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yet undiscovered secrets,


the man to whom the face belonged Philosopher's Stone, and the Elixir walking quickly and sinuously, of Life. He saw him turn for a seeking and enjoying contact with little from his strange and deadly the throng, and strangely causing experiments, and venture forth to many to resent his touch as if they show his blanched and worn face had been pricked or stung, and yet among the throngs of men; but urged onward in some further even there he still pursued his quest, —an anxious quest it someanxious quest of life in the midst times resolved itself into for Julius, of death. He saw him wander up who ever evaded him. and down, in and out, among the

Thus his brain laboured through evening crowd, delighting in con- the dead hours of the night, viewtact with such of his fellow- ing and reviewing these scenes and creatures as had health and youth, figures; to extract a meaning from and seeking, seeking-he knew not them; but he was no nearer the what. From this phantasmagoria heart of the mystery when the he dozed off into the

lark plains

morning broke and he was waked of sleep; but even there the terribly by the shrillchatter of the spor. blanched and emaciated face was

rows. The day, however, brought with him, bending wistful worn eyes an event which shed a lurid light upon him and melting him to pity. upon the Courtney difficulty, and And still again the vision of the revealed a vital connection between streets would arise about the face, facts which Lefevre had not guessed and the sleeper would be aware of : were related.



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A VERY useful book has been determine. That there was a time published by Mr Lancaster of when sportsmen shot sitting would Bond Street in the shape of a have been tolerably clear from the Manual of the Art of Shooting, particular distinction which during containing minute instructions, many years was accorded to the art illustrated by diagrams, for the of shooting flying, had we no other benefit of neophytes, with much evidence to guide us. But Daniel, else which will, we undertake to in his 'Rural Sports,' published in say, be serviceable to many besides 1801, expressly states that shootthe mero tyro, and to good shots ing flying was unknown in the as well as bad ones. To obtain reign of Charles I., when gentlethe illustrations, Mr Lancaster was men all practised “what is now himself photographed in the various called poaching." Yet, to set attitudes which he wished to rep- against this, Sir Walter Scott, a resent; and the accessories—birds, pretty good authority on such subrabbits, trees, bushes, &c.—were jects, has a scene in Woodstock,' sketched in afterwards. The draw. of the date 1650, which constrains ings are faulty here and there, but us to believe that Roger Wildnot so much so as to interfere with rake, at all events, was able to the lesson meant to be conveyed shoot birds

the wing:

« Wildby them.

The book comprises rake had been shooting that much more than these rudiments, morning, and

game lay but these are its distinguishing upon the table. He selected a features; and as a long interval has woodcock's feather,” &c. Now elapsed since any similar attempt he could not very well have shot was made to teach shooting by woodcocks sitting : still, some sixty means of fixed rules, Mr Lancas- years after this date, Sir Roger de ter's book is entitled to some Coverley, among other reasons for notice on that account, as well as describing one of his neighbours on its own merits. Many persons as a very worthy man, mentions will think now, as they thought a that he shoots flying—which seems hundred years ago, that nobody to imply that down to that date can learn shooting from a book; there were many sportsmen who while others will be of opinion, as did not. And it is remarkable others were in former times, that that all through the eighteenth such lessons may be studied with century, in all the poems and great practical advantage. This, essays upon shooting of which it we repeat, being our own opinion, was prolific, it is always spoken we shall offer no excuses for plung- of as the art of shooting flying, ing at once into the subject with- as if either the practice or the out further prelude.

tradition of a different style of The precise date at which the shooting still lingered. use of the fowling-piece for sport- The earliest piece on this subing purposes became general in ject with which I am acquainted this country it is impossible to is a heroic poem entitled Ptery

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Illustrated Treatise on the Art of Shooting. By Charles Lancaster, Bond Btreet, London,

plegia,' by the Rev. Abraham Th' unlucky Cross Mark, or the TraMarkland, who Lad been a Fellow verse shoot, of St John's, Oxford, and was a

By some thought easy, yet ailmits

Dispute, Prebendary of Westminster, and

As the most cominon practice is, to Fire master of St Croix, near Win

Before the bird will nicest tiine require : chester. This was written in For, too much space allow'd, the shot 1727, and it is curious to find

will fly, that the writer treats his subject All innocent, and pass too nimröly by: much after the manner of Mr Too little space, the Partridge, swift Lancaster. The versification is , as wind,

Will dart athwart, and bilk her death about on a par with that in which

behind. the battle of Blenheim was cele.

