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Rhetoric at Andover, from Psalm than Dane, President-Rev. Dr. Por cxxxii. 5, 6. “If I forget thee, O Je- ter, Hop. Artemas Ward, Hon. Sama rusalem, &c. There was then a uel Haven, Vice Presidents-Willian contribution in aid of the funds of the Thurston, Esq. Recording Secretary Society

-Mr. Elisha Clap, Cor. Secretary

---Francis J. Oliver, Treasurer. On Wednesday morning, at 90' clock, the Rev. David Kellogg of On Monday, 1st June, the Ancient Framingham delivered the annual and Honourable Artillery Company discourse before the Society for pro- held their 179th Anniversary for the moting christian knowledge, in Park. choice of Officers. street Church, from Gal. iv. 19. Af. The Rev. Henry Colman, of Hingter which a collection was made in ham, preached the discourse from aid of the Institution.

Psalm cxxxvii. 5, 6. "If I forget thee,

Jerusalem, let my right hand forget At one o'clock, the Rev. Zephani- her cunning. If I do not remember ab S. Moore, D. D. President of thee, let my tongue cleave to the Williams College, delivered the Elec- roof of my mouth ; if I prefer not tion Sermon in the Old South Church, Jerusalem above my chief joy." from Mark ii, 27. “The Sabbath was made for man,” &c.


Mr. Thomas Tracy, Cambridge. In the afternoon, and the next

Samuel Gilman,

do. morning the Massachusetts Conven.

John Allyn,

do: tion of Congregational Ministers,

John A. Shaw,

do. held its anniversary meeting. Twen- P. Osgood,

do. ty-five widows were recommended to

Alvan Lamson, do. the Convention by the Reporting F. W. P. Greenwood, do. Committee, as objects of charity.

Andrew Bigelow, do.
Seth Alden,

do. On Thursday, at eleven o'clock, Jonathan P. Dabney, Salem. the Rev. Henry Ware, D. D. Hollis

E. Q. Sewall Concord. Professor of Divinity at Harvard Uni. versity, delivered the Convention Sermon from John xx. 31. 6 These Died-In Cambridge, Caleb Ganthings are written, that ye might be.

net, Esq. aged 193. lieve,” &c. at the Church in Brattle- In Boston, Samuel Salisbury, Esq. street. There was then a collection' aged 78. of $493 06 for the relief of destitute In Portsmouth, Col. Wm. Brews. widows of Congregational ministers. ter, aged 77.

The preacher, for the next year, is In Worcester, W. C. White, Esq. the Rev. Abiel Holmes, D. D. of aged 41. Cambridge. In case of failure, the In Frankfort, Ken. Col. C. Gree. Rev. Aaron Bancroft of Worcester is 'nup, aged 69. chosen his substitute. The Rev.

At Roxury, Mrs. Abigail Williams, Francis Parkman of Boston, was cho- relict of the late Dr. Thomas Will. sen Treasurer, and the Rev. John ans, aged 80. Pierce of Brookline, Scribe.

In Weare, N. H. Mr. Thomas Fo

larsbee, aged 82. On Friday, 29th May, the Massa- In Richmond county, N. C. Thom. chusetts Society for the suppression of as Hitchcock, aged 125. He left a Intemperance held its fifth annual numerous family of children, one ameeting in Chauney-Place. The ged 93, another 16. Rev. William Ellery Channing delivered a discourse from Luke xxi. ERRATA IN MAY NUMBER. 34. " Take heed to yourselves, lest, Page 154, line 22 for “less anat any time, yoor hearts be over: swerable" read less censurable. charged with surfeiting and drunk- Page 159, line 34 for "always" enness ;' &c. Officers-Hon. Na. · read almost.




No. 7.

JULY, 1818.

Vol. VI.


