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rays of light different from raise her everlasting bars beours. Even you, inhabitants tween the new and the old of the Moon, situated in our world, and make a voyage to very neighborhood, are effec- Europe as impracticable as tually secured from the rapa- one to the Moon." cious hands of the oppressors
In a letter to a minister he of our globe.
And the utmost wrote as follows :- I would efforts of the mighty Federic, sooner give up my interest in the tyrant of the North, and a future state than be divested scourge of mankind, if aimed of humanity ;-I mean of that to disturb your peace, become good will I have to the speinconceivably ridiculous and cies although one half of them impotent."
are said to be fools, and al" Pardon these reflections. most the other half knaves. They arise not from the gloo- 'Indeed I am firmly persuaded my spirit of misanthropy. that we are not at the disposal That Being, before whose of a Being who has the least piercing eye all the intricate tincture of ill nature, or refoldings of the human heart' quires any in us. You will become expanded and illumi. laugh at this grave philosophy, nated, is my witness, with or my writing to you on a subwhat sincerity, with what ar. ject which you have thought dor, I wish for the happiness of a thousand times : but can of the whole race of mankind. any thing that is serious, bo How much I admire that dis. ridiculous ? Shall we suppose position of lands and seas Gabriel smiling at Newton, which affords a communication for labouring to demonstrate between distant regions, and a
whether the earth be at rest mutual exchange of benefits or not, because the former How sincerely, I approve of plainly sees it move !" those social refinements which These specimens of cpmpoadd to our happiness, and in- sition do honour to the heart 'duce us with gratitude to ac- as well as the head of Mr. knowledge the Creator's good. Rittenhouse. His piety and ness—and how much I delight philanthropy were not of the in a participation of the dis- dormant but active character. coverics made from time to As he regarded God as the time in nature's works, by our father of all, so he regarded all philosophical brethren in Eu. men as his brethren, and rope. Bụt when I consider sought the good of all. His that luxury and her constant extraordinary powers of mind follower tyranny, which have were indefatigably employed long since laid the glories of for advancing the happiness of Asia in the dust, are now ad. his species. As a neighbour, vancing like a torrent, irresise he was kind and charitable ; tible, and have nearly comple- as the head of a family, he was ted their conquest over Eu tender and affectionate ; as a rope-I am ready to wish friend he was sincere, ardent vain wish! that nature would and faithful. “As a compan
ion, he instructed upon all sub- of its divine origin, that the jects To his happy commu- miracles of our Saviour differnicative disposition, says Dr. ed from all other miracles, beRush, I beg leave to ex. ing entirely of a kind and bepress my obligations in a pub. nevolent nature.” lic manner. I can truly say,
On the 26th of June, 1796, after an acquaintance of six- the long expected messenger and-twenty years, that I never of death disclosed his commiswent into his company with- sion. In his last sickness Dr. out learning something." Rittenhousc" retained the usų
“ His constitution was natu- al patience and benevolence of rally feeble, but it was render: his temper. Upon being told cd more so by sedentary la- that some friends called at his bour and midnight studies. door to inquire how he was , He was afflicted for many he asked why they were not
a weak breast, invited into his chamberwhich upon unusual exertions "Because, said his wife, you of body or mind, or sudden are too weak to speak to them.' changes in the weather, be- Yes, said, he, that is true, but came the seat of a painful and I could still have squeezed harrassing disorder. This their hands. Thus with a constitutional infirmity was heart overflowing with love to not without its uses.
his family, friends, country, tributed much to the perfec- and to the whole world, he tion of his virtue, by produ- peacefully resigned his spirit cing habitual patience and re- into the hands of his God. signation to the will of Hea. “ It has been the fashion of ven, and a constant eye to the late years, to say of persons hour of his dissolution,"
who had been distinguished “ The religion of Mr. Rit- in life, when they left the tenhouse
not derived world in a state of indiffer. wholly from his knowledge ence to every thing, and be and admiration of the materi. lieving and hoping in nothing, al world. He believed in the that they died like philosophers, Christian religion ; of this he Very different was the latter gave you many proofs, not one end of this excellent Presiz ly in the conformity of his life dent. He died like a Chris. to the precepts of the gospel, tian, interested in the welfare but in his letters and conver- of all around him, believing sation. I well recollect, says in the resurrection and the his eulogist, in speaking to life to come, and hoping for me of the truth and excellen- happiness from .cy of the Christian religion, bute of the Deity." he mentioned as an evidence
every attri. MR. LOCKE'S ADVICE TO A YOUNG SCHOLAR. The following letter of the purse, who will endeavour 10 great and good Mr. Locke is rob you of that virtue which in the possession of Mrs. Fran- they care not for themselves. ces Bridger, of Fowlers in I could wish you that happyHawkhèrst, Kent, a lineal de- ness as never to fall into sueh scendant of John ALFORD Esq. company : but I consider you son of Sir EDWARD ALFORD, are to live in the world ; and, knight, of Effington-place, whilst either the service of near Arundel, Sussex, to whom your Country, or your own it was addressed.
