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with no club of more recent establishment than head. Ramping is probably the equivalent of White's. He says, in a note at the end, that he romping=rude, boisterous, violent. is going to write a complete history of the clubs

WM. PENGELLY. “depuis leur origine jusqu'à nos jours," but Torquay. whether any more has been printed or not I capnot tell.

C. A. WARD.

THE CORNISH LANGUAGE IN 1616.Mayfair.

“ England is diuided into 3 great Prouinces, or Coun.

tries, & euery of them speaking a seuerall and different THE BRANKS.-In the Mayor's chamber at Language, as English, Welsh, and Cornish ; and their Newcastle-upon-Tyne an ancient branks used to language (which is strange) alters upon the sodaine, he exhibited for the edification of scolds. This even as the Prouinces part: for in this Towne they instrument fitted over the head and locked behind ; the next Towne Cornish not understanding English,”

speak English and do not understand Cornish, and in a tongue piece projected, intended to enter the &c.—Hopton's A Concordancie of Yeares, 1616, p. 197. mouth to keep down the unruly member of the

T. D. subject operated upon. This instrument also, I am Exon. inclined to think, was in olden days in general use throughout the country, and was known in Wor

“TERRIFIED."—A labouring' man, a native of cestershire as “the cranks.” Brand figures it in Ashburton in this county, told me a short time his History, and gives the portrait of a woman ago that the work on which he had been engaged wearing it. Upon more than one occasion the for some days had been very difficult, and had Mayor of Newcastle has been obliged to interfere terrified him, meaning that it had irritated him. between two contending female witnesses, in cases I have often heard the word used thus both in brought before his worship, by most significantly South Devon and East Cornwall.

Wm. PENGELLY. pointing to the branks hanging against the wall of the chamber.

J. B. P.

Torquay. Barbourne, Worcester.

LADY-BIRD.—It is worth noting that this name EPITAPH ENGRAVED UPON A CANNON ON THE is applied in parts of the south of Ireland to the SUMMIT OF A Hill At Martha BRAY, JAMAICA.— willow-wren, Sylvia trochilus (Linn.). In parts of “Stranger, ere thou pass, contemplate this cannon, nor

Ulster it is called the “hay-bird,” from the fact regardless be told that near its base lies deposited the that its nest is chiefly composed of hay. In dust of John Bradshaw, who, nobly superior to selfish Ulster dialect “willow-wren * becomes “Sallyregards, despising alike the pageantry of courtly splen: wran."

W. H. PATTERSON. dour, the blast of calumny, and the terrors of royal

Belfast. vengeance, presided in the illustrious band of heroes and patriots who fairly and openly adjudged Charles Stuart, Tyrant of England, to a public and exemplary death,

YORKSHIRE SUPERSTITION.-I sold a calf the thereby presenting to the amazed world, and transmitting other day for 12s. 6d. The buyer asked for a “luck down through applauding ages, the most glorious example penny"; he would have been quite satisfied with a of unshaken virtue, love of freedom, and impartial penny, but as I thought he had bid me a good justice ever exhibited on the blood-stained theatre of price, and was taking it partly to oblige me, I human actions. O reader, pass not on till thou hast blessed his memory; and never forget that Rebellion to gave him the sixpence. He took it with hesitaTyrants is Obedience to God.”

tion, and a bystander observing, “Sixpence is bad J. C. J. luck,” I said, “Well, I have a threepence in my

pocket ; you shall have it instead of the sixpence. Musical Caxoxs.-On a fly-leaf of a copy of He gladly took it and gave me back the sixpence. John Playford's Whole Book of Psalms, with all

ELLCEE. the Ancient and Proper Tunes, London, 1697, I Craven. find the following manuscript note :“ Canons to find y* Mi & transpose Tunes.

Queries.
One Flat in B removes to E.
Flat B and E, and A's your Mi.

(We must request correspondents desiring information But Flat all three it's found in D.

on family matters of only private interest, to atfix their One Sharp, in F will set your Mi,

names and addresses to their queries, in order that the A second places it in C.

answers may be addressed to them direct.] A third removes it unto G."

