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the army of the Decan, which he was ap. -22. At Glasgow, Mrs Muir, relict of pointed to command.-28. At Buxur, in James Muir, Esq. surgeon. At Renfrew, the East Indies, Major John Lindesay, se- Mrs Mary Glen, wife of the Rev. Thomas cond son of the late William Lindesay, Esq. Burns.--At Kilmarnock, aged 87, Mr of Feddinch.-29. Mr William Hector, Thomas Gilmore, merchant there.-At An. surgeon, R. N. in the 30th year of his age. struther, in the 81st year of his age, after He was on his passage from Quebec, on 13 years' illness, which he bore with great board the Autumn of Dundee, which ves- resignation, Mr Daniel Conolly, late trea. sel was wrecked on the coast of Iceland, surer of Crail, and formerly a serjeant in and all on board, to the number of twenty, the 28th regiment of fool.-23. At Forfar, perished.

Bailie David Adam, merchant, aged 86 Jan. 16, 1818. At St Vincent's, Robert years.-24. At Dublin, in the 25th year of Manners, Esq. one of the oldest inhabitants his age, J. James, Esq. son of Sir W. of the island.-29. At his house, James James of Langley Hall, county of Berks.Aitken, Esq. of Springfield, St Anns, Ja. 25. In York, aged 34, Henry Weber, Esq. maica.-31. At' Demerara, Mr Coutts late of Edinburgh, editor of Metrical Ro. Trotter, third son of Alexander Dalzell, mances and a variety of other literary works. Esq.

- 26. At his house, No 5, Nicolson Street, Feb. 15. Suddenly, in Westmoreland, Ja- Edinburgh, Mr William Slider, merchant maica, Robert Blair, fourth son of the late tailor.-At Edinburgh, Mr Geo. Wardlaw, Mr John Blair, merchant in Glasgow.-16. surgeon, R. N. in the 32d year of his age. In the parish of Clarendon, Jamaica, Wil. In Lincolnshire, Sir Thomas Moncrieffe liam Nicoll, Esq. of Elgin Plantation. of Moncrieffe, Bart.-At Dundee, Mrs 24. At Newfoundland, Admiral Pickmore, Agnes Pinkerton, wife of the Rev. Malcolm commander-in-chief on that station. Colquhoun.-27. At St Andrews, in the

