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vy load of woes, which weighs unfortunate innocence from upon the heads of so many of rapacious guilt. In the name our fellow men. This day you of the Protection Society of have testified your gratitude Maryland, I call upon them to to Heaven, for the emancipa- go on as they have begun in tion of your country from Brit- their honourable course. I ish thraldom." “Oh! may call upon the legislature of that spirit prompt you to look my native state, to interpose with an eye of tender compase their high authority--to stretch sion, on the unhappy Africans forth their powerful arm, for who now lie groaning in the the preservation of our coun. solitude of a dungeon. Let try from ruin and disgrace. I petition on pétition go to the call upon the bishops, the minlegislature, until their condi-' isters, the clergy of this land, tion shall be alleviated by au. to exert the mighty sway thority of law.

which they possess over the “ The work of reformation is minds of men, for the annihirapidly progressing. It has lation of the most enormous not been long since it was evils that ever cursed å na." cominenced by a very few in- tion. And above all, to imdividuals. These intrepidly plore that being who fills imfought their way through pre- mensity, who is eternal in dujudice and error, through in- ration, infinite in power, wisjury and insult; and though dom and goodness-who is when they began their career, the only monarch before whom many were their enemies, now this mighty republic bows her all are their friends. Immor- august head. That he would tal honour's to those benevo- arise in the majesty of his omlent heroes: theirs is the lau. nipotence-roll from before rel which adorns the brows of him the mountains of iniquity, Howard, Wilberforce & Clark.. under which country

Theirs is the joy of groans-illuminate her sons earth, theirs is the bliss of with the pure and unmixed heaven.

light of freedom-dispel the « Thanks to the tribunals of darkness that dwells within justice. They have done their the dungeons of despair-disdaty; they have shewn, that solve the fetters of captive inin this country, justice is not nocence--burst

her prison an empty sound. They have walls, and lead her forth, with the hand of mercy stretch- crowned in all the glorious efed the mantle of the law to its fulgence of heaven descended utmost limits, in order to shield LIBERTY.



THE DANGEROUS INFLUENCE OF PARTY PASSIONS.. Since the people of the U. in which the influence of parnited States became an in- ty passions was less predomidependent nation there has nant than at the present time. probably never been a period In regard both to politics and

religion a more kind, dispas. the other not only as a rival sionate and conciliatory spirit but an enemy, which must be now prevails than in many of sacrificed on the altar of pub, the former years.

It may lic good. Similar portraits therefore be thought by some may be found in the history of persons

that the discussion England, in the sanguinary proposed is needless of un- contests between the families seasonable. A little refece of York and Lancaster, and altion however may satisfy dis- so in the reign of Charles I. ccrping men, that a time of Tbere is no evidence that tranquillity is the most favora- the seyeral parties referred to ble for such a discussion. To did not imagine that they were reason with intemperate men seeking the public. welfare, with a prospect of advantage, while employed in their inhu. we must take them in their man butcheries of brethren; sober moments, and not in a and many men both in France time of intoxication. Ardent and England were of these spirits and the spirit of party sanguinary parties, who at othare similar in their effects er times and on other occa. when taken to excess. Each sions, were both intelligent of them deprives men of their and of respectable moral char, reason and exposes them to acters. But they drank so a: manifold evils, inconsistencies bundantly of party spirit that ! and calamities.

they became completely in: It has been supposed that toxicated and insane. Seldom under such a government as haye the residents of a mad qurs party spirit is useful, as house evinced a more perfect it occasions a watchfulness of privation of reason and sound the measures of government, judgment than did thousands detects errors, and prevents of the people of England and encroachments on tlfe rights France in the times of their of the citizens. The fallacy insurrections and civil wars. of this opinion may perhaps It may be said that parties appear in the course of the pre- have long existed in the Unisent inquiries.

ted States; and that party If any one desires to see a spirit has often raged among full length portrait of party us, but without producing spirit, with its genuine fruits, such' direful

such direful consequences. he may find it in the history All this may be true, but it of the French Revolution-in will not follow that party spirthe conduct of the several par- it among us has been of a difries which successively rose to ferent nature from that which power and filled France with produced such terrific effects appalling scenes of carnage in France and England. A and horror. Each party' made difference of circumstances, high professions of patriotism, may occasion different results. of regard to public welfare, The population of our counand of love of liberty and e- try has not been so great as quality-while each regarded the population of France or

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England ; and the lower class- the dreadful disease.

Party es of people among us have spirit is the spirit of war; it been generally better inform trampies under foot, as of no ed than in either of those authority or use, the sacred countries. The more crow- requirements and prohibitions ded and the more ignorant the of the gospel. The laws of population of any country, the truth and equity,' love and greater is the probability that peace, are

set aside as inap. the prevalence of party spirit plicable to persons under the will result in havoc and deso dominion of party passions. lation..

