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honour of tho Kerms of Ferniherst, vicissitude in the stirring careers that though in ca honest way they of the northern nobles, and because might shift for their living, they for that reason, or for the greater could be moved neither by threats sublimity of the scenery, they have nor by bribes to give Westmore- been the favourite themes of the land over to Elizabeth's vengeance. poets and the ballad-makers. But He was spared to escape abroad, heaven knows there was no lack where he died in advanced age of picturesque and historical inand great poverty, a pensioner on cident in the length and breadth the parsimony of the Spanish of feudal England, everywhere sovereign.

between the Solway and the The house of Percy, though it Straits of Dover. We are tempt has kept the Norman name, should ed to loiter in the Midlands with twice, to all intents, have changed the Chandos, the Talbots, or the it. The males of the old Norman Ferrers, who furnished captains line had died out in 1168, when to armies in many a fiercely conthe daughter of the last of them tested battle at home and abroad. married Josceline de Louvain, The Fitz-Olares, the De Lacys, the brother of Adeliza, the Queen of Bohuns, the De Montforts, and Henry I., and a son of the Count many another family which had of Brabant. Though the bride- mated with princesses, were groom came of the blood of Char- tinguished by death or sweeplemagne," the bride compelled him ing proscription when apparently to choose between taking her name at the very pinnacle of power. The or her arms. He preferred the monarch, when he carried feudal former alternative, declining to sympathies and popular sentiment part with the azure lion of Hain- along with him, almost invariably ault, which has since with their asserted his supremacy in the rescent been the crest of the end : though it was but natural Percys, and was one of the most that the petty feudal princes, familiar features of central London hurried away by their passions before the melancholy demolition and flattered by their dependants, of Northumberland House. It should often miscalculate the would be a tedious story to tell chances of revolt. We should how the Northumbrian estates gladly follow the changing fortunes came in 1744 to vest in the wife of the great Normans who so hotly of Sir Hugh Smithson of Stanwick, contested the Scottish crown—the the head of a respectable York- Bruces and the Baliols, and the shire family, who received · his powerful Cumins, who, closely condukedom twenty years afterwards. nected and leagued with the MacNow, we believe the Northumbrian dougalls of Lorn, were special rent-roll is nearly £100,000; or at objects of the animosity of the least it was so before the agricul- good King Robert.” There is tural depression. But when the much to be said about the Seydivision was made in 1744, North- mours, the Somersets, &c. But, umberland was very much wild making a bound from the north pasturage or uncultivated waste, to the south-western angle of and the more valuable half of England, we may bring a disthe Percy estates passed to the cursory article to a close with a Wyndhams.

brief notice of the story of the We have lingered in the north, Grenvilles. Down to yesterday, partly because there seems to be when the last Duke of Buckingham more characteristic incident and died, they had held a foremost place


in the peerage since the days when wounds and glory, in the memorthe chivalrous race was ennobled. able charge at Lansdown Hill. Distinguished es warriors and ad- One of Sir Bevill's sons venturers in the olden time, they created Earl of Bath: another, who subsequently asserted their ascen- served undur Sobieski ágainst the dancy in the national councils. A Turks. was made a Count of the graphic sketch of their original Holy Roman Empire. Then the settlement among the West Angles Baths bestirred themselves in poliis given by Kingsley in his “West- tics, and one of them may boast ward Ho!' They took their name the doubtful reputation of being from a fief in the Cotentin. The the ablest manipulator of the companion of the Conqueror re- rotten Cornish boroughs. One ceived gifts of land in the county branch, as we said, had settled of Buckingham and on the northern in Buckingham at the Conquest. borders of Cornwall and Devon. We had fancied that the GrenThe Devonshire branch gave birth villes' Buckinghamshire seat of to two popular heroes. Readers of Stowe had been named after the Kingsley are familiar with Richard romantic domain of Sir Richard, Grenville, of the lion-like port which Kingsley has so graphiand voice, who was confessedly cally described in his Westprimus inter pares of the Devon- ward Ho!' when Amyas Leigh shire worthies of his time. The and Will Cary paid the knight a favourite of Elizabeth, too nobly morning visit. In reality the simi. independent to stoop to be a larity of names seems to be only courtier, was valued by the Virgin a remarkable coincidence. The Queen as she valued Cecil and Buckinghamshire Grenvilles, like Walsingham. He was the loftiest the Hapsburgs, had been singutype of the men who colonised larly fortunate in their marriages. new continents like Pvaleigh, who Stowe was brought to them by the “singed the King of Spain's heiress of the Temples of Stowe, a whiskers ” like Drake, and who lady who claimed direct descent “bartered English steel for Spanish from Leofric of Mercia, the husgold ” like the wild buccaneers band of Godiva. The third Earl who followed the Morthams and Temple espoused the heiress of the the Bertram Risinghams. His Irish Earls of Nugent. His son heroic death became his dauntless made a far wealthier match, for life. He fell, covered with wounds, he married the only daughter of on the deck of his ship the Re- the last Duke of Chandos.

