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tials of his name) have been attri- To this we shall add the first verses buted to a William Kendall, or to of the 145th Psalm, which may be a person of the name of Kelton, evi- compared with those of our present dently without sufficient authority. collection. Indeed, the second verThe Psalms which appear to be exclu- sions which our collection contains of sively appropriated to the Scotish col- the 136th, 143d, and 145th Psalms, lection were done by two authors, one are in fact those by I. C., as they of whom is known to all—the other, stand in the former one, only some we believe, to none. To ROBERT lines being a little altered, or, it may be Pont belong the 57th, 59th, 76th, improved. soth, 81st, and s3d Psalms. In some “ O Lorde that art my God and King of the old editions we see the 85th Vndoubtedlie, I will thee praise : and 149th (certainly erroneously) also I will extoll and blessings sing, attributed to the same. Psalms 56, Vnto thyne holie name alwaies. 75, 102, 105, 108, 110, 117, 118, 132. From day to day I will thee blesse, 136, 140, 141, 143, and 145, bear the
And laude thy name world without end,
For great is God, most worthie praise, initials “ I. C.”* Who he was, we w
Whose greatnes none may comprehend. cannot ascertain ; but extract, as a
Race shall thy warkes praise vnto race : speciinen of his style
And so declare thy power, O Lord :
The glorious bewtie of thy grace,
And all men shall the power of God, “ The Lord most high, vnto my Lord thus
Of all thy fearfull actes declare : spake : Sit thou now down, and rest at my right
And I to publish all abrode,
Thy greatnes at no time will spair. *
and "The earliest impression of this version
of the Psalms, exclusively intended for the The scepter of thy regal power and might use of the Church of Scotland," which we From Sion shall the Lord send and disclose; have seen is one printed in 1565. This one Be thou therefore the ruler in the sight,
was printed at Edinburgh, by Robert Lek. And in the midst of all thy mortall foes.
preuik, in sm. 8vo. ; though, from what is
stated above, it appears there were others of Thy people shall come willingly to thee,
an earlier date. It is a singular fact, that What time thine host in holy beauty shew; books in universal use, and of which numeThe youth that of thy womb doe spring hy womb doe spring
rous editions have been printed, are often shall be
those, of which, in future times, not a Compared like vnto the morning dew.
single copy is to be found. How many edi
tions of this version must have been print. Thus God hath sworn, and it perform will he, ed,--and yet how few we know of, printed And not repent, nor any time it break : during a period of near fifty years, and Thou art a Priest for euer ynto me,
often of these few editions, only one soli. After the form of King Melchisedek. tary copy is to be found, and even then pro
bably in a defective state. Numerous edi. The Lord our God, who is at euery stound, tions of the plain Donat (as it was called) At thy right hand to be thine help and stay, were early printed in Scotland, and yet, who He princes proud, and statlie kings shall has ever seen one copy of any of them ? But wound,
to keep within our subject, let us notice one, For love of thee, in his fierce wrathfull day. of which a singular circumstance respecting
it is on record--one which has eluded the He shall be judge among the heathen all,
research of the most keen-eyed collector. He places voyde with carcasses shall fill, And in his rage the heads eke smite he shall,
In July 1568, Mr Arbuthnot was appointed
to revise a book complained of by the AssemThat ouer countries great do work their will.
bly, July 1568. The order stands thus (says Yea, he through hast for to pursue his foes. Mr Wodrow, in his MS. collections) in the Shall drink the broke that runneth in the way;
Registers, sess. 3. in which he adds, he could And thus, when he confounded shall have
find no report.-" The Assembly ordean
find no report. " those,
Thomas Bassandon printer, to call in the books His head on high then shall he lift that printed by him, Intituled The fall of the
Roman Kirk, wherein the King is called supreme head of the primitive Kirk, &c.
and to keep the rest unsold till he alter the * To the same author some of the old forsaid title. Item, to delete the Baudie editions falsely assign the 24th, which is by Song (Welcome Fortune, &c.), printed at Sternhold, the 54th, by Kethe, and 60th, the end of the Psalme Book, without li. which is by Hopkins.
