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A GLIDIPSE INTO I JESUIT NOVITIATE.

FIRST of all, a few worrls of per- those “ family matters” long ago sonal explanation. I I was eight exposed to the public gaze, I 89*

I years among the Jesuits-two as a

that ny silence was immateriai, , novice, three as a student of philo- and that it was perhaps better for

sophy, and three as teacher or as- me to write all. sistant in their colleges. I left I onght besides to observe, that them of my own accord, though the following account cannot be uot without their consent, and considered as correct except as a after having asked their advice on shateinent of facts in one particthe matter. Our regret was, I be- ular Novitiate of one particular lieve, mutual. Our relations since Province, and at one particular that time, though infrequent, have time. . Many, even considerable, uot been unfriendly, and I am still differences are to be found bein communion with the Church. tween one Province and another. My position is therefore charac- I noticed that myself whilst spendterised by perfect independence on ing a few. days in a Spanish Noone hand, and on the other by the vitiate during a pilgrimage that we want of any incitement to injure had to make. I am, told, moreover, an Order with which I parted on that between the English Province good terms. Startling revelations and the others the difference is will be wanting, as I have neither still more strongly marked. It is,

, talent vor motive for inventing for instance, the custom throughlies. Private, possibly eveu trivi- out the Society to give the “kiss al, details--all depends upon tasto of peace” whenever a member

- will be found in abundance, comes to or goes away from one Jesuits, so far as they are knowu of their houses. An English noto me, are neither good nor had vice, who was visiting Pau on angels, but nien; and it is as men account of his health, came to see that I intend to portray them. us, and went through the cereThis would seemingly imply a cer- mony.

I saw that he did not like tain amount of indiscretion, and it, and asked whether it was done something like a breach of confi- in England. “Never,” answered

“ dence on my part. Some points, he ; “ we oliy shake hands.” Now indeed, seemed to me so private the “fraternal embrace” is exthat I hesitated about writing plicitly alluded to in the very text these pages; for all or nothing of St Ignatius's rules. So this ought to be the motto of every sketch, though I can vouch for its faithful memoir. But on perusing faithfulness, might convey a very narratives of a similar sort, com- false idea, if supposed to picture posed by expelled members, and any other Province or any other others whose knowledge of the tinie. Society must have been inferior to

Any person at all acquaintc) mine, I found all these particulars with Pau knows the Rue Montpenalready in print, and often enough sier, and has probably noticed the with exaggerations, alterations, Jesuits' chapel, next door to which and additions. This put an end stands the Residence and Novito any reluctancy that I might tiate. The chapel is a finu enough have had before ; for when I found building, in the Romanesque style,

remarkably well suited to the con- name; but parat se ad morten is venience of preachers; no echo an occupation, and senex is not. whatever, and hardly any reverbe- · As everything in the chapel bore ration. A row of arches forms a witness to opulence and taste, so semicircle behind the chancel, and everything in the Residence testiseparates the aisles from the nave, fies to cleanliness and affiluence. while sustaining the gallery. The tokens of affluence, however, There, invisible behind an upper stop short at the threshold of the row of smaller arches, the novices Fathers' rooms; those of cleanlipray and chant during the evening ness go further. You will find in Benediction. Above and behind their cells—large indeed and airy the high altar, within a niche as enough-only a few almost indislarge as two or three of the gallery pensable objects : A writing-desk, arches, stands a great white statue a lamp, a small bronze crucifix, of Marie-Immaculée, with a crown a prie-Dieu, two, or sometimes of star-shaped gaslights over her even three rush-bottomed chairs, head. This, when the gas

is turned a curtained bedstead in a recess, on for some grand festival, the a broom peeping out from a corner, aisles being illuminated with many and a wash-hand stand; no carcoloured lamps, and the sanctuary pets, flowers, mirrors, pictures, or all ablaze with pyramids of tapers, curtains. No luxuries, in a word. presents an appearance which is All that is not strictly necessary strikingly picturesque.

is strictly prohibited. On entering the Residence we But we are visiting the Novitinotice a peculiar air of calm-call ate, not the Residence. Let us it monastic gloom if you accordingly go up-stairs to the worldly-minded — that pervades third floor, a few minutes to four the whole place. All is silent.

