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the mean minimum temperature. The whole month has been, in every respect, more un. favourable than March 1818. The mean temperature is scarcely 2 degrees lower, and the rain more than double.

METEOROLOGICAL TABLE, extracted from the Register kept on the Banks of
the Tay, four miles east from Perth, Latitude 56° 25', Elevation 185 feet.

MARCH 1818.
Means.

Extremes.
THERMOMETER. Degrees.

THERMOMETER.

Degrees. Mean of greatest daily heat,

43.1 Maximum,

31st day,

51.5 ........... cold, 31.8 Minimum, • 10th,

25.0 ... temperature, 10 A, M. 30.3 Lowest maximum, 22d

36.0 ......... 10 P. M. 36.0 Highest minimum, 29th,

38.0 .. of daily extremes, 37.4 Highest, 10 A. M. 29th,

47.5 .... 10 A. M. and 10 P. M.

57.1 Lowest ditto, .

11th,

32.5 .... 4 daily observations, 37.5 Highest, 10 P. M. 18th,

46.5 Whole range of thermometer, 349.5 Lowest ditto . 10th,

29.5 Mean daily ditto, 10.6 Greatest range in 24 hours, 31

18.5 ... temperature of spring water, . 38.5 J Least ditto,

220,

6.0
BAROMETER.
Inches.
BAROMETER.

Inches.
Mean of 10 A. M. (temp. of mer. 12) 29.215 Highest, 10 A. M.

31st,

30.542 ..... 10 P. M. (temp. of mer. 12) 29.232 Lowest ditto,

5th,

28.02) ..... both, (temp. of mer, 42)

29.9.3 Highest, 10 P. M.

31st,

30.310 Whole range of barometer,

11.259 Lowest ditto,

7th,

28.328 Mean daily ditto, . .363 Greatest range in 24 hours, 3d,"

.804 Least ditto,

51st,
HYGROMETER (LESLIE'S.) Degrees.
Mean dryness, 10 A. M. . . .

12.8
HYGROMETER.

Degrees.
... 10 P. M.

8.3 Highest, 10 A. M.

27th,

27.0 ... of both,

10.6 Lowest ditto,

22d,

2.0 .... point of deposition 10 A. M.

29.1
Highest, 10 P. M.

30th,

15.0
.. .
. . . ..

€9.9
... ... 10 P. M.
Lowest ditto,

2.0) :::::::....... of both, . 29.5 Highest P. of D. 10 A. M. 29th,

41.8 Rain in inches, 2.199 Lowest ditto,

11.6 Evaporation in ditto, 1.310 Highest P. of D. io P. M. 18th,

43.0 Mean daily Evaporation, . . . .0-12 Lowest ditto,

10th,

19.9 WILSON'S HYGROMETER.

WILSON'S HYGROMETER. Mican dryness, 10 A. M. . . . . 26.2

Greatest dryness, 27th, rO A. M. . . 46.0 ........ 10 P. M.

. . 21.2 Least ditto, 20, 10 P. M. . . 4.0 Fair days 13; rainy days 18. Wind west of meridian 27; East of meridian 1.

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27th,

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METEOROLOGICAL TABLE, extracted from the Register kept at Edinburgh, in

the Observatory, Calton-hill. N.B.-The Observations are made twice every day, at nine o'clock, forenoon, and four o'clock, after. noon. The second Observation in the afternoon, in the first column, is taken by the Register

Thermometer.

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BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS.

BIRTHS.

