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of Denbighshire then at school, who was an girl going to school, one time seeing the eye-witness of it:
fairies dancing in a pleasant dry place un. “ March 24th, 1772. der a crab-tree, and seeing them like child. “ Rev. Sir,-Concerning the apparition ren much of her own size, and hearing a I saw, I shall relate it as well as I can in small pleasant music among them, went to all its particulars. As far as I can remem- them, and was induced to dance with them, ber, it was in the year 1757, in a summer's and she brought them unto an empty barn day about noon, I, with three others, one of to dance. This she did at times both going which was a sister of mine, and the other and coming from school for three or four two were sisters. We were playing in a years. Though she danced so often with field called Kae-kaled, in the parish of Bod. them, yet she could never hear the sound vary, in the county of Denbigh, near the of their feet, therefore she took off her shoes, stile which is next Lanelwyd house, where that she might not make a noise with her we perceived a company of dancers in the feet, which she thought was displeasing unto middle of the field, about seventy yards them. Some in the house observing her from us. We could not tell their num. without shoes, said, this girl walks without bers because of the swiftness of their mo- shoes to school ; but she did not tell them tions, which seemed to be after the manner of her adventure with the fairies. They of Morris-dancers (something uncommonly all had blue and green aprons on. They wild in their motions) ; but after looking were of a small stature, and appeared rather some time we came to guess that their num. old." ber might be about fifteen or sixteen. They were clothed in red, like soldiers, with red
IV.-Dogs of Hell. handkerchiefs spotted with yellow about One time as Thomas Miles Harry was their heads. They seemed to be a little coming home by night from a journey, when bigger than we, but of a dwarfish appear. near Ty yn y Llucyn, saw the resemblance ance. Upon this we reasoned together what of fire, the west side of the river, on his they might be, whence they came, and what left hand ; and looking towards the mounthey were about. Presently we saw one of tain near the rock Tarren y Trwyn, on his them coming away from the company in a left hand, all of a sudden saw the fire near running pace. Upon seeing this we began him on one side, and the appearance of a to be afraid and ran to the stile. Barbara mastiff dog on the other side, at which he Jones went over the stile first, next her sis. was exceedingly terrified. The appearance ter, next to that my sister, and last of all of a mastiff dog was a most dreadful sight. myself. While I was creeping up the stile, He called at Ty yn y Llwyn, requesting my sister staying to help me, I looked back the favour of a person to accompany him and saw him just by me; upon which I home. The man of the house being accried out, my sister also cried out, and took quainted with him, sent two of his servants hold of me under her arm to draw me over; with him home. and when my feet were just come over, I As Thomas Andrew was coming towards still crying and looking back, we saw him home one night, with some persons with reaching after me, leaning on the stile, but him, he heard, as he thought, the sound of did not come over. Away we ran towards hunting : he was afraid it was some person the house, called the people out, and went hunting the sheep, so he hastened on to trembling towards the place, which might meet and hinder them: he heard them be about one hundred and fifty yards of the coming towards him, though he saw them house ; but though we came so soon to see, not : when they came near him their voices yet we could see nothing of them. He who were but small, but increasing as they went came near us had a grim countenance, a from him : they went down the steep towild and somewhat fierce look. He came wards the river Ébwy, dividing between this towards us in a slow running pace, but parish and Mynyddasleyn, whereby he with long steps for a little one. "His com- knew that they were what are called Cron plexion was copper-coloured, which might wybir (Sky Dogs), but in the inward part be significative of his disposition and con. of Wales,' Cwn-annwn (Dogs of Hell). dition ; for they were not good, but there. I have heard say that these spiritual hunt. fore bad spirits. The red-of their cruel. ing dogs have been heard to pass by the ty; the black-of their sin and misery; eves of several houses before the death of and he looked rather old than young. some one in the family. Thomas Andrew “ The dress, the form, the colour, and the was an honest religious man, who would size
not have told an untruth either for fear or Of these, dear sir, did me surprise ;
for favour. The open view of them we had all four, “ W. J. was once a Sabbath-breaker at Their sudden flight, and seeing them no Risca Village, where he frequently used to more,
play and visit the ale-houses on the SabDo still confirm the wonder more and more. bath-day, and there stay till late at night;
“ Thus far Mr E. W 's Letter.” on returning homeward he heard something “ P. W. who lived at the Ship in Pont walking behind him, and turning to see y Pool, and born also in Trefethin parish, what it was, he could see the likeness of a an honest virtuous woman, when a young man walking by his side; he could not see
his face, and was afraid to look much at it, there were, in Carmarthenshire and elsefearing it was an evil Spirit, as it really was; where, often heard before burials, what by . therefore he did not wish it good night. some were called Cwn Annwn (dogs of hell), This dreadful dangerous apparition gene by others Cwn bendith eu Mammau (dogs rally walked by the left side of him. It of the fairies), and by some Cwnwybir (sky afterwards appeared like a great mastiff dog, dogs). The nearer they were to man, the which terrified him so much that he knew less their voice was—like that of small not where he was. After it had gone about beetles ; and the farther the louder : and half-a-mile, it transformed itself into a great sometimes like the voice of a great hound fire, as large as a small field, and resembled sounding among them, like that of a blood. the noise which a fire makes in burning hound a deep hollow voice.”
