« НазадПродовжити »
we came to the chapel of Henry the Seventh, crowd of reflections ! No, Gray, and forty all solemnity and decorum ceased ; no or- church-yards, could not furnish so many; der was observed, people sat or stood where nay, I know one must feel them with greatthey could or would; the yeomen of the er indifference than I possess, to have pa. guard were crying out for help, oppressed tience to put them into verse. Here I am, by the immense weight of the coffin ; the probably for the last time of my life, though bishop read sadly, and blundered in the not for the last time, every clock that strikes prayers; the fine chapter, man that is born tells me I am an hour nearer to yonder of a woman, was chanted, not read; and church-that church, into which I have not the anthem, besides being immeasurably yet had courage to enter, where lies that mo. tedious, would have served as well for a ther on whom I doated, and who doated on me! nuptial. The real serious part was the There are the two rival mistresses of Houghfigure of the Duke of Cumberland, height ton, neither of whom ever wished to enjoy ened by a thousand melancholy circum it! There too lies he, who founded its great. stances. He had a dark brown adonis, and ness, to contribute to whose fall Europe was a cloak of black cloth, with a train of five embroiled; there he sleeps in quiet and yards. Attending the funeral of a father dignity, while his friend and his foe, rather could not be pleasant : his leg extremely his false ally and real enemy,
N e bad, yet forced to stand upon it near two and B h , are exhausting the dregs of hours ; his face bloated and distorted with their pitiful lives in squabbles and pamphhis late paralytic stroke, which has affected, lets. too, one of his eyes, and placed over the “The surprise the pictures gave me is mouth of the vault, into which, in all pro- again renewed : accustomed for many years babitity, he must himself so soon descend; to see nothing but wretched daubs and varthink how unpleasant a situation ! He bore nished copies at auctions, I look at these as it all with a firm and unaffected countenance, enehantment. My own description of them This grave scene was fully contrasted by seems poor ; but shall I tell you truly, the the burlesque Duke of N
He fell majesty of Italian ideas almost sinks before into a fit of crying the moment he came the warm nature of Flemish colouring ; into the chapel, and Aung himself back in alas ! don't I grow old ? My young imagia stall, the archbishop hovering over him nation was fired with Guido's ideas ; must with a smelling-bottle; but in two minutes they be plump and prominent as Abishag his curiosity got the better of his hypocrisy, to warm me now? Does great youth feel and ran about the chapel with his glass, to with poetic limbs, as well as see with poetic spy who was or was not there, spying with eyes? In one respect I am very young, I one hand, and mopping his eyes with the cannot satiate myself with looking : an inother. Then returned the fear of catching cident contributed to make me feel this cold ; and the Duke of Cumberland, who more strongly. A party arrived, just as I was sinking with heat, felt himself weighed did, to see the house, a man and three wodown, and turning round, found it was the men in riding dresses, and they rode post Duke of N- standing upon his train through the apartments. I could not hurry to avoid the chill of the marble. It was before them fast enough ; they were not so very theatric to look down into the vault, long in seeing, for the first time, as I could where the coffin lay, attended by mourners have been in one room, to examine what I with lights. Clavering, the groom of the knew by heart. I remember formerly bebed-chamber, refused to sit up with the ing often diverted with this kind of seers ; body, and was dismissed by the King's they come, ask what such a room is called, order.
in which Sir Robert lay, write it down, adI have nothing more to tell you, but a mire a lobster or a cabbage in a market. trifle, a very trifle. The king of Prussia piece, dispute whether the last room was has totally defeated Marshall Daun. This, green or purple, and then hurry to the inn which would have been prodigious news a for fear the fish should be over-dressed. month ago, is nothing to-day; it only takes How different my sensations! not a picture its turn among the questions, “ who is to here but recalls a history ; not one, but I be groom of the bed-chamber? what is Sir remember in Downing Street or Chelsea, T. Robinson to have ?” I have been to Lei. cester-fields to-day; the crowd was immo though seeing them as little as these travelderate; I don't believe it will continue so. lers ! Good night.”