In North St David Street, Edinburgh, Mrs Jan. 6. At Quebec, the lady of the Rev. Ford, a son. J. L. Mills, a daughter. Feb. 27. At Backford Hall, Cheshire, the

MARRIAGES. lady of William Egerton, Esq. a daughter. Sept. 22. At Trichinopoly, Major Gilles

At Richmond House, the Countess of pie, of the 4th regiment of native cavalry, March, a son and heir.-In St James's to Miss Ansell, niece to Mr Andrews, judge Square, London, the Duchess of Northum- at Trichinopoly. berland, a still-born child.-At Woolwich, Feb. 10. At Edinburgh, John Munsie, the Lady of Major John Sutherland Sinclair, Esq. surgeon, Thornhill, to Miss Anna royal artillery, a daughter.--28. At Rossie Torrie, daughter of the late Captain Torrie, House, Perthshire, Mrs Oliphant of Rossie, royal navy.--24. At Ely, Fife, Mr John a daughter.—At Marseilles, Mrs Cuningham Ovenston, shipmaster, to Miss Isabella CarGraham of Gartmore, a son.

stairs, second daughter of the late Mr John March 1. In Hertford Street, London, Carstairs.- 25. At Edinburgh, Charles the Countess of Clonmell, a son.-2. At Stewart, Esq. of Borland, to Miss M. MacEagleshurst, Hants, the Right Hon. the gregor.- 26. At Greenock, Mr Charles Countess of Cavan, a son.--Mrs John Tod, M.Kenzie of the General Post-office, EdinCharlotte Square, Edinburgh, a daughter. burgh, to Marion, youngest daughter of -3. Mrs Cleghorn, Dundas Street, Edin. Captain George Johnston.27. At Largo, burgh, a son.-4. At Eildon Hall, the lady Fife, Mr George Wilkie, farmer, Cotton of of L. Legge, Esq. a daughter.--At Kincar. Durie, to Elizabeth, youngest daughter of dine Manse, Ross-shire, Mrs Macbean, a the late Mr John Ness, Greenock.-28. At son.—7. Mrs Gillanders of Highfield, a son.' Martin's, in the Fields, London, G. V. -At Tunbridge Wells, the lady of Major Oughton, Esq. to Magdalen, eldest daughM.Dougall, a daughter.–At West View. ter of the late Alexander Dunbar, Esq. of field, near Newhaven, Mrs Colonel Max- Nairn. well, a daughter.-8. Mrs Patison, Aber. March 3. At Montrose, Mr John Brown, cromby Place, Edinburgh, a daughter. merchant in Kirriemuir, to Jessie, youngest Mrs Elouis, a son.-At Kenmure, the lady daughter of the late Francis Souter, sur. of Archibald Stirling, Esq. a son.-13. Mrs veyor of the customs.-4. At Sweetbank, Church, Langlce, a son. --Mrs P. Kinnear, Mr Robert Russell, jun. tenant, Newton younger of Lochton, a son and heir.-At of Markinch, to Isabella, eldest daughter of Belvidere, in the vicinity of Aberdeen, the Mr Neil Ballingal, factor to General Ballady of John Robertson, Esq. of Foveran, a four of Balbirnie.-5. At St George's, Hanoson.--15. At Ghent, the lady of Major ver Square, London, Viscount Newport, eld. Henry Balneavis, a son.–At his house in est son of the Earl of Bradford, to Georgina Grosvenor Place, London, the lady of Hen. Elizabeth, only daughter of Sir Thomas ry Hobhouse, Esq. one of his majesty's un- Moncrieff, bart. of Moncrieff, county of der secretaries of state, a son.-16. At Edin. Perth.-10. At Arbroath, Peter Brown, burgh, Mrs Court, a daughter.-In Bur. Esq. late of Bombay, to Mary, third daughlington Street, London, the Marchioness of ter of the Rev. George Gleig, minister of Anglesey, a son.—Mrs Bridges, Dundas the gospel there.-12. At St Mary's, LamStreet, Edinburgh, a daughter.