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half years.


to be his inevitablo future. No. : and that “the leautiful angel case, howover, inspires one with Death

luay he quickly seut te startled uisinay. Little more thau hini is the most inorciful prayer & child of apparently twelve or which can be breathed. thirteeu years old—for the anes What is the average

duration thetic foriu seems to be singularly of leprosy ere it prove fatal to life ! iudiscriminate in assailing youth No average can he stateil, so capriand old age his sinooth, tender cious and rariable is its nature. body, uuscarred by spot or erup

and the more or less the ferocity tion, forms a pitianle coutrast to with wlich it attacks the rictini, his legs, the aukles and tibia He way die in a year or two, aun whereof are withered aud shrunk- again we have cases liere of tèit en up towards his kuees, and have years' duratiou. Iudeed there is dwindled


almost to dry an instance on record of thirty twigs. Though the thigh - bone years' malady. Much depends ou has uot yet, as far as we age and coustitutiou. There is no see, been actively attacked. the increased liability to the developflesh around it is uunaturally ment of the lurking disease either spare, and he looks poorly nour- by reason of youth or advauced ished. His fingers are

Iudeerd it is exceerlingly clenched ;

d; he noves about with difficult to trace the first cause, difficulty ; listless and silent: though undoubtelly heredity is young in years, but old in suffer- the most frequent origin. ing, without oue trace of child “That it is contagious,” stated lood's bright vivacity, this boy- one of the doctors, “I hare not a leper seenied to me the inost piti- shadow of a doubt. That is to able object in the whole pitiable say, the long and constaut aud establisluuent. Not that lie had close association of a healthy perby any means reached the acine of son with lepers would unquestionanæsthetic disease represented in ally result in his contracting the this next patient, an aged mall, disease, especially if any abrasion looking far older than his years, on the surface of the body were in coutrast to the boy. He is to coine into contact with leprous quite helpless and in bed, but the lywph. I have ofte i had cases doctor uncovers him sufficiently to coufirwing the above opinion.” show tle ravages. Legs, or rather

" Then how is. it you yourself what remains of them, drawn up,

are free ? " and their extreniities resembling “ Because though I am with round rulers. Arnis in a far worse tlein frequently, I am not incescondition-they are now scarcely santly associated with them, day longer than from an ordinary and night; and of course I possess shoulder to ellow - distance ; in many sanitary cdvantages impracfact, they are perfectly useless, ticable for the lepers themselves : shapeless stumps, with rudimen- above all, I never relax the most tary fingers but perfect finger-nails scrupulous precautions-for examprojecting from a small knob at ple, carefully guarding my hands, the base of the stunup, which once and after dealing with a patient represented a hand. Truly liere washing them with carbolic soap is absorptiou of a man's whole - not in a basin of water, but corporeal being ; his very collar under a tap, so that the force of Lones and shoulder-blades seem to the stream may carry away the be in process of rapid diminution; contagious poison. As for the athe is undergoing a living death, tendants ou the sick, they are

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of this paper,

doctor says.

invariably taken from other pa- ceived all the information which, tients who aro in an elementary comparing it to a sponge, it is stage.”

capable of absorbing at a single One of the strangest features of administration; so I aid the prothe disease seemed to be the fact cess of condensation by a trudge that it was not accompanied with over the flat desolate island, gun any acute pain—indeed, that actual in hand, and accompanied by a bodily suffering, great or small, was lunatic of a melancholy type absent.

of aberration. Nevertheless he I ask a patient, “ Do you suffer brightens at a successful shot, and at all—and you—and you ?” They swears loudly and abusively at all shake their heads, yet mourn

failures. Quail are astonishingly fully. “No, we have no pain. abundant, and there are several Only we are always dreadfully partridges, rabbits, and huge, vile, hungry and cold.”

What an un

but non-poisonous snakes. I notice speakable relief that there is an a dreary, solitary building, constiabsence of bodily anguish !-yet tuting the female leper hospital ; wait a little and hear what the but for the

purposes “This insensibility I need not incur the pain of visitto suffering, however, constitutes ing our afflicted sisters in the both a difficulty and an evil. For humiliation of their malady. After example, a leper's bone becomes my shooting-walk my mind seems bruised, crushed, or otherwise in- again receptive, and I once more jured, because his sensations give make my way to the leper wards, him no warning of impending this time unaccompanied. I had danger. The stump of his arm received distinct permission, SO may come into contact with the fire, there is no impropriety in my inor his leg - bone may be pressed vestigating on my own account, against a red-hot plate. Yet at and reporting the result. The the time he will not be aware of result is eminently unfavourable. the fact. He is past feeling." If any persons in England care to