THOMAS NORTH. DANTE.- As the two following statements are The Bank, Leicester.

exactly the reverse of one another, which is correct ?

Will an Italian, or an Englishman who is well "RAMPING IN HIS HEAD."—A working man, acquainted with Italy and its inhabitants, enlighten a native of Ashburton, South Devon, told me a me on this point ? short time since that his fellow workman had been

"** I don't wonder,' said Lord Byron, 'at the enthusiasm obliged to go home, as "he was ramping in his of the Italians about Dante. He is the poet of libertyhead," that is, he was suffering great pain in his ... There is no Italian gentleman, scarcely any well.

educated girl, that has not all the finer passages of give any information as to the authorship of these Dante at the finger's ends ; particularly the Ravennese.'" dramas ?

R. INGLIS. - Moore's Life of Byron, ed. 1860, p. 484.

“Even of his fellow-linguists how many have read his great poem through? One of themselves (quære, who?)

Two Tiny VOLUMES.-I have before me the has said it-few have gone beyond the Inferno; nay, following :-1. The New Testament in shorthand, most have stopped short at two passages of the Inferno- from engraved copper-plates, on leaves of thin Francesca da Rimini and il Conte Ugolino.”—Miss Ros- paper, printed on both sides ; the printed portions setti's Shadow of Dante, 1871, p. 1.

2 inches by 14. The engraved title has an angel Will some one kindly give me any references to holding up a cloth, bearing a shorthand inscription, Dante in English literature between Chaucer and followed byMilton? Sir Philip Sidney mentions him in his

“ Jeremiah Rich. London, Printed for the Authour, A pology for Poetry; and Upton thinks that the And are to be sold by Henry Eversden, under the Crown herbs and fruits “ direful deadly black, both leaf Tavern,' in West Smithfield. T. Cross, sculpsit.” and bloom,” in Spenser's Garden of Proserpina Facing the title, a portrait with these lines under: (Faerie Queene, bk. ii. c. vii. st. 51), may have been

“Fame & ye Picture speak, yet both are but suggested to the poet by Dante's description of

Shadows unto y Author; could the Cut the Wood of the Suicides (Inferno, c. xiii. v. 4):

Coppy his Art, this would be truly high "Non frondi verdi, ma di color fosco."

To have yo Picture speak his Quality. It is also possible that when the same poet

“1. I." wrote those fine lines (Faerie Queene, bk. iv.c. viii. The last leaf contains “ The Names of the Subst. 15)

scribers to this Incomparable Worke," eighteen in “ For he, whose days in wilful woe are worn,

number ; binding, old black calf gilt, gilt edges. The grace of his Creator doth despise,

2. “The Young Sportsman's Instructor in Angling, That will not use His gifts for thankless nigardise,"

Fowling, Hawking, Hunting, Ordering Singing Birds, he may have been thinking of the fate of the Hawks, Poultry, Coneys, Hares, and Dogs, and how to accidiosi (Inferno, vii. 121):

Cure them. By G. M. Sold at the Gold Ring' in “ Fitti nel limo dicon: Tristi fummo

Little Britain. "Price 6d." Pp. 140.
Nell' aer dolce che del Sol s' allegra,

Printed portions 15 by 15, exclusive of catch-
Portando dentro accidioso fummo.

words. Or ci attristiam nella belletta negra."

Frontispiece, à rude cut of an angler

catching a fish. Binding, russia ; lettered “MarkI am not aware, however, that Spenser has any ham.” Price marked inside, 2 guineas. Compare direct allusion to the great Tuscan poet. Does Lowndes, ed. 1834, p. 1213, col. i. Bacon mention him ?

