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rance and barbarism, by the -Secondly, that more general establishment of schools and kind of judgement which we the circulation of the scrip- are apt to pass on the man of tures. As the majority of the a different persuasion in matinhabitants of Ireland are Ro. ters of religion. Under each man Catholics; it was of great of these heads we shall allow importance to abate the exis. the Doctor to speak for him. ting prejudices against the self, by a selection of such people of that religion For passages’as will give a corthis purpose the Preacher rect view of his reasoning :aimed to show that the spirit "I. Every fault of conduct in the of popery, or that which con- outer man, may be run up to some stitutes the criminality of ра->
défect of principle in the inner man.
It is this defect of principle, which pists, is by 'no: ineans confined
gives the fault all its criminality. It to the people of that denomi.
is this alone, which makes it odious natiou ; and he very justly be- in the sight of God. ... For examlieved, that if people were ple, it is a fault to speak evil one of a more in the habit of looking
nother'; but the essence of the fault at home for the discovery of
lies in the want of that charity, which
thinketh no ill. ... error, they would be more
But though all evil-speaking be re candid in their judgements ferable to the want of a good, or to one of another.
the existence of an evil principle in Such being the object of
the heart, yet there is one style of
evil-speaking different from another;: the Sermon, the Doctor se
and you can easily conceive how a lected for his text, Matt. vii.
man addicted to one way of it, may 3, 4, 5. 6 And why, beholdest hate, and despise, and have a mortal thou the mote that is in thy antipathy, to another way of it. ii. brother's eye, but considerest
The forms of evil-speaking break out:
into manifold varieties. There is the Dot the beam that is in thine
soft insinuation. There is the re. own eye? - Or how wilt thou
sentful outcry. There is the manly say to thy brother, Let me and indignant disapproval. There pull out the mote out of thine. is the invective of vulgar malignity: eye; and behold a beam is in There is the poignancy of satirical thine own: eye ?--Thou hypo
remark. There is the giddiness of
mere volatility, which trips so carecrite! first cast out the beam; lessly along, and spreads its enterout of thine .own eye, and then taining levities over a gay and lightshalt thou see clearly to cast: hearted party.. These are all so maout the mote out of thy broth
ny transgressions of one and the same er's eye."
duty ; and you can easily conceive
an enlightened Christian sitting in For the word “beam" in the judgement over them all, and taking text, the Preacher substituted hold of the right principle upon which "thorn,” after the example of he would condemn them all ; and Dr. Campbell. The plan of which, if brought to bear with 'efficathe discourse is First, a short offenders, would not merely silence
cy on the consciences, of the different application of the leading the passionate evil-speaker out of his- -principle of the text, to the outrageous exclamations, and restrain case of those judgements that
the malignant evil-speaker from his
deliberate thrusts at the reputation of We are so ready to pronounce
the absent; but would rebuke the on each osher in private life ; humorous evil-speaker out of his fan.
ctful and amusing sketches, and the of its being a religion with the intolgossiping evil-speaker out of his tire- erance of which our fathers had to some and never-ending narratives.... struggle unto the death ; a religion
Now, mark the two advantages which lighted up the tires of persecuwhich arise from every man bringing tion in other days; a religion, which himself to a strict examination, that at one time put on a face of terror, he may if possible find out the prin- and bathed its hands in the blood of
ciple of that fault in his own mind, cruel martyrdom. ; a religion, by rewhich he conceives to deform the sistance to which, the men of a dedoings and the character of another. parted generation are embalmed in His attention is carried away from the memory of the present, among the mere accompaniment of the fault the worthies of our established faith. to its actual and constituting essence. He pursues his search from the out- Now Popery is just such a religion : ward and accidental varietjes, to the and I appeal to many present, if, one principle which spreads the lea- though ignorant of almost all its docven of iniquity over them all. . trines and all its distinctions, there
But another mighty advantage of does not spring up a quickly felt anthis self-examination is, that the more tipathy in their bosoms even at the a man does examine, the more does very mention of Popery. 'There can he discover the infirmities of his own · be no doubt, that for one or two gencharacter. That very infrmity a- erations, this feeling has been rapidly
gainst which, in another, he might on the decline. But it still lurks, have protested with all the force of a and operates, and spreads a very wide vehement indigpation, he might find and sensible infusion over the great lurking in his own bosom, though un- mass of our Scottish populatioa. . der the disguise of a different form. Now, is it not conceivable that Such a discovery as this will temper such a traditional repugnance to Pohis indignation. It will humble him pery may exist in the very same mind, into the meekness of wisdom. It with a total ignorance of what those will soften him into charity. It will things are for which it merits our reinfuse a candour and a gentleness in- pugnance ? May there not be a kind to all his judgements.
of sensitive recoil in the heart against Now the fault of evil-speaking is this religion, while the understanding only one out of the many. The les is entirely blind to those alone featson of the text might be farther il- tures which justify our dislike to it? lustrated by other cases and other May there not be all the violence of examples.--.