“ One Thomas Phillips of Trelech parish “ Mr D. W. of Pembrokeshire, a reli. heard those spiritual dogs, and the great dog gious man, and far from fear and supersti. sounding among them; and they went in a tion, gave me the following accounti-that way which no corpse used to go; at which he as he was travelling by himself through a wondered, as he knew they used to go only field, called the Cot-Moor, where two stones in the way in which the corpse was to go. are set up, called the Devil's Nags, at some Not long after a woman who came from distance from each other, where evil spirits another parish, that died at T'relech, was are said to haunt and trouble passengers, carried that way to her own parish church he was thrown over the hedge, and was ne. to be buried, in the way in which those ver well afterwards. Mr W. went with a spiritual dogs seemed to hunt.” strong fighting mastiff dog with him ; but “ An acquaintance of mine, a man perfect. suddenly he saw another mastiff dog com ly firm to tell the truth, being out at night, ing towards him. He thought to set his heard a hunting in the air, and as if they own dog at it; but his dog seemed to be overtook something which they hunted afmuch frightened, and would not go near it. ter, and being overtaken made a miserable Mr W. then stooped down to take up a cry among them, and seemed to escape ; stone, thinking to throw at it; but suddenly but overtaken again, made the same disthere came a fire round it, so that he could mal cry; and again escaped, and followed perceive it had a white tail and a white snip after till out of hearing.' down his nose, and saw his teeth grinning at him; he then knew it was one of the infernal dogs of hell, one of those kind of dogs against
V.--Corpse Candles. whom David prayeth in Psal. xxii. 20. De “ About the latter end of the 16th century, liver my soul from the power of the dog.'” and the beginning of the 17th, there lived
“ As R. A. was going to Laugharn in the valley of Ebwy Fawr, one Walter town one evening, on some business, it John Harry, belonging to the people called being late, her mother dissuaded her from Quakers, a harmless honest man, and by going, telling her it was late, and that she occupation a farrier, who went to live at would be benighted ; likely she might be Ty ym y Fid, in that valley, where one terrified by an apparition, which was both Morgan Lewis, a weaver, had lived before seen and heard by many, and by her father him, and after his death bad appeared to among others, at a place called Pant y some and troubled the house. One night, Madog, which was a pit by the side of the Walter being in bed with his wife, and lane leading to Laugharn, filled with water, awake, saw a light come up stairs, and exand not quite dry in the summer. However, pecting to see the spectre, and being someshe seemed not to be afraid, therefore went what afraid, though he was naturally a very to Laugharn. On coming back before fearless man, strove to awake his wife by night, (though it was rather dark) she pas- pinching her, but could not awake her ; sed by the place; but not without thinking and seeing the spectre coming with a canof the apparition. But being a little be dle in his hand, and a white woollen cap yond this pit, in a field where there was a upon his head, and the dress he always little rill of water, and just going to pass it, wore, resolved to speak to him, and did having one foot stretched over it, and look when he came near the bed, and said, ing before her, she saw something like a Morgan Lewis, why dost thou walk this great dog (one of the dogs of hell) coming earth ' To which the apparition gravely towards her; being within four or five yards answered, like one in some distress, that it of her, it stopped, sat down, and set up such was because of some bottoms of wool which & scream, so horrible, so loud, and so he had hid in the wall of the house, which strong, that she thought the earth moved he desired him to take away, and then he under her, with which she fainted, and fell would trouble them no more. And then down. She did not awake and go to the Walter said, “I charge thee, Morgan Lewis, next house, which was but the length of one in the name of God, that thou trouble my field from the place, until about midnight; house no more;' at which he vanished away, having one foot wet in the rill of water and appeared no more." which she was going to pass when she saw “A clergyman's son in this county, but the apparition."
now a clergyman himself in England, who " Before the light of the gospel prevailed, in his younger days was somewhat vicious, VoI. III.