-18. At beth, James William Wallack, Esq. of the his house in Prince's Street, Edinburgh, Theatre-royal, Drury-Lane, to Georgiana the lady of A. Munro, Esq. a daughter. Susanna, daughter of John Johnstone, Esq. Mrs Yule, Broughton Place, a son.–19. of the same theatre.-At Edinburgh, Mr At Darnhall, the Hon. Mrs Oliphant Mur. Gilbert Handyside, Inveresk, to Mary Anne, ray, a son.—At Portobello, Mrs Alexander daughter of Mr David Murray, sen. CaltonMercer, a daughter.-20. At Wharton Place, hill.-13. At the house of Richard A. OsMrs Dunbar, a daughter. At Irvine, Mrs wald, Esq. Claremont Place, Glasgow, WilSillar, a daughter.-22. Mrs Crawford of liam, youngest son of the late William StirArdmillan, a daughter.--23. Mrs Robert. ling, Esq. of Kier, captain in the King's son, Gilmore Place, Edinburgh, a daugh- dragoon guards, to Mary, second daughter ter.-24. At Houstan, the lady of N. of the late John Anderson, Esq. banker in Shairp, Esq. younger of Houstan, a daugh. Lordon.- 16. At Redcastle, Lieutenant ter.-At Milton, Lady Hunter Blair, a son. Donald M‘Lean, 16th Foot, to Catharine, -25. At St John's Street, Edinburgh, Mrs daughter of Major Wilson, late of Pol. James Ballantyne, a daughter. -26. At maily.--Sir Charles Egleton Kent, bart. to Portobello, Mirs M. II. Scott, a son.-29. Lady Sophia Lygon, sister of the Earl of Beauchamp.-17. At Glenfeachan, Captain eldest son of Matthew Poole, Esq. M.D. John Campbell, 91st regiment, to Eliza. Waterford, Ireland.-At Kilwhanidy, John beth, daughter of the deceased John Ste- Martin, Esq. of Kilwhanidy.--AtAberdeen. venson, Esq. of Glenfeachan.-18. At Dun- Mr John Wilson, manufacturer, in the 67th dee, Mr William Ellett, merchant, to Miss year of his age.--21. At Penzance, in CornElizabeth Watson.--23. At Hawick, the wall, William Pearson, writer in Glasgow. Rev. Robert Shaw, minister of Ewes, to -22. At Edinburgh, Alexander Napier, Mary, daughter of the Rev. William H. one of his Majesty's household trumpeters Moncrieff, minister of Annan.- 24. In for Scotland.-At Loak, Mr James Duff, Scaleby Church, Andrew Hamilton, Esq. and on the 25th, Mrs Jean Bisset, his merchant, Leith, to Agnes, second daughter spouse ; the former in the 78th, and the of Rowland Fawcett of Scaleby Castle, Esq. latter in the 73d year of her age. This Cumberland. At Edinburgh, the Rev. venerable couple were interred in the same Patrick Macvicar, one of the ministers of grave, after having been married 52 years. Dundee, to Mrs Dymocke, relict of the late -At Dykehead, Helen Williamson, spouse Rev. James Dymocke.-27. At Edinburgh, to William Thomson, elder, in the parish Robert Henderson, Esq. of Chapelhope, to of Tweedsmuir. They had lived about 54 Miss Isabella Scott, daughter of the late Mr years in the married state, and their united William Scott, farmer in Single. At Pease- ages amount to 164; and a most singular bank, James Bruce, Esq. of Broomhill, to occurrence is, that during the whole of that Margaret, eldest daughter of Dr Robert long period, they never had a death in their Whitehead, physician, Hamilton.-31. At family, although they have had several Laurieston Place, Allan Buchanan, Esq. children.- 23. Miss Margaret Northesk merchant in Glasgow, to Grace, third daugh. Lindsay, youngest daughter of the late Jas ter of Mr John Crombie, dyer.

Lindsay Carnegie, Esq. of Boysack.- At

Morrishill, Mrs Barbara Sheddan, wife of DEATHS.