an antipathy within us at Popery, II. `I now proceed, then, to the and there be at the same time within more general kind of judgement us all the faults and all the errors of which we are apt to pass on men of a Popery ? ... different persuasion in matters of re- Let us therefore take a nearer look ligion. There is something in the of Popery, and try to find out how very circumstance of its being a dif- much of Popery there is in the reliferent religion from our own, which, gion of Protestants. prior to all our acquaintance with its But, let it be premised, that many details, is calculated to repel and to of the disciples of this religion disalarm us. It is not the religion in claim much of what we impute to which we have been educated. It is them ; that the Popery of a former not the religion which furnishes us age may not be a fair specimen of the with our associations of sacredness. Popery of the presents that, in point Nay, it is a religion, which, if admit- of fact, many of its professors have ted into our creed, would tear asun- evinced all the spirit of devout and der all these associations. It would enlightened Christians; that in many break up all the repose of our estab- districts of Popery, the Bible is in lished habits. It would darkea the full and active circulation ; and that whole field of our accustomed con- thus, while the name and externals templations. ..
are retained, and waken up all our Add to all this, the circumstance traditional repugħance against it, there may be among thousands and But again, it is said of Papists, that tens of thousands of its nominal ad- they hold the monstrous doctrine of herents, all the soul, and substance, transubstantiation. Now a doctrine, and principle, and piety of a reform- may be monstrous on two grounds. ed faith.
It may be monstrous on the ground First, then, it is said of Papists that of its absurdity, or it may be monthey ascribe an infallibility to the strous on the ground of its impiety. Pope, so that if he were to say one It must have a most practically misthing and the Bible another, his au- chievous effect on the conscience, thority would carry it over the au- should a communicant sit down at thority of God. And, think you, my the table of the Lord ; and think brethren, that there is no such Po- that the act of appointed remempery among you? Is there no taķing brance is equivalent to a real sacriof your religion apón trust from an- fice, and a real expiation; and leave other, when you should draw it fresh the performance with a mind unburand unsullied from the fountain-head dened of all its past guilt, and resolv-. of inspiration? You all have, or you ed to incür fresh guilt to be wiped ought to have, Bibles ; and how of
away by a fresh expiation. But in ten is it repeated there, “ Hearken the sacraments of our own country, diligently unto me?” Now, do you is there no crucifying of the Lord obey this requirement, by making the afresh? Is there none of that which reading of your Bibles a distinct and gives the doctrine of transubstantiaearnest exercise ? Do you ever dare tion all its malignant influence on the to bring your favourite minister to hearts and lives of its proselytes ? Is the tribunal of the word, or would there no mysterious virtue annexed you tremble at the presumption of to the elements of this ordinance ? such an attempt, so that the hearing Instead of being repaired to for the of the word carries a greater authori- purpose of recruiting our languid afty over your mind than the reading fections to the Saviour, and strengthof the word ? Now this want of dar. ening our faith, and arming us with ing, this trembling at the very idea a firmer resolution, and more vigourof a dissent from your minister, this ous purpose of obedience, does the indolent acquiescence in his doc- conscience of no communicant solace trine, is just calling another man mas- itself by the mere performance of the ter; it is putting the authority of outward act, and suffer him to go man over the authority of God; it is back with a more reposing security throwing yourself into a prostrate at- to the follies, and vices, and indul titude at the footstool of human in- gences of the world? Then, my fallibility ; it is not just kissing the toe brethren, his erroneous view of the of reverence, but it is the profounder sacrament may not be clothed in a degradation of the mind and of all its
term so appalling to the hearts and faculties : and without the name of the feelings of Protestants as tranPopery, that name which lights up substantiation, but to it belongs all so ready an antipathy in your bo- the immorality of transubstantiation; soms, your soul niay be infected with and the thorn must be pulled out of the substantial poison, and your cez- his eye, ere he can see clearly to cast science be weighed down by the op- the mote out of his brother's eye. pressive shackles of Popery..
But, thirdly, it is said, that Papists We tremble to read of the fulmina- worship saints,
and fall down to grations that have issued in other days ven images. This is very, very bad. from a conclave cardinals. Have 66 Thou shalt worship the Lord thy we no conclaves, and no fulmina- God, and him only. shalt thou serve." tions, and no orders of inquisition, in But let us take ourselves to task upour own country? Is there no pro- on this charge also. Have we no fessing brother-hood, or no professing consecrated names in the annals of sister-hood, to deal their censorious reformation,----no worthies who hold invectives around them, upon the too commanding a place, in the remembers of an excommunicated membrance and affection of Protes World ? ...
tants ? Are there no departed than iogians, whose 'works hold too domi- of men, in the prime and unbroken neering an ascendency over the faith vigour of their days,-if even the and practice of Christians ?... We youngest and likeliest of you all, may not bend the knee in any sen- shall, trusting to some future repen. sible chamber of imagery, at the re- tance, cherish the purpose of sin amembrance of favourite saints. But nother hour, and not resolve at this do we not bend the understanding critical and important Now, to break before the volumes of favourite au- it all off, by an act of firm abandonthors, and do an homage to those ment, then be your abhorrence at representations of the minds of the Popery what it may, you are exemmen of other days, which should be plifying the worst of its errors, and exclusively given to the representa- wrapping yourselves up in the crueltion of the miod of the Spirit, as put est and most inveterate of its delu-: down in the book of the Spirit's reve
sions," lation ?
