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plies the penalty of death to Objection . “If our civil the murderer."

magistrates punish the crime 6 Answer: This is a curi. 'of murder at all, that penalty ous and singular mode of syl- must be executed which God logising a man out of his life. hath annexed to his law, which But as it must be a matter of is death. The law of God serious consequence to him ; says explicitly, The murderer I hope that I may be permite shall surely be put to death. ted to say a few words in his Answer. The Mosaic penal behalf, before the awful sen- code, confined to the Jewish tence of death shall be pro- nation, and long since abolishnounced against him ! In the ed, is here brought into view, first place it ought to be re- and called by way of pre-emi. membered, that the question hence, The Law of God: f here discussed is conversant therefore find it nécessary to only with penalties to be in- make some further explanaflicted by the civil magistrate. tions. The ten commandAnd, secondly, that God hath ments, engraven on the two dot annexed any such penal- tables of stone, and published ries to any of his moral laws, from mount Sinai with pecuwhether engraven on the heart, liar solemnities, are often reor on the tables of stone. He ferred to in the New Testahath been pleased to reserve ment, and are eminently styled, to himself, the sole and soy- The law, The law from mount ereign right of inflicting the Sinai, The moral law, The law penalties for all violations of of God, The word of God, The his laws : or of graciously re- commandmeuts of God, &c. mitting them !"

These laws were magnified by " As the objector professes our Saviour, and represented to have found out the implied as being of unlimited extent, penalty to the sixth command and of endless duration ! But ment, I would ask him, What the national laws given to the is the implied penalty to be Israelites;respecting penalties, inflicted by the civil magis. ceremonies, &c. were tempo. trate for a violation of the rary. They may be seen from tenth commandment, Thou the twenty-first chapter of Exshalt not covet ? Or, what is odus to the end of the pentathe civil penalty for not loving teuch. These, are likewise God supremely? This doce often quoted in the New Testrine of implication of penal. tament, and are called, The ties, would be a dangerous laws of Moses, The commands principle to be adopted in our of Moses, The sayings of Mocourts of law; and especially 808, Carnal ordinances, Carnal in the trials of capital causes ! Commandments, Types, ShadIn whatever light the subject ows, &c. But I believe they is viewed, to me it appears are never styled in the New evident, that this doctrine of Testament, The Laws of God. the implication of penalties, It, merits particular attencannot be maintained.

tion, that although my oppoVol. VI. No. 7.

28

nents quote one of those na- penal laws were dictated to tional laws, and urge it against Moses, by the same high aume in the present question, as thority. They were all of being of divine authority, yet equal force, extent, and durait is evident, that they are not tion. If our magistrates are fully established in their own bound by those laws to punish doctrine, because they do not murder with death, they are adopt the whole of them. equally bound to inflict the

Whenever a system of laws same punishment for every is ordained for a nation by breach of Sabbath. If my opproper authority, they have ponents have a predilection To right to single out one of for that old constitution, in them, and to urge that au- order to be. consistent, they thority for the execution of it, ought to be circumcised and and at the same time to dis- keep the whole law of Moses, card all the rest. All those

LIBERALITY OF SENTIMENT IN THE PONTIFF OF ROME, We are gratified in having the most difficult and distress: an opportunity to present to ing circumstances, when kings our readers an extract of a and governments of force in. Letter relating to the Pope comparably greater shrunk which is adapted to make a and yielded. We were prefavourable impression in re- sented by Abbè Taylor, an gard to his character. Our Irish Catholic, who is apcorrespondent will accept our pointed by the Pope to pre. thanks for the favour.

sent the English ; but as we Dear Sir,

were Americans, we had a The following extract of kind of national privilege to a letter from a friend at Rome have a private audience at a last winter, displaying the true time when it is not commonly catholicism of the head of given, and nobody went with the Romish church, is at your us, except Professor Bell of service, if you consider it de- Edinburgh, the famous anato. sirable for insertion in the mist. There was very little Christian Disciple.

ceremony or parade about it, Yours with high respect,

and in all respects it pleased

J. S. me extremely. On entering After relating that the writer the room, we knelt and kissed and another friend had that his hand. He is, you know, morning been presented to the very old, but he received us Pope, he proceeds: “ He is standing, and was dressed with the only Sovereign in Europe characteristic simplicity, and I have ever felt any curiosity humility, as a Friar, without to see, and him I desired to the slightest ornament to disvery much, on account of the tinguish his rank. Bell spoke; firmness and dignity with no Italian, and therefore the which he always behaved in conversation was chiefly with

jus, and, as we were Americans, continually for having at last

, , entirely on America. He talk- driven all thoughts of perseed a good deal about our uni. cution from the world, since versal toleration, and praised persuasion was the only possiit, as much as if it were a doce, ble means of promoting piety, trine of his own religion, ad-' though violence might proding, that he thanked God mote bypocrisy."