I should be glad to know something as to the Although Dante is one of the four greatest poets rarity or value of these booklets. J. T. F. of the world (Homer, Shakspeare, and Milton Hatfield Hall, Durham. being the other three), I fancy Englishmen knew very little about him and his poetry until the pre- The Baron DEMBROWSKI.-In the year 1841 sent century. Here and there a choice spirit, like a very interesting volume of travels was published Milton or Gray, was acquainted with and appre- in Paris, entitled “Deux Ans en Espagne et en ciated him ; but to the great majority of even Portugal pendant la Guerre Civile, 1838-1840. intellectual men I suspect he was little more than Par le Baron C. Dembrowski.” I have been sura name. Our literature contains few traces of his prised that this entertaining book was never preglorious footsteps before the nineteenth century, sented in an English translation. It is very rich at least so far as I can ascertain.

in the popular songs of Spain. Is the author JONATHAN BOUCHER. living ? Did he write any other works? He was Bexley Heath.

a native of Italy, of Polish extraction.

BAR-Point. AUTHORSHIP OF Plays WANTED.-Can any of

Philadelphia. your American readers favour me with information regarding the authorship of two plays named in HERALDIC: EYRE FAMILY.-On a fifteenth W. Clapp's Records of the Boston Stage, 1853 ?- century font in the church of Hathersage, Derby1. The Jewess, a play [from the Book of Esther], shire, are the arms of Eyre and Padley carved in performed at the Lion Theatre, Boston, in or about the stone. Robert Eyre married Joan, the heiress Peb., 1836. Mrs. Hamblin enacted the character of Padley, and there is an altar tomb with brass of Esther, and Mr. Ingersoll that of Mordecai. 2. effigies to their memory. But on the font is a Alfred EUton, a play, written by a clergyman, third coat-a chevron between four trefoils slipped performed in or about April or May, 1851, at the —which I am anxious to identify. The same coat Howard Athenaeum, Boston ; Mr. Ayling, manager. is also over the porch, where there is also the coat I think Mr. John Brougham, the dramatist, was a of Eyre, and another illegible. member of the company at the time. Does F. C.

J. CHARLES Cox. Wemyss's Chronology of the American Stage, 1852, Cherin House, Belper.

once

a

MOATED PARSONAGES.- References to, or notices Shelley, when such have been met with in turning of, moated parsonages would be very acceptable.over old periodicals. Surely a full list of such The rectory house at Buxted, in Sussex, was for contributions would have an interest for many of merly surrounded by a moat, which is clearly shown your readers beside myself; and if there are any in an old plan of the glebe. At Chailey, in the owners of information who would prefer to write same county, is another example, of which Mr. direct to me, I shall be very glad to hear from Lower (Compendious Hist. Sussex, vol. i. p. 98) them at my address, as below. thus speaks “The rectory house has the singular

H. BUXTON FORMAN. appendage of a moat, whether for defence or to 38, Marlborough Hill, St. John's Wood, N.W. provide the ancient parsons with fish during Lent is uncertain.” What is the general opinion of

Man's DUTY TO ANIMALS.archæologists on this point ? E. H. W. D.

“ The Pope's recent dictum, that it is a theological

error to suppose that man owes any duty to animals, MEDAL AND TOKENS.— I have a medal. Obv., bust would have filled him with horror.” —-P. 154. of a foreign ecclesiastic; inscription : ION, GUIL. The above passage occurs in Miss Helen A GOLLEN SER. FERD. A . A .CONSIL . AD TR.PAC. Zimmern's Arthur Schopenhauer, his Life and MON. LEG. PLEN." Rev., coat of arms and quo- Philosophy. I am anxious to know in what autation from (Vulgate) Ps. xxxvii. 11, “Mansueti," thentic Papal document this statement is to be &c. It was struck to commemorate the Peace of found.

ANON. Utrecht. Who was Gollen, and where is the medal described ? I have also a modern farthing

DR. SCHOULER'S MSS.-Have any of your token, same inscription on both sides, “W. Foster, readers heard anything about these? I know he Linen Draper and Haberdasher” ; also, a lead spent a life and a fortune in preparing a great

He was token, one side plain, on other “R. A.” When work on Aristotle's Physics. and where were these tokens issued ? Perhaps lecturer in the Royal Dublin Society, and was some of your readers could kindly give information a man of universal learning. Twenty-two years. on the above.