This makes the Point so clifficult to guess, brated by gentlemen who acted as

'Cause you must be exact in time or miss. such admirable foils for "The Campaign." But all lessons were con

Full Forty yards or more to th' left veyed in verse in those days, and

or right, if the teacher was not a poet, the The Partridge then obliquely takes her mere fact that he could write in

Flight. metre at all was enough to ensure You've then the advantage of a sideling him some applause. The master Line,of St Croix was probably thought Be careful, nor her inward side decline,

Else just behind the Bird the shot will a very superior person by the

glance, squires and parsons of Hampshire. Nor have you any Hopes from Flying But let him speak for himself :

Chance. “ Five gen’ral sorts of Flying marks' Thus in the Mark which is stild there are :

Circular, The Lineals two, Traverse and Circular; There's nothing more requir'd but The Fifth oblique, which I may vainly steady Care teach ;

T' allow the motion of the Bird,' and gain But practice only perfectly can reach. The best and farthest Lineal Point you

can; When a bird comes directly to your Face, Carrying your · Piece * around, - have Contain your fire awhile, and let her

Patience till pase,

The Mark's at best extent ; & then fire Unless some Trees behind you change and kill." the Case.

This sounds very like the advice If so, a little space above her Head Advance the Muzzle, and you strikė given by Mr Snodgrass to Mr her dead.

Winkle when he hands him his Ever let shot pursue where there is duelling-pistol. But the descrip

tion of a side-shot when the bird Marks hard before, thus easy will is rather bending towards you is become.

really very good. But when the Bird flies from you in

Mr Lancaster distinguishes bea Line,

tween the different kinds of shots, With little Care, I may pronounce her and gives rules for each, but it is thine.

needless to say they are much Observe the Rule before, and neatly more precise, and, by the aid of

raise Your Piece, till there's no open Under- gible

, than Mr Markland's." Ac

his diagrams, much more intellispace Betwixt the Object and the Silver Sight; cording to this gentleman, - his Then send away, and timely stop the principal motive for rushing into Flight.

verse was a patriotic one. He

room ;


could not bear to see his country. But the most elaborate dissertamen outstripped by the French ;' tion on shooting flying which the and then follows this very curious, eighteenth century produced was and, to sportsmen at all events, written in 1782. It is the work very interesting statement :- of a gamekeeper, and is really a “On this Occasion I have often literary curiosity.

I have only wondered why the French, of all seen an imperfect copy of it, but Mankind, should alone be so expert at the pages which relate to “taking the Gun, I had almost said infallible. aim," and to the shape and conIt's as rare for a profess'd Marksman struction of guns, are complete, and of that Nation to miss a Bird, as for

treat of marksmanship, like the one of Ours to kill. But, as I have been since inform'd, they owe it to

poem just quoted, in terms of the Excellence of their Education.

mathematical precision. It is not They are train'd up to it so very for the sake of these, however, that young, that they are no more sur- the following passage is extracted, pris'd or alarm'd with a Pheasant but simply as a specimen of the than a Rattle-Mouse. The best Field


English which it was Philosophers living, for they are

possible for a man to write and always Masters of their Tempers."

publish in the last century.

Mr We suppose the Tory fox. Lemon—such was his name—was hunter would have attributed this not, I suppose, an ordinary gamenational disgrace to the Revolu- keeper; but whatever he was,

his tion, and have pointed to the attempts at elegance are amusing. good shots who flourished in Eng. He, too, is convinced that there is land in the reign of Charles II. a great deal to be learned from Had it been said of Scotland, An- good rules, and quite scouts the drew Fairservice would have cer- idea that the art of shooting flying tainly attributed it to the "sair come by nature On this and sorrowful Union.” But what point we may take the opportunity a revelation! That Britons who of saying once for all, that no man have boasted themselves from time without some natural aptitude for immemorial to be the best sports- the gun will ever be made a firstmen in the world, should at any rate shot, either by theory or practime havo been inferior in any tice : but he may be made a fair branch of woodcraft to the French shot perhaps by either; and on whom they were accustoined to this head we recommend Mr Landespise, and whose eccentricities caster's remarks at page 100 of with horses and guns it has so his ' Art of Shooting. Now hear long been their privilege to ridi- Mr Lemon :cule! The reason assigned by Mr Markland is also very singular.