cence; and that he abstain in times coming
We come now to notice what is men- " After this a proposition was made for a tioned in the said document, the de- new translation of the Bible, and the core sign for the revisal of the psalmody, recting of the Psalms in metre : his Majesty projected by the Assembly in 1601,
did urge it earnestly, and with many reawhen a new translation of the Bible
sons did persuade the undertaking of the
work, shewing the necessity and the profit was also proposed. Nothing appears
of it, and what glory the performing there. to have been done as to the one, and
of should bring to this Church : speaking the other was, a few years afterwards, of the necessity, he did mention sundry carried into effect in England. The escapes in the common translation, and words of the register of the General made it seem that he was no less converAssembly are nearly to the same pur sant in the Scripture than they whose propose as those already given. “Sess.
fession it was; and when he came to speak ultima 16 Maij. 1601. Anent ye Tran
of the Psalms, did recite whole verses of the slation of ye Psalmes in meeter, It is
same, shewing both the faults of the metre
and the discrepance from the text. It was ordainit yt ye same be revisit be Mr
the joy of all that were present to hear it, Rot Pont, minister at St cuthbert's
and bred not little admiration in the whole kirk, and his traveles to be revisit at
Assembly, who approving the motion, did ye nixt asslie.” This design is noticed recommend the translation to such of their in the different histories of that period, Brethren as were most skilled in the Lanbut we prefer extracting the words of guages, and the revising of the Psalms parBishop Spotswood, as being the most
ticularly to Mr Robert Pont; but nothing particular. No further notice respect
was done in the one or the other : yet did
not the King let this his intention fall to ing this proposal was taken in any fu
the ground, but after his happy coming to ture assembly.
the Crown of England, set the most learned
divines of that Church, a work for the Tranfrom printing any thing without the licence slation of the Bible; which, with great of the Supreme Magistrate, or if it concern pains and the singular profit of the Church, religion, be such as shall be appointed by they perfected. The revising of the Psalms the Assembly to revise. Mr Alex. Arbuth he made his own labor, and, at such hours net was apointed to revise the foresaid trac as he might spare from the publick cares, tat, and report to the next Assembly.” went through a number of them, &c.-Bp.
We may further mention some of the ear. Spotswood's History, edition, Lond. 1677, lier editions which we have met with, they p. 466. are generally reprinted from each other, and When the Assembly appointed Mr mostly without being overburdened with ac Pont to this task, they no doubt had curacy; and it is curious to see an exact list
some regard to his services on the same of the editions which are known, as it may
subject at a former time. What was lead to the discovery of some which are not. The Psalmes of David in meeter, &c. print
the cause of this project ending with ed at Edinburgh, by Thomas Bassandyne,
its proposal, we are uninformed. Mr 1575, 8vo : at London, by Thomas Vau.
Pont, either at his advanced age was troullier, 1587, 8vo: at "Edinburgh, be prevented by indisposition from exeHenrie Charteris, 1594, and again, in 1595, cuting what was intended, or he had both in Svo : at Dort, by Isaac Canin, at considered any material revision to be the expenses of the aires of Henrie Charteris,
unnecessary. Of his merits as a poet and Andrew Hart, in Edinburgh, 1601,
(with exception of a few straggling 8vo: at Edinburgh, by Andro Hart,
lines in some of his works), we are left 1611, and again, by the same printer, 1615, both in 8vo : at Aberdene, by Edward Ra
to judge merely from the Psalms ban, for David Melvill, 1633, 8vo: and at which carry his initials as the tranEdinburgh, by the heires of Andrew Hart, slator. Of these we have already 1635, 8vo (this last edition, in one point of spoken, and, with the following aniview, to be spoken of by-and-by, is the mated lines, which form a sort of most valuable). These are all attached to chorus to the soth, we shall extract the Confession of Faith, and are accompa- the 76th psalm as a specimen of his nied with the forms of discipline, &c. We
poetical talents. could easily extend the note, (already we begin to think of sufficient length) with
** O Lord God of Armies, our Strength and
Returne and restore vs, without more delay :
So shall we be safe and shrinke for no feare. ever chooses to undertake a History of the
Some curious particulars of Pont's Scotish Press, for which abundant food life are to be found in Dr M'Crie's might easily be found.
