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of the bill, and attempted to stop tacking the Storey-Biggar section its progress by every device in of Radicals, who were employing their power. The chairman, Mr against them their own tactice of Salt (whose fairness and judgment obstruction. The exchange of will be admitted by all who know courtesies between these two sechim), having ruled many of their tions of “Liberals below the gangamendments out of order, they way" was infinitely amusing, and appealed to the Speaker against must have afforded some satisfachis ruling, left the Committee in tion to the Government, especially high dudgeon because they could when the conflict terminated in not have everything their own the triumphant passage of their way, and when the bill came bill. It is to be hoped that Dunback to the House, strove again dee and Sunderland will mark and to delay and defeat it by moving resent the factious conduct of their for its recommittal to the Com- representatives, and their mittee. Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, temptuous disregard, both in the however, in a clear and forcible Grand Committee and the House, speech, exposed their conduct in of the fundamental Liberal docCommittee, and
and defended the trine that a minority should yield course taken by the chairman, to the definitely expressed opinion which, he truly said, “would be of the majority. approved by every member who Although obstruction had opbelieved that the forms of pro- parently been abandoned after the cedure were intended to be used Easter recess, the loquacity which and not abused.” Still not one is the curse of a representative whit abashed, these champions assembly was indulged in suffiof factious obstruction continued ciently to compel the relinquishtheir opposition to every clausement of several Government measof the bill, put the House to the ures besides those relating to trouble of a dozen or more divi- Irish drainage, and notably, Engsions (though each time left in a land has to wait for the completion miserable minority), moved many of her Local Government system, amendments, some in order and by the formation of district counsome promptly overruled as con- cils, and the further delegation trary to order, and only yielded of powers to those county counwhen it had been made evident cils which are doubtless destined that the majority of the House did eventually to absorb many duties not intend to be either bullied or the performance of which is at wearied into submission. Some of present left in other hands. those Irish members who may not The principal proposals of the inaptly be termed the “paten- Government having been successtees of obstruction were upon fully carried through Parliament, this occasion opposed to the ob- it was hoped and expected that structionists, who were endeavour- the ardour of our legislators, and ing to stop the passage of British the improved conduct of the House money to Irish objects. These of Commons, would have been regentlemen were placed in a some warded by an earlier prorogation what awkward position, and being than has recently been the case. unable to bring themselves to This pleasant prospect, however, praise the Government whose became overshadowed when almost measure they were bound to sup- within reach of attainment. The port, relieved themselves by at postponement of the Irish esti
mates, in order to suit the con- erally "gulled” upon this subvenience of Irish members, was ject. Beyond a studied but pueralone sufficient to imperil an early ilo insult to Mr Chamberlain, and prorogation; for it was a hazardous a bombastio declaration that tho experiment to trust either to the differences of the Opposition upforbearance of the Nationalists on the particular question before and their allies above and below tho House would not prevent their the gangway, or to the non-occur- unity and cohesive action whenever rence of some Irish grievance, there was a chance of regaining which, in the judgment of these office, Mr Labouclere said nothworthies, would justify prolonged ing to amuse the House—which discussion upon every item in tho was rather hard upon those who estimates which could by possibility had to listen to the lengthy har- . be connected therewith. But the angue in which he strove to show risk of a later session than had his fitness for the rovel position of been anticipated was immeasurably a leader of the Radical party. increased when the question of the The speech of his seconder was, Royal Grants had to be brought in more respects than one, of a rebefore Parliament, in consequence markable character remarkable of the projected marriage of a Royal for its confession of the importPrincess with the Earl of Fife. Tho ance of the differences which Mr chance of an “exhibition of cheap- Labouchere had striven to miniJack Republicanism," as it was mise ; still more remarkablo in its happily put by Lord Randolph flagrant violation of good taste Churchill, was too much for Mr and manners, and its violent and Labouchere and the other popu- untruthful assumptions with relarity-mongers of our New Democ- gard to the income at present posracy. This party, wittily termed sessed by her Majesty the Queen. the Jacobins from the name of one The professions of lip-loyalty and of their leaders, as well as from the of personal respect for her Majesty supposed affinity of their principles with which Mr Storey wound up to the French party of that name, his speech may be taken at their and who, from their ignorance alike true value when read in connecof the history and the constitution tion with the rest of his speech, of their country, might even more and with the sentiments expressed appropriately be designated the on the occasion of her Majesty's "know-nothing” party, found in jubilee by the Sunderland newsthis question of the Royal Grants paper with which he is connected. an opportunity of flaunting them. But, be this as it may, the gross selves before the public as the exaggeration of her Majesty's indisciples of economy, and the patri- come, computed by Mr Storey
, otic protectors of oppressed tax- without reliable data, and insisted payers from the extravagances of upon even after the rebuke of Mr Royal demands and the expenses Gladstone and the emphatic denial of monarchical institutions. The of Mr W. H. Smith, places the elaborate and tedious speech in utterer of such inaccuracies in no which Mr Labouchere moved a very enviable position, and at the refusal of the proposed grants, con- same time shows the kind of pabutained nothing beyond the usual lum with which the masses aro reclaptrap arguments and the par- galed by the unscrupulous politial and irrelevant statistics with ticians of whom Mr Storey affords which public audiences are gen- so good an exanıple.