“It is impossible for any man to We should have thought that the get master of tho art of shooting fly

ing (begin his efforts ever so early or sons of the country gontlemen in

Le ever so vigilant) before decrepit the days of Squire Western and

aye steals on him, before the evil days Squire Allworthy were sent into come wheu he will have no pleasure the woods and stubble almost as in his gun, besides that of talking of soon as they could walk. But Mr it, unless he hears or reads lessons Markland was “a squarson " who upon the causes of missing and rules must have been well acquainted period or another.”—Þ. 15.

for hitting volant objects, at some with country life ; and though his There is not one bird in threeassertion is a riddle to us, we score, of any species of game you shall not venture to contradict it. shoot at flying, but is elevating at the


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tiine you fire at it; and some of them Besides Mr Lemon and Mr (such as pheasants and partridges) Markland, have numerous frequently gain sixteen or eighteen other poems and essays on the inches in altitude, while your gun is in the action of firing and shot flying George I. and George II., and the

same subject during the reigns of to the distance of five-and-thirty or forty yards ; especially the cock phea- first part of the reign of George sant, which often flies in a direction III. But they are more descripnearly vertical. Some sportsmen very tive than didactic, and do not probably may think that the interval compete in any degree with the is so short between the igniferous stroke of the lock and the appulse of the others, the best, like

two we have already named. Of

" the shot to an object at forty yards’

Pterydistance, that a bird has not time to

plegia,' are the productions of gain any significant space, in its volant clergymen.

One is Partridge progression, in altitude, and that Shooting,' an eclogue, by the Rev. neither difficulty nor disadvantage Francis Fawkes, vicar of Orpingcan accrue to the marksman from the

ton, in Kent, dated 1767, and altitudinal celerity of the bird, nor addressed to the Hon. Charles from the defectiveness of his gun, in Yorkea kindred spirit, it appears, throwing the center of its charge under the visual line of aim. But I but who oniy three years aftermust beg leave to observe that such

wards had the misfortune to cut notions are erroneous. To be sure, at

his throat. Another is on 'Grouse the beginning of the season, before Shooting,' by the Rev. William the birds are ripe in plumosity or Greenwood, Fellow of St John's, arrived at the zenith of their strength, Cambridge, vicar of Solihull, in when their celerity is torpid, and they lie before your pointers till you spurn

Warwickshire, and of St Nichothem up, their elevation is then of las's, Warwick, published in 1787. little consequence; and a marksman There is not much to choose beat this time may, perhaps, with one tween them in point of literary of the before-mentioned ill-constructed merit, as neither possesses any at guns, bring down now and then one

all. But the first is interesting as a of these faccid and immature birds, picture of old-fashioned partridgehe may, perhaps, drop one in three or four times shooting, whilst their im- shooting, such as we see in Morpuissance renders them incapable of land's pictures. Mr Fawkes and his topping a hedge of a dozen foot high. friends began at dawn and left off But after the elapsion of a few weeks at noon, when they doubtless rewhen their plumage is maturated, turned to a very comfortable midand they are made so wary by inces. day dinner, to be followed by the sant 'harassing that they will not well-earned bowlof punch and soothbear the presence of your pointers a moment, nor permit your approach ing clay, when they would fight within five-and-twenty or thirty yards their battles over again, and afterof them before they spring ; and when wards take a stroll in the cool of the their fear and strength of wing carry evening to look at the kennels, or to them off, with a rapid celerity, in lines see how the apples were getting on elevating, probably, to five-and-thirty in the old orchard. The reader will or forty degrees,—then you may possi- remember that hare-hunting at this bly shoot ten times with bile piece before you draw blood or

time occupied a much more promibreak a feather ; and after a long nent position among field - sports day's sterile fatigue, go home with an

than it does at present; and we empty bag, grumbling out the trite observe from Mr Fawkes's verses phrase, “The birds are exceedingly that shooting a hare was considered wild,' and never once suspect that at that time by many persons as the defectiveness of your gun were the cause of missing them.”

an unsportsmanlike action. So it

your inha

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