiih not pray, and therefore God lets them a partner in life, whose views and feelings alone, and when they die, they go to hell.” respecting the Missionary work perfectly -H. “ Your Shasier says that Jesus accord with my own, I have at times felt Christ is God; then cannot you pray to the want of that stimulus, which the God without praying in the name of Jesus counsel and assistance of a fellow.labourer Christ?"-M. “God will not answer our would have given. Not that I feel the prayers except we rely upon the merits of slightest disinclination to the Missionary his son Jesus.”—H. Were there no peo- cause, for I hope to live and die in it: but ple before Jesus Christ was born:-M. in a place like this, where the expense Yes; the world was inhabited 4000 years and consequently the responsibility are before.-H. Had they no Saviour, then? 80 great, and the expectations of our -M. Jesus Christ was their Saviour; friends and supporters at home proporhe is “the Saviour of all men.”—H. But tionably high, many proofs may be given they died before he was born, and how that “two are better than one;' this I hope could he be their Saviour?-M. Many soon to experience in the arrival of my years before Christ came, God had pro- colleague. mised that he should be the Saviour of The heat just now is excessive, and the world; and all that would take his very trying to the constitution; nothing name, whether before or after his coming, more than light cotton dresses can be should be saved.---H. What is it to be borne, and one is frequently obliged to sated ?-M. It means, first to have our change 3 or 4 times a day. We have sins forgiven; then to be made good in been savoured with good health in general the mind; and lastly, to go to heaven ever since our arrival in India: the climate when we die.-H. God can do what he of Bombay is not as unhealthy as many will, but man knows nothing about it?- other places. I lately had the melan. M. If God did not tell him, he could in- choly pleasure of committing to the earth deed know nothing about it; but in our the remains of a Missionary from the Shaster he has told us all that is necessary London Missionary Society, Mr. Donaldto be known.-H. Who composed your son:
He was a young man, of a most Shaster - Here I referred to 2 Tim. iii. amiable disposition, and lively piety; he 16, and 2 Peter i. 12, and explained them.) had been in India only six months, but They asked a number of other questions, finding the air of Surat did not agree which I do not perfectly remember: at with him, came to Bombay, and here, in parting, we were all matually gratified, my house he died. He was filled with
they at having their questions answered, strong consolation during the last sick. and I at discovering in them so much curi- ness, and often expressed his assurance osity about the truths of the only gospel. of the love of Christ to him “a guilty May their curiosity become the means of sinner.” One is ready to ask why did the bringing them to a saving acquaintance Providence of God permit him to come with God and his Son Jesus Christ, whom 12,000 miles from home, and immediately to know is life everlasting. Amer:
die? Perhaps one design may be, to I was highly gratified on receiving the teach us who are employed in the same Stations of last year, to see that another work, whatsoever our hands find to do,
to do it with our might; for at a time • The Mabratta Phrase nam ghenu, though when we are least aware, the Son of man literally translated by our English “ to take the name," implies a great degree of religious may come. May it answer this and every dependence.
other intended end.
SOUTH AFRICA. The following very interesting extracts are from a letter from Mr. Suaw, to bis Father, with which we have been favoured by Mr. ExTWISLE. It contains extracts from his Journal; dated Leelie Fontien, March 27, 1818.
Jannary 23. During the last week our arose from my bed, and opened the winpeople cheered us with songs in the night; dow, when all around resounded with the the Lord doubtless tuned their hearts. On high praises of God. O how delightful! hearing several voices at a distance, I All nature seemed to favour the song.
The moon sbone with her borrowed being sufficiently hamble to sit in the splendour,-the glittering stars twinkled sanie place with Bastards and Hottentots; in their spheres, the jackals and wolves his mother and sister looked out of the made no disturbance,-and the everlast- door of the dwelling house on hearing us ing rocks gave echo to the sound, and begin to sing, but did not come, because, raised the charming melody. The music to use their common expression, " The was so sweet, that at the time I supposed English man has made the Namacquas I had never heard any thing so delightful. too wise.” That is, the Namacquas will The company of those who sung consisted no more exchange their caille for brandy, of about ihiriy, who also joined in prayer. tobacco, &c. as formerly, nor will they They sung from hut to hut, calling upon believe the idle stories of the Boors resthe master of each to engage in prayer. pecting Missionaries being sent to gather
Feb. 8. Some of the children who have ihe heathens together, and then send them evinced a work of grace upon their hearts, as slaves to another land. desired that they might have a time set 22. This evening my youngest interapart when they could come together in preter (Jacob) preached in ihe Dutch the chapel, in order to pray one with language. As in all probability he will another. Their time was appointed be be sent to the Bushman-land in a few tween the hour for dinner and afternoon weeks, I thought it necessary to hear from service. A goodly company of them met him something which I could understand. together, (it being the Sabbath,) and sung He read by way of text, Matt. xx. those hymns which they had learnt. 29, 30; the account of the blind men
14. Rode to a farm about 12 miles dis- near Jericho. The following are some of tant, where I had promised to preach 10 the ideas and expressions made use of on as many as were willing to hear. A the occasion, which I took down as they short time after my arrival, a large com. fell from his lips, which, (considering his pany of our people made their appear. former ignorance of the gospel, and his ance; at this I was glad, as they greatly present comparative inability to speak in assisted in our singing, and rendered ilie the Dutch language) I consider very service far more acceptable to those un. satisfactory. accustomed to Divine worship. All I. We here read of two blind men, seemed attentive this evening, while I was men whose eyes were closed, so that they speaking from the account of the woman could see nothing-we must recollect that of Canaan who called after Jesus. My we are also blind by nature, and in this lodging room was not the most comfort- state we know not the things of God-our able, but I was quite satisfied therewith, first parents having sinned, we are also as I was sure it was the best the people sinful-this sinful nature is communicated could give.
from father to son, &c. It is communicat15. Being the Sabbath, I spoke about ed as an inheritance, which proceeds 9 o'clock in the morning to a house full forth to all generations. You sometimes of people. Many Bastard Hottentots ask, “ how is that, that we can be sinful were there present, who appeared willing by the sin of others?” I answer, your and desirous to learn and know the things sheep bring forth no goats, neither do your of God. After service I found my people goats bring forth sleep. It is so with were busy conversing with those strangers mankind, ihe parents being sinful, the respecting the gospel method of salvation, children begotten by these parents are 80 that even Namacquas run to and also sinful-These children having a sinful fro, and knowledge is increased. After nature, soon begin to comınit actual sio. service a Boor's waggon came ; his wife, Thus it is that all have sinned-we are a son, and daughter (herein, I suppose, by nature blind by sin. were come to borrow tea, coffee, &c. as II. We read that those bliad men were the waggon belonging to this place had sitting on the road where Jesus camejust arrived from Cape Town. After they had doubtless heard of Jesus, how dinner I thought of calling for my horse, he had healed the sick, &c; they believed and riding home; but I saw so many that Jesus could help them-hey therepeople scattered about as sheep having no fore called," Jesus, thou Son of David, hare shepherd, that my conscience would not mercy on us.”. Though the other people allow me to depart. I therefore took my told them to be still, they would not, but seat under the roof of an old house, the called so much the more, “ Jesus, thou walls or which liad fallen, (so that it was Son of David, &c. We now sit in the only supported by posts,) ii being much way where Jesus is passing by, we hear more cool than in the dwelling house, what Jesus has done for sinners, we bear and spoke again. The Boor's son sat on from the gospel that he forgives sin, let a stone a short distanee therefrom, not us cry to hin, let us cry, “ Jesus, thou Son