" When I had drank tea, I strolled into The next letter is by far the best in the garden ; they told me it was now called the whole collection. It is written at
the pleasure-ground. What a dissonant the time of his election for Lynn. He
idea of pleasure ! those groves, those allées,
where I have passed so many charming moslept a couple of nights at Houghton
ments, are now stripped up or overgrown in going and returning.
-many fond paths I could not unravel, “ Houghton, March 23, 1761.--Here I though with a very exact clue in my memoam at Houghton ! and alone! in this spot, ry, I met two gamekeepers, and a thousand where (except two hours last month) I have hares ! In the days when all my soul was not been in sixteen years! Think, what a tuned to pleasure and vivacity (and you will
think, perhaps, it is far from being out of it all cheerfully; nay, liave sat hours in tune yet), I hated Houghton and its soli. conversation, the thing upon the earth that tude; yet I loved this garden, as now, with I hate, have been to hear Misses play on many regrets, I love Houghton ; Hough. the harpsichord, and to see an alderman's ton, 'I know not what to call it, a monu. copies of Rubens and Carlo Marat. Yet to ment of grandeur or ruin! How I have do the folks justice, they are sensible, and wished this evening for Lord Bute! how I reasonable, and civilized ; their very lancould preach to him! For myself, I do not guage is polished since I lived among them. want to be preached to; I have long con I attribute this to their more frequent insidered how every Balbec
must wait for the tercourse with the world and the capital, by chance of a Mr Wood. The servants want. the help of good roads and post-chaises, ed to lay me in the great apartment-what, which, if they have abridged the King's doto make me pass my night as I have done minions, have at least tamed his subjects. my evening? were like proposing to Well, how comfortable it will be to-morrow, Margaret Roper to be a duchess in the to see my parroquet, to play at loo, and not court that cut off her father's head, and be obliged to talk seriously! The Heraclitus imagining it would please her. I have of the beginning of this letter will be overchosen to sit in my father's little dressing. joyed, on finishing it, to sign himself your room, and am now by his scrutoire, where, old friend,
DEMOCRITUS. in the height of his fortune, he used to re P.S. I forgot to tell you that my ancient ceive the accounts of his farmers, and de. aunt Hammond came over to Lynn to see ceive himself, or us, with the thoughts of me; not from any affection, but curiosity. his economy. How wise a man at once, and The first thing she said to me, though we how weak! For what has he built Hough. have not met these sixteen years, was, ton? for his grandson to annihilate, or for “ child, you have done a thing to-day, that his son to mourn over. If Lord Burleigh your father never did in all his life ; you could rise and view his representative drive sat as they carried you, he always stood the ing the Hatfield stage, he would feel as I whole time." Madam,” said I,“ when feel now. Poor little Strawberry! at least I am placed in a chair, I conclude I am to it will not be stripped to pieces by a de. sit in it; besides, as I cannot imitate my scendant! You will find all these fine me father in great things, I am not at all am ditations dictated by pride, not by philoso- bitious of mimicking him in little ones." I phy. Pray consider through how many me am sure she proposes to tell her remarks to diums philosophy must pass, before it is my uncle Horace's ghost, the instant they purified how often must it weep, how
“ Arlington Street, April 16, 1761.
You will be pleased with the anacreontic, often burn !'
written by Lord Middlesex upon Sir Harry “ My mind was extremely prepared for Bellendine: I have not seen any thing so all this gloom by parting with Mr Conway antique for ages ; it has all the fire, poetry, yesterday morning; moral reflections or and simplicity of Horace. common places are the livery one likes to wear, when one has just had a real misfor. In solemn dirge, while tapers shine
“ Ye sons of Bacchus, come and join tune. He is going to Germany; I was glad Around the grape-embossed shrine to dress myself up in transitory Houghton, Of honest Harry Bellendine. in lieu of very sensible concern. To-morrow I shall be distracted with thoughts, at Pour the rich juice of Bourdeaux's wine, least images of very different complexion. I Mixed with your falling tears of brine, go to Lynn, and am to be elected on Friday. In full libation o'er the shrine I shall return hither on Saturday, again Of honest Harry Bellendine. alone, to expect Burleighides on Sunday, Your brows let ivy chaplets twine, whom I left at Newmarket. I must once in my life see him on his grandfather's While you push round the sparkling wine, throne.