having been at a debauch one night, and “ One William John, of the parish of coming home late when the doors were Lanboydi, a smith, on going home one locked, and the people in bed, fcared to night, being somewhat drunk and bold (it disturb them ; fearing also their chiding seenis too bold), saw one of the corpse-canand expostulations about his staying so late, dles; he went out of his way to meet with went to the servant, who slept in an out it, and when he came near it, he saw it was room, as is often the manner in this coun- a burying, and the corpse upon the bier, try. He could not wake the servant, but the perfect resemblance of a woman in the while he stood over him, he saw a small light neighbourhood whom he knew, holding the come out of the servant's nostrils, which soon candle between her fore fingers, who dread. became a corpse-candle. He followed it out fully grinned at him ; and presently he was until it came to a foot bridge, which lay struck down from his horse, where he re. over a rivulet of water. It came into the mained a while, and was ill a long time gentleman's head to raise up the end of the after betore he recovered. This was before foot bridge from off the bank whereon it the real burying of the woman. His fault, lay, to see what it would do. When it and therefore his danger, was his coming came, it seemed to offer to go over, but did presumptuously against the candle.—This is not go, as if loath to go because the bridge another sensible proof of the apparition and was displaced. When he saw that, he put being of spirits." the bridge in its place, and stayed to see “ The fore-knowledge of those corpse. what the candle would do. It came on the candle spirits, concerning deaths and burials, bridge when it was replaced ; but when it is wonderful, particular as the following incame near him, it struck him, as it were stance will sbew :-One Rees Thomas, a with an handkerchief ; but the effect was carpenter, passing through a place called strong, for he became dead upon the place, Rhire Edwst, near Cappel Ewen, by night, not knowing of himself a long time before heard a stir coming towards him, walking he revived : such is the power of the spirits and speaking ; and when they were come to of the other world, and it is ill jesting with him, he felt as if some person put their hand them. A Sadducee, and a proud ridiculer upon his shoulder, and saying to him, Rhys of apparitions, in this gentleman's place bach pa fodd yr y'ch chwi 2-Dear Rees, how now, would have a pure seasoning for his are you) ? which surprised him much, for pastime. 'Tis true, these gentlemen have he saw nothing. But a month after, passnot seen the corpse-candles of Wales; but ing that way, he met a burying in that they should believe the numerous and ever- very place; and a woman who was in the continuing witnesses of it, and not foolishly company, put her hand upon him and spoke discredit abundant matters of fact, attested exactly the same words to him that the inby honest wise men. We have heard of visible spirit had spoken to him before ; at others, who, from an excess of natural cour. which he could no less than wonder. This age, or being in liquor, have endeavoured I had from the mouth of Mr T. I. of Tre. to stop the corpse-candles, and have been vach, a godly minister of the gospel." struck down upon the place : but now none " The following account I had from un. offir it, being deterred by a few former ex- der the hand of Mr Morris Griffith, a man amples, related, remembered, and justly be truly religious, and a lively preacher of the lieved.”
gospel among the Baptists, which came to “ Joshua Coslet, a man of sense and pass in Pembrokeshire, as follows:-When knowledge, told me of several corpsi-can- I kept school at Pont-Faen parish, in Pem. dles he had seen, but of one in particular brokeshire, as I was coming from a place which he saw in a lane, called Heol bwlch called Tre-Davith, and was come to the top y gwynt (Wind gap lane), in Landcilo of the hill, I saw a great light down in the Fawr parish, where he suddenly met a valley, which I wondered at, for I could not corpse-candle, of a small light when near imagine what it meant. But it came to my him, but increasing as it went farther from mind that it was a light before a burying, him. He could easily perceive that there though I never could believe before that was some dark shadow passing along with there was such a thing. The light which I the candie ; but he was afraid to look ear- saw then was a very red light, and it stood nestly upon it. Not long after a burying still for about a quarter of an hour in the passed that way. He toid me, that it is the way which went towards Lanferch-llawddog common opinion, doubtless from some ex. church. I made haste to the other side of perience of it, that if a man should wan- the hill, that I might see it farther; and tonly strike it, he should be struck down from thence I saw it go along to the churchby it; but if one touches it unawares, he shall yard, where it stood still for a little time, pass on unhurt. He also said that some dark and entered into the church: I stood still, shadow of a man carried the candle, hold. waiting to see it come out, and it was not ing it between his three fore fingers over long before it came out, and went to a ceragainst his face. This is what some have tain part of the church-yard, where it stood seen, who had the courage to look earnest- a little time, and then vanished out of my ly. Others have seen the likeness of a can. sight. dle carried in a skull. There is nothing "* A few days afterwards, being in school unreasonable or unlikely in either of these with the children about noon, I heard a representations."