Life of Knox (vol. i3. p. 319), a work
which stands not in need of our com- In his well-known volume, published mendation, else it should be heartily in his youth, entitled, “ The Essayes given.
of a Prentise in the Divine Art of In Iurie land God is well knowne,
Poesie. Imprinted at Edinburgh, by In Israel great is his name :
Thomas Vautroullier, 1584, 4to, is a He chose out Salem for his owne,
paraphrase of the civ. psalme translate His Tabernacle of great fame,
ed out of Tremellivs. Though this Therein to rayse : and mount Sion
rare volume has of late been rendered To make his habitation,
more accessible by the late reprint And residence within the same.
edited by the author of “Childe AlThere did he break the bowmen's shafts, arique,” (by the way, why are his MaTheir fyrie dartes so swift of Alight,
jesty's Poetical Exercises of 1591 thus Their sheilds, their sworils, and all their crafts long of making their appearance after Of weir when they were boun to fight.. being promised to the world by the More excellent and more mightie,
same excellent and accomplished EdiArt thou therefore than Mountaines hie
tor?) we shall give the first two stanOf ravenous wolues, without all right.
zas, in order to compare his Majesty's The stout hearted were made a pray, youthful essay with the same passage as A sudden sleep did them confound :
attempted by another eminent Scotish And all the strong men in that fraye Their feble hands they haue not found.
Poet a few years after. At thy rebuke, O Iacob's God,
“ O Lord inspyre my spreit' and pen to Horses with Chariots ouertrod,
praise As with dead sleep were cast to ground. Thy name, whose greatnes far surpassis all : Fearefull art thou, (O Lord our guyde)
That syne, I may thy gloir and honour blaise, Yea, thou alone : and who is he
Which cleithis the ouer : about the lyke a That in thy presence may abyde,
wall If once thine anger kindled be!
The light remainis. O thow, whose charge Thou makest men from heauen to heare,
and call, The judgments just : the earth for feare
Made Heauens lyke courtenis for to spred Stilled with silence then we se.
Who bowed the waters so, as serve they shall When thou, O Lord, beginst to rise
For cristall syilring over thy house to gleid. Sentence to giue as Iudge of all : And in the earth dost enterpryse,
Who walks vpon the wings of restles winde To ridde the humble out of thrall :
Who of the clouds his chariot made, euen he, Certes, the rage of mortall men,
Who in his present still the spreits doeth find, Shall be thy praise: the remnant then Ay ready to fulfill ilk just decrie Of their furie thou bindst withall.
of his, whose seruants fyre and flammis
they be. Vow and performie your vowes therefore,
Who set the earth on her foundations sure, Vnto the Lord your God, all ye
So as her brangling none shall euer see : That round about him dwell ; adore This fearfull one with offrings free.
Who at thy charge the deip vpon her bure." Which may cut of at his vintage,
So much for his Majesty at present: The breath of Princes in their rage,
we shall ere long have occasion again To earthlie Kings fearfull is he.
to speak of him and his paraphrase of The Conclusion.
the Psalms. The rival specimen is as To God alone of michtis most,
follows: Be loud praise, gloir, and dignitie;
« My Soule praise thou Iehouah's holie The Father, Sonne, and holie Ghost,
Name, Three persons in Divinitie :
For he is great, and of exceeding Might, As ay has bene in tymes before,
Who, cloth'd withGlorie,Maiestie,and Fame, Is now, and shalbe euermore,
And couered with the garments of the light, Throu sea and land in ilk degre."
