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the difficulty of bringing such want under the notice for two or three hours on Weybridge Common, of those who might be able to supply it, that the while he poured out his learning on the ancient idea of starting a small paper with such special Mark, land boundaries, and land tenures, in a object was struck out. Once started, it was never manner to make me regret that we had not a shortlost sight of ; and about the year 1841 our plan had hand writer with us. He told me that he never so far been matured that some specimen pages of wrote down any part of a book or essay he was going The Medium, for so our projected journal was to publish until the whole was actually composed in named, were set up in type by Mr. Richards, of St. his mind, and that the greater portion of his Saxons Martin's Lane, the printer for the Percy Society. in England was actually completed in his head
But The Medium was never destined to appear. before a single line of it was committed to paper. The state of his wife's health compelled Mr. Bruce But enough for this week ; for though, like to reside for some years in the country ; and for honest Dogberry, I can find it in my heart to those years an incessant and confidential corre- bestow all my tediousness upon my readers, I spondence was my only compensation for the loss have just enough discretion left not to bestow it of those instructive interchanges of thought and all at once.
WILLIAM J. Thoms. talk which I had so much enjoyed.
But it may be asked why I could not as well undertake the sole management of the projected THE “VAUX-DE-VIRE” OF OLIVER BASSELIN, paper in 1841 as in 1849. I can only answer that THE DYER AND POET OF VIRE. the idea of taking upon myself the responsibility On September 24 last, a friend and myself spent of conducting the proposed paper, except in con- a delightful day at the ancient town of Vire, in junction with my accomplished friend, never once the Norman Bocage, famous since the fifteenth entered my head. The scheme had fallen to the century for its manufactures of paper and cloths. ground, and but for an incident which I shall It happened to be a great market day, and we mention presently, I don't believe “N. & Q.” were charmed by the picturesque sights, The would ever have appeared.
booths for the sale of gay-coloured cloths; the By the year 1849, when Rowland Hill's great various shapes of the women's caps, some like a scheme of postal reform was beginning to bear jockey's, but with a bow tied behind, instead of fruit, the share which I had taken in the organiza- in front, others, the bonnet de coton, like the tion of some, and in the management of others, of Kilmarnock nightcap celebrated by Burns; the many “co-operative literary societies” (Camden, curious clock-tower over the town gate, the Percy, Shakespeare, Elfric, Granger, &c.) had so latter surmounted by the statue of the Virgin, increased the number of my literary friends, that I and the legend “Marie protège la Ville ”; the felt I could venture to introduce to their notice a old town walls, capped at intervals by drum plan for turning those reforms to good account in towers, finally dying away at the scarped rocky the publication of works of interest to scholars, promontory whereon stand the remains of the but not of a nature to remunerate publishers.
keep, encircled by the little stream of the Vire, I need not fill space with an account of a -all in turn excited our interest. Nor are the scheme which was never carried out, but of which ecclesiastical remains to be passed over. The I may say that when I called upon John Mitchell curious church of St. Thomas outside of the wallsKemble, and we talked it over from noon to a relic of very remote antiquity, to which tradition dewy eve,” he spoke in such terms of approval as records a visit by Archbishop Becket-with the surprised me ; for, in his opinion, I was about to cathedral-like parish church of Notre Dame de effect & revolution scarcely less important than Vire, and the fine modern one of St. Anne, were that which had been brought about by the invention each carefully examined. But Vire has a wider of printing; and, with his characteristic impulsive fame from its local poet, the jolly dyer Basselin, kindliness, he would not let me go away with whose chansons, said to have been composed early out a contribution to the first number in the shape in the fifteenth century, and sung to his neighof a transcript of a small portion of an old English bours in his native valley, are generally reputed to Metrical Chronicle from a MS. at Göttingen. The have given name to the modern vaudeville. The great Saxonist was at that time editing the British site of Basselin's mill is still pointed out, at the and Foreign Review, and deeply interested in the foot of the slope below the castle. French critics war then raging in Hungary-a map of the scene have long been sceptical, not only as to the of it was spread on his table, on which the position existence of the poet, but also as to the antiquity and movements of the different armies were marked assigned to his verses. They were first collected by coloured pins.
