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ion, and continued in that sa- submission, with which at cred relation for a little more length in a foreign land, and than seven years, when his de separated from the dearest clining health, combined with friends of his heart, he yielded circumstances beyond his con- to the summons of death. trol, rendered a dissolution of As a scholar, Dr. McKean kis connexion expedient; and is entitled to our notice ; for he took an affectionate sare. his intellectual and scientific well of the people of his charge. attainments gave him an honThe feelings he exprcst on ourable place in our literary that occasion, mark the ten- circle. He possessed in'a high derness and piety of his soul; degree the atiributes of gen. and afford an interesting ex- ius ; and this was connected ample of pastoral solicitude with a characteristic ardour, and forbearance, worthy to be which gave animation to his had in remembrance by those, studies, and enabled him to colfor whom they were uttered. lect very various and copious

As a preachcr, Dr. McKean stores of knowledge. While was peculiarly, and I believe engaged in the active exercise universally acceptable. There of the ministry he found time was an encrgy, and sometimes to indulge his taste for the aban originality, of thought and struser sciences; and aftermanner, sanctified by an ha- wards when in the highly honbitual piety, which seldom ourable station, to which he failed of commanding deep at- was called in the University, tention. In his addresses to other studies became his more the throne of mercy you might immediate province, his profialways mark the breathings of ciency kept pace with the ara devout and humble soul, dour of his mind, and his dedeeply imprest with the ma- sire of usefulness. In the jesty of God, the Creator, with discharge of this, as of all his zhe dependance of the crea- other duties, he appeared to ture, and earnest in supplica- act under a deep sense of his tion for spiritual gifts. In- responsibility to God, who had deed should I sclect any one lent him all, that he possessed, quality, which seemed to con- and with a most benevolent stitute the most uniform and zeal for the benefit of his fel. pervading temper of his mind, low-creatures. Among his acit would be his ardent piety ; quisitions should be mentionwhich there is reason to be. ed his remarkably minute and lieve followed him through all extensive acquaintance with the various changes of his pil. the civil and ecclesiastical hisgrimage, sustained hiin under tory of this country. His love the sorrows to which, either of this pursuit amounted infrom bodily infirmity, or from deed almost to a passion; for other still inore afflicting sour. he felt an enthutiastic admiraces, he was subjected, and tion of the feelings, habits and was undoubtedly the ground character of the Fathers of of that cheerful and profound New-England ; and few

was

Anong us entered with more best services and prayers. We filial reverence into their spirit. should be unjust also to his

No better evidence can be many virtues, should we noi adduced of the literary and remember the ardent benevoprofessional reputation of Dr. lence and disinterestedness of McKean than the number of his character, his generous honourable stations to which, hospitality, and his constant at different periods, he was in- readiness, even beyond the vited ; and which, if accepted, extent of his ability, to every he never failed conscienciou's. act of christian kindness. If ly to discharge. He was ever there are any without the cirscrupulously exact in fulfilling cle of his domestic relations, his appointed share of duty, or of his most familiar friends, from a principle, that no man who were ever surprised by was entitled to the honour, apparent inequalities of feelo who would not submit to the ing, which they were unable labours of a trust; and where to explain, let it be remenian object appeared to him suf- bered because christian canficiently important, he dor suggests it-hat iç is selwilling to give, not his name dom given to minds, ardent as only and occasional attendance, was his, to maintain that equabut a degree of industry and ble tenor, which is the natueven of mechanical effort, ral element of the phlegmatic; which minds like his are sel- that it is one of the hardest ofdom patient enough to bestow, fices of religion-though, who Indeed, punctuality, exact ad- will deny that it should be its herence to a plan prescribed, unwearied effort-to regulate and perseverance in the ac- the emotions of a peculiarly complishment of what was delicate, and susceptible heart; commenced, were among his and that the strength or impeculiar traits. They are petuosity of feeling, which qualities which seldom ob- might have been lamented by tain their just estimation, but none so much as himself, was to which we are greatly in- perhaps in this world of imdebted for the success of our perfection, where

even the best institutions ; and they purest christians find it so were the more remarkable in difficult to preserve the exact him from the characteristic balance of their virtues, insepenthusiasm with which they arable in him from that ardour, were combined.