Theazure Heauen doth likea Courtaine spred, During the period while this ver. And in the depths his chalmer beames bath sion continued to be used in our coun
layd. try, many Scotish poets, besides those The clouds he makes his chariot to be, already mentioned, have left us so On them he wheeles the christall skies about, much as informs us that their at- And on the wings of Æolus, doth Hee tention had been directed to the cul- At pleasour walke; and sends his Angels out, tivation of sacred poetry. Of these Swift Heraulds that doe execute his will, we cannot at present take full notice,
His word the Heauens with firie lightnings but shall mention some of them whose labours on the Psalmody still remain. We are induced to give two other The name of King James stands first. stanzas of this beautiful ode.
“All liuing things, O Lord, doe wait on thee, We had intended in this place to Thatin due season thou mayst giue them food, bring forward some anecdotes, and And thou vnfolds thy liberall hands most free, make a few observations on the state And giues them euerie thing may doe them
of sacred music in our country after good : Thy blessings thou so plenteouslie distills,
the Reformation, but find it will be That their aboundance all things breath
necessary to defer doing so to some ing fills.
future Number, as already, we fear, But if thy face thou doe withdraw in wrath,
we have greatly exceeded all reasonThy creatures all then languish, grieue, and
able bounds; so that the following murne,
words of the poet may in earnest be Or if thou angrie take away their breath, applied to us, both by the reader They perish straight and into dust returne: and editor, But when thy Sprite thou sends them to “ Jam lector queriturque, deficitque,
renew, All fresh doth flowrish, Earth regaines her
Jam librarius hoc et ipse dicit! hue.”
Ohe jam satis est, ohe libelle.-MARTIAL. (A Paraphrase of the civ. Psalme, by David
( To be continued.) Myrray. Edinburgh, printed by Andro Hart, 1615, 4to.)
There was a little volume, which comes within our notice, printed at LETTER FROM ANDREW FAIRSERVICE, this time, now of rare occurrence, with
JUN. TO DOCTOR NICOL JARVIE. this title: “ The Mindes Melodie. Contayning certayne Psalmes of the Kinglie Prophete Dauid, applyed to
MY DEAR DOCTOR, a new pleasant tune, verie comfort. Allow me to congratulate you on the able to euerie one that is rightlie successful termination of your remonacquainted therewith. Edinburgh, strances regarding the abuses in the printed be Robert Charteris, 1605,” management of the University Library. 8vo. These certain Psalmes are four. Your spirited epistle, which appeared teen in number ; but the “ new plea- in Blackwood's Magazine a few months sant tune” spoken of, is as uncertain ago, put the good folks of the College as the name of the author.
into a state of violent fermentation, This recalls to our mind the cu- and created a strong and universal rious notice, in the foresaid paper, interest in this town. The public has respecting the gratuitous offer made ever since been standing on the tiptoe by Montgomery and other Poets, to of expectation, looking either for a versify the Psalms anew. We wish reply from the able pen of some of this information had been more par- the writing Professors, or for their ticular. The time when, and the silent acquiescence in the justice of names of the Poets who concurred your remarks, testified by the removal with him in making this offer, are of the grievances libelled, and by the equally unknown. The few Psalms adoption of the measures recommended that are known to exist by Mont- by Dr Nicol Jarvie. The frequent gomery, are composed to peculiar appearance of John Maclaughlan, patunes, evidently in imitation of the rading the courts with his mace, and Wedderburns, whose godly hymns gown, and solemn visage,—the busy and verses were adapted to the mea- bustling looks of the Professors, sures of “ prophaine sangis.". Thus report from Archie Cameron's, that the first Psalm is to the tune of “ The the Faculty had been sitting, during Solsequium," and the “ 2 psal. to the several successive days, to a late hour, Tone of In thro the To." As some of in deep divan,-all these circumstances these Psalms are preserved in the Ban- were well known in the town, and natyne MS., a volume written in 1568, portended that something was in the it carries the period of their composi- wind. At last our anxious curiosity sion farther back than is generally has been satisfied. Your exertions supposed. Only the 1st and 23d have been crowned with their merited Psalms have yet been printed; these success. The professors have at last are generally found along with Mont- unbolted the doors of the library, that gomery's well-known and admired al- the students may enter in. Thanks legorical poem, The Cherrie and the to your spirited and patriotic mediaSlae.
tion. Vol. III.