March 1. In the 78th year of his age, at 41st year of his age, after a severe and the island of Gozo, Malta, Arch. Dalyell, tedious illness, Mr Thomas Paton, pastor Esq. collector of his Majesty's revenues and of the congregational church there. At chief magistrate there, many years gover. Stirling, Dr Thomas Rind, aged 56.-At nor-in-chief of Cape Coast Castle, and the Wonersh, in Surrey, the seat of Lord British settlements on the Gold Coast of Grantley, General the Honourable Chapple Africa.-7. At Vivay, in Switzerland, Jane Norton, colonel of the 56th regiment, and Jamima Ainslie, eldest daughter of Mr governor of Charlemont.-At Dunblane, Rob. Ainslie, W. S.-11. At New Strelitz, Miss Ann Rob, daughter of the late Joha her Serene Highness the Princess Maria Rob, Esq. sheriff-clerk, Dunblane. At Louisa Albertine, widow of the Landgrave Edinburgh, Captain Alex. Grant Clugston, George of Hesse Dramstadt. She was a R. N.-At Edinburgh, Mr James Cochran Countess of Leiningen, Dachsberg, and of the Royal Bank.-28. At Edinburgh, in Broich ; was born on the 16th of March the 20th year of his age, Robert Rotand, 1729, and had nearly completed her 89th son of William Rolland of Burnside. --At year.–16. At her house at Greenwich, in her mother's house, Edinburgh, Mrs the 88th year of her age, Ann, widow of Euphemia Young, wife of John Your g, Lieutenant-general Forbes Macbean, of the Esq. younger of Bellwood, and daughter royal artillery.-17. At the Manse of Big- of the late Neil Magvicar, Esq.-Ať his gar, Mr William Watson, youngest son of seat, Hollydale, near Bromley, Kent, Col. the Rev. Mr Watson.-18. At Fasuch, James Kirkpatrick, formerly in the East Skye, Mrs M.Leod, wife of Olaus M.Leod, India Company's service, aged 89.-At Esq. of Unish, and third daughter of Alex. Edinburgh, Miss Margaret Wright, eldest ander Macalister, Esq. of Strathaird.—At daughter of Dr Peter Wright of Erskine Edinburgh, Henry D. Goodsir, Esq. late Place. On the 7th, Frances, and on surgeon of the 89th foot.-At Killichonare, the 29th, Williamina, infant daughters in the 70th year of his age, Mr John Mac- of Mr Nathaniel Gow, 2, Hanover Street, donell, commonly called John Dow, Aber. Edinburgh.-29. In Baker Street, Porta arder. His remains were attended to the man Square, London, Lieutenant-general grave by 459 brave Highlandmen, as a William St Leger, aged 58, late of the mark of their respect for the memory of a 24th light drageons.-30. At Leith Links, genuine Highlander.-20. At Bristol, Mrs Martha Cleghorn, spouse of Mr AnLieut.-colonel Henry Balfour of the East drew Sceales, senior, merchant, Leith.India Company's service, Bengal establish. 31. At Higham, Fifeshire, Mr Robert ment.--21. At Howard Place, Helenor, Walker, farmer there.-At Edinburgh, aged seven, youngest daughter of the late after a few days' illness, Mrs Elizabeth James Campbell, Esq. paymaster 2d batta. Buchanan, aged 32, wife of Mr P. G. lion 72d regiment. At her house in Pitt Buchanan, bookseller, St Andrew Street. Street, Edinburgh, Mrs Margaret Buchanan, At Kirkcaldy, Matthew Crawford, youngest relict of John Crawford, Esq. merchant in son of the late Hugh Crawford of BrownGlasgow. At Glasgow, Dame Frances muir and Hillend, Esq. writer, Greenock. Shaw Stewart, widow of Sir John Shaw At Edinburgh, Miss Jane Little Gilmour, Stewart, Bart. of Greenock and Blackhall. youngest daughter of the late William

Charles Little Gilmour, of Craigmillar and 19, Patrick, youngest son of Lieut. Gen Libberton.-At Edinburgh, Mr Robert Sinclair of Lybster.At London, James Hunter, brewer.