which gave spirituality and life From this view of his charm to his devotion, and in some acter, it must be evident that remarkable instances, such we have lost in him a valuable fondness and enthusiasm to citizen ; one of those, who by his friendship. their energy and zeal, give Those who were health and vigour to society, sant with Dr. McKean, will one who had the public wel. not fail to remember his vari.. fare much at heart, and was ous colloquial powers, which ready to contribute to it his combined with his affectionate

conver

and social spirit, gave a charm we are always ready to attach to his familiar intercourse. more than becomes us to the He could readily impart of the services of a fellow-mortal.stores, which his reading or We rely on wisdom, that be.. observation had collected, and , ing human, must err-on virsometimes in the freedom of tue, that can be made perfect conversation, surprised His only in Heaven ; and God, the most intimate friends by an e- sovereign disposer, not selloquence, which he probably dom withdraws from us the never exceeded in his most e. frail objects of our dependence laborate compositions.

to teach us his own sufficienIt is unnecessary to attempt ty. He instructs us, that He ány delineation here of his do. is in no need of the services mestic virtues ; though upon of even the best or wisest of this part of his character there his 'creatures; that all they could be no danger of falling possess is from Him, and that into exaggerated praise His with all the powers, that disfriends know for themselves; tinguish them, they do not and it is not permitted to in. breathe a wish, or utter a trude into the sanctuary of prayer, or execute à design, private grief-how tender, how but in dependence on Him. faithful and exemplary he was He will accomplish his grand in all the relations, by which purposes, as well in the moral God had united them ; what as in the natural world withan husband and parent, son, out them. At the same time and brother and friend death we rejoice in the fair hopes has separated from them. It and promises of the Gospel ; is enough, that God's pitying we believe that though witheye

is

upon them, and that the drawn from us, they are wel. hand, that has chastened, is comed to a purer and nobler mighty to sustain.

sphere. We miss them in the How frequent, how mourn- places, they have filled and aful have of late been the rava- dorned on earth, in the scenes ges of death! not individuals consecrated by their labours and families alone, but our and friendship; but their imwhole community has been mortal spirits with all their called to tears. For behold graces have ascended to God, the faithful fail from among and are cherished with a Fathus, and the Lord of Hosts hath er's love in the regions of laken away from Jerusalem perfect knowledge and virtue. the stay and the staff. But

ADDRESS TO WARRIORS. "Tell us, ye troublers of mankind, “Love and grow wiser ; learn in time Who glory in your trade,

That war in deed is guilt ; And through the carnage cover'd field That God approves not him by whom In fancied greatness wade ;

A brother's blood is spilt, Have you not felt at times remorse But inquisition strict will make Attendant on your ruthless course ? or those who thus his office také."

INTELLIGENCE.

LITERATUR

OF HAYTI.

this subject,

preserved by tradiTAE following passages are from a tion, never having been committed to Letter written by Baron de Vastey writing :one of the black nobility of Hayti- • The misletoe should be gathered an atstract of which has been given with great solemnity, and always if in a late English paper. To show possible on the tenth day of the moon; that the blacks are not naturally in- a golden sickle should be kept for ferior to the whites the author gives cutting it.' examples of the former barbarity of On extraordinary occasions it is the Europeans :

proper to sacrifice a man. Future e“Every body knows (says our vents may be predicted from the fal author) that the Greeks so celebrated ling of the body, the flowing of the for the polish of their taste, were in a blood, or the opening of the wound.? state of the grossest ignorance and Prisoners of war are either to be barbarity, living like the beasts, upon sacrificed upon the altars, or inclosed herbs and acorns, till civilized by co- in wicker baskets, to be burned in lonies from Egypt ; while the rest of honour of the gods.' Europe was yet unknown, and its • All fathers of families are kings in inhabitants were certainly as bare their own houses possessing power of barous, as ignorant, and as brutal as life and death over their wives, chilthose of Benin, Zanguebar, and of dren and slaves.' Monomotopa can possibly be at the 6. Such were the horrid maxims of present day.

the Gallic priests; they offered hu"At a later period the Gauls, like man sacrifices to Esus and Tectates : other Europeans, were still idolaters, they slew and burned their prisoners plunged in the deepest abyss of ig- of war in wicker baskets. Fathers norance, following barbarous and su