And let your table be the shrine “ Epping, Monday night, thirty-first.- Of honest Harry Bellendine.' No, I have not seen him ; he loitered on “ He died in his vocation, of a high fethe road, and I was kept at Lynn till yes- ver, after the celebration of some orgies.” terday morning. It is plain I never knew for how many trades I was formed, when For the present, we shall here terat this time of day I can begin electioneer- minate our extracts from this most aing, and succeed in my new vocation. musing and interesting corresponThink of me, the sul of a mob, who dence; as the book is very dear, howwas scarce ever before in a mob, addressing ever, and not likely to fall into many them in the town-hall, riding at the head of hands, we shall perhaps recur, at some two thousand people through such a town as Lynn, dining with above two hundred of future period, to what we consider them, amid bumpers, huzzas, songs, and one of the richest repositories of anestobacco, and finishing with country dancing dote, that have of late years been openat a ball and sixpenny whisk! I have borne ed to the public.
THE TALE OP IVAN.
“ Suffer thyself to be struck twice ( Translated from the Cornish.)
before thou strikest once, for that is
the most prudent quality of all." MR EDITOR,
11 Then Ivan would not serve any I HAVE sent you the following trans- longer,—but he would go home to his lation of one of the “ Inabinogi,” or wife. Not to-day, replied his master; tales for the instruction of youth, my wife bakes to-morrow, and she which is chiefly curious, as it is the shall make thee a cake to take home to only tale that I am aware of which thy wife. is in existence in the Cornish language;
12 And they put the nine pounds at the same time, it may not be dis in the cake. And when Ivan was agreeable to some of your readers, to about to take his leave, -Here, said see how the ancients of the times gone his master, is a cake for thee to take by conveyed their lessons of instruc home to thy wife; and when thou tion to the young. It is to be found and thy wife are most joyous together, in the 251, 252, pp. of Llwyd's Archæ then break the cake and not sooner. ologia Britannica, with a Welsh trans 13 Fair leave he took-and towards lation annexed. Yours, Pwy.
home (“ Tref,” i.e. town) he travelled, Jesus College, Oxford, 23d April 1818.
and at last he came to Wayn-Iler, and there he met three merchants
from Tre Rhyn, persons of his own pa. I There were formerly a man and rish, coming hoine from woman living in the parish of Llanla. 14 Kaer Ésk fair (Exeter). Oho! van, in the place which is called Ty. Ivan, said they, come with us,-joyHwrdh.
ful are we to see you. Where have 2 And (the) work became scarce you been so long? and therefore said the man to his wife, 15 I have been, said Ivan, in serI will go and search for work, and you vice, and now I am going home to my may live here.
wife. Oh! said they, come with us, 3 He took fair leave, and travelled and thou shalt be welcome. far towards the East; and at last he 16 And they took the new road, and came to the house of a husbandman Ivan kept the old. (Villanus), and asked there for work 17 And as they were going by the to perform.
fields of the houses in the meadow, 4 What work canst thou perform ? not having gone far from Ivan, robbers said the husbandman. I can perform fell upon them: every kind of work, said Ivan. Then 18 And they began to cry out, and they agreed for three pounds as the with the cry which the merchants hire of a year.
made, Ivan also shouted Thieves ! 5 And when the end of the year thieves ! came, his master shewed him the three19 And at the shout which Ivan pounds. Look Ivan, said his master: gave, the robbers left the merchants. here are thy wages. But if thou wilt And when they came to Market-Joy, give them me again, I will teach thee there they met again. a point of doctrine.