Lawson, Esq. F. R. S. director of the maApril 1. At the Nursery, Leith Walk, chinery of his Majesty's mint. He was a James Niven Shanklie, youngest son of Mr son of the late reverend Archibald Lawson, J. Shanklie, seedsman, East Register Street, minister of Kirkmahoc.-At Edinburgh, Edinburgh.-At his house in Dean Street, Miss Helen Renny, daughter of the late London, William Preston, Esq. in the 77th Robert Renny, Esq. of Borrowfield, For. year of his age, a gentleman who may pro- farshire.-10. At Bonnington Park, James perly be designated a pioneer in literature, Paterson, jun. Esq. merchant, Leith.--At having conducted, through the press of the North Berwick, Mr James Dickson, student house of Messrs Strahan, the most celebra- of divinity, a native of Carlaverock, near ted works of the last century.–At Edin. Dumfries.-At Arbroath, after a long and burgh, Miss Margaret Baird, eldest daugh- severe illness, Mr Alexander Hay, young. ter of Thomas Walker Baird, Esq. advocate, est son of the late Alexander Hay, Esq. of at the age of 17 years.--At Chester le streot, Letham, in the 15th year of his age. At in the county of Durham, at a very advan. Glasgow, Mrs Elizabeth Gilmour, widow ced age, Mrs Catherine Oswald, sister of the of Hugh Morton, Esq. of Greenbank.-late Mr James Oswald, the celebrated com- Aged 90, Henry Duncombe, Esq. of Copposer of Scottish music.-2. At Hadding- grove, near Knaresborough, many years reton, Mrs Susanna Stewart, wife of Mr Robt presentative of the county of York.- The Stewart, there.—At Glasgow, Claud Ha. Rev. James Oliphant, minister of Dummilton, Esq. collector of his Majesty's Cus. barton, in the 84th year of his age.-11. toms.-3. At her house in St John Street, At Morton Bank, John Thomson, Esq. Edinburgh, Mrs Tod, widow of Lt.-col. C. aged 77.--At Glasgow, Mary, third daugh. Tod of Dryburgh.--Lieut.-colonel Colville, ter of the late Captain John Goldie, Ayr.in the 71st year of his age, commandant of At her house, 51, Fountain Bridge, Miss the Royal Hibernian Military School, Phæ- Catharine Wardrobe, daughter of the late nix Park, Dublin.-4. At Castlehill, La- David Wardrobe, Esq. surgeon in Edin. nark, in her 85th year, Martha French, burgh. At the manse of Wemyss, the Respouse of Mr Thomas Carmichael.–At Lon- verend George Gibb, minister of tbat padon, Mrs Robert M.Brair, second daugh- rish, in the 68th year of his age and 3th ter of the Reverend Dr Johnston, North of his ministry.-12. At Gask House, Miss Leith.–At Fife Place, Leith Walk, Isabel Tarleton, daughter of General Sir Banastre la, infant and only daughter of Robt Wat- Tarleton, Bart.-Mr James Gardner, aposon, Esq. merchant, Leith.-In Audley thecary, George Street, Edinburgh.-13 At Square, London, the Hon. Gen. Henry St Dundee, Mrs Margaret G. Young, spouse John, aged 80, brother to the late Viscount to Mr David Cobb, writer there. --At PaisBolingbroke, and colonel of the 36th regi- ley, Mr Peter Lyall, aged 37, much rement, having been 63 years in his Majes. gretted.-At Castlebarns, Mr Richard Porty's service.-5. At Jedburgli, Margaret teous, Lochrin Distillery.-At the Grove, Neil, at the advanced age of 100. She re- Fountain Bridge, Andrew Bell Bonar, setained her senses and faculties to the last.- cond son of the late Thomson Bonar, Esq. At the manse of Alves, the reverend Wm merchant in Edinburgh.-At her house, Macbean, minister of Alves.-Mrs Eliza- New Street, Canongate, Miss Elizabeth beth Abernethie, wife of Mr Patrick Rid. Spence.-14. At her house, Leith Walk, dell, Craiglockhart.-At Grangehill, Ayr. Mrs Ann Ogilvy, relict of Mr David Steshire, Robert Beresford, the infant son of venson, shipmaster, Leith.-15. At Edin. R. Patrick, Esq. of Trearne. At his father's burgh, Miss Mary Ann Hay, youngest house, 20, Dundas Street, Edinburgh, Jas daughter of the late Lewis Hay, Esq. bankColquhoun Thomson, student of medicine, er in Edinburgh.--At Netherbyres, Miss aged 20 years victim to typhus fever, Elizabeth Crow, daughter of the deceased caught in the ardour of his profession.At William Crow, Esq. of Netherbyres.--At Ayr, Daniel M.Carter, printer, son of St James's Square, Edinburgh, Mr John Mr David M*Carter, printer, thera-6. Muir, merchant.-At Edinburgh, Miss At Glasgow, Miss Euph. Watson, daugh. Elizabeth M. Ross, daughter of the late ter of the late David Watson, Esq. of Stob- Lord Ankerville.-18. Of a water in the cross.--At Glasgow, John Robertson, Esq. head, Thomas, third and only son of Mr long a distinguished member of the society Smith, tailor, College Street, aged ten of Friends.—7. At her brother's house, Pil. years and seven months.-18. At Edinrig Street, Edinburgh, Agnes, youngest burgh, Miss Watson, eldest daughter of the daughter of Mr Wm Řhind, Inverlochty.. late Dr Watson, principal of the United At Inverness, A. Fraser, Esq. merchant. College of St Andrews.-At Edinburgh, in At Dildawn, Archibald, only son of Arch. the 19th year of his age, Mr Robert C. M•Dougald, Esq. of Dildawn.-8. At his Forbes, second son of the late Duncan For. house, Heriot's Bridge, Mr John Pearson, bes, Esq. general examiner of excise.-20. merchant, Edinburgh.-9. At Glasgow, At Buccleuch Place, Mrs May Clark, reMargaret, sixth daughter of the late Robert lict of William Thomson, Esq. of the Island Dennistoun, Esq. Of typhus fever, aged of St Kitt's.--At Edinburgh, at an adyan