of families possessed the dreadful perstitious customs; yet the world power of life and death over their was now nearly 4000 years old, and wives, their children, and their slaves. the people of Europe had not been This degradation, into which the able to acquire a single spark of Gauls were sunk, is attested by Caeknowledge ; in vain did a narrow sar, by Tacitus, and by Lucan. It border of civilization skirt its south- was under the reign of Claudius, in ern shores, the light was unable to the 50th year of Christ, that these penetrate the dark forests of Gaul, horrible customs were first abolished ; and the stupidity of the boorish inhab- nor was it till christianity had comitants. The Ethiopians, Egyptians, pletely triumphed over Gaulish superCarthagenians, Greeks and Romans stition, that the order of Druids be: filled the world with the fame of their came extinct. wisdom, their laws, and their governa " When a man was to be sacrificed, ment; while the Gauls lay yet buried he was laid upon a large stone, where in pristine ignorance. Immense for- he was either smothered or crushed ests, lofty mountains, the interrup- to death; sometimes, they were bled, tion of lakes and rivers, the rigor of and the impetuosity of the stream cold climates, and the barbarity of was one of the most important omens. people, impeded the introduction of The body was next opened to conlearning into the north of Europe, sult the entrails, and to read in the while different causes yet of a singu- heart the will of the gods, and the lar nature, prevented the civilization good or evil fortune impending. of hern Africa.

The sad remains were then either “ Among the Gauls, the most sol- burned, or hung up in the sacred emn of all the Druidical ceremonies, wood near the temple ; blood was was the gathering the misletoe of sprinkled partly over people and the oak. I will now relate some of partly over the sacred wood ; and the principal maxims of the druids on the ceremony closed with washing the Vol. VI. NO, 6.

24

FROM MR.
SPEECH.

images of the gods, the altars, the has demonstrated to the world, by benches, and the walls of the temple the astonishing progress we have made within and without."

in learning and in civilization, that He then alludes to the progress al- the capacity of blacks and whites ready made by the blacks of Hayti, for the acquiring the arts and sciences in an eloquent appeal:

is equal. Read the history of man ; “Hail, to thee, happy land ! land never was a similar prodigy seen in of my choice! Hail to thee, Hayti, this world.' Let the enemies of the my country! Sole asylum of liberty, blacks show a single instance of a where the black man can lift his people situated as we found ourselves, head to behold and participate in the who have achieved greater things, bounties dispensed by the universal and this in less than the quarter of a Father of Man.

century. Not only have the Haytians “We appeal to the testimony of acquired along with their immortal strangers who frequent our ports, and rights the admiration of the universe visit the interior, to decide whether and of posterity ; but they have we are not organized upon the model acquired still stronger claim to glory, of the most civilized nations of Eu- by raising themselves from ignorance rope? Have we not a firm monar- and slavery to the height of splendor chical governmentconstitutional and prosperity, which they have alcharter, law and regulations ? Is not ready attained.” justice impartially administered ? Are not our troops numerous and order. EXTRACTS

SIMEON'S ly; are they not in point of discipline equal to the first in the world? Have [The following extracts are from the we not built impregnable citadels, substance of a speech, delivered at constituted according to the strictest Norwich, Sept. 26, 1817, at the rules of art, in inaccessible places, formation of a Norfolk and Norwhere the greatest obstacles were wich auxiliary society, in aid of to be surmounted, in completing the London Society for promoting works worthy of the Romans? Have Christianity among the Jews, by we not erected palaces and public the Rev. Charles Simeon, M. A. edifices, which are at once the glory Fellow of King's college Cam. of our country and the admiration of bridge.] strangers ? Have we not manufactures Mr. Chairman. of saltpetre and gunpowder ? Is not In rising to propose to you and to the mass of our population devoted to this assembly to form yourselves inagriculture and commerce ? Are not to a Society, auxiliary to that which our sailors able to cross the vast is called, The London Society for extent of ocean, and do they not promoting Christianity among the navigate with ease the largest ships Jews, I would begin with noticing along our asts

this melancholy fact, that the Jews, "We write, we print; while yet though the most interesting of all in infancy our nation can already people, and, under God, the greatest boast her writers and her poets, who benefactors of the human race, have have defended her cause, and cele- been long treated by us with neglect brated her glory. There will not and contempt beyond any other indeed be found amongst them the people under heaven. pen of a Voltaire, a Rousseau, or a We are happy, however, to find De Lille ; but then we have not, like that the Christian world are begintheir nation, been civilized upwards ning to awake out of their slumber, of a thousand years. Have we not, and to lay to heart the case of that then, every reason not to despair? unhappy people. Indeed, I must say, We have also made essays in the fine to the honour of our country, that arts, and are convinced that proper the exertions made in behalf of the masters are alone wanting to enable Jewish cause have been extremely us shortly to produce our Lepoussins, liberal : for po sooner was an appeal our Lignarus, our Rameaux, and made to them, than great subscripqur Gretrys. In a word, experience tions were raised, and a disposition

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