He venge, which has been handed had already been advanced to the down to fame with Nelson's Vic- honour of the Marquisate, and tory.

Against fabulous odds he thenceforth, with his new assumpfought the Spanish fleet off the tion of names, his style was Temple Azores, and his guns were only Nugent - Brydges - Chanaos - Grensilenced when his powder - maga

ville. When he was created Duke zines had given out. His de- of Buckingham and Chandos, scendant, Sir Bevill, "the Bayard " these last additions made up the of England,” took the part of the astounding sum of eleven different king in the civil wars; cleared-his titles of honour granted to the own counties of the Parliamentary descendants of Hester, Countess forces, marching at the head of Temple, within seventy years of his Cornishmen from victory to her death." But once more we victory, till he fell, covered with have a crowning and most strik

ing example of the vanity of near Battle.

While De Vesci, human ambitions. The long- modernised into Vesey or_Vasey, coveted Dukedom died out the is borne by many of the Durham other day, and the family, pheno- colliers in the neighbourhood of menally prosperous for so long, Ral In Kent, as we haphad been ruined in the former pen to know, 2200 few of generation. It was greatly to the the oldest county names are precredit of the late Duke that, de served in the hamlets and cottages clining to shelter himself behind of gome limited locality, though provisions of entail, he resigned they have long ceased to be assoalmost the whole of what should ciated with the occupants of the have been a splendid inheritance castle or the hall. Setting aside to satisfy the claims of his father's the probable offspring of illegiticreditors.

mate connections, it stands to reaSuch are a few examples select son that after the bloody civil and ed almost at random from the foreign wars had ceased to make stories or traditions suggested by provision for superfluous younger the Roll. From the romantic sons, and when the epidemics of point of view, the interest seems' plague and contagious maladies had inexhaustible. There are tragical become less frequent and less viruelements in every variety for am- lent, the penniless younger children bitious dramatists who dare to of prolific old stocks must have follow in the footsteps of Shake- sunk into the class of small tenants speare : as the novelists who take on the patrimonial estates, and liberties with bistorical incidents from

from that through succeeding will find endless inspiration for generations into the still humbler characters and plots without any order of labourers. Before taking severe strain on the imagination. leave of her Grace, we must exThe three massive volumes pub- press our gratitude, not only for lished by her Grace, which cover the great pleasure she has given an immense extent of ground, us, but for much future enjoyment might nevertheless have been which we promise ourselves in almost indefinitely expanded. It striving to elucidate many matters is fortunate that she became ab- of interest which are left more or sorbed in the fascinations of a less speculative or obscure. It is task where each fresh line of but simple justice to say that she inquiry was apt to lead her far has a singularly charming style, afieid, often branching away into and few people could have writ numberless ramifications. In the ten so brightly and Auently when course of her researches she came the flow of thought must have incidentally on many curious facts. been perpetually interrupted by Many noble Norman names, for the necessity for consulting authoexample, under forms more rities and verifying names, and less corrupted, are still common facts, and dates. among the peasantry of particular happily blended poetry and rodistricts. Within her own know mance with the



of her ledge, De Venoix, which has disap- histories, as 'she has the art of peared from the peerages and the treating picturesquely and draLonrlon red and blue books, trans- matically the events which always muted into Veness, is a frequent strike her in their most effective patronymic of the Sussex labourers aspects.

She has very



I was spending a month on the I then found the clouds had settled Neilgherry Hills for the benefit of down and that I was enveloped in my health; and I had strolled out a thick mist. At first I thought one morning from the comfortable very little of the matter, expect Glenview Hotel at Coonoor intend- ing the sun, as the day advanced, ing to enjoy a view of the ghaut would dissipate the vapours. I from Lady Canning's seat, and to therefore lighted another cheroot, return to breakfast at half-pást nine and continued walking on in what o'clock. I had smoked à trichy I felt sure was the right direction whilst lazily watching the fleecy-going cautiously, however, as I clouds brushing the summit of the know there were some frightful Droog opposite, and. was pre- precipices in the neighbourhood, paring to walk back to Coonoor notably one having a perpendicular by the path I had come, when a face of some 600 feet, over which thought struck me to vary my Tippoo Sultan was credited with constitutional by finding out à hurling sundry prisoners, as he new way home. I knew exactly in similarly massacred some captives which direction the hotel lay; so, on the Droog. taking the bearing of the sun with But the clouds, instead of liftthe Droog and other landmarks, ing, grew much denser, and presI climbed the ridge of hills at my ently I felt rain. I knew enough back, intending to loep along thi of the Neilgherries to realise at crest and so pick my way back. once that there was no immediate