. Past feeling !-what a miserable read what I am writing, and if degradation, bodily or indeed men- thereby there be effected any altally! It almost seems better that leviation in the woes of a com& human being should be writh- pany of mest miserable human ing under the bitterness of the beings, my satisfaction will indeed utmost pain rather than that he be.great. should be in a condition of "past I enter a square, dirty, dismal feeling."

courtyard, two sides of which are The doctor assures me it is quite bordered with wards, one of which true that their hunger is insatiable, I enter and ask for a head leper and prompts them to consume any attendant. A sleeper is aroused amount of oil or fat of which they from his bed; he is fearfully swolcan get hold. The rations are un- len with tubercular leprosy, and questionably most liberal, consist- though fairly intelligent, it is some ing of 11 lb. meat, 11 lb. of bread time ere I can make him underper patient daily, and other pro- stand my object, for casual visitors visions in proportion. No alco- are rare indeed. Meanwhile the holic drink is issued to a single leper patients, some in bed, some patient in the island, except in sitting in various parts of the ward, the shape of medical comforts, who, with dull apathy, had almost end this allowance is very sparing. ignored the entrance of a stranger,

By this time my head has re- evince a gleam of languid curiositv,

say that

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They listen to my inquiries ; first ments. Yes, I find human ingenuity one and then another puts in a could surely scarcely contrive anyrejoinder, and by degrees the con- thing more vile and discreditable. versation becomes — what? — not Decrepit outside, ruinous within, bright or brisk, but monotonously deficient in the commonest furnicontinuous, like the tolling of a ture and fittings, fourteen beds are funeral bell. I must, however, crowded into a totally insufficient

they gave no sort of space, the miserable rickety bedutterance to anything like a de- steads mere masses of foul rags, tail of grievances.

and fouler mattresses, on which “How long have you been ill ?” are stretched patients in the most -my experience is that the words advanced, helpless stages of the “ leprosy” and “lunacy” are by disease, unprovided, so far as I

consent tabooed. “A could discover, with ordinary hosyear,” or “two years," or "four pital appliances. The atmosphere

“ years," as the case may be ; " but is only partially fetid by reason of I am a little better now," they the open door. There is a kind fondly try to persuade themselves. of gipsy fireplace in which a few

“ Have you any games A sticks crackle, and over which shake of the head.

some of the lepers are crouching ; “Any newspapers or books ?” nay, the very ground is destitute Fresh negatives. “There is a li- of boards, and consists of bare

. brary, but we have little benefit earth trampled into hollows, over from it, and we have no news- which, as the doctor stated, numpapers."

bers of large loathsome snakes “Shall I send you some ?” and crawl at night in search of mice. for the first time there is a trace Is this disgraceful cabin a Cape of animation in their reply. Government hospital, or is it a

“Oh, do-oh, pray do! Send lazar - house which even the parus anything to read, either in iahs of the East would scorn to Dutch or English. Send us even inhabit? I inspected two of these tracts. Address them to — Stop; buildings, and, to judge from what we will get you a piece of paper I saw and heard, there must be that you may write it down, lest several more. I try to question you should forget.”

the inmates ; most of them are too Then I make a tour of the ward. near the threshold of death to It is of fair but not excellent answer my inquiries intelligently. construction, but so_bare and The majority are half-breeds—in dark, and oh, so sad! Bare utility,

are utility, fact I did not see any pure-bred moderate cleanliness, but not a whites—by no means of a high vestige of gracious enlivenment, of type, not speaking English very kindly solicitude, or of effort to glibly; and though they respond

' provide minor comforts for the with a faint show of satisfaction sufferers.

Not a book, a to the few sentences in Dutch newspaper, a picture, or an orna- which I can muster, the conversament. No wonder I am tion is very one-sided, so I quit more struck with the oppressive the sickening sight and set to silence, with the torpor of their work to question two leper headgloomy despair. Yet this is mani- attendants.

attendants. Only by degrees do festly one of the best wards. I they become communicative, and wish to see also the worst, and then I gather from them various yonder two crazy buildings pro- items of information, which ar mise to correspond to my require chiefly valuable because I corro



I saw

the process,


borate them by other circumstan- bodies out of buckets liy their tial evidence. The whole grava- bedsides. men of the indictnient against and a very disgusting sight it those who are responsible for the assignment of funds for the ad- Said one of the leper attendants ministration of the Cape Gov. to me ere we parted, in brokon ernment Leper Establislıment, sentences, which may thus be is, I conceive, parsimony and in condensed : “Have you come over difference; and I gather that the here to find out something about very inhabitants of Cape Towu us? If so, will you not write admit and are ashamed of this something in the newspapers exneglect.