Let any one review the We have indeed reason to Gourse of events in any counbe thankful that our country try during the rage of these has hitherto been spared from passions, and then inquire such ayful and revolting whether the partizans gave the scenes as those witnessed a- least evidence of dee regard mong our French and En- to the command--" All things glish brethren. Our history whatsoever ye would that men however is not upstained by should do unto you, do

ye even records of bloodshed which unto them ?" If not, we resulted from party passions. may rationally infer, that party Nor can it be denied that in spirit is anti-christian and sub. too many instances a spirit of versive of moral principle. malignity has appeared be. As in public war, so ia party tween existing parties, which contests, much is done by dehas been shocking to reflecting ception and falsehood, calum. mén, and which cannot but be ny and reviling; yet each para reproach to any christian ty will condemn these means people. It must therefore be when employed by the other, desirable, if possible, to pre-, and they deserve to be convent the recurrence of such demned by all men. cvils and to prolong the pre

It should however be ad. sent season of tranquillity and mitted that many things which friendly feeling.

one party imputes to another Party spirit, whether in pol. as falsehood, are only the efitics or religion, generally o.

fects of that blindness and riginates with a few men. A jealousy which are neverfailsmall number of ambitious or ing comcomitants of party pasenvious men, of popular tal- sions. True benevolence and ents, can fill almost any coun, party spirit are perfect oppotry with confusion, mischief sites in their parure and ten. and dismay, under the pretext dency. While benevolence of patriotism.

inclines a person to give the Bewildering the mind as to most favorable construction to right and wrong, in the mai).

the conduct of an opponent ner of pursuing an object, and

which the circumstances of in estimating characters and the case will justisy, party motives, are the nore com- spirit is cyer ready to give the mon and immediate effects of worst construciion, and to inie

pute the basest motives. Be- excitement, the passions of nevolence seeks the good of parties are often raised to such all, even of an enemy; but a pitch, that, like some kinris party spirit will injure either of chemical powder, they are enemy or friend, if he stand in ready to explode with a trifling the way of a party purpose. agitation.

In the contests of partics In this time of public tranin this land, thousands have quility, and in view of the ebeen made to war against each vils to which individuals and other who really aimed at the communities are exposed by same end-the good of their the indulgence of party spirit, country; and thousands more it is proper to inquire, whethhave been enlisted who were er any thing can be done to ignorant of the grounds of prevent the recurrence of such controversy and of the real ob. a state of society as has been jects of their leaders.

formerly witnessed in this faIt is a melancholy consid- vored land ? If any thing can eration, but it is believed to be done to prolong the prebe an unquestionable fact, that seni tranquillity it is certainly the greater portion of the po- an object which would justify litical controversies, which so very great exertions. If the long agitated our country, had account of party spirit which their origin in ambition for of. has been given is correct, it fice. It ought to be under- is very far from being a destood and deeply engraven on

sirablé or a useful thing under the minds of all our citizens, any government. It may inthat those meu who have such decd, like viher diseases, be a thirst for office as to be wilt overruled for good, but in illing to obtain it ai so great an

self it is a great evil-its genexpense as the agitation of so- uine tendency is sin and mis. ciety and the alienation of ery. Considered as a watchbrethren, are very improper man or à guardian, it is becharacters for fathers of a wildered, deceitful and often christian people.

malicious. It imagines wrongs When party spirit is once where none is done or intend. cxcited in society, it is kept a- ed; it imputes to wicked mot live and increased by mutual tives what should be regarded accusation, recrimination, and, as mere errors of judgement; indiscriminate

By it will magnify 'real defects in such means the minds of the an opponent a hundred fold; multitude misled; the and it will palliate and justify best characters are often con- the most flagrant wrongs on sidered as the worst, and the its own side. worst as the best ; and the A nation is a great family ; feelings even of good people, and a family of fifteen or twenof the different parties, become ty persons is a nation in ininembittered one towards anoth: jature. Would party spirit cr. In consequence of the be useful in such a family? various means of irritation aid or would it be desirable to di




It is pro

vide the family into parties, they may be ministers of God that they might mutually, for good to the family, in prowatch each other and correct tecting its interests and adeach other's errors ? What vancing its happiness, And would be the effect of their let it be the care of all in submutual jealousies, accusations ordinate situations so to treat and revilings? Every man of those in office, as shall be common sense can see, that best adapted to encourage and party spirit would be a bad' induce them to discharge their thing in a family of such a duties in a faithful, impartial small number of persons. How manner, without regard to par. then can it be otherwise than ty names or interests. à pernicious thing in a na- Can any reasonable tion ?

pretend that, in either of the But what can be done 'to e- three particulars, any thing is radicate this evil or to pre• recommended which is incom-' vent its prevalence and mis- patible with the duty, or dcchievous effects? Among the rogatory to the honour of many means which may be u- those concerned ? Or can it sed for such a purpose, the be doubted whether a thore following are perhaps worthy ough compliance with these of some attention.com

suggestions would have a salFirst. Let all teachers, utary influence ? whether ministers of tire gos- sumed that neither of these pel, officers of colleges, or in- questions can be answered in structers of schools, write the negative by any intelligent lheir influence to bring party and upright mind. And if not, spirit into disrepute-hy show- on what easy and reasonable ing its pernicious tendency terms this nation niay be savand effects, and by faithfully ed from the disgrace and misinculcating obedience to the ery of factions and conflicts ; benevolent precepts of the and enjoy the blessings of Messiah. And let it be the peace and unity! Shall then care of every teacher to en- o exertions be made for the force these beneficent ir:struc- attaininent of objects so imtions by his own example. portant and glorious ? The

Second. Let the public welfare of our country great. Newspapers of our country be ly depends on the preservadevoted to truth and peace; tion of unity, friendship and let every thing of the nature peace ; and he is the true patof calunny or reviling be ex- riot who exerts his influence cluded; and let these papers in society to save the nation be truly vehicles of good will from division, animosity and lo man, without distinction of war. Is it not time for nation or party.

christian people to give is Third. Let our rulers' re- practical illustration of that gard themselves as fathers and wisdom which is from above, guardians-as having been ap- and to show that “her ways pointed to office, not to make ure ways of pleasantness and them rich or great, but that all her paths are peace ?"

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