B. W. ADAMS. ago he thought he was dying, and he told me Cloghran Rectory, co. Dublin.

he was leaving all his money, some few thousands SHELLEY.—In the course of preparing the forth- would be sufficient to publish his work on

of pounds, to Glasgow University, except what coming “library edition” of Shelley's works, I have Aristotle. He died in Scotland two years ago, had the opportunity of consulting various MSS. and ever since I have been expecting to hear beside the important Leigh Hunt MSS. communi- something about his great work. cated to me by Mr. Townshend Mayer ; but I am

AN OLD FRIEND OF DR. SCHOULER's. desirous of finding out, and if possible consulting, other MSS. of poems by Shelley not heretofore "THUMP SUNDAY."-In some districts of the accessible, because not known to Shelley students. | West Riding of Yorkshire the Sunday following

There are also some bibliographical matters on June 28 is known as "Thump Sunday.” It is which I should be glad of information. The two usual to visit one's friends and eat spice cake divisions of my work wherein I am at present (plum cake) and cheese on that day. most urgently desirous of help are (1) Inspection Can you furnish any information regarding the of MSS. of poems, or of fragments of poems, by origin of the term and custom ? Shelley, whether edited or inedited ; (2) Informa

R. A. CROMBLEHOLME. tion concerning Shelley's contributions to periodical Hampden Place, Halifax. literature ; a complete list of such contributions if any one knows of such a thing.

CELTIC, Saxon, AND DANISH CASTRAMEAs regards requirement No. 1, I feel sure that TATION.-Will any antiquarian reader oblige me there are numerous MSS. of poems by Shelley with the names of authorities, &c., on this subject ? (mostly, of course, edited ones) scattered about the

PAUL Q. KARKEEK. country in private collections of autographs, and

Museum, Torquay. that the owners would, in most instances, be willing HOOKER, Sermon iii. vol. iii. p. 789, ed. Ox., to oblige me with the inspection I seek. regards requirement No. 2, you are aware that in

“What should I mention him that preferred imprison1824, in the preface to the Posthumous Poems, ment without before some other's imperial sublimity?" Mrs. Shelley refers to “all his poems” in periodical works as being there gathered together; and I

What is the story here referred to ?
cato

Ep. MARSHALL. cannot help thinking that “all” must mean a good many more than the few I am acquainted with up ASSART : HOPPIT.-I know the meanings of to the year 1824 ; and I feel sure that many these names. I own a field in Worcestershire, one Shelley students must have been in the habit of of several called the Assarts ; and in Essex hoppit noting poems contributed to newspapers, &c., by is the ordinary name for a yard or field near a

As | 1836 :

house. The Assarts I refer to were once part of a The severe remark on John Fitzgibbon, Earl of common. I want to know the derivation of these Clare, is that of the author, Mr. Madden, and not two words.

JABEZ. of Mr. Burke. The annexed transcript may also Athenæum Club.

prove worth reading, from The Life and Letters of

the Rev. R. H. Barham (Thomas Ingoldsby) :Replies.

“November 17 (1828).-Called_with Lord W. Lennox

on Mr. Jerdan, at Grove House, Brompton. He showed THE IRISH PEERAGE: THE IRISH UNION me the suppressed book of which the whole five hundred PEERS.

copies were burnt in Ireland, with the exception of this,

and said that he was about to send it as a present to the (5th S. v. 369, 391, 469, 500.)

King, having had a hint from Mr. O'Reilly that it would The following extract, showing the anomaly of be acceptable in that quarter. The book was a tolerably creating Englishmen peers of Ireland—a happy thick duodecimo, neatly bound, had no title-page, but on thought originating, I believe, with Mr. Pitt-may to the King." The introductory letter commenced My prove of interest. It is made from Burke's Cele- Brother, many of the others • Šir," My Cousin.' It was brated Trials connected with the Aristocracy, and is very strongly written, and among other things contained by him quoted from The Revelations of Ireland in a list of the present Irish peers, with a history of their account is that of the “ Trial of the Earl of King of the noble families during the insurrection of 1798, the Past Generation, by D. Owen Madden, Esq. The families

