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ings be such as becometh Chris. our infirmities, and those things tians. Then our prayers will which for our unworthiness we not return empty. “ He who dare not ask, with all that is knoweth our necessities before necessary, he will vouchsafe to we ask, and our ignorance in give for his merey sake.” asking, will have compassion on



This Society had its origin which they resided during the in Wurtemburg, in Germany, winter. In the spring 50 more about the year 1785, and was of the families arrived to join founded by George Rapp. The them; and the Society was Lutheran religion was then pre. organized by a constitution dominant in that country ; but grounded on Acts iv. 32—" And in the opinion of Mr. Rapp, it the multitude of them that bewas made an engine of power lieved were of one heart and rather than a principle to re- one soul; neither said any of generate the mind and regulate them that ought of the things the life. He soon obtained a he possessed was his own, but number of adherents who form. they had all things in common." ed themselves into a society. Thus constituted they laid But they were despised and per- out a town, and in commemorasecuted, subjected to fines and tion of their unity in sentiment imprisonments, for their dissent and brotherly affection, they from the dominant party. In called it Harmony. This year 1803, Mr. Rapp with some they built 46 log houses, a large others, as deputies for the soci. barn and a grist-mill, cleared ety, arrived at Philadelphia ; 150 acres of land for corn, 40 and, passing into the western for potatoes, and 15 for a meadcountry, they fixed on a situa- In 1806, they built an inn, tion about 25 miles from Pitts. partly of stone, a framed barn burg.

100 feet long, an oil-mill, a blue Having determined an a place dyer's shop, sunk a tannery, of residence they wrote to the cleared 300 acres of land for Society in Germany. In 1804 corn and 58 for meadow. In the whole Society consisting of 1807, they erected a brick storeabout 150 or 160 families em- house, a saw-mill and a brewe. barked in three vessels at Am. ry, 400 acres of land were clerra sterdam. One of the vessels ed for grain and meadow, and arrived at Baltimore, the other 4 acres of vines were planted. two at Philadelphia, where Mr. In 1808, they built a meetingRapp was waiting to receive house of brick 70 feet by 55, a thèm. In November, 40 of brick dwelling-house, a frame these families moved to the barn 80 feet long, and a bridge westward, a journey of 320 over a creek of 220 feet. miles, built 9 log houses in In 1809, they built a fulling

* The principal facts now to be given relating to this amiable Society have been collected from the “ Travels" of John Mellish.

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mill, a grist-mill, a briek ware- ing themselves till they could house, and another brick builda bring their industry into operaing. A considerable quantity tion. But when Mr. Mellish of land was cleared, and their was at Harmony, their property produce was 6000 bushels of was estimated at 220,000 dol. corn ; 4500 of wheat, 4500 of lars, and they had cleared 2,500 rye, 5000 of oats, 10,000 of po

Frederic Rapp, son of tatoes, 4000 lbs. of tax and George Rapp, was the principal hemp, and 50 gallons of sweet- manager and superintendant. oil, made from the seeds of white The youth of the Society are poppy

kept at school till the age In 1810, a wool-carding ma. The school hours are in the chine and two spinning jennies forenoon—the afternoon is de. were erected for the fabrication voted to such labour as they can of broadcloth from merino wool, easily perform, it being a branch & framed barn 100 feet long, of their economy to teach their and a brick house, the lower children to labour as well as to story for the accommodation of read and write. They are 20 weavers' looms, the second taught both the German and for a school-room.