20 Oh, Ivan! said they, we are 6 Give them to me, said Ivan. No, bound to thee,--had it not been for I will not, replied his master, I will thee, we should have been lost men. explain it to thee. Keep you them, Come with us, and thou shalt be wel. said Ivan. Then, said his master, come. “ Take care not to leave the old road, 21 And when they were entering for the sake of a new road."
the house where they were accustom7 Then they agreed for another ed to lodge,-I must, said Ivan, see year for the same wages : and when the man of the house. the end of the year was come-(the 22 The host! replied they ; what same conversation takes place as in dost thou want with the host ? here Nos, 5 and 6, till the master delivers we have the hostess, and she is young. his second aphorism, which is),- If thou must see the host, go to the " Take care not to lodge where a young kitchen, and thou shalt see him. woman is married to an old man.” 23 And when he came to the kite
9-10 (The same conversation, &c. chen, he saw the host, and he was an takes place for the third year, and the old man, and weak, and turning the master delivers his third aphorism), spit.
24 Oh! quoth Ivan, here I will not with them; but that time he would lodge-but in the next house. Not not, but would go home to his wife. yet, replied they ; sup with us, and 39 Then when he had separated thou shalt be welcome.
from the merchants, he foolishly spent 25 Now, as to the woman of the his time to try his wife, whether she house, she conspired with a certain proved constant to him, whether she monk in the town, to murder the old did or did not. man in his bed that night, while the 40 And when he came to the door, rest were asleep, and lay the murder he heard some one else in the bed ; on the merchants.
he placed his hand on his dagger to 26 And while Ivan was in bed, slay them both ; but he recollected there was a hole in the pine-end of that he ought to suffer twice before he the house, and he saw a light, and he struck once. rose out of his bed and listened, and 41 And he came out again, and heard the monk speaking; and the then he knocked. Who is there, in monk turned his back upon the hole- the name of God ? said she. “ perhaps," said he, “there is some 42 I am here, replied Ivan. In one in the next house who may see the name of Mary, whom do I hear, our horrid deeds:"—And with that said she ; if you are Ivan, come in.the adultress, with her paramour, put Bring you also a light, said Ivan.the old man to death.
Then she brought a light. 27 In the meantime, however, Ivan 43 And when Ivan was come in, as with his knife cut, through the hole, a I was advancing to the door, said he, pretty round piece of the monk's gown. I heard some one else in the bed.
28 And the next morning the adul 44 Oh! Ivan, replied she, when tress began to cry aloud, because her you determined to go away, I was beloved was murdered; and as there three months gone with child; and was neither man nor child in the now we have a beautiful infant in the house except the merchants, they ought bed,-gracious in the sight of God to be hanged on his account.
29 Then they were taken and car 45 Replied Ivan, I will tell thee,ried to prison, and at last Ivan came my master and my mistress gave me a to them.
cake, and told me, when 30 Alas, alas! Ivan, said they, a wife should be most joyful together, hard fate attends us; our host was that we should break the cake and killed last night, and we shall be hang- not sooner. And now we have cause ed for him.
to be joyful. 31 Aha! request the justices, said 46 Then they broke the cake, and Ivan, to summon those who commit- there were nine pounds in the cake; ted this heinous crime before hem. and the money they had, and the
32 Who knows, replied they, who bread they eat; and there never was committed the crime? Who commit an idle word nor strife between them ted the crime ! said Ivan. If I know afterwards. And so it ends. not how to prove who committed the crime, I will suffer myself to be hanged in their stead.
33 Explanation replied they—(Nos 33, 34, and 35,-Ivan repeats what he had seen, and produces the piece of Dialogue II.-On Natural Religion. the gown in evidence.)
36 And with that the merchants “ Since we have come upon this view had their liberty, and the woman and of the subject,” continued Philo, the monk were hanged.