businesse, makes your conCh. Ch. 12 June, 1666. versation with men necessary, Sir,
perhaps this caution will be I have not yet parted with needful. But you may withyou ; and though you have hold your heart, where you put off your gowne, you are cannot deny your company ; not yet got beyond my affece and you may allow those your tion or concernment for you. civility, who possibly will not is true you are now past deserve your affection. I think masters and tutors, and it is it needlesse and impertinent now therefore that you ought to dissuade you from vices I to have the greater care of never observed you inclined yourself; since those mistakes to. I write this to sirengthen or miscarriages which would your resolutions, not to give heretofore have been charged you new
But let not upon them, will now, if any, the importunities or examples light wholly upon you, and you of others prevail against the yourself must be accountable dictates of your own for all your actions ; nor will and education. I doe not in any longer any one else shiare this advise you to be either a in the praise or censure they mumbc or morose ; to avoid may deserve. 'Twill be time, company, or not enjoy it. One therefore, that you now begin may certainly with innocence to think yourself a man, and use all the enjoyments of life : necessary that you take the and I have beene always of courage of one. I mean not opinion that a virtuous life is. such a courage as may name best disposed to be the most you one of those daring gal pleasant. For, certainly, alants that stick at nothing; midst the troubles and vanitys but a courage that may defend of this world, there are 'but and secure your virtue and two things that bring a reall religion; for, in the world you satisfaction with them, that is, are now looking into, you will virtue and knowledge. What . find perhaps more onsets made progress you have made in. upon your innocence than you the latter, you will doe weld can imagine; and there are not to lose. Your
hours. more dangerous thieves than from devotion, businesse, ou those that lay, wait for your recreation (for that too I care
allow, where employment, not meant for a letter begins to idlenesse, gives a title to it,) grow into a treatise. Those will be well bestowed in re- many particulars that here is viewing or improving your not roome for, I send you to University notions ; and if at seeke in the writings of learnthis distance I could afforded and sage authors. Let me your studies any direction or give you by them those counassistance, I should be glad, sells I cannot now. They will and you need only let me know direct you as well as I wish it. T'hough your ancestors you ; and I doe truly wish you have left you a condition above well. You will therefore parthe ordinary rank, yet it's don me for thus once playing yourself alone that can advance the tutor, since I shall hereyourself to it ; for it's not after always be, Sir, your faitheither your going upon two ful friend and servant. legs, or liveing in a great
JOHN LOCKE. house, or possessing many acres, that gives advantage DR. HALES TO BISHOP HILDESover beasts' or other nien ; but the being wiser and better. The following Extract from I speake not this to make you a letter from Dr. STEPHEN carelesse of your estate ; for, Hales to Bishop HILDESLEY, though wealth be not virtue, was written at fourscore, in it's a great instrument of it, a clear but shaking hand. wherein lyes a great part of “ Blest with serenity of mind, the usefulnesse' and comfort of and an excellent constitution, life. In the right management he attained to the age of 84 of this lyes a great part of pru• years, and died, after a short dence, and about money is illness, January 4, 1761." the
great mistake of men; See Biog. Dict. in 12 vol. 8vo. whilst they are
either too Tcddington May 16, 1758. coviteous or too carelesse of My good Lord, it. If you throw it away idlely, “ I am much obliged to you you lose your great support for your kind letter of April and best friend. If you hugge 11, and for the favourable re. it too closely, you lose it and ception of my book, in which yourself too. To be thought I hope there are many things prudent and liberal, provi. of so great benefit to mankind dent and good-natured, are as will hereafter have a conthings worth your endeavour siderable influence on the afto obtain, which perhaps you fairs of the world for the betwill better doe by avoiding ter, especially in relation to the occasions of expences than those mighty destroyers, by a frugall limiting of thein. DRAMS ; and that, not only of when occasion hath made them the lives, but also of the mornecessary.-But I forget you als of mankind. With a view
neere your lady mother to which I have sent sixteen whilst I give you these advises, of this book, with its first part, and doe not observe what I to several nations of Europe,
especially the more northern drams, it puts me in mind of as far as to Petersburg ; and observation of the late am just going to reprint the Bishop Berkeley, viz. that, passport, so much abbreviated
" there was in every district a as to bind up well with the se. tough dramist, who was the cond part in one six shilling Devil's decoy to draw others book, principally with a view in.” to send two or three hundred Upon the whole, the open of them, at the first opportuni. public testimony that I have ties, to all our Colonies in A- for thirty years past borne america, from the southern to gainst drams, in eleven differthe most northern.
ent books or newspapers, has As the late occasional par. been matter of greater satistial restraint took its rise from faction to me than if I were the great scarcity of corn, I assured that the means I have, cannot forbear looking upon it proposed to avoid noxious air as a great blessing from Him should occasion the prolongwho in the midst of judgement ing the lives of an hundred remembers' mercy; for the millions of persons." happy event has been the al- N. B. The letter, from which most half curing of the unhap- the foregoing extract is made, py dramists.
was first published in the GenAs to your observation, that tleman's Magazine for August; I have lived to 80 without 1794.
REVIEW OF DR. CHALMERS' SERMON TO THE HIBERNIAN
SOCIETY The Doctrine of Christian Charity applied to the case of religious differences : a Sermon preached before the Auxiliary Society, Glasgow, to the Hibernian Society, for establishing Schools, and circulating the holy Scriptures in Ireland. By Thomas Chalmers, D. D. minister of the Tron Church, Glasgow.
The author of this Sermon to doubt the disposition of Dr. has attained a large share of Chalmers to do good ; and celebrity both in his own coun- the opinions which he has adtry and in ours. His writings vanced in the Sermon now beare of course read with an un- fore us, we believe to be in common share of expectation general, not only correct, but and interest. Such being the very important, and useful in case with any writer, he has their tendency. it in his power to be exten- The sermon was designed sively useful, or to do exten- to promote the objects of the sive injury, according to the Hibernian Society-in other disposition of his heart, and words, to encourage the efthe opinions which he entér- forts of delivering Ireland tains. We have seen no room from its present state of igno. Vol. VI. No. 7.