, the means by which their honours were acquired, ston for shooting Col. Fitzgerald.”

which it depicted with great bitterness. Jerdan alsó “On the appointed day (i.e. May 18, 1798) there was read to me a key to the characters in the Anglo Irish, a & numerous assembly of the resident peers of Ireland. recently published novel, said to be by Sir J. C. Morgan. In general the meetings of the House of Peers were very Of these I only recollect that my friend Cannon is Mr. thinly attended. Several peers attended on that day for Gunning; the late Marquis of Londonderry, The Ministhe first time in their lives. Amongst them were-Lords ter; Lord Harmer, Lord Farnham; and The Bishop, Kinsale and Muskerry, connected with the south of Ire-Archbishop Magee."-Vol. i. pp. 128-129. land, and Lawrence Parsons, Lord Oxmantown (first

John PICKFORD, M.A. Earl of Rosse). The Marquesses of Waterford and Drogheda, supported by the Earl of Ormonde, and some

Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. of the principal earls in the Irish peerage, attended. In addition to the two marquesses, there were twenty-seven

The list given by me, 5th S. v. 391, comprised earls, fourteen viscounts, three archbishops (Armagh, only members of the last Irish House of ComCashel, Tuam), thirteen' bishops, and fourteen barons mons who notoriously received Irish peerages assembled. These, it may be observed, constituted a or advancement in the peerage on account of their majority of the resident peers of Ireland (in all seventy- votes for the Union. I should be glad if M. A. H. one in number). “The proceedings commenced by the Ulster King of

would point out the " errors of omission and comArms calling over the roll, beginning with the

junior mission” of which he complains in that list. It baron. There were found to be absent no fewer than is possible that others may have received Irish forty-five barons, five bishops, forty-three viscounts, peerages about the same time-indeed, Lord. forty-seven earls, two marquesses (Doneg l and Down- Radstock did so; but he was so created for his shire), one duke (Leinster), and the Archbishop of Dubi distinguished naval services, whilst other Irish with the history and constitution of the Irish peers. families might have received peerages for favouring George III. created a vast number of English and Scotch the Union. But I have not felt justified in ingentlemen peers of Ireland. Not wishing to swamp the cluding in my list any other than the names of House of Lords in England, and anxious, at the same members of the Irish House of Commons. MR. time, to eatisfy the clamorous vanity of the political JOSEPH Fisher is certainly too sweeping in his supporters of his favourite ministers, he adopted the plan of making Irish peers by wholesale. Thus it charge that all Irish peerages conferred between happens that so many families have titles in the peerage 1780 and 1800 should be attributed to Union inof Ireland, without possessing an acre of property in the fluences. Take the case of Lord Hotham, so country. the trial of the Earl of Kingston. The Lords adjourned Graves, so created 1794 ; and many others raised

ha A good many spectators, led by curiosity, attended created 1797 ; Lord Keith, so created 1795 ; Lord their proceedings to the lower chamber of Parliament, to the Irish peerage before the Union for distinthe place appointed for the trial, as being more suitable guished military service. The fact is that at that than their own handsome but confined apartment. Their time it was usual to confer Irish peerages upon procession on that occasion was, probably, the last hand many who had not fortune sufficient to support an exbibited. They marched two by two into the House of English peerage. An Irish barony was looked on Commons, the Masters in Chancery and the robed judges in the light of a dignity between a baronetcy and of the courts of law preceding them. Immediately before an English barony. MR. JOSEPH Fisher is also the Lords walked in procession the minors of their order, somewhat in error in his enumeration of the Irish not entitled to vote, and the eldest sons of peers. Last Celtic families represented in the Irish peerage. of all came the most remarkable and least noble man of To his list of O'Brien, O'Callaghan, Lysaght, the order, John Fitzgibbon, first Earl of Clare, walking by bimself as it was fit that he should walk, for where O'Grady, and O'Hagan, I can add two offhand, viz., amongst the body could his peer be found?”—Pp. 389-390. O'Neill, which should certainly be included, as

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