“ which I confess has occupied much 37 Then they came together out of of my thoughts, it may perhaps afford Market-Joy (Marchnad-Joy-Thurs- you some entertainment, and may be day market). And they said, come a collateral proof of my argument, if I with us as far as Coed Carrn yr Wyl- enter a little into a few metaphysical fa (the Wood of the heap of stones of niceties, which seem to be less apprewatching), in the parish of Burnian. hended than they might, in conse
38 There two roads separated, and quence of men overlooking this great the merchants wished Ivan to go home foundation of all belief, the constant
may he be !
DIALOGUES ON NATURAL AND RE
perception possessed by the human our views and apprehensions, were it mind, that it moves within the sphere a constant source of delusion and unof design and intelligence. What, for certainty: were these its characters, instance, if we spend a few words on I really do not think we could say it the famous question about the exist- had any other existence than we are ence of the material world ?”
apt to ascribe to a troublesome dream ; “ In the name of Heaven,” said and at present it may have no other Cleanthes, “what can you propose by existence than as the lofty language running into an inquiry so obscure, in which we are addressed by the and which has brought some very Supreme Intelligence.” profound metaphysicians into conclu á Not far from Berkeley, however,” sions so remote from common appre- said Cleanthes. hension ? Perhaps, like Bishop Berke “ I mean,” replied Philo, “ that ley, you propose to deny the existence when we say we believe there is an of matter, with a view of proving, in external world, our meaning is, we a more spiritual manner than is usually have entire trust and confidence about resorted to, the existence of God. The it. Why? Because we see it is a attempt, however, you must be well system, and therefore involves a prinaware, is dangerous ; for when first ciple of mind upon which we can deprinciples of belief are once unhinged, pend. In fact, the word belief means the steps by which we arrive at the nothing else but the feeling of trust. existence of the divine mind soon van- Nobody will pretend to say what the ish from our eyes."
material world is, of what kind of “ I have no intention,” replied being or substance it consists, or that
to be so sceptical as you it is any thing more than a somewhat imagine. I have no doubt of the ex« about which we have an assurance, istence of matter; but it is of some and with a reference to which we act consequence, in a speculative view, without any kind of distrust; which (as agents, the inquiry need not be is more than can be said of dreams or made,) to know what we mean when reveries.” we say there is a material world.” I suspect, after all, this is the idea “We mean,” said Cleanthes, “ that which Berkeley meant to express, but the objects which we see and touch that he was rather strong in his manactually exist." “ What is the proof ner of stating it. He says often, that of their existence ?" said Philo. “Cer- he believes there is a material world, tainly our senses,” replied Cleanthes and that his belief does not differ from “ Our senses,” said Philo,“ only that which is commonly entertained. prove that we see and feel ; but sense He cannot indeed separate the object cannot assure us that there is any perceived from the act of perception. thing seen or felt.” “ Perhaps, then, I admit that we have an impression of said Cleanthes, “ I cannot tell you these being distinct things ; but I say. how the belief comes; but we have we should not have this impression, it, and that is enough.”
unless our perceptions were of things " But,” said Philo," I think I see orderly and consistent. The ordering both whence it comes and what it is. and arranging of our perceptions, we All our perceptions of the external are conscious, does not proceed from world are consistent, regular, system- ourselves. It is clearly, then, the atic: they all convey, therefore, the work of another mind. The existence, impression of design, and our minds therefore, of a supreme mind is conperceive this character in them as stantly impressed upon our minds by elearly as our senses are impressed the scene of external existence; and with the perceptions themselves. It this, I inaintain, is at least as certain is from this character, in fact, that an impression as that of the existence they derive the aspect and form of of external objects themselves, although reality, and that we can distinguish my argument goes to prove that it is them from dreams and imaginations. more certain, and that it is in conseWere there nothing steady and con- quence only of the regularity and consistent, nothing that bore the impress sistency of the material world, that of order and plan, in external nature; any fixed impression remains with us did it appear for a moment, and then of its actual existence. According to vanish from our eyes : instead of being this view, therefore, we perceive that å system which assists and promotes mind exists, before we have any steady