great noise over head, as if the top of the house was coming down ; I went to see the me the following remarkable account of it: garret, and there was nothing amiss. A few - That it is a doleful disagreeable sound, days afterwards, Mr Higgon of Pont-Faen's heard before the deaths of many, and most son died. When the carpenter came to fetch apt to be heard before foul weather : the the boards to make the coffin, which were voice resembles the groaning of sick persons in the garret, he made exactly such a stir who are to die--heard at first at a distance, in handling the boards in the garret, as then comes nearer, and the last near at was made before by some spirit, who fore- hand; so that it is a threefold warning of kney
the death that was to come to pass. death-the king of terrors. It begins strong, In carrying the body to the grave, the and louder than a sick man can make ; the burying stood where the light stood for second cry is lower, but not less doleful, about a quarter of an hour, because there but rather more so ; the third yet lower and was some water cross the way, and the soft, like the groaning of a sick man almost people could not go over it without wetting spent and dying ; so that a person well retheir feet, therefore they were obliged to membering the voice, and coming to the wait till those that had boots helped them sick man's bed who is to die, shall hear his over. The child was buried in that very groans exactly alike, which is an amazing spot of ground in the church-yard where I evidence of the spirits' foreknowledge. saw the light stop after it came out of the Sometimes, when it cries very loud, it bears church. This is what I can boldly testify, a resemblance of one crying who is troubted having seen and heard what I relate, with a stitch. If it meets any hinderance in thing which before I could not believe. the way, it seems to groan louder. It is,
MORRIS GRIFFITH." or hath been, very common in the three “ Some have been so hardy as to lye commots of Ynis-Cenin. A commot is a down by the wayside where the corpse-can- portion of ground less than a canttref, or a dle passed, that they may see what passed ; hundred; for three commots make up the for they were not hurted who did not stand hundred of Ynis-Cenin, which extends from in the way. Some have seen the resem, the sea as far as Landilo-Fawr ; containing blance of a skull carrying the candle, others twelve parishes, viz. Landilo-Fawr, Bettws, the shape of the person that is to die, carry. Lanedi, Lannon, Cydweli, Langenich, Pening the candle between its fore fingers, hold. fre, Lanarthney, Langyndeirni, fc. which ing the light before its face. Some have lie on the south-east side of the river Towy, said that they saw the shape of those who where sometime past it cried and groaned were to be at the burying. I am willing before the death of every person, as my into suspend my belief of this, as seeming to formant thought, who lived that side of the be extravagant, though their foreboding county. It sounded before the death of knowledge of mortality appears to be very persons who were born in these parishes and wonderful and undeniable."
died elsewhere. Sometimes the voice is
heard long before death, yet three quarters VI.—The Kyhirraeth.
of a year is the longest time before hand.
But it must be a common thing indeed, as “ I am now going to give you an account it came to be a common thing for people to of the Kyhirraeth, a doleful foreboding say, by way of reproach, to a person mak. noise before death, and inquire into the ing a disagreeable noise, Oh 'r Kyhirraeth; cause of this, and of the appearance of the and sometimes to children crying and groan. corpse-candles.
ing unreasonable." * D. P. of Lan y Byther parish, a so The Parish of Machen. As J. W. ber sensible man, and careful to tell the James was going towards Bedwas, with a truth, informed me, that in the beginning young woman (whom he pretended to court) of the night, his wife and maid-servant be towards Risca, and before they came oppoing together in the house, which was by the site Machen Hill, they saw, on the east wayside, they heard the doleful voice of the side of it, facing the parish of Risca, the Kyhirraeth ; and when it came over against resemblance of a boy going before them; the window, it pronounced these strange and while they were looking at it, they saw words, of no signification that we know of it put its head between its legs, and transWoolach, Woolach ; and sometime after a forming itself into a ball of fire, rolling toburying passed that way. I confess a word wards the top of the hill; it being as easy of this sound, especially the latter part of for a spirit to go up as to come down. Prethe last syllable sounding in Welsh like the sently after they heard the jingling sound twenty-third letter of the Greek alphabet, of iron, with which they saw many horses at least as they pronounced it formerly in drawing a load; they went beyond Pont y the schools, pronounced by a spirit of the Meister Bridge, and then turned to a cross night near at hand, with a disagreeable hor. lane leading towards a house where there rid-sounding voice, was very terrible and was a man laying dead. When they went. impressive upon the mind and memory. a little farther, they saw the earth cleaving The judicious Joshua Coslet, who lived on and opening, and out of it came a pillar of that side of the river Towy which runs fire, which, waving in the air, singed the through the middle of Carmarthenshire, young woman's handkerchief of a yellow where the Kyhirracth is often heard, gave colour, which could never be washed out, but continued as long as any of the pany passed by, exactly as the woman handkerchief remained. The man after heard. Mr W. was no man to tell an un. wards seriously confessed, that it was his in- truth, and the woman no self-interest to tention to debauch the young woman in his serve by telling an untruth. The wonder journey, but this dreadful sight prevented is, how these spirits can so particularly for. his evil intention.”
