Principles of Political Economy, with Some of Their Applications to Social Philosophy, Том 1

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Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1873 - 591 стор.

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Capital is the result of saving
43
All capital is consumed
44
Capital is kept up not by preservation but by perpetual repro duction
46
Why countries recover rapidly from a state of devastation
47
Demand for commodities is not demand for labour
49
Fallacy respecting Taxation
55
Fixed and Circulating Capital what
57
Increase of fixed capital when at the expense of circulating might be detrimental to the labourers
58
but this seldom if ever occurs
61
Land labour and capital are of different productiveness at diffe rent times and places
63
greater energy of labour
65
superior skill and knowledge
66
superiority of intelligence and trustworthiness in the commu nity generally
67
superior security
70
Combination of Labour a principal cause of superior productiveness
71
Effects of separation of employments analysed
73
Combination of labour between town and country
74
The higher degrees of the division of labour
75
Analysis of its advantages
77
Limitations of the division of labour
80
Of Production on a Large and Production on a Small Scale I Advantages of the large system of production in manufactures
81
Advantages and disadvantages of the jointstock principle
84
Conditions necessary for the large system of production
87
Large and small farming compared
89
The law of the increase of production depends on those of three elements Labour Capital and Land
96
The Law of Population
97
By what checks the increase of population is practically limited
98
Of the Law of the Increase of Production
109
Consequences of the foregoing Laws
117
DISTRIBUTION
123
The same subject continued
133
The produce sometimes shared among three classes
145
Of Slavery
151
Influence of peasant properties in stimulating industry
171
Nature of the metayer system and its varieties
183
Of Cottiers
193
Irish cottiers should be converted into peasant proprietors
199
Of Wages
207
A legal or customary minimum of wages with a guarantee
218
The Remedies for Low Wages further
225
Of the Differences of Wages in different
233
Of Profits
246
Rent the effect of a natural monopoly
255
BOOK III
264
1 Values of commodities which have a joint cost of production
344
Cost of production not the regulator of international values
347
Of Money considered as an Imported
366
metals as a commodity
370
The substitution of money for barter makes no difference in exports
374
Influenre of Currency on the Exchanges
380
Of the Regulation of a Convertible
394
Of the Competition of different Countries
410
Exchange and Money make no difference in the law of wages
416
Introductory Remarks
421
First case population increasing capital stationary
430
1 Doctrine of Adam Smith on the competition of capital
439
Profits resolvable into three parts interest insurance and wages
463
BOOK V
479
Of Taxes on Commodities
504
Of some other Taxes
517
Of a National Debt
526
The same subject continued
536
Law of compulsory equal division of inheritances
540
Laws of Partnership
541
Partnerships with limited liability Chartered Companies
542
Partnerships in commandite
545
Laws relating to insolvency
548
Doctrine of Protection to Native Industry
552
Usury Laws
559
Attempts to regulate the prices of commodities
561
Monopolies
562
Laws against Combination of Workmen
563
Restraints on opinion or on its publication
566
Of the Grounds and Limits of the Laisserfaire or Noninterference Principle S 1 Governmental intervention distinguished into authoritative and unaut...
567
Objections to government interventionthe compulsory character of the intervention itself or of the levy of funds to support it
568
increase of the power and influence of government
570
superior efficiency of private agency owing to stronger interest in the work
571
importance of cultivating habits of collective action in the people
572
Laisnerfaire the general rule
573
but liable to large exceptions Cases in which the consumer is an incompetent judge of the commodity Education
575
Case of persons exercising power over others Protection of chil dren and young persons of the lower animals Case of women not analogous
577
Case of contracts in perpetuity
579
hours of labour disposal of colonial lands
581
Case of acts done for the benefit of others than the persons con cerned Poor Laws
584
Colonization
585
other miscellaneous examples
589
Government intervention may be necessary in default of private agency in cases where private agency would be more suitable
590

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