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Increase of a Glacier. The glacier of minutes, and at first consisted of noises ex. Ortler, in the vicinity of Chiavenha, in the actly resembling gun-shots, at equal dis. Tyrol, has, notwithstanding the late mode- tances, of about a second, each loud and dis. rate winter, increased in a very extraordi. tinct, afterwards it fell away to a kind of nary degree. A stream which formerly ran grumbling, which gradually ceased. The from this glacier has ceased to flow since noise appeared to shift in a direction from Michaelmas 1817, and incessant subterrane. east towards the south. ous noises and roarings, which are heard Earthquake in Greenland.-A severe shock from beneath the ice, are attributed to the of an earthquake was experienced in Greencollection of waters within the glacier. The land in the night of the 22d of last Novemglacier in the valley of Nandersberg has ber. Hecla was perfectly quiet at the time. presented similar appearances, and great Extraordtnary Fall of Rain.-On the fears are entertained for the neighbouring 21st of October 1817 (the day the hurricane country in both these places, on the libera commenced in the West Indies), at the Istion of the confined waters on the approach land of Grenada, with the wind west, and of summer.
the barometer at 29.40, eight inches of rain Earthquakes on the Continent.--During fell in twenty-one hours, and the rivers rose the storm which raged, on the 23d of Febru- thirty feet above their usual level. From ary, over Provence and the northern part the 20th of October to the 20th of Novemof Italy, many towns were thrown into great ber, seventeen inches of rain fell. disorder by repeated shocks of earthquakes. Fossil Bone of a Whale. Part of the jaw At Turin, two shocks were felt, and at Ge- bone of a whale was dug up a short time noa, Savena, Alanco, and San Remo, they since in Roydon gravel pit, near Diss. It were repeated at intervals during two days, measured twenty inches in girth, but was and at some towns several houses were in- not above nine inches long. The outside jured.
was penetrated by stony matter, but the At Antibes, in Provence, the weather was inside was similar in every thing to recent very rough ; a few minutes after seven in bone, except in the colour, which had been the evening of the 23d, a tremendous rush given it by the stratum in which it lay. Its of wind took place, and then sank into a present form and appearance are attributed calm ; a dull subterranean noise was heard, to the attrition it is supposed to have sufferthe sea suddenly dashed against the rocks, ed at former times. The ends are so worn, and in three seconds three oscillations of the that they seem rather artificial than natural. earth were felt, proceeding from south-east Remains of a Mammoth.-A fisherman to north-west. The wind then rose, and the of Philipsbourg, on the Rhine, lately drew storm raged as before. At twelve o'clock a up in his net, the foot and the omoplate of a fresh shock was felt, and next morning, near Mammoth. These curious remains were mid-day, another also, preceded by the sent to the King of Baden's Cabinet of Nasame smothered rumbling noise. The shocks tural History at Carlsruhe. were felt throughout the whole of Provence, Cobalt and Silver Mine. We are informwhere no earthquake had been experienced ed by Mr Mawe, that the machinery for for eleven years.
working the cobalt and silver mine on the Earthquake in France.--A slight earth. west edge of Dartmore is just completed; quake was felt at Marseilles on the 23d of and the workings will shortly assume a reFebruary, at seven o'clock in the evening; gular form. The large black masses of arand on the 24th, at eleven o'clock in the Senical cobalt, contrasted with the white morning. The same phenomena occurred curls of capillary silver and crystallized sul. also on the 19th, at Roffach Soietz and Be. phuret of silver, which fill the cavities of fort, in the Upper Rhine.
the quartz gangue, form specimens peculiarOn the 24th and 25th, several shocks of ly interesting, and almost rival those from earthquakes were felt at Var.