plaining how miserable we are ? These lepers, through no fault We have nobody to speak for us. of their own, are cut off from I am scarcely at all ill, yet I am friends and relations, and from compelled to remain here. My all which renders life dear: they wife and children are on the mainare virtually incarcerated in this land. I have not seen them for terrible isle. Is it too much to years. Indeed I am unhappyrequire that the bitterness of their ah, so unhappy!” and his roice lot should be alleviated, so far as quivered as he clenched his hands is practicable, by at least a mod- in all the despair and abandonerate expenditure of money and ment of woe. With some reluclabour ? At all events, let the tance, I own, and with a glance to foul wards I have described be ascertain that there were no abrainstantly demolished. Look at sions on my own skin, I shook their clothing even-of discredit- hands with this leper on bidding able quality in the first instance, him adieu, partly to see if this and quickly worn to mere tatters. sign of friendliness would have Where are the ample washhouses any effect on him. He appeared which here, above all places, should much surprised and softened. I be a sine qua non? where the well- am told-and perhaps the stateordered kitchens, the library, and ment is true—that these lepers the reading-room? w'ere the airy, are habitually ungrateful and unclean, cheerful wards, made brighter interesting. Be it so. with some attempt at gardens, or

“ Alas! the gratitude of men at least with a neatly kept en

Hath oftener left me mourning." closure where the resources of such employment and amusement I am not concerned with the quesas these unhappy outcasts may be tion of gratitude or interest. I susceptible of? where, above all, only endeavour to point out the that solicitude, tenderness, and duty of the State to help those consolation which would render wlio are unable to help themit less hard for thein to die? selves.

I admit that there are two re- The bell is ringing for the desident clergymen. I repeat, the parture of the tug. I junip on the doctors cannot enforce a scale of back of a sturdy jovial convict, expenditure sufficient to meet re- who carries me through the surf quirements. For instance, the to the boat.

The most approlepers seem prone to excessive priate reflections ou quitting this filthiness. Is this checked by horrible island would surely be, ample facilities for ablution ? Not “All ye who enter here abandon a bit of it: the patients must hope ;” and, “Wanted, a second

diseased Father Dauicn,"


their poor

needs mop

her its prey.


MAKIE BASIKIRTSETF: A HUMAN. DOCUMENT, In the autumn of 1884, in a like intensity of mental life, of the luxurious and artistically fur- penetrating spiritual insight, had nished salon of a princely Russian drawn these two together in their family resident at Paris, might have last days; and, with a glorious been seen che following picture. vista of possibilities opening beWell-screened from draughts and fore them, they lay talking of art sudden intrụders stood two sofas. and philosophy, of the reality of On one, amid soft, graceful, plush things, of the poetry of life; and lace draperies of varying in- talking and-dying. tensities of white, reclined a young Fini, le tableau de cette année /? woman of twenty-four. A wealth such were the words which Marie of hair, fair with a golden glow, Bashkirtseff wrote in her diary framed her face, and brought into just a fortnight before her death, prominence her sombre eyes (brulés despairing of finding strength to de pensée), full of intellectual life finish, for that year, the picture of -a life destined to be cut off in the “Holy Women at the Tomb of one short fortnight by the gallop- Christ,” which, she hoped, was to ing consumption which had made gain her the medal at the ensuing

On the other, at Salon. Little did she think as she full length, lay a man of thirty- wrote them that the living wordsix, of almost youthful appear picture we have quoted above ance, but palo with the ashy pale

destined far to surpass in ness of the terriblo malignant dis- pathos any wide-eyed Magdalen, ease whose tortures even his force any rock-tomb or Virgin Mother of will could not always conceal. she could paint,--that her diary

The girl, for she still looked rather than her pictures would more girl than woman, was make her European fame. young painter standing on the To introduce one's heroine on very threshold of the temple of her deathbed is, however, a somefame-in fact the Marie Bashkirt what violent inversion of the seff whose picture had a deserved natural and conventional order of and real success at the Salon that things. Let us beg pardon, and very spring: the young Russian begin, in a good straightforward millionaire, who was the friend of fashion, at the very beginning. the most eminent artists of the Marie Bashkirtseff, then, was day, and who was known in the the only daughter of a noble Rusmost exclusive salons of Paris sian house. Soon after her birth, equally for her beauty, artistic in 1860, quarrels between the dress, ready wit, wide reading, Bashkirtseff and Babanine families and musicianly gifts. The man (her mother was a Babanine) was Jules Bastien Lepnge. the drove her parents npart.

Marie artist who, fighting his way up was transferred with her mother wards from the position of letter and her little brother Paul, to sorter, had won himself a place the care of her maternal aunt iind in the first rank of French art, grandmother, and, baby as she thougn his career was but com was, seems to have quickly made menced. Community of interests, everybody her willing servant.

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