POETRY.

WARS WITH THE INDIANS,
Yet Savages are men. With glowing heat,
Fix'd as their hatred, friendship fills their mind;
By acts with justice and with truth replete,
Their iron breasts to softness are inclin'd.
Senate august! that sway'st Columbian climes,
Form'd of the wise, the noble and humane,
Cast back the glance through long ascending times,
And think what nations fill'd the western plain.
Where are they now? What thoughts the bosom pain!
From mild religion's eye, how streams the tear!
To see so far outspread the waste of man,
And ask, How fell the myriads, Heaven plac'd here !
Reflect, be just, and feel for Indian woes severe.
Indulge, my native land ! indulge the tear,
That steals impassioned o'er a nations doom ;
To me each twig, from Adam's stock, is near,
And sorrows fall upon an Indians tomb,

DR. DWIGHT.

INTELLIGENCE.

BIBLE SOCIETY OF MASSACHUSETTS.

REPORT On Thursday, 4th June, " The Bi- Of the Executive Committee of the ble Society of Massachusetts”held Bible Society of Massachusetts, pre'its ninth annual meeting.

pared for the Anniversary of the The Rev. Joshua Huntington

Society, June 4, 1818. preached the sermon from Psalm

THE Executive Committee of the Cxxxviii. 2. " Thou hast magnified Massachusetts Bible Society respectthy word above all thy name.

fully repost, that they have distribuA collection was taken of $224 70.

ted during the last year the following

Bibles and Testaments. After service, the annual business

Large Bibles, 264 of the Society was transacted.

Small do. 1643 The following was the report of the

Testaments,

1637 Executive Committee for the last year.

3544

re

A large proportion has been given had contracted to Europe. It is probto individuals on their own applica- ably recollected, that at the estabtion ; several to managers of charity' lishment of our Society a donation schools and of missionary societies ; was made to it of 1.100 sterling by the some to destitute seamen ; and a few British and Foreign Bible Society. to the soldiers stationed at Marble. Whilst this liberal acţ was received head, at the request of their com- with gratitude, the opinion of many mander. The distribution bas been was, that in the prosperous state of as cautious as is consistent with the this country, we ought not to emliberal principles of the Society. Bi. ploy the funds of another for our bles are undoubtedly given, in some lief. Under these impressions, the instances, to those who should blush Trustees resolved to apply the donato receive them without an equiva. tion just named to the distribution of lent; but we have this consolation, the Bible in France ; and it is bethat we bestow a book which is the lieved, that better service cannot be best remedy for their sordidness. rendered to Christianity than by giv,

In the course of the last year, the ing its records to a great people in the Trustees ordered the Treasurer to heart of Christendom, where the remit $822 to the American Bible prevalent ignorance of our religion Society at New-York. It will be almost surpasses belief. recollected, that when our Society A great excellence of Bible Sociebecame auxiliary to the American, ties is the simplicity of their object; several donations were made for the but this produces a corresponding purpose of being forwarded to the lat

simplicity in their operations, which ter. On this account, the remittance makes the report of each year in a of the last year was larger than can great degree an echo of the last, be expected hereafter.

We regret

Your Committee have always labourthat we have not received the last ed to entrust Bibles to faithful hands; report of the National Institu- and having done this they have not tion. We continue to look to it been solicitous, nor have they been with strong hope, that it will bear able, to collect accounts of the effects an important part in the distribution of the distribution. The influence of of the Bible.