DR. DAVID RITTENHOUSE. The Philosopher whose information respecting name is now before us arose this American philosopher. to great eminence and useful- Dr. Rittenhouse was born ness without the advantages in Germantown in Pennsylvaof a college education. Ania on the 8th of April, 1732. sketch therefore of his life His ancestors migrated from and character may be adapted Holland near the beginning of to encourage others, who like the last century. The early him are denied those advanta- part of his life was spent in ag. ges. It may stimulate them ricultural employments. But to the best improvement of the plough, the fences and even their mental faculties and of the stones of the field in which such means as a gracious prove he worked, were frequently idence shall place within their marked with figures which dereach. It may also serve as noted the bias of his mind and a seasonable reproof to those talent for mathematical stud. who have possessed great ad- ies. On finding that the vantages, but through indo- delicacy of his constitution unlence or dissipation have fail- fitted him for 'the labors of ed to rise above the common husbandry, his parents conlevel of unlearned men, and sented to his learning the who sink to insignificance trade of a clock and mathewhen compared with a Ritten- matical instrument maker. house.

In acquiring the knowledge of For the facts relating to Mr. these arts he was his own inRittenhouse we

are indebted structer; and they afforded tò Dr. Benjamin Rush ; and him great delight, as they fa

Doctor was a good vored his disposition for phiwriter we shall not scruple to losophical inquiries. make a free use of his lan- During his residence with guage in the present article. his father in the country, this At the request of the Ameri- extraordinary youth made him, can Philosophical Society, of self master of Sir Isaac Newwhich Mr. Rittenhouse had ton's Principia. There also been for several years the Pre- he became acquainted with the sident, Dr. Rush delivered a science of fluxions, and be. Eulogium on the 7th of De lieved himself to be the aucember, 1796. This Eulogi. thor ; nor did he know till um is the principal source of several years afterwards, that Vol. VI. No. 7.


as the


a contest had been carried on teen publications of Mr. Rit. between Sir Isaac Newton and tenhouse, contained in the volLeibnitz for the honour of that umes of the Society's Trans.. discovery. " What a mind actions, which had then been was here! Without literary published ; and four othe friends or society, and with communications which were but two or three books, before then in the press. After givhe reached his 24th year, he ing this list the Dr. observes, became the rival of the two 16 Talents so splendid, and greatest mathematicians in knowledge practical in Europe !"

mathematics are like pieces In this retired situation, and of precious metals. They bewhile, he pursued his trade, he come public property by uniplanned and executed an or. versal consent. The state of rery, in which he represented Pennsylvania was not insensithe revolutions of the heaven- ble of the wealth she possessly bodies in a manner more

ed in the mind of Rittenhouse. extensive and complete than She claimed him as her own, had been done by any former and employed him in business astronomer. His character of the most important nature." now became more known and In 1791 he was chosen sucadmired, and he was urged to cessor to Dr. Franklin as Pre.. remove to Fhiladelphia, to en- sident of the American Philarge his opportunities for in- losophical Society. In this provement and usefulness. - elevated situation he He complied in 1770 ; but manded esteem by the modesstill continued his trade for ty, propriety and dignity of. several years. About the time, his deportment. But his talof his removing to Philadel. ents and knowledge were not phia, he became a member of limited to mathematical or the American Philosophical material objects ; his mind: Society.

was a repository of the knowl. As a member of this Sociè.. edge of all ages and countries. ty he was very active and use. Inventions and improvements ful. In 1975 he was appoint. in every art and science were ed to deliver the annual oraș frequently submitted to his extion before the Society. The amination, and were afterwards subject of it was the history patronized by the public acof astronomy. “It was deliv. cording as they were approved ered in a feeble voice and by him. His name became without any of the advantages known and respected in forof oratory ; but it commanded" eign countries as well as in A. the most profound attention, merica. and was followed by universal “ The degree of Master of admiratiou and applause from Arts was conferred on him by a crowded and respectable au. the College in Philadelphia in dience."

1768—the same by the ColBesides this oration Dr. lege of William and Mary, in Rush has given a list of six. Virginia in 1784. In 1789 he


received the degree of Doco - The Eulogium contains sevtor of Laws from the College eral extracts from his oration in New-Jersey. He was elect- before the Society, which are ed a member of the American adapted to give at once a faAcademy of Arts and Sciences yourable idea of his piety, his at Boston in 1782. And of the benevolence, and of his talents Royal Society in London in as a writer. Speaking of the 1795."

study of astronomy, Dr. RittenSuch was the literary fame house says " The direct tenwhich was acquired by Mr. dency of this science is to diRittenhouse without the aid of late the heart with universal a liberal education. As a phi- benevolence, and to enlarge losopher he was perhaps se- its views. It flatters no prince cond to no man which Amer. !y yice, nor national depravity. ica had produced.

