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purposes of constructive legislation in which he may render good serthey are widely apart. As the at vice to his country. It is a pity tempt to formulate Home Rule that such a man should even ininto a practical measure scattered directly lend himself to the tactics the old Liberal party to the four of the irreconcilable Parnellites, winds of heaven, so any legislative by carping at the expense of the proposal which might emanate constabulary to the country, and from Mr Gladstone, if once more criticising estimates which he well in the position of Prime Minister, knows to be swelled and increased would again shatter the hetero- owing to the disgraceful conduct geneous mass of discordant atoms of men who, by exciting an igwhich constitutes his following in norant population to resist the the present Parliament.
law, have rendered necessary that The postponement of the Irish increase of expense of which they estimates for the convenience of have the effrontery to complain. the Parnellite members did not Mr Shaw-Lefevre was the only inspire the latter with any feeling other front-bench Gladstonian who of reciprocal politeness. On the joined in the attack on the concontrary, they returned like the stabulary. The “painstaking indog to his vomit, and recommenced tellect” of Mr Shaw-Lefovre has the obstruction which had been been much exercised by the Irish temporarily suspended. Whether question altogether.
He began it is the breeches of Mr O'Brien with some respectable old-fashioned or the amenities of Dr Tanner to- Whig notions about the respect wards the police, nothing is too which should be paid to the law, trivial for a Nationalist to deem and the rights, as well as the rea matter of "pressing public in- sponsibilities, which attached to terest,” upon which he may fairly the owners of property. In order,
the adjournment of the however, to keep pace with the House, and delay public business official Liberals who have leagued in order to initiate a general dis- themselves with the Parnellite cussion upon the wrongs and woes party, Mr Shaw-Lefevre has been of Ireland. The police estimates obliged to gradually discard these afforded too grand and too legiti- notions, and has been for some mate an opportunity to be neglect- time engaged in frantic efforts to ed. To “bait” the Chief Secre- prove to the Nationalists that he tary, and to denounce the Irish is willing to go as far as any one constabulary in unmeasured terms, in the advocacy of their doctrines. “the patriots” devoted themselves Having no business whatever in with the fervour of men to whom Ireland, he thought it right to authority in any shape is ob- visit that country at a critical noxious, and the guardians of the moment, and, having done so with peace natural enemies. It is to the object of collecting evidence be regretted that men who have in support of a particular theory held responsible office under Mr of tenant wrong, has considered Gladstone should lend their aid himself an authority upon Irish to these indefensible proceedings. matters ever since. It was cruel Mr Henry Fowler, during a com- of Mr Balfour to say anything paratively short parliamentary which implied a doubt that such career, has won for himself a
was the case ; but one may be concreditable position, and has, in all soled by the assurance that Mr probability, a career before him Shaw-Lefevre will think none the
less of himself for anything which alternative of eviction - namely, anybody else may say of him. He that his property should be kept has, indeed, gone so far as to write by another man in defiance of him & pamphlet which the Daily and of the law. The advocacy of News' calls" "an admirable and the illegal “plan of campaign dispassionate statement,” the title i.e., the plan by which tenants are of which is “ Irish Members and to refuse to
ay rent except upon English Gaolers,” and its object to their own terms; the exciting reshow that the Irish “political of- sistance to the law, and the makfenders” are treated like “common ing of incendiary speeches to an criminals,” and that the “English ignorant and excitable people, people” should regard this as a these are not “political crimes,” “betrayal of their confidence" by but common, vulgar offences which the Government. The “English deserve punishment; and it would people" are not such fools as to be be a sad state of things indeed if, taken in by this nonsense. No while the poor dupes suffer, and Irish member or Irishman who has lose their homes on account of the been punished under what is called insidious advice which has prethe Coercion Act is a political vented them from coming to terms prisoner in the true sense of the with their landlords, the firebrand word. A political prisoner is one orators—the instigators of resistwho commits a political offence ance to the law-should escape that is, one who conspires or rebels under the absurd pretence that against a Government, and com they are political prisoners." Mr mits acts in furtherance of such Shaw-Lefevre's laboured arguments rebellion or conspiracy. But here will not hold water, though they are men who would be the first to may afford to his new allies a furbring an action for libel against ther proof that he has qualified any one who accused them of being himself to sit on the same bench rebels and conspirators, but who, where Sir William Harcourt stews accepting the safety and protection comfortably in Parnellite juice, afforded them by the British Gov. and Sir George Trevelyan is perernment, commit and excite to petually seeking the “half-way the committal of the most ordinary house” between Home Rule and crimes, and then set up a howl. of total separation. dismay when the law touches them, Meanwhile, neither in Ireland and declare in piteous tones that nor in Great Britain will loyal they are “political prisoners."