It is impossible to satisfy these have been found impossible to obdetermined opponents of the mon tain that unanimity of opinion archical system. They are loud which would have been in accordin condemnation of the servile ance with the general views of Ministers and subservient Parlia- her Majesty's loyal subjects, and ments who paid the debts of for- would have shown to the world mer kings and princes out of the that, in support of the limited public purse, and yet they urge system of monarchy, under which it almost as a matter of offence we enjoy the cheapest form of against her present Majesty .hat government and the greatest she has lived well within the in- amount of liberty possessed by come provided for her at the com- any European country, it is our mencement of her reign. Her Ma habit to forget party politics and jesty's wise economy, coupled with party considerations of personal the good management which has position, and to unite one and all improved the Royal property, hav- upon a subject which is emphatiing resulted in a certain saving, cally one of general and imperial
“new Radicals," by way of interest. encouragement to future princes, It would be wrong to leave this actually urge this fact as a ground topic without reference to the for refusing claims undoubtedly independent and patriotic part always recognised by the consti- played by Mr Gladstone, who once tution, and of the possibility of more appeared in the character of refusing which no notice whatever a constitutional statesman.
In & had been at any time given to her speech which was undoubtedly one Majesty.
of the best which he has delivered In former times, no doubt, kings in the House of Commons for have troubled their subjects by many years, M. Gladstone took their lavish expenditure, and the high constitutional ground; expublic purse has been depleted by posed the weakness, unfairness, the extravagances of Royal persons. and fallacy of Mr Storey's stateIt has been reserved for our sapi- ments; vindicated the position of ent Radicals and Republicans of the Royal Family and of the Govthe nineteenth century to seek to ernment; and explained the expunish the monarch for having isting relations between the Crown avoided debt, and for the salutary and the people with a compreheneconomy which has enabled her to sive breadth of argument which at live within her income. As to the once removed the question from actual amount of that income, it the petty, peddling quirks and is, as a matter of fact, really be- quibbles with which it had been side the question.
At the com
surrounded and muddled by the mencement of her Majesty's reign, Labouchere - Storey. vapourings. the Civil List was definitely set- Mr Gladstone pointed out that tled upon certain principles which her Majesty has waived all claim must prevail until the commenco for future grants for other of her ment of a new reign renders a re descendants than the children of settlement necessary. Upon the the Prince of Wales; and, morepresent occasion, the demand made over, he called attention to the is one strictly in accordance with fact, too often overlooked or forprecedent and constitutional usage; gotten, that Royal personages have and it is to be deeply regretted less control than private individuthat upon such a question it should als over their incomes, which are
materially affected and climinished ance to the Prince of Wales excesby the large demands made upon sive, Mr Mundella replied: “There them in consequence of the public is no greater mistake, in my opinposition occupied by their posses- ion, than many working men
He might have added with make in supposing those personal justice that never was there a allowances to Royalty are such a Royal Family, the members of tremendous burden on the nation. which so ungrudgingly lent them. They are a flea-bite as compared selves to support, alike by purse with some bad legislation, some and by personal exertion, every miserable war, or some irregularobject connected with the welfare ity.” These are true words, and of the State and the improvement Mr Mundella might have added of the moral and physical condi- more. These grants, necessary to tion of the people.