It encourages not the libertine But what was the moral by relaxing any of the precharacter of this philosopher ? cepts of morality, nor does it Was he a profane infidel? a attempt to undermine the scorner of religion, a misan- foundations of religion. It thropist or a libertine ? No- denies none of those attribut the reverse of all these. butes which the wisest and In speaking of his virtues Dr. best of mankind have in all as Rush observes" Here, I am ges ascribed to the Deity. Nor less at a loss to know what to does it degrade the human say, than what to leave unsaid. mind from that dignity which We have hitherto beheld him is.eyer necessary to make it as a philosopher, soaring like contemplate itself with comthe eagle, until our eyes have placency." been dazzled by his near ap- "I must confess that I ain proaches to the sun. We not one of those sanguine spir. shall now contemplate him at its who seem to think that a less distance, and behold him when the withered hand of in the familiar character of a death has drawn up the curman, fulfilling his various du- tain of eternity, ali distance ties to their utmost extent.- between the creature and the Come, and learn by his exam- Creator, and between finite ple to be good as well as great and infinite, will be annihilaHis virtues furnish the most ted. Every enlargement of shining models for imitation. Our faculties every new hapAs the source of these virtues, piness conferred upon us, evwhether of a public or private ery step we advance towards nature, I shall first mention the Divinity, will probably his exalted sense of moral ob- render us more and more sen. .ligation, founded upon the reve sible of his inexhaustible elation of the perfections of the stores of communicable, bliss, supreme being. This appears and of his inaccessible perfecfrom many passages in his o- tions." rations, and in his private let- In a lct:er to a friend he ters to his friends.

said Give me leave to men.

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man in

tion two or threc proofs of in- optic tube, and thou great finite goodness in the work · Newton, forbear thy ardent of creation. The first is, pos- search into the mysteries of sessing goodness in ourselves. nature, lest ye make unwelNow it is inconsistent with all come discoveries. Deprive just reasoning to suppose, that us not of the pleasure of bethere is any thing good, love- lieving that yonder orts, travly, or praiseworthy in us, ersing in silent majesty the which is not possessed in an ethereal regions, are the infinitely higher degree by peaceful seats of innocence that Being who first called us and bliss, where to enjoy with into existence. In the next gratitude and adoration the place I reckon the exquisite Creator's bounty, is the busiand innocent delight that ma- ness of existence. If their inny things around us are calcu.' habitants resemble lated to afford us. In this their faculties and affections, light the beauty and fragrance let us suppose that they are of a single rose is a better ar- wise enough to govern them. gument for divine goodness selves according to the dic. than a luxuriant field of wheat. tates of that reason God has For if we can suppose that we given, in such a manner as to were created by a malevolent consult their own and each Being, with design to torment others happiness on all occaus for his ainusement, he must sions. But if, on the contrary, have furnished us with the they have found it necessary means of subsistence, and eith- to erect artificial fabricks of er hare made our condition government, let us not sup. tolerable, or not have left the pose they have done it with so means of quitting it at please little skill, and at such an eure in our own power. Such normous expense, as to renbeing my opinion, you will not der them a misfortune instead wonder at my fondness for of a blessing. We will hope what Mr. Addison calls 'the that their statesmen are patripleasures of the imagination.' ots, and that their kings-if They are all to me so many de. that order of beings has found monstrations of infinite good. admittance there have the ness."

feelings of humanity. Happy The following extract is people ! and perhaps more from his Oration:

happy still, that all communi. “ How far the inhabitants of cation with us is denied. We other planets may resemble have neither corrupted you men we cannot pretend to say. by our

visits, nor injured If like them they were crea- you by violence, None' of led liable to fall, yet some if your sons and daughters have not all of them may still re- been degraded from their dig. tain their original rectitude, nity, and doomed to endless We will hope they do ; the slavery in America, merely thought is comfortable. Cease because their bodies may be then Gallileo to improve thy disposed to reflect, or absorb

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