Mexico. Eurthquake in England. -A slight shock Metcorological Establishment at St Ber. of an earthquake was experienced at Con. nard. In the number of the Bibliotheque ingby. in Lincolnshire, on the 6th of Fe- Universelle for October last, Prof. Pictet bruary, which lasted some seconds. A noise gives an interesting account of an establishlike the subterraneous firing of cannon was ment that has lately been formed for makheard at the time, and the windows of the ing meteorological observations at the Conhouses in the town were much shaken. At vent of Great St Bernard. Every attention the same time, a similar phenomenon was appears to have been paid to the accuracy experienced at the east end of Holderness, of the instruments, and the method of using where the noise strongly resembled that of them; and we may expect to derive the horses running away with a waggon, and it most important information from a detailed is said that the drivers of several teams account of the state and variations of the drew up to the road side, to make way for atinosphere at an elevation of above 8000 what they supposed the cause of the sound. feet, where the mean height of the mercu. A gentleman, who, with his servant and rial column is not more than 22 inches. labourer, were in the neighbourhood of With respect to the construction of the inTrentfall, about fifty miles from Coningby, struments, we are informed that the reseralso heard the noise. It lasted about two voir of the barometer is exactly ten times VOL. III.
the diameter of the tube ; the correction for which was lately sunk in Hamoaze, to en.
of the same nature as that we observe daily We have an account of the observations forming by the agency of water on the shore that were made in this meteorological ob at Naples ; while Herculaneum is covered servatory during the latter half of Septem by a series of strata, altogether forming a ber 1817.
mass sixty feet thick, of a tuff, having the The greatest height of the barometer 22.40 character of those tuffs formed by water. The least height - - - 22.06 From the facts just stated, it is conjectured, The mean height at sun rise - 22.36 that the cities were destroyed by a rising of Ditto at 2 P. M.
22.42 the waters, which deposited over them the The greatest height of the thermo
stratified rocks, and not by matter thrown meter
54.5° from Vesuvius. It is also said, that no The least height . . 29.75 eruption of Vesuvius took place in the year Mean height of the thermometer at sun rise -
38.00 Preventing the Blight. It is said that Ditto at 2 P. M. - - - 46.6 the American farmers have of late years Mean height of the hygrometer at adopted the following method to prevent
sun rise . . . 92.0 the blight or mildew from injuring the Ditto at 2 P. M. ,
crop of apples. In the spring, they rub There were four rainy days during this tar well into the bark of the apple-trees, period ; the quantity of rain was no more about four or six inches wide round each than 7 inches : the season is represented as tree, and at about one foot from the ground; having been peculiarly fine.
which effectually prevents the blight : abunZircon. This mineral has, we under dant crops are the consequence. This is stand, been discovered by Dr Macculloch certainly worth trial in England. in Sutherland. It occurs in a compound Prize of the Royal Society of Gottingen. rock formed of copper-coloured mica, horn. - The Royal Society of Gottingen has ofblende, and felspar.
fered a prize of fifty ducats, for “ an accu. This rock forms one of the occasional beds rate examination, founded on precise expein the gneiss, and bears a resemblance in its riments of Dalton's theory of the expansion composition to the circon syenite of the north of liquid and elastic fluids, especially of of Europe ; the crystals are a quarter of an mercury and atmospheric air, by heat." inch in length, and well defined, and their The authors are desired to pay attention to colour is an obscure crimson, approaching the necessity alleged by Dalton, for changto that of cinnamon.
ing the progression of the degrees of the Dry Rot. The Eden sloop of war (new), present thermometrical scales : memoirs
must be transmitted before the end of Sep. Society, which was dug out of the fountember 1819.
dation of some ancient ruins, about eight Zophytic Animals.-M. Lesueur, now miles from Bushire, in the East Indies. in Philadelphia, made many curious ob. It contained, when discovered, the disjointservations on molluscous and zoophyticed bones of a human skeleton, which had animals, during his passage from Europe perfectly retained their shape, till a short to America. He collected and delineated time after exposure to the atmosphere, by the animals of many different species of the removal of the lid, which was fasIsis, Gorgonia, Alcyonium, Meandrites, tened with metallic pegs. The lid is an en&c.; and obtained a beautiful series of tire slab of micaceous mineral, and the ves. actinia, shewing the gradual transition in- sel is of calcareous sand-stone. This is the to the animal madrepore. His attention second of the kind which has been discover. was also directed to the different vermesed; and they differ from those usually dug that occur, as well in the interior as on the up, which are composed of baked clay ; it exterior of fishes.
is concluded that they contain the remains, Stone Sarcoplugus.-A stone sarcopha- of eminent personages. gus has been forwarded to the Asiatic
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