ced age, Mrs Penelope Watt, relict of Mr the murderous encounter at Waal in HolD. Campbell, surgeon in Fort William. land, where his regiment was nearly anni. 21. At the Vice Regal Lodge, Phænix Park, hilated. His last appearance on the field of Dublin, the Honourable Walter Chetwyn honour was in 1759, on the heights of A. Talbot, son of their Excellencies the Lord braham, where the immortal Wolfe breathLieutenant and Countess of Talbot, in the ed his mighty soul in the arms of victory. 6th year of his age. At Richmond, Surrey, His strength was such, considering his great Captain Edward Cumming, formerly of the age, that he scarcely passed a day without Honourable the East India Company's ser. walking three or four miles; and, to the vice, and brother to the late Sir A. P. Cum. day of his death, was able, without the aid ming Gordon of Altyre, Bart. In Bolton of glasses, to read his Bible, which afforded Street, London, Harriet Elizabeth, only him exquisite delight through a long course child of Charles M.Vicar, Esq.-At Edin- of years.-At London, Lieuto-general Sir burgh, Mrs Margaret Duncan, wife of Mr A. Gladstanes.-At Penzance, the Countess Campbell Gemble, perfumer, George Street. of Bellamont, daughter of James, Duke of

-22. At Muirhall, Mr James Black, far. Leinster.--At Madeira, the Hon. John mer.--At Southfod, John Stenhouse, Esq. Perceval, eldest son of Lord Arden. At younger of Southfod.-23. In the Old As. Upper Canada, Captain Sir Robert Hall, sembly Close, Edinburgh, Mrs Isobel Tay. K.C. B. commander-in-chief of his Majes. lor, aged 105. She was born in the parish ty's naval forces on that station. At Lonof Crieff, county of Perth, on the 4th of don, Mr Hill Darley, a gentleman well March 1713, in the reign of Queen Anne. known in the sporting world. He was kill. Her memory remained nearly unimpaired, ed in the Haynlarket, by a horse in a break and she would converse on the events of 100 taking fright.-In Charterhouse Square, years since with surprising correctness. London, Mrs Tait, wife of Mr William Her hearing and sight were good to the last Tait of St Paul's Church Yard, and daughday of her life, and her recollection con- ter of Dr John Hunter, Professor of Hutinued till within an hour of her death.-At manity in the University of St Andrews.Edinburgh, Eliza, daughter of Mr James At Ladyfield Place, Edinburgh, aged 19, Burness, writer. In his 8th year, William, Margaret, second daughter of Alexander son of Dr Beilby, George Street.-24. At Fergusson, Esq. of Baledmund.--At RhinsWestfield, near Cupar Fife, Henry Walker, dale, Andrew Aitchison, Esq. formerly surEsq. of Pittencrieff.-25. At Edinburgh, veyor of taxes, and late clerk to the comMr Andrew Bell, late fariner at Hillhead, missioners of property tax, Lanarkshire.county of Edinburgh, aged 78. This gen. At Spanish Town, Jamaica, David, son of tleman was one of the few survivors who the late Robert Milligan, Esq. of Rosslyn. fought under the banners of the 25th, or --At New York, Archibald Bruce, M. D. Edinburgh regiment of foot, at the battle Professor of Mineralogy in the Medical In. of Minden, where six battalions of British stitution of that city.-At Dumfries, Wm troops, and two of Hanoverians, beat 15,000 Babington, D. D. in the 70th year of his French.-At Surinam, Robert, fourth son age.--At Limehouse, John Macgeorge, Esq. of the late Mr Robert Ramsay, writer, captain in the royal navy. His death was Dumfries. Having occasion to go on board occasioned by a fall consequent upon a paa merchant ship lying in the river there, he ralytic affection, brought on by his length fell from an open boat and unfortunately of services in the West Indies. He served perished.-26. At Balcarras, Mrs Ann Mur. at the reduction of the West India Islands, ray Keith, daughter of the deceased Robert and commanded his Majesty's ship Wel. Keith, Esq. sometime his Majesty's envoy lington, at the surrender of Guadaloupe. extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary At Peterhead, the Reverend Dr Geo. Moir, at the court of Russia. 27. At Edinburgh, 55 years minister of that parish.—The Rev. Mr Jonathan Pew, late farmer at Drylaw. James M'Auley, minister of the seceding