· We are indebted to you, Sir, for tative of the illustrious Millar. He, having tought and conquered in our as you well know, had always been cause. There is now no Student, even incensed against the abettors of the the son of the most humble parents, system of depriving the students of who can plead the want of opportunity their just rights, and he dexterously as an excuse for his ignorance.
took advantage of the tide of popular Having deposited the small sum of opinion, excited by your letter; and five shillings (the price of subscription which, in a country like ours, must, fixed by the wisdom of the Faculty), ever in the long-run, bear down all I now enjoy, in common with my the obstacles which the selfishness and fellow-students, the unspeakable be- barbarity of individuals, or of bodies nefit of free access to the fountain of of men, may raise in opposition to what knowledge in these parts,-of sharing, is calculated to cherish the spirit of in company with the professors and free inquiry, and of literary enthusitheir families, a benefit which all of asm. By his prudence and zeal he us agree in estimating at a very high has brought about that revolution, rate. I have already, Sir, (thanks to which you, and all of us, had so much your manly exertions,) luxuriated in at heart. He has, in one word, apthe pages of the Poet of Order,-tra- proved himself worthy of that truly velled the Low Countries with your great man, whose blood flows in his friend the facetious Professor Muir- veins; and I trust that we shall never head, sucking in the ineffable waggery fail to pay our humble tribute of reof his jokes, -and tuned my voice to spect and gratitude to one who has the expression of all those high, he- fought and conquered in our cause. roic feelings, those most divine affla- I trust that the victory now gained tus, which characterise and adorn the is the earnest of great things yet to poetry of our British Tyrtaeus. Mis- come,-the earnest of more liberality take me not. I mention not these par- in the general management of Univerticulars from any feeling of vanity (at sity concerns on the part of the Prowhich I spurn), but by way of reply to fessors, and of a more watchful eye an accusation frequently brought for- on the part of the Students, and of ward by the worthy but mistaken pro- more spirited opposition from them to fessors, viz. “ That it is useless to every semblance of encroachment on open the library to the students, be- their rights. The Students (if they cause they read nothing but the trash.” are not stark-blind), must now per
When my friend, Professor- ceive, that although deprived of many gave me the account of the new decree of those privileges in which they were of the Faculty touching the library, vested by the founder of the college, my heart first beat with gratitude to still, in the present day, if they have you, who had the glory of being prime one soul and one mind, nothing detrimover in a business so powerfully af. mental to their interests can be firmly fecting the state of letters in this part established. The Professors, although of Scotland. Sir, you stand deservedly living within walls of their own at the top of your profession in this breathing an atmosphere of their own place, and are equally distinguished -exercising a jurisdiction of their above the herd of practitioners, by the own-enjoying funds of their own depth and extent of your information, writing books of their own-although as by your skill in the practice of possessing all the essentials of a disphysic. But, Sir, I believe you now tinct and chartered community, are stand higher than you ever did before; still amenable to the tribunal of puband however much you may be envied lic opinion. and calumniated by scurvy wits (for Rumours are afloat at present with scribes must scribble, and genius must respeet to certain intended innovapay its tax), be not discouraged. Pur- tions as to the college garden. The sue the same course which you have same hand, I feel convinced, which begun, and you will never cease to has opened the library, will prehave the noble-spirited and the good vent the field of recreation from beto love and admire you.
ing converted into a suburb of soapThere is another individual who has works and cotton-mills. When you exerted himself with zeal like yours in are so near its site, may I hope that defeniling the cause of the students. you will perhaps vouchsafe a single His name I cannot pass over in silence. visit, en passant, to the Hunterian MuNeed I mention that of the represen- seum. Adieu ! sir; there has not