in an authentic form by an advocate of Vire, John Mitchell Kemble was not only a man of Maistre Jean le Houx, who published them about deep and varied learning, but a man of great the end of the sixteenth century, along with some genius and of great eloquence. I remember once of his own. The freedom of their sentiments exvisiting him at Addlestone, and walking with him cited the displeasure of the clergy of Vire, who refused the editor absolution, to obtain which he 1820, on the retirement of the Rev. James Dunn, had to go to Rome, and acquired the sobriquet he became chaplain of the Magdalen Asylum, of " le Romain." The collection of both poets is a Leeson Street, Dublin. In 1822 he accepted the very curious one, full of wit and humour. As chaplaincy of the Female Orphan House, North their latest French editor, M. Lacroix, remarks Circular Road, having resigned the other towards (Paris edit., 8vo., 1858, preface, p. xi) :
the close of the preceding year. Early in 1833 he " These Vaux-de-Vire are evidently of the middle or succeeded the Rev. Dr. Hinds (afterwards Bishop end of the sixteenth century. They have been dressed of Norwich) as domestic chaplain and secretary to up, (rajeunis) by Jean le Hous, who first recovered, if he the late Archbishop Whately, and a few months did not compose them himself, under the name of after was appointed by him to the vicarage of St. Oliver Basselin, a name well known in Normandy, on account of the old chanson of Guillaume Cretin."
Anne's, Dublin, vacant by the death of Viscount M. Lacroix refers here to a fragment of a song to the bishopric of Meath, he was consecrated,
Harberton ; and, in 1840, having been promoted contained in a letter of Cretin's, who died in 1525, addressed to Francis Charbonnier, secretary to his friend the archbishop, who also preached the
on December 27, in Christ Church Cathedral, by the Duc de Valois (afterwards Francis I.). It runs as follows:
consecration-sermon. Never, perhaps, was there Olivier Bachelin,
a man less affected with the flush which so comOrrons-nous plus de tes nouvelles ?
monly attends upon sudden promotion.” His Vous ont les Angloys mis à fin !”
writings are as follows :This Olivier Basselin lived towards the close of 1. A Letter to the Most Rev. Dr. Murray, Roman the fifteenth century, and was noted in the wars Catholic Archbishop of Dublin, and to the Right Rev. against the English. M. Lacroix, continuing his Dr. Doyle, Roman Catholic Bishop of Kildare, on the criticism on the Vaux-de-Vire, says :
subject of their Pastoral Addresses, and the alleged
(Hohenlohe] Miracles. By a Clergyman of the Estab“They recommend themselves by their incontestable lished Church. Dublin, 1823. 8vo. antiquity and old reputation in Normandy. They are 2. Obituary Notice of Alexander Knox, Esq., in the certainly the earliest types of the chanson bachique in Christian Examiner (July, 1831), vol. xi. pp. 562-564. France. It matters little whether Oliver Basselin and 3. Observations on Ecclesiastical Legislature and Jean le Houx are one and the same. He is a bon biberon Church Reform. Dublin, 1833. 8vo. who sings of cider and wine with French gaiety, in the 4. Pastoral Epistle from His Holiness the Pope to good vulgar tongne which they spoke in Normandy at some Members of the University of Oxford. Faithfully the end of the sixteenth century.
translated from the original Latin. [Anon.] London, These acute conjectures of M. Lacroix are sup- 1836. Fourth edition, same year. 8vo. ported by the opinion of the learned editors of La
5. Vindication of a Memorial respecting Church ProNormandie Illustrée (Nantes, 1852), art.“ Vire.” | Protests against it. `Dublin, 1836. 8vo.
perty in Ireland ; together with the Memorial itself, and Those gentlemen (with one of whose number, M. 6. The Permanent and the Temporary Commission of E. le Hericher, of Avranches, I have the honour Christ to his Disciples Compared : a Sermon preached of acquaintance) say " that they regard the dyer- at the Consecration of the Bishop of Killaloe, at the poet of Vire as a myth. He could not have bad Cathedral of Christ's Church, February 17, 1839. Dub
lin, 1839. 8vo. the education to enable him to give the classical
7. An Appeal in behalf of Church Government: adallusions which occur in them. Jean le Houx dressed to the Prelates and Clergy of the United Church was most probably their author."
of England and Ireland. By a Member of the Church. These suppositions are probably confirmed by a London, 1840. 8vo. work which, while writing some weeks ago, I The present Dean of St. Patrick's, the Very Rev. saw in the advertisement sheets of the Quarterly : John West, D.D. (at the time Vicar of St. Anne's, The Vaux-de-Vire of Maistre Jean le Hous, and subsequently Archdeacon of Dublin), pubAdrocate of Vire, translated and edited by James lished, in a thick octavo, the “Remains of the P. Muirbead, M.A. (Murray). I have not seen Most Reverend Charles Dickinson, D.D., Lord the book itself; but, by the light of its title, I Bishop of Meath, being a Selection from his Sershould guess that the editor shares the views of mons and Tracts, with a Biographical Sketch," MM. Lacroix and Le Hericher regarding the true London, 1845. Nos. 1, 3, 4, 6, and 7, in the poet of Vire.
