« НазадПродовжити »
those pursuits, chat would be ment and perfection to all those injurious to our present en- pleasures, that really tend to joyments, but it also gives the make us happy even in this highest degree of encourage- world.
PLEASURES OF RELIGION. The harps of the Angelic then is that field which prą. hosts were employed to an- sents itself to him, where he nounce the first appearance of may reap the richest fruits of that glorious personage whose pleasure-a field as extensive religion
to proclaim as society and various as the peace on earth and good will wants and infirmities of man ! to man;" and it is a very Do you not feel a pleasure striking feature in the Christ- superior to any that the world ian religion that enjoins the ac- bestows, and of which the tive discharge of those duties world cannot deprive you, which are due to ourselves when through Divine assisand to each other as members tance you have obtained a tri. of the same common family: umph over some of the corIn this particular our own rupt propensities of your nahappiness, as well as the hap- gure ? Do' you not experipiness of others, is peculiarly ence that “luxury of doing concerned. For activity is an good,”, with which a stranger essential attribute of the hu, cannot intermeddle, when you man mind, and a strong desire are the instrument of restorof occupation is intimately ing an erring brother to paths woven into our constituțion of virtue and of truth-when by the finger of God. It is you can calm the turbulent this activity of mind only that passions of men, and deprive gives us superiority over the party spirit of its bitterness animals and elicits every thing and asperity-when you im"great and noble in our char- part instruction to the igno. acters. It is not, however, rant and gladden the heart merely the source of our ex- of desponding poverty-when cellence, but it also gives rise you cause the beams of joy to some of our most refined to sparkle through the tears of enjoyments.
sorrow and mingle the balm Have not the most exquisite of comfort in the cup of afflicpleasures been found in the tion-when you have presentrewards of virtue-the appro- ed your ardent supplications bation of conscience, when in at the throne of grace for those the cool and silent hours of whom your counsels cannot reflection, the Christian has reach nor your exertions rebeen able to look back on some lieve ? portion of his existence which Religion also affords enjoyhas been peculiarly distin- ment in the improvement of guished by the active per- our minds and in the cultiva. formance of duty ? How vast tion of the beneyolent affeco.
tions. The mind of a Christian which awaits the righteous, is conversant with subjects of Hence religion is perpetually the most sublime and exalted suggesting those topics of nature ; and in exact propor. conversation that tend to ertion to the magnitude of the large our views, to elevate objects with which it is famil. our thoughts and to confer iar will be the mind's expansion dignity on the mind. We are or enlargement.
The more also furnished with the most our minds are enlarged, the weighty motives to prompt us more pure and extensive will to purify and ameliorate our be our pleasures ;-And the affections ;-And are more pleasures of intellect as far over promised the assistance excel the pleasures of sense, of God's holy spirit to cleanse as mind excels. inactive and our hearts and to enable us to unconscious matter.
triumph over the corrupt proMental improvement and pensities of our natures. It the exercise of pure and ben. is by these means that religion evolent affections will proba- enables a good man to partake bly constitute an important of the highest pleasures of and perhaps an essential part which his nature is susceptible of the happiness of heaven. while on earth, and he is even At least we are assured that allowed a foretaste of those they must be cultivated here joys which await him in heavin order to render us capable en.
A. of that immortality of joy.
THE DUMB SPEAK. Extracts from An Address, press, to see it renewed, have
written by Mr. Clerc, and induced me to comply with read by his request at a the request of the Directors of public examination of the the Asylum, to deliver this pupils in the Connecticut address. I at first intended to Asylum, before the Govern. write two or three pages, that or and both houses of the I might not fatigue the attenLegislature, 28th May, 1818. tion of our Auditors, but my
The following address is en- thoughts have led me farther, tirely the original production and i flatter myself that you of Mr. Laurent Clerc, who will attend to and keep the was born 'deaf, and has never memory of these particulars, heard a sound or uttered the as a small token of our. gratisimplest phrase of speech. tude for all the favours which
jou have vouchsafed to confer LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, both upon us and our pupils.
The kind concern which The origin of the discovery you were pleased to take in of the art of teaching the our public exhibition of last Deaf and Dumb is so little year, and the wish-which you ' known in this country, that I have had the goodness to ex. think necessary to repeat it.
A lady, whose name I do taking the place of Father Fanot recollect, lived in Paris, min. and had among her children The first conception of a two daughters, both deaf and great man, is usually a fruitdumb. The Father Pamin, ful germ. Well acquainted one of the members of the so- with the French grammar, he ciety of Christian Doctrine, knew that every language was was acquainted with the fam. a collection of signs, as a seily, and attempted, without ries of drawings is a collecmethod, to supply in those un- tion of figures, the representafortunate persons the want of tion of a multitude of objects, hearing and speech ; but was and that the Deaf and Dumb surprised by a premature' can describe every thing by death, before he could attain gestures, as you paint every any degree of success. The thing with colours, or express two sisters, as well as their every thing by words ; le mother, were inconsolable at knew that every object had a that loss, when by divine prove form, that every form was caidence, a happy event restored pable of being imitated, that every thing. The Abbé de actions struck your sight, and L'Epée, formerly belonging to that you were able to describe the above mentioned society, them by imitative gestures ; had an opportunity of calling he knew that words were conat their house. The mother ventional signs, and that ges. was abroad, and while he was tures might be the same, and waiting for her, he wished to that there could therefore be a enter into conversation with language formed of gestures, the young ladies ; but their as there was a language of eyes remained fixed on their words. We can state needle, and they gave no ano probable fact, that there was a swer. In vain did he renew time in which man had only his questions, in vain did he gestures to express the emoredouble the sound of his tions and affections of his soul. voice, they were still silent, He loved, wished, hoped, imand durst hardly raise their agined, and reflected, and the heads to look at him. He words to express those operadid not know that those whom tions still failed him. He he thus addressed, were doom- could express the actions relaed by nature never to hear or tive to his organs ; but the speak. He already began to dictionary of acts, purely spirthink them impolite and un- itual, was not begun as yet. civil, and rose to go out.' Un- Full of these fundamental der these circumstances, the ideas, the Abbé de L'Epée mother returned, and every was not long without visiting thing was explained.