maintain the position and dignity After the speech of Mr Glad- of Royalty, are a mere flea-bite stone, the most valuable contribu- compared with what the country tion to the debate upon the Royal would certainly be called upon to Grants was undoubtedly that of pay, in one shape or another, if, Lord Randolph Churchill, who, on instead of an hereditary monarch, this occasion, made his first speech we had an elected president, or after a considerable absence. Upon such a form of Republican Governthe second night of the debate, ment as might bring the Storeys, Lord Randolph, with a clear and the Laboucheres, and other shalcomplete knowledge of his subject, low-pated politicians of the like mercilessly dissected and destroyed calibre, into responsible positions the laboured statistics which Mr in the State. As it is, we have all Bradlaugh had inflicted upon the the advantages of a Republic, and House, and showed the constitu- have at present experienced few of tional law of the junior member its disadvantages, although it is for Northampton to be no less · possible we may have to encounter faulty than his figures. Then some of these, unless the masses, turning upon Mr Storey, he dis- who now possess political power, missed that "loose speaker" with can be brought to understand and a few contemptuous words, in estimate at their true value the which he truly described his extra- democratic talkers and scribblers, vagant statements as "without the who, in their search for self-adsmallest justification," and pro- vancement, do not scruple to assail, ceeded to allude to the excellent with unblushing misstatements manner in which the income of the and unjustifiable inventions, any Prince of Wales had been expend- and every institution of their couned; and to show to the House, by try, by an attack upon
which they incontrovertible figures, how great can pose before their dupes as rehad been the gradual reduction of formers and patriots. the cost of the monarchy to the The impertinent self-assertion of country, and how infinitesimally Messrs Labouchere and Storey consmall was the “ burden” of the tinued to display itself after the Royal Family. Lord Randolph House had by an enormous majormade one quotation from a speech ity approved the proposals of the of Mr Mundella (when in office) Government, by numerous amendwhich it is well to bear in mind. ments of an inadmissible character, In answer to a question as to whe- ' puerile misunderstanding of the ther he did not think the allow- law, and insolent contradictions of
those responsible Ministers of the The debates upon the Royal Orown who were better informed Grants brought out in strong relief than themselves. The matter hav- the slender bond by which the difing been fully discussed and de- ferent sections of the Opposition cided on the three previous nights are held together. It is easy to of debate, these twin brethren of make light of the differences which democratic obstruction were guilty continually threaten that bond, but of a deliberate and discreditable nevertheless, although their expreswaste of public time in prolongingsion may be restrained or softened it for three more nights in the first during the lifetime of Mr Glad. week of August; and even their stone, they indubitably exist to an followers and supporters were so extent which will some day be sufEshamed of their tactics that they ficiently plain to the most casual dwindled down to the number of observer. In the division upon about forty, and in some of the Mr Labouchere's amendment, only many divisions which these irre- one of Mr Gladstone's late ministry pressible legislators inflicted upon voted against him, that one being the House they mustered even less Sir George Trevelyan; but only 40 than that magic number.
Liberals and 51 Parnellites fol. The only other circumstance lowed him into the lobby, no less connected with these debates to than 116 voting with Mr Labouwhich it may be well to call atten- chere. At the next sitting, Mr tion is the emphatic statement by Morley, who appears to be always the First Lord of the Treasury, walking upon the tight-rope of entirely endorsed by Mr Gladstone, politics, in terrible fear of a fall, that in their judgment the fortune moved an amendment in committee of her Majesty the Queen was not so like that which Mr Labouchere sufficient to make that provision had moved on going into committee, for her grandchildren which be- that it required a subtle intellect fitted their station and dignity; to detect the difference. Upon and which Parliament would think this occasion Mr Gladstone, in his necessary for their support. This support of the Government, found statement-made, be it recollected, himself without one single member after the amount of her Majesty's of his late Cabinet, and with only fortune had been confidentially a handful of his regular supporters. laid before the Select Committee- At the same time, although folshould at once put an end to any lowed into the lobby by most of credit which may have been given, his late colleagues, Mr John Morin any respectable quarter, to the ley was only able to muster 134 aš vague rumours with respect to the compared with the 116 who had enormous accumulations of her supported Mr Labouchere in his Majesty which have been circulated previous amendment—a somewhat far and wide by reckless and irre- mortifying result for the ex-Oabisponsible demagogues of the Storey net Minister who is one of the typo. Mr Labouchere's insolent favourites for the future leadercontradiction, not only of the First ship of the Gladstonian party. The Lord of the Treasury but also of truth is that the tie which binds Mr Gladstone, for whom he pro- together Gladstonians, Parnellites, fesses so great a reverence, only and "New Radicals” is but a rope serve to lower his position and cha- of sand. For a party attack against racter still further in the eyes of the Government they will doubtall respectable politicians.
less be able to unite, but for the