English languages, with writing When Mr. Mellish visited and aritbmetic. the Society it consisted of about The town is watched by night 800 members. The operative by two men. At nine o'clock members were nearly as fol- the watchman is heard to say, lows :100 farmers, 3 shep- 'Again a day is past, and a step þerds, 10 masons, 3 stone-cut. made nearer to our end our ters, 3 brick-makers, 10 carpen- time runs away, and the joys of ters, 2 sawyers, 10 smiths, 2 heaven are our reward.' They waggon-makers, 3 turners, 2 repeat the latter sentence at nailers, 7 coopers, 3 rope-mak. eleven, twelve, one, and two ers, 10 shoe-makers, 2 saddlers, o'clock, and at three they call 3 tanners, tailors, 1 soap- — Again a night is past, and boiler, 1 brewer, 4 distillers, 1 the morning is come-our time gardener, 2 grist-millers, 2 oil. runs away and the joys of heavmillers, 1 butcher, 6 joiners, 6 en are our reward." dyers, dressers, shearers, &c. 1 “ In the evening, says Mr. fuller, 2 hatters, 2 potters, 2 Mellish, the Society assembled warpers, 17 weavers, 2 carders, for divine service, and we at. 8 spinners, 1 rover, 1 minister tended. The church was quite of religion, 1 school-master, 1 full, the number of persons bedoctor, 1 store-keeper with two ing not less than 500. The assistants, 1 tavern-keeper with women sat all at one end, and one assistant.

the men at the other. They When the Society was first were singing a hymn, in wbich established here, the whole of they all joined with one accord. their property, after defraying After singing they all knelt their expences, amounted to a- down to prayer. We followed bout 20,000 dollars. This was their example, and never did I soon expended in the payment pray more devoutly. I did not for their lands and in supporto understand a word of the prayer;



but I saw that this interesting hour and a half. They have Society were under the influence another meeting at 6 o'clock in of the spirit of God, and that the evening; and besides the they worshipped him with rev- meetings on Sundays, they have erence and godly fear. Tears

two nights in the of joy came into my eyes as I week.” exclaimed mentally—This in- 66 There is no instance of the deed is true Christianity, this church being neglected by those is worshipping God in spirit who are well and able to walk. and truth. It contributes to It is their delight to attend it, true felicity here, and prepares and the religious and moral dethe soul for consummate bliss portment of the whole Society hereafter. After prayer, Mr. is highly praiseworthy. There Rapp delivered a sermon with are no vicious habits among great animation, to which all them. There is not an instance the congregation paid the most of swearing or lying, or dedevout attention.”

bauchery of any kind, and as « The basis of the Society is to cheating, so commonly pracreligion, and all their temporal tised in civilized society, they concerns are managed in sub- have no temptation to it what. servieney to it. The greater ever. As individuals they have part of the people were bred in no use for money and no fear ihe Lutheran persuasion, and of want." their views of religion are near- Mr. Mellisb further observes, Jy in conformity to it; but the “ It has been doubted whether principles which bind them to- the Society will continue united, gether as a Society may be on which alone depends their shortly expressed--Love to God, prosperity. From the principle good will towards man, purity on whicb the counexion is formof life and a community of ed, and the objects they have in goods. The pastor is consider- view, I am of opinion ihey will ed as having the call of God. not only continue united but His prayers and sermons are that they will, in all probabili. delivered extempore. If he be ty, be a model for other Socieabsent the Society meet and ties. If their nnion continue, confer on religious subjects. their prospects are bright inHe is assisted in the manage- deed, both for time and eterniment of the religious concerns ty. Here they have the mutual by elders and deacons appoint- aid of each other, and are free ed by the Society."

from a thousand temptations to "On Sunday the Society meet which mankind in general are in their religious capacity at 9 subjected. Having no fear of o'clock in the school-room, to want they have literally no care examine the children, who ex- for the morrow-they have no Joibit different specimens of their

use for

the love of performances. This ends about which is the root of all evil. 11 ; they meet in the church at In health they have the fellow12, when they go through the ship of people of the like mind bame exercises as those before with themselves in sickness, noticed, which last about an they have the advice and as