John Sheddan, Esq. of Morrishill.-At his June 12. At Calcutta, Major James Gor. house in New Street, Edinburgh, Captain don of the 15th regiment of native infantry, Edwin Horsburgh, one of the Minden he. deputy-adjutant-general at that presidency. rues, aged 82 years.--25. Lient.-Colonel

At Saharunpoor, in the East Indies, in George Robertson, late of the Canadian fenJuly last, Mr Crichton Ramsay, of the Ben- cibles.-At Geneva, Robert Whyte Melville, gal medical establishment, aged 30 years. Esq. of Strathkinness.-Jane, wife of the

August 27. At Madras, James B. Pen- Rev. Thomas Easton, minister of Kirrieder, M. D. surgeon in the service of the muir.-16. At his house in Union Place, Honourable East India Company, son of Aberdeen, Sir William Seton of Pitmedden, Thomas Pender, comptroller of his Majes. bart. aged 71.-28. At his house, Castle ty's stamp-duties.

Hill, Edinburgh, Mr John Brysson, musicSept. 15. At Coolbariak, near Dinapore, seller, Bank Street.-At her house, St John's James Robertson, Esq. surgeon in the Ho. Hill, Edinburgh, Miss Isabella Hutton of nourable East India Company's service on Slighs Houses, aged 95 years.-At Edinthe Bengal establishment, son of the late burgh, Mr Peter Drysdale, writingmaster. John Robertson, Esq. commissary of Peebles. March 3. At Musselburgh, Mary Rich

Oct. 23. Mr John M.Ewen, planter, ardson, spouse of Mr Thomas Thomson, Mount Pleasant, Trinidad.

candlemaker and tobacconist.-4. At Perth, Dec. 27. At Demerara, Mr Alexander Mr Robert Gray, glover; and on the 5th, Gentle, third son of the late Mr Alexander Mrs Jean Gray, wife of John Monteath, Gertle, Dunkeld.

surgeon.-5. At Edinburgh, Mr Silvester Jan. 10. At Jamaica, in Hanover parish, Doig, bookseller.---At Maine of Eastwood, Mr James M.Kechney, surgeon, son of the Mr John Givan, aged 83. At Dundee, Rev. W. M.Kechney, Musselburgh, in the Miss Isabella Anderson, daughter of the late 22d year of his age.-15. At St Mary's, David Anderson, Esq. of Balgay.---6. At Jamaica, Alexander Macdowall Grant, se- Cockenzie, near Prestonpans, Mr George cond son of David Macdowall Grant, Esq. Swan, baker, much regretted. At Tun. of Ardilly.-27. At Baleloch, the Rev. bridge Wells, John Viscount Kelburne, William Arbuckle, minister of the parish of eldest son of the Earl of Glasgow, aged 28. Uist.

-At his seat, Gawthorpe Hall, in the coun. Feb. 14. At the Retreat, Emma, the in- ty of Lancaster, Robert Shuttleworth, Esq. fant daughter of Alexander H. Hamilton, -At Inverkeithing, in the 620 year of his Esq. of Hullerhurst, in the county of Ayr, age, Mr Peter Miller.- 7. At Stirling and of the Retreat, in the county of Devon. Castle, D. J. French, Esq. ordnance store-16. At Middlegill, near Moffat, William keeper. William Gray, Esq. of Heathrey Ewart of Aldershaw, Esq.-At Kirkwall, Hall.-8. In Lower Grosvenor Street, LonJames Riddoch, Esq. of Cairston.-17. At don, the Hon. J. A. Stewart Wortley Mac. Aberdeen, Lieutenant Richard English, kenzie.-At Leith, Mr Alexander Christie, R. N.-18. At Glasgow, Mr John Mac. ironmonger.-- At Garry Cottage, Perthshire, arthur, iron-merchant.-19. At his father's James George, the infant son of Colonel bouse, in the 21st year of his age, William, Macdonnel of Glengarry, in the fourth week