29. At Hawthorn Bank, Selkirk, Mrs congregation of Castleblaney, aged 80. He Wilhelmina Anderson, wife of Mr John had been minister of that congregation 53 Anderson.

years. -At his house in Katharine Street, Lately-At Delnies, near Nairn, in the Edinburgh, Mr John Grant, aged 83.-At 104th year of his age, John Reid, supposed Dublin, Sir R. Musgrave, Bart. collector of to be the oldest soldier in his Majesty's do- excise in the port of Dublin, author of the minions, having entered the service in the History of the Irish Rebellion, &c. At 2d battalion of the royal Scots, 85 years Aberdeen, the Rev. Adam Annand, Epis. ago. His first encounter with the enemy copal clergyman, St John's Chapel. At was in 1743, at Dettingen, where the Bri. Seaforth House, near Arbroath, James Ar. tish, under the command of that gallant and rott, Esq. of Edinburgh, surgeon, R. N. true Scotsman, the Earl of Stair, defeated aged 76.–At Keith, Miss Grant, eldest the French with immense slaughter. In daughter of the late John Grant of Gallovie, 1745 he fought at Fontenoy. In 1746 he Esq.At Mapperton House, Miss Grant, fought with his regiment at Culloden. In daughter of John Francis Grant, Esq. late 1749 he was one of the storming party at of the island of St Vincenta

Oliver & Bovd, Printers,

BLACKWOOD'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No XV.

JUNE 1818.

VOL. III.

OBSERVATIONS ON THE WRITINGS or word entirely in its primary sense); GEORGE BUCHANAN.

its professors seek and obtain popu.

larity by sacrificing, after the example It is very far from being our intention of some other privileged orders, not a to enter upon any thing like a formal few of the most imposing, and therelamentation over the decay of classical fore most obnoxious, of their distinclearning in Scotland. And yet we are tions. We doubt, however, whether persuaded that, to an enlightened Ger- this method of proceeding be, upon man, Italian, or Englishman, it must the whole, either a wise or a just one. appear an almost inexplicable anomalé It may throw a deal of ready money in the constitution and appearance of into the hands of the present incumsuch a country as ours, that those au- bents; but does it not very manifestly thors whose works, in every other part tend to maim and enfeeble the reof civilized Europe, are venerated and sources of their successors? Nay, a studied as the best fountains of philor democratic government is the most sophy, and the only perfect models of thankless of all masters; and may pertaste, should be almost entirely over- haps repay only with contempt or exlooked among a people whose habits ile, those who have sacrificed the most, and conversation are tinged, to an in order to purchase its capricious and elsewhere unequalled degree, with the transitory favour. spirit of literature. The truth is, that The first race of authors who adopt we believe the unparalleled diffusion this mode of courting popular applause, of education among all classes of our although they may, bona fide, wish countrymen, however it may be en- and endeavour to follow it to its full titled to our gratitude for having ele- extent, are seldom able to do so. The vated and ennobled the spirits of our habits and prejudices of their earlier peasants and artizans, has, neverthe views and opinions cling to them, and less, been the means, in no inconsider- fetter them, in spite of all their efforts able degree, of degrading the literary to discard them. habits of those among us, whose busi. Quo semel estimbuta recens, servabit odorem, ness and ambition it is to be not only the subjects, but the instruments, of certain tinge and flavour adheres, cultivation. When all men read, au- and betrays the old liquor in the midst thors soon find it to be their best poli- of all the drugs and adulterations to cy to write for all men. Those ele which its receptacle has been exposgancies of allusion and of expression, ed. Besides, those who set the danand those labours of patient research, gerous example are sometimes not unwhose merits can be estimated by a willing that their followers should go very few only among any people, are farther than themselves; or, it may gradually dropt; and modes of excite be, do not scruple privately to take the ment, whose stimulus is of a more advantage of old guides and steppinguniversal application, come very na- stones, which they affect to consider turally to be adopted in their stead. as useless, and advise their pupils utThe tone of literature becomes every terly to despise. We strongly suspect day more vulgar (we do not use the that somewhat of this kind has occur