ANGLO-SCOTUS. foregoing list, have been reprinted in the volume,
which contains likewise the following : THE WRITINGS OF CHARLES DICKINSON, D.D.,
8. Ten Sermons (including No. 6).
9. Fragments of a Charge intended to have been de. LORD BISHOP OF MEATH.
livered at the Visitation of the Clergy of the Diocese of Bishop Dickinson was a native of Cork—"a Meath, appointed to be held on July 12, 1842. city remarkable for having produced a large num- Rector of Pembridge. Herefordshire, respecting Church
10. Correspondence with the Rev. Maurice James, ber of men of great energy of mind and distin- Endowments. [1833.] guished attainments in every profession.” He was 11. Conversation with two Disciples of Mr. Irving. born there in August, 1792, and was elected, in [1836.] 1813, a scholar of Trinity College, Dublin. In With many years of usefulness apparently before him, Bishop Dickinson's course on earth was in h(ac) parte iusticia suadebit! Datum Cantebrig' sub * not to be of long duration :
sigillo quo vtimur in hoc Officio xxvt" die mensis Januarij “ In the midst of his thoughtful and judicious plans, vestri autoritate & vigore prefatum magistrum Johannem
Anno Domini mo ccccxxx(...) Cuius quidem mandati and his zealous labours, and while his mind was busily Cawdrey antepenultimo die Mensis Januarij
Anno domini engaged in the preparation of the charge intended to be delivered in the different parts of his diocese (and which (mo) cccco xxxvjto supradicto in villa Cantebrig' predicta was found on his desk in the unfinished state in which per me personalister) apprehensum peremptorie citaui it appears in this volume), he was seized with a feverish quod dictis die & loco in mandato vestro coram vobis aut cold, at the beginning of the month of July, which did vestro Commissario compareat facturus que vlterius & not at first present any formidable symptoms. ::His exigit & requirit Et sic (mandatum) vestrum reuerendum
rece(pturus) quod tenor & effectus dicti mandati vestri case was pronounced to be 'typhus fever'; and on the humiliter & deuote sum executus. Jn cuius rei testieleventh day after the first unsuspected
symptoms had mo(nium) sigillum decani decanatus Cantebrig' presenti, appeared, and the fifth after serious apprehension
had bus apponi procuraui Et e(go) decanus antedictus ad been awakened,
his valuable life was terminated July 12, personalem et specialem Rogatum dicti mandatarii 1842 [the very day on which his primary charge was to sigillum officij mei presentibus apposui/ Datum Cantehave been delivered), in the fiftieth year of his age.”
brig' quo ad lacionem presencium ijdo die mensis A plain monument in Ardbraccan Churchyard, ffebruarij Anno domini m cccomo xxxv(...) supradicto in the county of Meath, marks the place of his apparuit euidenter alta & intelligibili voce vocari & burial ; and in St. Anne's Church, Dublin, the sepius preconizari fecimus/ Quo diucius expectato & scene of his ministry previous to his elevation to vicarius predictus quemdam libellum su(um) in dicto the bishopric,a monumental tablet records his name negocio obtulit & porrexit Cuius tenor talis est! In Dei and office, with the date of the leading circum- (nomine) amen Coram vobis honorabili viro Magistro stances of his too brief career.