á Bible in an obscure family is necesDuring the last year, an earnest ap- sarily silent and without show, We plication was made to the Trustees infer that good is done from the naby a respected American in Paris, ture of the gist, and not from imme: for the aid of this Society in distribu- diate and strongly marked conseting the Scriptures in France.... The quences. The mere presence of a Committee, to whom the subject was book, which is acknowledged to be referred, having considered the very from God, tends to keep alive in the depressed condition of Christianity in mind a feeling of obligation to him that country, the great scarcity of and an occasional perusal of the BiBibles and the difficulty of obtaining ble can hardly help giving some morthem among the common people, the al and religious ideas, which, in the influence which the French nation course of providence, may be suby will always have over the opinions jects of meditation and principles of and manners of the civilized world, a christian life. Let it not be objectand the peculiar importance of re- ed to us, that the circulation of the covering it to the knowledge and be Bible has wrought no greạt change.alief of the gospel, and having learned mong the poor; for does it seem to that an edition of the New Testament have wrought a greater among the had been commenced which required rich ? The truth is, that in every class foreign assistance for its completion, it does much good by correcting and tecommended to the Trustees an ap- refining public opinion, whilst in ma propriation of such funds, could be py individuals it works powerfully to conveniently spared, for this purpose. the saving of their souls. The Bible It was also considered, that the pre

is not a mechanical and necessary sent was a favourable opportunity cause. It is counteracted continualfor repaying an obligation which we ly by passion, prejudice, misinter

sermon

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pretation or neglect; but because it Joseph Hurd, Esq., Samuel Parkman, accomplishes less than we desire, let Esq., Joseph May, Esq., Henry Hill, us not overlook the immensely bene- Esq., Dea. John Simpkins, Hob. ficial change which it has produced Thomas Dawes, Samuel H. Walley, in the state of society, wherever it is Esq., Dea. Benjamin West, Dea. Jogenerally read ; and let us continue siah Salisbury, Nathaniel P. Russell, to spread it, in the assurance that, in Esq. God's time, it will be better under- EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. stood and more deeply felt, and will Rev. William E. Channing, Edgive a new face to the earth.

ward Tuckerman, Esq., Rev. Henry It is encouraging to know that the

Ware, jun. zeal which has broken forth on this subject is not shrinking, but rather

Donations to the Massachuserts Bible gains strength; that sovereigns, from

Society for the past year. policy and we will hope from princi- Collection after anniversary ple, are lending the splendour of

165 38 their names and examples to the By Rev. J. White, from Fecause ; that revenues, once lavished

male Society, West Parish, on conquest and bloodshed, are now Dedham

14 12 in part consecrated to the spreading Female Society in Warwick, of the gospel of peace ; that great

by Mrs. Phebe Smith 20 men count it an honour to be enroll

Rev. Mr. 'Townsend, from ed among the patrons of Bible Societies; and that the different denomi

Young Ladies' Reading so

23 nations of Christians, as if happy to

ciety, Sherburne

Rev. Mr. Parkman, from an find a common object, seem' willing

Association of Ladies in Bosto postpone the advancement of their

ton

19 66 peculiarities to the circulation of that

Rev. J. Pierce, cent contribuauthoritative book to which they all

tions in Brookline

31 73 profess to bow. Whilst worldly mo

Collection made in a small tives may have a share in this great

school

2 36 enterprize, we hail it as a pledge and

S. Salisbury, Esq.

50 promise of a more prosperous and

J. Howe, jun. peaceful state of the church, as the

Moses Everett

5 dawning of a brighter day, in which

C. Guild

5 the knowledge of God shall fill the

5 earth, and Christians, drinking deep. E. Seaver

Henry Cabot

5 ly into their Master's spirit, shall slove one another with a pure heart James

Mackay

Rev. E. Chaplin fervently."

0. Tileston WILLIAM E. CHANNING,

Thomas Cordis

5 Chairman of the Executive Com.

C. Thacher
John Ballard, jun.

5. Officers of the Society elected on

Jos. Knapp

10 this anniversary.

J. Field

7 His Hon. William Phillips, Presi. John Gibson dent ; Rev. John T. Kirkland, D.D. John Thompson

3 LL. D. Vice President; Rev. John Jas. Everett

2 Pierce, Recording Secretary ; Rev.

J. Bridge

2 Francis Parkman, Cor. Secretary ; Mr. John Tappan, Treasurer ; Mr.

E. Copeland

From a Friend in Sherburne John Grew, Assistant Treasurer.

by Mr. Townsend TRUSTEES.

Do. ,do. by Mr. Phelpg 5 Rer. James Freeman, D. D., Rev, Do. do. by Mr. Stedman 50 Eliphalet Porter, D. D., Rev. Abiel Do. do.

1 Holmes, D. D., Rev. Thomas Bald. Do. do.

1 win, D.D., Rev. Charles Lowell, Do. do. Rev. Joshua Huntington, Chief Jus- Mrs. Wood by Rev. T. Gray tịce Parker, Hon. Peter C. Brooks, W. W. hy do.

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