prisoners.” men forget the courageous manner Every humane man recoils from in which Mr Balfour defended the the account of an Irish “eviction," Irish constabulary from the charges but who is to blame? If a man so recklessly made upon them durcannot obtain the payment of a ing the discussion of the Irish debt justly due to him, he must estimates. There never perforce seek the aid of the law, more gallant, a better disciplined, and is not to be debarred from so & more loyal body of men, than doing merely because he happens those who are now made the to be a landlord, and the debt rent, target for Nationalist and Radiinstead of a bill for goods supplied. cal abuse, because they have disThere are, of course, instances of charged their duty without fear hardship to the tenant; but it or favour. They have been tried would be a greater hardship upon almost beyond bearing, and the the landlord to allow the only marvel is, not that some head has
here and there been broken which wilful and wicked waste of time, did not happen to deserve it as at last passed, and it was whismuch as some of its neighbours, pered that the Parnellites intended but that the temper of the con- the other estimates to go through stabulary should have been under without any real or determined such command that none of the opposition. This report, however, itinerant agitators who have added turned out too good to be true. so much to their work and danger On the vote for the Irish resident have met with disasters such as magistrates, Mr A. Pease, the the British public would have member for York, incurred the heard of without overpowering responsibility of abetting the unsympathy, and would possibly justifiable attacks upon absent offihave borne with much equanimity. cials, and, upon information which It is hardly possible to accord to was imperfect and insufficient, so the Irish constabulary too much far lowered himself as to initiate praise for the courage and mod- one of these attacks upon an indieration which they have shown vidual magistrate. Mr Balfour reduring a time of grievous trial; plied in a manner which, if Mr and Mr Balfour is entitled, not Pease has any proper sense of only to their gratitude, but to the responsibility, must have made gratitude of the whole country, him thoroughly ashamed of the
, for the manly and courageous way course which he had so foolishly in which he defended this gallant taken. The Chief Secretary did body of men from the vicious more, however, than discredit and and venomous attacks of the discomfit the member for York. pseudo - patriots below the gang- Spoaking of the refusal of certain way. The latter, indeed, contrived Irish magistrates to subscribe to to waste an immense amount of the fund of a hunt of which Mr E. public time in the dreary and in- Harrington was one of the comterminable harangues, which their mittee, which had been imputed illimitable impudence and self- to those gentlemen as a grievous conceit induces them to inflict offence, he stated that their reason upon
audience which will was that they could not support an assuredly some day come to institution managed by one who, short and sharp remedy with the as proprietor of the 'Kerry Senindividuals who have no respect tinel,' had spoken of them in either for their own position or for opprobrious terms, and of the pothe character of the representative
“uniformed bloodhounds." body of the nation.
This roused Mr Harrington to These wearisome and monot- violent wrath, and another shameonous harangues were varied by ful scene of disorder followed. Subscenes which reduced the House sequent disclosures showed that, of Commons, for the time, to some. although the term “uniformed thing more like a bear-garden than bloodhounds was & quotation in a deliberative assembly, and af- Mr Harrington's paper from some forded pretty conclusive evidence resolution of a National League of the absolute unfitness of the meeting, the leading article in his Parnellite Irish to be trusted with paper of the 19th June last, for the control of a Home Rule which, of course, he must be held Parliament in Dublin. Still, by personally responsible, had applied the help of the closure, the first of to the police the term “uniforined the Irish estimates was, after this hell-hounds." Mr Balfour's justi
fication was therefore complete, of front executed by Ministers in and another proof afforded of the the very middle of the discussion, calibre and character of those per- by consenting to substitute the sons who might be expected to owner " for the “occupier” as the guide and direct an Irish Parlia- person against whom the county ment on College Green.