ABHBA. Willelmo Spaldyng (Com)missario Magistri Willelmi
Sutton decretorum doctoris Custod (is) spiritualitatis
Episcopatus Eliensis sede ibidem vacante ac Offic' Cons' TITHES OF FULBURNE, CO. CAMBRIDGE, 1436. | Galfridus Busshop vicarius ecclesie parochialis omnium
(verso] Eliensis in hac parte specialiter deputato. Ego In earlier volumes of “N. & Q.” attention has sanctorum de ffulburne predicte Eliensis Diocesis Dico been more than once drawn to the necessity of (a)llego & in hiis scriptis propono quod de ordinacione examining the contents of bindings. On the 23rd antiqua ab olim vsitata inconcusso obseruata (et nunc) of December, 1875, I found a leaf of parchment in hic prescripta. Jus percipiendi & habendi omnes & the padding of the first cover of Cabala ; or, the omnimodas decimas terrarum (tenem)entorum & maresci Mystery of Conventicles Unvaild .. by Oliver quondam domini de le zouche ac feodi quondam Petri Foulis, sm. 4to. Lond., 1664, being lxvi.'G 6 of Dr. Candace exceptis decimis Garbarum pisarum et ffeni ac Routh's books now in the University Library, habitantibus feoda predicta et edificia (q)uecunque super
(omnes) (o)blaciones spirituales de quibuscunque inDurham. The leaf is now seven and one-eighth eisdem constructa qualitercunque prouenientes Eosque inches long and five and three-eighths wide, but sic (i)nhabitantes seu dicta loca decimabilia qualiter. one side has been slightly cropped by the binder. cunque occupantes ad (v)icarium Ecclesie Omnium It is written on both sides, in a legal hand, on sanctorum predicte qui pro tempore fuerit ipsius vicarie ruled lines, thirty lines on each side. The writing & suos Capellanos (a)dmittendi & recipiendi Sacraque
Jure et nomine ad diuina officia in eadem ecclesia per se on verso is obscured in places by having had a sacramentalia ecclesiastica eis (e)t veris dicte ecclesie written "end-paper” pasted upon it. At the foot parochianis ministrandi pertinuit et pertinet & pertinere of recto is an illegible autograph (... Cantebr. (?)(d)ebet in (futuris) ffuique & sum ego Galfridus vicarius 164 ..). By the permission of the librarian í predictus vicariam meam (predictam) canonice assecutus. place on permanent record the following extended psamque sic assecutam cum suis juribus (que) per
tineant) (universis) per non nulla tempora possedi prout copy of the MS., which it is believed will interest possideo de (prese)nti N(ecnon) omnes & omnimodas many.
decimas exceptis decimis garbarum (p)isarum & (vere) There is a “Cautio Mag'ri Galfridi Byschip,” oblacionesque & prouentus spirituales quoscunque de date 1419, in a MS. in Gonv. and Caius Coll., quibuscunque habitantibus domus et editicia quecunque Cambr. ; see Smith’s Catal., 8vo. Cambr., 1849, seu loca eidem ecclesie decimabilia et (pve) sertim de
locis edificiis domibus terris campis pascuis pasturis (et) [Recto]" inquiratur/ Tibi igitur committimus & man- marescis feodorum predictorum te in & de hujusmodi damus quatinus cite(8) peremptorie magistrum Iohannem feodi domicilia tenentibus (a)c larem fouentibus proCawdrey Rectorem Ecclesie parochialis sancti Vig(oris) uenientes ad dictam vicariam meam spectantes me & de ffulburne predicto quod die Mercurij proximo post meos in hac parte percepi habui & de eisdem disposui ffestum Purificationis beate M(arie) virginis proximum libere (p)acifice & quiete saluis grauaminibus infrascrip: futurum coram nobis aut nostro in hac parte Com- tis! Videlicet quod dictus (ec)clesie vicarius sancti missa(rio) in Ecclesia parochiali omnium sanctorum de Vigoris me vicarium et vicariam meam predictam (de). ffulburne predicto compareat in recep(tionem) & admis. cimis omnino in quodam barcario Isabelle Nuport super sionem sex testium viz. Willelmi Auenand dé ffulburne predictum feodum per Dominum de le Zouche nuper p(redicto) Rogeri Salman de eadem Johannis Cranvile de erecto mittare (?) Necnon decimis & oblacionibus (de) eadem Johannis Tailor de eadem Willelmi Bangolff de omnibus habitantibus edificium sine tenementum Johaneadem & Johannis Gati(...) de eadem per dictum vicarium nis Elys super dicto feodo." coram nobis aut nostro Commissario tun(c) ibidem pro
W. C. B. ducendorum si sua putauerint interesse/ Visurus quod
30, 1620; Anne, wife to Dynham; Frances, un
married. “This curious Manuscript Volume of the time of Oliver Cromwell and Charles II. contains many interest
Arms,—Per bend sinister, erm, and ermines, a lion ing items, relative to the prices of articles in general use and the amusements of the period, of which we annex a According to Wood, Richard Edwards, the few specimens.
dramatist, was born in the county of Somerset in “ Disbursements seince ye 20th Febr., 1655.
1523, and died in 1556, although his play, Damon Lost at Cards
£0 5 2 and Pythias, was not published until 1570. I for flowered luttstring for a Gound ...
o want to know if he belonged to this family of A token for my Valentine
0 5 0 A box to put in ...