It would be easy to show But, fourthly and lastly, for time does not permit such an enumeration,
how the reasoning of Dr. as would exhaust all the leading pe- Chalmers, under the second culiarities ascribed to this faith, -it head of his discourse, may be is stated, that by the form of a con- extended and applied to the fession, in the last days of a sinner's
conduct of different denomilife, and the ministration of extreme unction upon his death-bed, he may
nations of protestants, in their be sent securely to another world, censures one of another. But with all the unrepented profligacy, we hope our readers have genand fraud, and wickedness, of this erally a sufficient share of disworld upon his forehead, that this is looked forward to, and counted
cernment to see the bearing of
We upon by every Catholic,—and sets tho Doctor's remarks. him loose from all those, anticipations may however observe, that a which work upon the terror of other censorious spirit is one of the men,--and throws open to him an un
most pernicious beams bridled career, through the whole of which, he may wanton in all the va.
thorns in the eyes of Chris.. rieties of criminal indulgence,
tians; and until this is cast that, when standing on the verge of put” they never can see cleareternity, he can cast a fearless eye ly to cast the mote out the over its dark and untravelled vast.
eye of a brother. Compared ness,--and that, for the terror of its
with mere coming wrath, his guilty and unre
error of opinion, newed soul is filled with all the radi- an error in temper is a very ance and all the elevation of its an- great evil. But this is sel. ticipated glories.
dom duly considered by men 0! my brethren, it is piteous to addicted to censurc. think of such a preparation, but it is just such a preparation as meets the
By the prejudices of educa. sad experience of us all. ... Ah! my tion-by the
undue imporbrethren, do you not think, amid the tance attached to traditionary tones, and the sympathies, and the creeds, and by unfounded catears, which an affectionate pastor lumnies, Christians of differpours out in the fervency of his soul, and mingles with all his petitions, and
ent denominations have been all his addresses to the dying man, really deceived in respect to that no flattering unction ever steals the characters of each other. upon him, to luli bis conscience, and It is unquestionably true, that smooth the agony of his departure? there have been bad papists Then, my brethren, you mistake it, you sadly mistake it ; and even here, and bad protestants, of every where I lift my voice among a crowd known denomination. It is
perhaps equally true, that
that sive superiority, which has there have been very
far to defeat the success men in each of the several of many an attempt," he gives sects of Christians. But it has the following as the kind of been too common for people language which should be aof one sect to judge those of dopted : another by the very worst
6. The whole amount of our mes. things to be found among them
sage, is to furnish you with the Bible,
and to furnish you with the art of overlooking what is truly
reading it. We think the lessons of excellent and lovely, or rejec- this book well fitted to chase away ring it as the fruit of hypocri- the manifold errors, which rankle in sy.
The mode of judging the boson of our own country. You will be reversed when Chris
are ihe subjects of error as well as
we and we trust that you will find tians shall first cast the thorn
them useful, in enlightening the preout of their own eyes.
judices, and in aiding the frailties to Had Dr. Chalmers lived but which, as the children of oné comone century earlier in Scot- mon humanity, we are all liable. A. land, and had he then publiciy
mongst us, there is a mighty defer
ence to the authority of man : if this Jelivered the same favourable
exist among you, here is a book opinion of many of the papists which teils us to call no man master, which he has now published, and delivers us from the fallibility of it is questionable whether he human opinions. Amongst us, there
is a delusive confidence in the forans would ever have been permit
of gocliness, with little of its powted to preach another sermon.
er : here is a book, which tells us that But, as he has observed, this holiness of life is the great end of a.I antipathy against the papists, our ceremonies, and of all our sacre- for one or two generations,
ments. Amongst us there is a host of has been rapidly on the de theologians, each wielding his separ
ate authority over the creed and the cline."
conscience of his countrymen, and In applying his subject to you, Catholics, have justiy reproackthe benevolent purposes of the
ed us with our manifold and neverHibernian Society, the Doctor
ending varieties; but here is a book,
the influence of which is throwing all has suggested the humble
these differences into the background, feeling and courteous lan
and bringing forward those great and guage, with which the mem- substantial points of agreecient, bers of the Society should ap
which lead us to recognize the man of
another creed proach their Catholic breth
to be essentially a
Christian;--and we want to widen ten, A specimen of this will
this circle of fellowship, that we may. be given as an important part be permitted to live in the exercise of of the discourse, and as ap- one faith and of onė charity along plicable in a great variety of with you. Amongst us, the great cases. Having intimated that
bulk of men pass through life forget
ful of eternity, and think, that by the " the meek consciousness of
sighs and the ministrations of their that woful departure from vi- last days, they will earn all the bless-tal christianity, which has ta- edness of its ever-during rewards. ken place in the reformed
But here is a book which tells us that countries of Christendom, will
we should seek first the kingdom of
God; and will not let us ost with any divest them"-the agents of other repentance - than repentance the Society--" of that repul- now; and tells us, what we trust,