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red in Scotland. No man has done like manner, bestowed more time on more by the tone of his writings to the study of the classics than is condiscourage classical learning, and eru- fessed by himself, or suspected by the dition as it is called, than David greater part of his admirers. A comHume; and yet we think it would be plete disguise is a matter of very great difficult to point out any English au- difficulty. We discover the classical thor, whose works, above all in respect touch of Mr Jeffrey amidst the rude to language, bear stronger marks of a daubings of his disciples, as we should mind imbued and penetrated with the a gentleman clothed in a waggoner's very spirit of antiquity.* The authors frock, among a whole barn of genuine of the next age have had no occasion rustics. A single look, or gesture, or for so much duplicity. Their contempt tone, is sufficient in the one case, and of Greek and Latin rests not upon po- a single parenthesis, nay, a single licy, but on the more stable foundation word, may furnish evidence equally of ignorance. It is fair, however, to convincing in the other. say one word in regard to the Edin- The violent national partiality of the burgh Review. The greater part of Scots, unlike most of their alleged pethese ingenious Journalists, in addi- culiarities, is confessed by themselves, tion to being the perpetual enemies of almost as much as it is derided by their the government and religion of their neighbours. The Scots authors have, country, have waged a warfare, equalin general, been under no inconsiderly inveterate and equally insidious, an able obligations to this propensity of gainst the old supremacy and worship their countrymen. Their fame has of the classics. A few excellent papers generally begun, as it ought to have on classical criticism have been fur done, at home; and their works have nished to them by some of the best gone forth among strangers, backed by English scholars; but these are tech- the zealous commendations of a multinical, so to speak, in appearance, and tude of admirers at home. If, in matheir influence, whatever it might ny instances, the voice of domestic otherwise have been, has been neutral- praise has died into a faint expiring ized or annihilated by the gross and echo abroad, the misfortune of the aublundering ignorance of other articles, thor has been caused by himself, not but most of all, by the general tone by his countrymen; nor are these eaand character of the work in which sily to be shaken from the favourable they were inserted.-But we introduce opinion they have once formed, even ed the subject in order to pay a com- although they see that the critics of pliment;-we shall do so, without, most other countries are obstinate in we hope, incurring any suspicion either refusing to second their applauses. of partiality or of flattery. Mr Jeffrey, We know of one great Scots author we venture to assert, belongs, in this only, whose writings are neglected by matter, to the class of his predecessors his countrymen, while they are studirather than to that of his contempora- ed and admired by the literati of every ries. His papers have, even when he other district of Europe. There needs affects to deride scholarship, a scholar- no other proof to a foreign scholar of like air about them, which it is im- the shameful extent to which our averpossible to mistake. He is in many sion for classical learning is carried, respects a wiser man than he wishes than the simple fact, that we, a people to seem. After all his abuse of the devoted to literature, and filled with Lake Poets, it turns out that his fa- prejudices eminently and vehemently

rical Ballads;" and we are satisfied, and withal, one of the most national from internal evidence, that he has, in authors our country has ever produced,

for no other reason than because his

works are written in Latin. . We have heard, we cannot recollect

If any time shall ever again appear, where, or upon what sort of authority, that among Hume's books there was found, after

when poets and historians shall be in his death, a copy of Thomas Aquinas, com

danger of falling into a fashion of pletely covered with the marks of patient

composing in a dead or foreign lanstudy. How much greater must have been guage, the most effectual of all warnthe labour he bestowed on those great mas. ings will be that which is addressed to ters of ancient wisdom, whose works he their vanity. By those who have any commonly affected to talk of as if they were of the noblest ambition with which scarcely worthy of being read.

great authors are animated the ambi

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