Edwards of Somerset and Devon, and if it is At my cozen Nell's christening
known what arms he used. Is there any fuller to ye chairmen for carring me to church
o sketch of his life than that given by Wood ? for an Alminack
0 2 Again, I have reason to believe that Mr. Samuel to ye Morris dancers when ye K. was
Edwards, banker, of Cotham Lodge, Bristol, High procla; (Charles II.)
0 2 6 to ye maids for their Garland
Sheriff for the county of Gloucester in 1795, was
0 1 6 for patches
o descended from this family. If so, from which for bindeing a book
0 2 6 son? He was the youngest son of Mr. Thomas for Pole money
0 Edwards of Milverton, Somersetshire. He married to ye man yt. carried me to ye show
0 2 6 Mary, daughter of the Rev. Thomas Broughton, seeing a play
6 half a pinte of water for my fasce
Vicar of Bedminster and St. Mary Redcliffe, for Spring Garden Beef
o Bristol, &c., the well-known author, who is buried logt at tables
Ö 3 0 in Redcliffe Church, where there is a marble tablet for searching Jane Hazlewood's Will
0 1 6 to her memory, on which are the arms of Edwards seeing ye popet play
and (I presume) Broughton. The arms of Edwards for a right of city ientillwoman
0 5 6 for a ballet
0 0 1
are the same as those of Edwards of Devon. A vizard mask 0 8 0
H. Bower, The above extract from Mr. A. Russell Smith's
“CLUB.”—This word has been considered by book catalogue for June, 1876, seems worth preserv- the French as a corruption of the word globe. I ing, both as a means of putting on record the exist-believe Mr. Carlyle fancied it was derived from ence of the MS., and for the sake of the interesting Gelübde, which in German signifies the vows of specimens here given of its contents. The volume certain orders of knighthood ; but it was pointed is described as a small octavo Memorandum and out in “N. & Q.” (2nd S. vii. 386), I think, that Private Account Book of Receipts and Expenditure, this could not be, as the great orders of Templars commencing “Feb. ye ioth, 1655," and in the auto- and Knights Hospitallers were never designated graph of Elizabeth, niece to Sir Thomas Wentworth, clubs. the unfortunate Earl of Strafford ; with her sig- It is very curious that the word should by some natures, “ Betty Wentworth.” and “Eliza Went- be traced to the German Klump, lump, mass ; by worth.” It is added that a Lady Rockingham, others to the A.-S. cleofan, to cleave, divide. The mentioned in the MS., was probably Anne, confusion of language cannot be better shown, daughter of Lord Strafford, and wife of Edward words of a directly contrary meaning, suiting Watson, Earl of Rockingham. Perhaps some equally well for origin. Nothing can be more other reader of "N. & Q.” may take the trouble opposite to all appearance than to mass together to elucidate the items, " Pole money” ; “ Spring and to separate or divide. A club may be taken Garden Beef”; “half a pinte of water for my to mean a knot or lump, as it were, of men, fasce, 4 shillings”; “lost at tables”; and “a associated together with a common object ; or it right of city ientillwoman.”
may be taken as a body of men so associated, the John W. BONE, F.S.A. essential condition of whose association is that EDWARDS OF SOMERSET, BRISTOL, &c.—The
each member shall contribute his allotted and following table, which has not, I believe, been
individual quota to the expense, division or before published, is copied from the Visitation of sharing becoming
the chief feature. Devon (Harl. MSS., 1080) :
Jean Harley wrote a little work, called Les
Clubs de Londres, published in London, 1870. "1. Hughe Edwardes, of Ludlow, in com. Salop = 2. Richard Edwardes, of Taunton, in com. Somersett If he was an Englishman, he could hardly write =Joane, dau. and coh. of Richard Tedburie, of Taunton. such good French ; if he was a Frenchman, he
3. Thomas Edwards, of Exeter, Phisition=Joane, could hardly know so much about London, ancient dau. of John Champneyes, of Yarnescombe, Esq. and modern, as he does, nor about the literature
4. Thomas, third son, æt. 28 ; Gregory, fourth son, of England in the sixteenth and seventeenth cenaged 26. anno 1620; John Edwards, eldest son, æt. 42, turies, nor about clubs in particular. He appears anno 1620; Elizabeth, wife of Trothowe; Grace, wife to -- Collyns; Joane, wife to Hussarde;
to know well " le splendide club du West End de Jane, wife to Langham; Chidley, second son, aged Londres,” yet the little volume in question deaks