of his age..At Edinburgh, Agnes Blackie and shared in, the many gallant exploits of Hardie, daughter of Ralph Hardie, writer, this distinguished corps, in Holland, Egypt, Brown's Square, aged five years.-At Ar. and in the Peninsula, &c. In the course of broath, Mr Alexander Louson, writer in those severe conflicts he was repeatedly Arbroath. At the manse of Montmail, in wounded, and was finally under the necessithemeth year of her age, Elizabeth Lawson, ty of retiring from the service, in consespouse of the Rev. Samuel Martin, D.D. quence of losing a leg by a cannon ball in 9. Charles, youngest son of Mr George Spain. Major Grant was much esteemed Henderson, Huntlywood. At Eweslees, by his brother officers and all who knew near Langholm, Mr Hugh Scott.-10. John him, on account of the strict honour and Drysdale, late surgeon in the Honourable manly frankness which eminently distinEast India Company's service, Bombay es. guished his character. To his relations he tablishment.--At Arniston House, Mr Tho. was generous and kind. He was in his mas Lamb of the Exchequer.-11. At Glas. 49th year, and was of the family of Tulloch. gow, John, the infant son of Mr James gorum, in Strathspey.-19. Ai Edinburgh, Denholm of the Glasgow Academy.- 13. Mr John Broadfoot, student of divinity. Suddenly, at her mother's house in Dublin At Belfield, Miss Duncan.-20. At the Street, Edinburgh, Miss Elizabeth Smail, Cairn of Lochryan, Licutenant James Adair, eldest daughter of the deceased John Smail, royal navy, son of Thomas Adair of Genoch, Esq. of Overmains, Berwickshire.At Cun- Esq. clerk to the signet.–At Glasgow, after ninghamhead, Mrs Snodgrass, spouse of a short illness, Mr James Denholm, of the Neil Snodgrass, Esq. of Cunninghamhead. Glasgow Academy, aged 45. Mr Denholm --At Greenock, Mr John Murray, aged 73, was author of the “ History of Glasgow,” laie engineer.--At No 94, Strand, London, and several other estimable works.-22. At Lieutenant Charles Maclaren, late of the Edinburgh, Mr James Bruce, merchant. 42d regiment, or Royal Highlanders, of a 23. At Greenock, John Kippen, Esq. in the protracted illness, from the wounds which 76th year of his age.-24. At Prior's Lynn, he received at the battle of Toulouse. He Dumfries-shire, Jane, second daughter of was a native of Edinburgh.--At Peebles, the late Captain Maxwell, aged 19.-At Miss Elizabeth Dick, aged 94, daughter of Dundee, Mrs Francis Sievwright, aged 75, the late Rev. Mr James Dick, one of the much regretted.-25. At Edinburgh, Mr ministers of Glasgow. At Williamheld, David Low, late of Dundee, aged 95. His Newhaven, Harriet, wife of John Mundell, wife died two years ago, aged 84, after hay. lieutenant, R. N.-14. At Brechin, in the ing lived together 65 years.-At Roxburgh 97th year of her age, Mrs M. Fergusson, Place, Mrs Jane Macnab, relict of Walter relict of the Rev. Mr Patrick Turnbull, 'Macfarlan, Esq. Ledard. late minister of the gospel at Strickathro. Lately At his house in South Audley 15. At Edinburgh, Hector Macneill, Esq. Street, the Honourable Sir George Berkeley, well known to the literary world as the au. K.G.C.B. admiral of the white, and admiral thor of " Will and Jean," and other justly and commander-in-chief of the Portuguese popular productions.-At Gayfield Square, navy, in the 65th year of his age. At Air. Edinburgh, Mary, second daughter of Hen- drie House, in the 88th year of her age, ry Porteous, Esq. Honourable East India Miss Aitchison of Rochsolioch and Airdrie. Company's service, St Helena.-At Leith, -At Broompark, Mrs Baird, relict of James Mr Alexander Neilson Lamb, solicitor and Baird, Esq. of Broompark.- In the island procurator-fiscal there. At her house in of Dominica, at the age of 19, Mr Alexander New Street, Edinburgh, Miss Margaret Carlyle Grierson, surgeon, only surviving Donaldson.-16. At Edinburgh, Sir John son of the Rev. R. Grierson, Nicolson Street, Stirling of Glorat, bart.-At Willow Bank, Edinburgh. At Berwick House, Lady Mrs Harley, daughter of John Laird, Esq. Catherine Frances Fielding, sister of the Greenock.-Suddenly, at Keith, Banffshire, Earl of Denbigh. At Gibraltar, Joseph from the bursting of a blood-vessel, Major Larcom, Esq. late a captain in his Majesty's Peter Grant, late of the 92d regiment, or navy, and naval commissioner of the island Gordon Highlanders. His zeal for the ser. of Malta.-At an advanced age, Mr Walvice induced him to join the army in Flan dron, an old and respectable member of the ders in 1793, as a volunteer. His services theatrical profession. In the hospital of having been noticed by the Marquis of Namur, aged 109, Maria Charlotte Cario. Huntly, his lordship appointed him to his She preserved to the last moment all her regiment upon its establishment in 1794. mental faculties, had a great appetite, and Major Grant was constantly present with, never was ill.