the unfortunate family again; good Abbé sympathised with and with what pleasure was he her on the affiction, and with. not received ! He reflected, drew, full of the thought of he imitated, he delineated, he
wrote, believing he had but a and have children endowed language to teach, while in with the faculties of all their fact he had two minds to cul- ' senses, and who will be the uivate! How painful, how dif- comforters and protectors of ficult were the first essays of their parents in their old age. the inventor! Deprived of all (The United States is the first assistance, in a career full of country where I have seen thorns and obstacles, he was a one or two deaf and dumb Jittle embarrassed, but was fathers, some of whose chilnot discouraged. He armed dren are deaf and dumb Hike bimself with patience,' and themselves. Will this prove succeeded, in time, to restore
that the Americans are worse bis pupils to Society and Re- than Europeans? By no means. ligion.
It is the result of natural cause Many years after, and before es, which I shall explain herehis method could have attain. after.) Many others of the ed the highest degree of per- Deaf and Dumb are the infection, of which it was sus- structers of their companions ceptible, death came and re- of misfortune. Many others moved that excellent father
are employed in the offices of from his grateful children
grateful children. governinent and other public Afliction was in all hearts. administrations. Many othFortunately the Abbé Siçard ers are good painters, sculpwho was chosen for his suc
tors, engravers, workers in cessor, caused their tears to Mosaic, while others exercise
He was a man of pro- mechanical arts ; and some found knowledge and of a others
merchants and mind very enterprising. Eve transact their own business cry invention or discovery, perfectly well; and it is edu. however laudable and inge- cation which has thus enabled nious it may be, is never quite them to pursue these differ. right in its beginning. Time ent professions. An unedu. only makes it perfect. The cated Deaf and Dumb would clothes, shoes, hats, watches, never be able to do this. Let houses, and every thing of us now speak of instruction, our ancestors, were not as el- and say what Mr. Sicard did egant and refined as those of while teaching me.
By read. the present century. In like ing or hearing this, you may manner was the method of the
pretty well judge how we Abbé de L'Epée. Mr. Sicard teach the American Deaf and reviewed it and made perfect Dumb. what had been left to be de. The sight of all the objects vised, and had the good for- of nature which could be plac. tune of going beyond all the ed before the eyes of the Deaf disciples of his Predecessor. and Dumb, the representation His present pupils are now of those objects, either by worthy of him, and I do not drawing, by painting, by sculpbelieve them any longer un- ture, or by the natural sigos bappy. Many are married, which the Reaf and Dumi ,
employ, or invent themselves, communication between one or understand with an equal man and another. facility ; the expression of the It is by this method that Mr. will and passions, by the mere Sicard has brought the Deaf movement of the features, and Dumb to the knowledge combined with the attitude and of all the kinds of words, of gestures of the body; writing which a language is composed, traced, or printed, or express- of all the modifications of ed by conventional signs for those words, of their varia
each - letter, or even simply tions and different senses ; in I figured in the air, offered to short, of all their reciprocal
Mr. Sicard mapy means of in- influence. structing those unfortunate be- He advanced a step further, ings, to whom he had resolv. and the access to the highest ed to devote his life. :
conceptions of the human mind Mr Sicard's first steps, and was opened to them. Mr. Sieven the difficulties presented card has found it easy to make to him by his pupils, made them pass from abstract ideas, him soon feel the necessity of to the most sublime truths of proceeding according to the religion. They have felt that strictest method, and of fixing this soul, of which they have their ideas as well as the the consciousness, is not a knowledge they were progres- fictitious existence, is not an
sively acquiring, permanently abstract existence created by * in their memory, so that what the mind ; but a real existe
they already knew, might have ence, which wills and whicla an immediate connection with produces movement, which what they were to learn ; his sees, which thinks, which repupils unable to comprehend flects, which compares, whick him, if the instruction which meditates, which remembers, he wished to give them, did which foresees, which believes, not coincide with that which which doubts, which hopes, they had received before ; for which loves, which hates. thus they stopped his pro- After this, he directed their gress, and he could not ac, thoughts towards all the phys. complish his purpose but by ical existences submitted to resuming the chain of their their view through the im. ideas, and constantly following mensity of space, or on the the uninterrupted line from globe which we inhabit ; and the known in the unknown. the regularity of the march It was thus that he succeeded of the sun and all the celestial in making them comprehend bodies ; the constant succesthe language of the country sion of day and night; the rein which he instructed them. turn of the seasons ; the life, This natural method is appli- the riches and the beauty of cable to all languages. It nature ; made them feel that proceeds by the surest and nature also had a soul, of which shortest way, and may be ap- the power, the action, and the plied to all the channels of immensity, exte through