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sistance of friends on whom years this people sold their they can rely with perfect con- property in Pennsylvania and fidence of a medical man, who removed still farther to the can have no wish but to render westward, and settled, if we them a service,—and of a min: mistake not, in Indiana. If the ister of religion, to pour the account of them by Mr. Mel. balm of spiritual consolation lish, and by others who have into their wounded spirits with- visited them, be correct, they out money and without price. are justly entitled to a very high At death they can resign their rank among

denomi. offspring to the charge of the nations of Christians. Perhaps Society in the full confidence of there is not one in our country their well being—which single which has higher claims to the circonstance disarms the grim character of disciples of the messenger of more than half his Prince of peace. As becomes terrors. And the purity of their his followers they are decided life having fitted thein for the in their principles against war, enjoyment of God, they can re- and disposed to live in peace, sigo their spirits into the hands not only among themselves but of the merciful Father of with all men Yet, like their spirits ;—and their bodies being Lord and Master, they were consigned to the dust among traduced and persecuted in their the abodes of their brethren, own country. their graves are so many me- Let Christians of other demorials of their virtues." nominations who adopt a human

Any person may join the creed as a test of character, Society; and the mode of doing compare themselves and the so is equally simple with all people of their respective sects the other regulations. They with the Harmonist Society, have no religious test. The and then ask themselves, whethcandidate intimates his inten- er the Harmonists do not suc. tion, and is received on trial ceed better without such a test one month, during which he than others do with one ; and lives at the tavern. If he is whether there can be any

betthen satisfied, and chooses to ter test of character than the

conform to their principles of moral precepts of the gospel. · morality, he is forthwith ad. After all the contentions a

mitted as a member, and enti- mong Christians and all the tled to all the privileges of the censures which they trave passSociety. If he is rich, he deed on one another, it is not posites all his property in the Lutheranism, nor

Calvinism, eommon stock-if he is poor, he nor Arminianism, nor any other has no lack, all his wants are ism of human manufacture, supplied out of that stock.” which constitutes a person a

We have now given the prin- follower of Christ ; but it is cipal facts recorded by Mr. keeping the commandments of Mellish respecting the Har- God delivered by him. monist Society. Within a few



WHEN we consider the vast Yet are there not some duties extent of the christian morality, of a Christian of which they and compare it with the inade- appear to have no adequate quate conceptions of duty which sense ? Are there not others many christians entertain, it which seem to have been set may well be thought surprising aside by common consent as imthat men should have discover. practicable unnecessary? ed so much more solicitude to Whence this strange inconsis. erect standards of faith than tency then in our religious zeal ? standards of practice. The ut. Is it because a standard of duty most care has been taken to pre- is not worth erecting ? Is it be. serve uniformity of doctrine and cause the intentions of scripture speculation. Men bave guard- are more plain upon this subject ed the articles of their faith by than on articles of faith ? Or is every possible barrier; and it because the love of dominahave considered the church in tion is more flattered by subject. danger when their formularies ing other men to the rule of our have been departed from, or speculations, than by taking their absolute perfection doubt- care that they do not mistake ed or denied ; but seem never their duty ? to have thought it equally ne- Whatever answer may be cessary to vindicate a system given to these questions, no one of duties. Diversity of senti- who makes the scriptures his ment on the subject of practice study need be more surprised or has been thought a less danger- concerned at the variety of doeous heresy than on that of opin- trines which men have attemption. A church or synod can- ed to draw from them, than at not be shown in ecclesiastical the imperfect notions which still history that has established a exist on the subjeet of duty. creed of morals. And though The cause is to be sought, not no man who undertakes to .col. in the obscurity of our Saviour's lect the opinions of different precepts, for in general their Christians on this subject of spirit cannot be mistaken ; but christian purity and require. it is to be sought in our ignoment, but will discover that

rance of ourselves, in our slavtheir notions are extremely im. ish subjection to custom and perfect and erroneous ; yet this fashion, in our evil bearts and does not appear to have excited thoughtless lives, and, above any alarm. The defenders of all, in the great reluctance the faith do not here rush to- which every man feels to suffer gether to support the cause of the standard of duty to be truth; and there is compara- raised much higher than the tively little anxiety lest the law point to which he has himself which Jesus delivered should attained. be invalidated by any unhallowed freedom of inquiry.


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