court action might be brought, was As it was evident that the Irish simply playing into the hands of estimates alone, even without other their Radical opponents, and placnecessary business, would occupy ing their own friends in a position Parliament at least until the 17th of unpopularity which was wholly August, which had been fixed by unnecessary, and caused a natural the more sanguine prophets as the feeling of indignation to which exday of release, it was naturally pression was given even by so loyal expected that bills of a contentious and staunch a Conservative as Sir character, in which little progress Walter. Bartelott. The result of had been made, would have been this proceeding of the Government quietly dropped. Most unfortu- has been to inflict upon themselves nately, however, the Government
an unnecessary humiliation by the came to a decision to press forward forced abandonment of their bill, the Tithe Rent-charge Recovery and to leave the question in a Bill, in spite of warnings alike position which cannot fail to give from friend and foe. There can be rise to agitation during the reno doubt that the parochial clergy cess, and probably to disturb the in Wales are in grave difficulties, minds of many of their supporters owing to the resistance to the in the rural districts. This, incollection of tithes in the Princi- deed, can only be avoided by the pality, and that great pressure has introduction of that "comprehenconsequently been put upon the sive measure which has been Government to proceed with their promised ; and it is somewhat diffi
But whilst, in the first cult to see how time is to be found place, it is open to grave doubt for this question to be fully conwhether the permission to recover sidered, side by side with the Irish his tithe rent-charge by county measures to which the Government court process would improve the also stand committed. position of the clergyman, it is, in The Tithe Rent-charge Recovery the second place, beyond all doubt Bill not only put an end to any that in numerous districts in Eng- chance of an early termination of land where the amount of tithe is the session, but it gave new life the subject of grave complaint, the and zest to the despairing Gladgreatest dissatisfaction must inevi- stonians and Parnellites, and affordtably be felt at an attempt to deal ed them an opportunity for rewith the subject piecemeal, and to uniting forces which had been commence with a measure simply recently shattered, and of inflicting i intending to assist the tithe owner, a practical defeat upon the Governand increase the capital value of ment, by obliging them, under the his tithe. The Government had pressure of several close divisions, themselves admitted that the sub- to reconstruct the bill by 'which, ject was one which must be dealt as it was introduced, they had with by a comprehensive measure. elected to stand. The incident is To push forward a partial and con- much to be regretted, and all the fessedly incomplete bill was an ill. more so because, beyond and apart advised proceeding; and the change from this question, it will be ad
mitted by every candid person that empire, Liberals and Tories who the Unionist Government stands are satisfied with our monarchical better at the close than it did at institutions
find common the beginning of the session of ground in the promotion of many 1889. The legislative work which social and political reforms which has been accomplished, if not so cannot be claimed as the special large as might have been the case heritage of any political party, in the times when unclue loquacity but which may be honestly prowas checked and “bores " silenced moted by all men who desire the by the public opinion which former progressive improvement of their ly existed and was recognised in country. the House of Commons, has been Whilst this is so undoubtedly satisfactory, and creditable to the the case, that suggestions are conGovernment. Meanwhile, another stantly made, from quarters more year of Lord Salisbury's tenure of or less influential, for the incorthe seals of the Foreign Office has poration into one political party confirmed and increased the con of the Unionists, Liberal and Tory, fidence which the country has all who are really separated by little along felt in the discretion and more than an imaginary line, it is ability with which
which the Prime evident that the “ultras" of the Minister has conducted our foreign Opposition are gradually driving policy from the first. No other their more moderate allies into living statesman possesses that con a position both of discomfort fidence in anything like the same and discredit. The fact is, that degree, and to no department in the Home Rule cry has failed the Government can we look with to take hold of the popular mind greater and more unalloyed satis in England Confidence in Mr faction. And if we have reason Gladstone, rudely shaken as it was for such feelings with regard to our in 1885-86, remained in sufficient relations with foreign countries, it force to carry, in many constituis not without a similar feeling of encies, candidates who were ready satisfaction that we regard our to pledge themselves to follow position at home. Although the him upon this question. Of the chances of war have, since 1886,' masses in England and Scotland, transferred several Unionist seats those who are Radical and Demo to the Opposition, we have not'only
cratic have other measures for a substantial majority remaining, which they care far more than but the alliance between Conserva-' Home Rule, and are ready to break tive and Liberal Unionists has
away at any moment from the survived the evil prophecies of their leadership of the statesman who enemies, and has become more and has not yet committed himself to more cemented since its first for the Socialistic programme. The mation. Indeed this result was Home Rule horse will hardly win sure to follow, so soon as men re the next “Grand National” stakes. cognised the fact that the old? For whilst the cry has failed to terms “Tory” and “Liberal” no' enlist the sympathies of a nation longer bore their old meaning, or which, after all, takes" a "práctical accurately expressed any division view of things, and is acute enough of parties which actually existed. 'to have gauged the patriotism
are for progress now of the Nationalist leaders' more adays, and, combined upon the accurately than the latter could great question of the unity of the have wished, there is another side