All is dark in the passage. The sun

sun shines dimly through A light is suddenly struck. The ground-glass windows and Vene- bell must ring at four precisely, tian blinds at the end of a long as the novices, like the rest of stone-paved corridor down-stairs. the Society, have seven hours No one is there but one or two of sleep allotted to them; and priests, walking to and fro noise- the Frère Réglementaire is getting Iessly like shadows, saying their up betimes in order to begin his Breviary. First and second floor: day's work. This is no sinecure; corridors ditto, shadows ditto; for I have reckoned that he rings more of the Venetian blinds and the bell thirty-five times in sevenless of the sunlight. All the no- teen hours. It sounds-and at. vices occupy the third storey; the the first “ding-dong” a series of Pères de Résidence alone live be- jumps on to the floor is heard low. They are old or middle- in reply. For the bell is tho aged for the most part; authors, voice of God, as Ignatius says; confessors, preachers getting their and as no novice would have Lent, Advent, and Mission ser- thought of rising without leave mons ready, and aged men pre

instant before, so paring themselves for death,” as would, even for a second, hesithe Status (or annual register) tato to obey the divine call. used to put it, I am told : Pater The Frère goes down the passage X., parat se ad mortem. Now. with a lighted queue - de- rat in adays, however, they would prefer his hand, and successively lights to write simply screx after the one lamp in each room, saying

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as he passes. Benedicamus his belongings ; and in fact, I Domino ?" to which each and think. prides himself on the all, hurriedly dressing, washing, rapidity with which he does all or shaving, reply from behind things so well. Still, pride is a the curtains,Deo Gratias ! ” sin,-and, to say the truth, his Haste must be made, for all demeanour is far from novicethese operations, besides that of like. He holds his head erect carrying dirty water to the sink, not with a gentle curve forwards, must be performed in twenty- as most of his companions do; five minutes, in order to leave his eyes, though not wandering, five minutes free for a visit in are yet far from downcast. Can the private chapel to the “Master he remain in the Society, when of the house."

Brother Seraphicus is not good Here they come,-and first of enough? Yes, and do good solid all the most fervent and saintly work in the colleges, too. amongst them, Brother Seraphicus, Here comes at last the rest as the novices playfully call him. of the Community, all stepping It is 4.15 : so he will pay a visit lightly on tiptoe, as the “Master of a quarter of an hour. Alas! of the novices” has ordered. Seraphic Brother, 'I am afraid Were they fifty together, they a shorter visit would have been must all walk along in this preferalıle; you have neglected fashion,—which looks rather ridicmore than one duty to get these ulous, but is meant to inculcate extra ten minutes. One shoe is respect for silence.

All hurry badly laced; your tooth-brush is towards the sink, carrying each dry; and even your hands might in his hand the requisite vessel. Lo whiter. Mon frère, with all Rectors, Provincials, nay, even your fervu .r, you will never be Generals, are also bound to this à son of Ignatius : that old Saint rule of “self-help,” and not novhas a military liking for tidiness ices only; unless, indeed, they are and order. In two years you too much engaged, and then à laywill leave the Novitiate, to be brother does the work. como a good pious priest, but Five-and-twenty minutes have never a Jesuit. Now go in and elapsed; all novices coining hencesigh, and lean your head on one forward to the chapel must kneel side, languishing with burning down outside the door, not to love for “ Jésus Ilostie ! AU disturb the others,—and there is that is very well in its way, often a whole string of them but - discipline must be main- outside, when a long walk on the tained.

previous day has made thein so Second on the list comes another sleepy that they are not able to young Brother, half French and do everything both speedily and half Irish, of quite another type, well. For besides their outward rather dry in his orisons, and not occupations, their mind has all at all given to soaring in mystic the time to be busily at work. contemplation. He cannot even They must take their morning fancy St Peter during the Medita- resolution for the day-what evil tion, without thinking of an old specially to avoid, and what tar, with a “south - wester" virtue to cultivate: and then his head, and a short black pipe there is the Meditation to be in the corner of his mouth. But thought about; and they must he is irreproachably neat in all offer the coming day to God.

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All this not unfrequently delays are then made, and this is no easy them.

task. If the furniture of the The hour strikes; the novices Fathers down-stairs seemed to be all trip up-stairs—for the private the acme of simplicity, that of the chapel is on the second floor-to novices is the acme in very