show things to come. Either their know" Walter Watkins of Neuath, in the ledge of future things near at hand must be parish of Landdetly, in the county of Bre- very great, or they must have a great incon, being at school at Carmarthen, and as fluence to accomplish things as foreshown. he and some other scholars, who lodged in Be it either way, the thing is wonderful ! the same house with him, were playing ball of the very minute and particular know. by the house, late in the evening, heard the ledge of these spirits in the manner of death dismal mournful noise of the Kyhirraeth and burials." very near them, but could see nothing which . The reader will be at no loss to was very shocking to hear. Though these perceive the resemblance of the above sort of men are incredulous enough, yet superstitions to those of the Highlands they were soon persuaded that it was the
of Scotland. The same book contains voice of neither man nor beast, but of some spirit, which made them leave their play
a great variety of miscellaneous stories and run into the house. Not long after, a
about the devil, balls of fire, &c. but man who lived near the house died. This I have sent you all the passages that kind of noise is always heard before some appeared to me worthy of transcripperson's death.
tion. If this communication be acThe woman of the house where these ceptable, you shall hear from me again scholars lodged, related to them many such ere long."
T. P. C. accounts, which they heard with contempt
Bristol, May 4th. and ridicule, believing nothing of what she said. One morning they asked her, sportingly, what she had seen or heard of a spirit that night? She readily answered, that she heard a spirit come to the door, and passing LETTER FROM Z. TO LEIGH HUNT, by her while she sat by the fire, it seemed
KING OF THE COCKNEYS. to walk into a room where a sick man was, and after some time I heard it coming back,
SIRE, and as if it fell down in a faint and was Your Majesty, the King of the Cock. raised up again. Soon after the sick man rose up, thinking he was able to walk, came
neys, having signified your royal resointo the room where the woman heard the
lution to preserve an inviolable silence
ou fall, and fell down dead in that very part of towards me, the unfortunate Z., who the room where the spirit made the same
am said to “ think the green leaves kind of stir which his fall made, and was black," and to be “ignorant of all made by those that raised him up."
noble theories,” (I refer your Majesty " In Montgomeryshire. Edward Lloyd,
to one of your late edicts in the Cockin the parish of Langyrig, being very ill,
ney Court-gazette,) I shall, notwiththose that were with him heard the voice of
standing, as it becomes a good and some person very near them ; they looked
faithful subject to do, continue to pay about the house, but could see no person ; the voice seemed to be in the room where
a little further homage to your Mathey were. Soon after they heard these jesty; and I therefore now seek, with words, by something unseen, Y mae Nen. a fitting tribute, once more to approach bren y Ty yn craccio (the uppermost beam your throne. In the first place, then, of the house cracketh); soon after, Fe dort I humbly suggest, that you give youryn y man (it will presently break); then self too many of those regal airs so they heard the same voice say, Dyna fy yn natural to a crowned head, and that torri (there it breaks): he died that mo. ment, which much affected the company."
you conduct yourself, at your court at “ A woman in Carmarthen town, pro
Lisson Grove, with a stateliness and tested to Mr Charles Winter of the parish hauteur that may be considered, by of Bedwellty (who was then at the academy, the youthful nobility of Cockaigne, a and since became a preacher of the gospel), perfect model of monarchical dignity, that she heard like the sound of a company, but is, in fact, risibly characteristic of as it were a burying coming up from a ri. your plebeian origin and education. ver, and presently as it were the sound of a Your Majesty is also subject to uncart coming another way to meet the com pany; and the cart seemed to stop while
seemly fits of passion, which you try the company went by, and then went on.
to smile off before your courtiers with
" Soon after a dead corpse was brought from an aspect alarmingly ghastly ; yet, on the river from one of the vessels, and a cart the whole, your personal appearance, met the burying, and stopped all the com. which with wincing soreness you ac