Oliver & Boyd, Printers

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No XIV.

MAY 1818.

VOL. III.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PATENT KA the inclined reflectors. The images

LEIDOSCOPE, INVENTED BY DR formed by one reflexion from each of BREWSTER.

the plates, lie on each side of the

direct aperture, and are inverted imThe Kaleidoscope is an instrument ages of that aperture ; the next two recently invented by Dr Brewster, for images, formed by two reflections, are the purpose of creating and exhibiting images not inverted, and so on throughan infinite variety of beautiful forms. out the whole series, every two direct The name is derived from the Greek images being separated by an inverted words, xxles, beautiful-sidos, a form one. and rustiw, to see.

From these observations it will be This instrument, in its simplest seen, that the Kaleidoscope is not an form, consists of two reflecting planes, instrument which produces beautiful made either of new plate glass or spec- forms by the multiplication of single ulum metal, ground perfectly flat, and forms ; for it is demonstrable, that a highly polished. The plates may be of symmetrical and beautiful pattern canany length, but that which is most con- not be produced by the repetition of venient will be found to be from 5 to any single form; and if it were possible 10, or 12 inches. Their breadth should to construct a multiplying glass with be about 8 or 9 tenths of an inch when mathematical perfection, and free of the length is 6 inches, but the breadth all the prismatic colours, it would be should increase with the length, in impossible to produce with it an arorder to have the aperture of the same rangement of simple forms, marked angular magnitude. Two of the edges with symmetry and beauty. The of these reflectors, after they are care- principle of the Kaleidoscope therefore fully ground to a straight line by the is, to produce symmetry and beauty finest emery, and freed from all rough- by the creation and subsequent multiness and imperfection, are placed to- plication of compound forms, each of gether, by a particular contrivance, in which is composed of a direct and an such a manner, that their inclination, inverted image of a simple form. or the angle which they form, is The tube which holds the reflecting exactly an even aliquot part of a circle, plates moves in another tube, and upon or a 4th, 6th, 8th, 10th, 12th, 14th, the outer end of this last tube is placed 16th, 18th, 20th, &c. part of 360° a brass cell, or cap, for receiving a series When the plates are thus fixed in a of object-plates, containing fragments brass tube, and the eye placed at one of differently coloured glass, and other end of them, it will perceive a circular substances, placed at random. When field of view, composed of as many one of these object-plates is pushed luminous sectors as the number of into the cell, the cell is placed upon times that the angle formed by the re- the end of the outer tube, and the inflectors is contained in 360°. These ner tube pushed in as far as it will go. sectors, excepting the one seen by The instrument being held in one direct vision, and constituting the an- hand, the cell containing the objectgular aperture of the plates, are a plate is moved round by the other ; series of images of this aperture, form- and the eye of the observer being placed ed by successive reflexions between at the narrow end of the tube, he will

VOL. III.

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