deed. meditate from 4.30 to 5.30. The We pass over the want of fire subject was given out the day be- (supplied in cold weather by a box fore, and is taken from the Exer- of hay or a foot-bag), of a washcitia Spiritualia. Leaving the hand stand, of a prie-Dieu, and novices to kiss the ground in the even of matches. The bedstead presence of God, and then to work consists of two trestles, across out the different heads, we may which three or four deal boards remark that some of them take are laid ; the bed is a mere sack advantage of this hour to practise filled with maize-straw, covered a most painful kind of penance, with sheets and blankets. The insupportable to not a few. They art of the bed-maker is to give remain all the time absolutely this a decent and neat appearance motionless on their knees. Now, and he succeeds. See, an Ancien in England, immobility would de Chambre—a novice of the second signify little; but we in year, appointed in each room to France, and in the south of instruct the new-comers—is giving France, where the utmost cleanli- a lesson. He shows how the ends ness fails to keep a house clear of of the counterpane must be symfleas, at least in summer. Novices metrically folded together, with are forbidden to wear sackcloth what care every straw that falls on account of their health ; but should be picked up, and how the the crawling, tickling sensation, bolster-ends, covered with the here - there everywhere - and sheet, can be made to assume an then the sharp unexpected bite, is artistic form. Art too should a great deal worse, and more irri- appear in the folding of the white tating-Experto crede! I had to curtains, that must nang gracegive it up very soon, and as the fully over their iron rods; and slightest movement was enough often does the Frère Admoniteurto frighten the torturers, it was the Master's organ

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The Meditation coming to an all is in perfect order. Often, too, end, pens run over paper during a beds not sufficiently neat quarter of an hour devoted to the pulled down to be made up Review. This part of the exercise, again; and sometimes, it is hintconsidered so essential a part of ed, this is done merely as a trial the Meditation by St Ignatius of patience. that he will on no account suffer Again the bell rings, and again it in any case to be set aside, is a the novices troop away-to Mass, mental glance or survey of the this time. One Brother, rather hour that has just gone by. The sulky and stubborn-looking, with grand principle of practical reflec- a high forehead and a dull eye and tion on the Past, with a view complexion, comes in late ; he was towards progress, is brought to intent on doing something else, bear on the Meditation; whether and would not put it by at once. it has been successful or not, And the Rule insists on complete, and why, is noted down in the instant, and joyful obedience. A “Spiritual Journal.” The beds bad omen, Brother, if at the

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boiling-point of fervour you give could harılly be required to sec ucither. Besides, you were (a “ with downcast eyes” what his most irregular thing indeed !) hundred boys are about. looking out of the window a few These details may be looked duys ngo; hankering, perhaps, upon as minutir unworthy of the after the world you have left. genius of Loyola, and reducing You will remain in the Society every. Jesuit to the station of a just as long as the Trère Séra- more actor.

Waiving that quespihique -and what will become of tion (as also the other one which you afterwards, I cannot tell. it includes, viz., whether "all the Mass is said in the little private

world” is not “a stage," as a conchapel, carefully waxed, ornɛ men- temporary of Ignatius scems to ted with red hangings, white think), 1 can only state that he conwindow-curtains, and plentifully sidered his 'Rules of Molesty'to gilded all round. It smells a little

It smells a little be of supreme importance. His too inuch of paint. A statue of idea was-Jesuita, alter Jesus: and the Inmaculate Virgin and an. he wished his disciples to inuitate other of St Stanislaus staud to right the exterior of Jesus. And, iu. and left before the sanctuary ; but stead of leaving this imitation to the paint makes them too lifelike, the judgment of his followers and their immobility too death. themselves, each man copying his like, not to offend ästhetic taste. own ideal, Ignatius thought it Another figure produces a widely best to lay down directions for different in pression. in, or rather them according to the Diodel he below the altar is a deep recess, had in his own mind. IIis soldierwith a large sheet of glass befort like love of order and uniformity it. By the dim light that shines amply accounts for this; but thero through the glass, we can perceive are other reasons. Our Master, a pale, a deadly pale wax figure, in a lecture on the subject, once reclining on a couch, clad in the used words tho following toyn proptertu, and with a palm effect: "There are two converse in his hand. By his side stands methods. One is, Sanctify the an earthenware phial, and the in- cxterior by first rendering the scription: ADON · PUER • IN · PACE. interior man holy; the other, Enclosed in the waxen mould is Render the interior holy by prethe skeleton of some unknown viously sanctifying what is child-martyr, thus exposed to ven- terior. Be a saint, and you will eratiou in a inanner sufficiently by degrees come to look outwardly realistic to strike, yet uot crude like one. Take care to act outenough to repel. Before this wardly like a saint, and you will shrine the novices kncel nearly the gradually becoine

Which whole tinie of the service. The plan is the best? All depends on attituile generally considered the circumstances; both may be used inost correct is as follows: Head with great profit; but, given our slightly bent forwards, ncither to position of men that have to right uor left; eyes cast dowu; appear much in public, the latter hody straight as an arrow; face system is preferable for us.” All sereve; hands folded 'or clasped. this, of course, does not come This attitude is reconunended at naturally to a novice, and this all times, inntutis mutandis, ac- straining after “ruolesty” is frecording to the dictates of corimon- quently one of the inost disagreesense. An assistant in a college able spectacles ono can see when

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