On reaching the top I found the prospect of the weather improv'fleecy clouds which I had observed ing, and I began to feel somewhat on the other side of the valley uncomfortable; and not without were also skimming the ground cause, for I had no longer any where I then stood. Prudence idea of which direction to follow should have warned me to regair in fact, I was lost. I had nothing the beaten track at once; but as with me in the shape of food, the clouds were very light, and did having had chota hazree? at seven not more than momentarily ob- o'clock, before starting from the scure my vision of the sun, I dis- hotel, when, of course, I did not regarded any impulse to return, contemplate any , necessity for and taking my bearings once more, further refreshment until breakI set off at a fair pace.

fast; but now an uncomfortable After going a short distance I feeling of emptiness under the came to a pretty deep nullah,1 into belt made me consult my watch. which, of course, I had to descend It was twelve o'clock. . and ascend on the opposite side. I had a stout walking-cane, which I was not in very robust health, I found of great service in helping and the climbing somewhat took me over the rough ground, which my breath away ; so it was some was covered with the stiff bunchy little time before I finally struggled grass peculiar to the Neilgherries. to the top of the other bank, and I dare not remain still, as I was

1 Nullah, a ravine.

Chota hazree, or little breakfast, consists of a cup of tea or coffee and a small slice of toast with perhaps a plantain or a mango when in season,

It was a



wet through ; and had I got a It cleared the mist away, but the
chill, fever for dysentery would rain fell in such torrents that it
have been pretty certain to have was impossible to see anything
followed. At the same time, the fifty yards off. I walked dejected
increasing density of the mist ly along the stream when à vivid
made walking very dangerous. flash of lightning revealed some-
There was also the possibility of thing to my sight which caused me
encountering some wild animal the greatest satisfaction.
though that was not a very serious field of coffee ; and by the method
risk, as in ninety-nine cases out of cultivation I knew it belonged
of a hundred a wild beast acknow- to a European's estate. I at once
ledges the dominion of man, and will struck into the plantation, and
make off if it can. Still instances presently came in sight of a white
are on record of soldiers from hut, for which I headed without
Wellington, who have been out loss of time. In response to my
butterfly-hunting, being carried off knocking an East Indian writer
by a tiger or mutilated by a boar came to the door, and informed

- pigs being numerous and sav me I was Mr Wetherall's
age on the slopes of the “blue tote.1 I was conducted to that

gentleinan's bungalow, where I reI had plodded on for several ceived the hearty welcome for hours, when I heard the sound of which Southern Indian planters a waterfall; and on reaching the are proverbial ; and after I had stream, I eagerly availed of the partaken of “sudden death,”' and opportunity for having a drink. I some excellent curry and rice, my found the water was much warmer host promised to lend me a tat, than at Coonoor, so I rightly and to send a coolie to guide me judged I had been walking down back to Glenview. hill all day; and what was really The storm, however, increased alarming was the reflection that I with such violence that my deparmust have reached a sufficiently ture was perforce postponed, and low elevation to bring me within we had drawn our chairs together the fever zone—to sleep in which, to enjoy a chat and a cheroot, in my wet condition, would be when the sound of horses' feet certain death, and I felt no hope galloping up the road to the bunof finding my way again that galow struck our ears. Presently day.

two riders drew rein before the But things were not yet at their verandah ; and flinging the bridles worst, for presently the distant to their syces, who ran up almost at roll of thunder warned me that a the same time, dismounted. One storm was coming ; nor had I to of the new.comers was evidently wait long before it burst overhead. known to Mr Wetherall, who The crash of the thunder was advanced and greeted him with, appalling, and the lightning seemed “Glad to see you, doctor; walk in." to strike the earth close to me. The doctor introduced his compan

Toteanglicised from a Tamil word totum, a garden, 3 “Sudden death” in Indian gastronomical parlance is a broiled chicken, a spatch: cock. When a guest or traveller arrives unexpectedly, the handiest repast to serve is a chicken ; which, strutting about in the compound, at, say 1 P.m., is caught, decapitated, plunged in boiling water, plucked, singed, split, broiled, and sent to table by 1.15 P.M.,—which is sudden death with a vengeance.

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