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Apthorpe, E., Hab. iii. 2, single sermon, 1770 ; Barton, some as to its applicability to grown boys and S., St. John v. 14, single sermon, 1701; Beverege, wo girls, a question which has given rise to much Bp. of St. As., St. John v. 14, Sermons, vol. vii. p. 296. | discussion in these pages and elsewhere. ed. 1710; Brady, Nich., St. John v. 14, Sermons, vol. ii. p. 253, 1706; Brooks, T., Isai. xlii. 24, 25, single sermon,
MIDDLE TEMPLAR. 1670; Burnet, G., Bp. of Salisb., Arnos iv. 11, 12, single sermon, 1681 ; Calamy, B., Isai. lvii. 21, single sermon,
Some time since a correspondent said that the 1684 ; Chauncey, A., 1 Cor. x. 11, single sermon, 1747 history of flagellants had still to be written ; I Doughty, J., Ps.cvii. 34, single sermon, 1744 ; Elborough, forget in allusion to what he made the remark. Rob., Ezek. xx. 47, single sermon, 1666; Farindon, Ant., But I would bring to his notice, if perchance he St. Johr iv. 14, Sermons, vol. ii. p. 372, 1672; Flower, Christoph., Mal
. iv. 5, single sermon, 1669 ; Gearing, w., may not already have them, two works upon that Job ix. 12, single sermon, 1667 ; Gearing, W., Isai. Xxiv subject : Histoire des Flagellans, by l'Abbé 15, single sermon, 1688 ; Gearing, W., St. Matth. xi. 19, Boileau (my edition of this was printed at AmSermons, vol. i, 1688; Hesketh, H., Lam, iii. 20, 21, single sterdam, 1701), and Critique de l'Histoire des sermon, 1682; Hesketh, H., Lum. iii. 22, single sermon; Flagellans, by Thiers, edition printed at Paris, 1679; Hopkins, W., St. John v. 14, single sermon,
H. A. W.
INCOME AND PROPERTY TAX IN FOREIGN Lorrain, Paul, Jer. v. 3, single sermon, 1707; Meades, W., 1 Cor. x. 17, single sermou, 1750 ; 'Parker, 1., Amos COUNTRIES (5th S. v. 269.)— The United States iii
. 6, single sermon, 1727; Parker, W., Isai. xxvi. 9, Government levies no income tax at the present single sermon, 1748 ; Richards, T., Isai. xxvi. 9, single time. There was such a tax, however, during, sermon, 1756 ; Ross, J., Bp. of Ex., Jsai. xxvi. 9, single and for a short time after, the civil war. I will sermon, 1756; Salter, s., St. Luke xiii, 1–5, single sermon: obtain a copy of the law and forward it to you for Scott, John, St. John v. 14, Sermons, p. 259, '1704 ; Sher your correspondent.
SCOTO-AMERICUS. lock, W., Micah vi. 9, Sermons, vol. i. p. 293, 1719, Stennett, S., Amos iji. 6, single sermon, 1781 ; Stillingfleet, E.,
WASHINGTON FAMILY IN FURNESS (5th S. v. Bp. of Wor., Amos iv. 11, Sermons, p. 1, 1707; Stokes, E., 328.)—It is stated that “the chief families of 1 Kings xvii. 15, single sermon, 1667; Thorpe, G., St. Furness bore a coat of arms of red and white Matth. vii. 12, single sermon, 1677; Ward, S., Bp: of stripes, denoting that they held under the LanSalisb., Eccles. xi. , Sermons, p: 243, 1074; Watson, Jos., casters, Barons of Kendal, who bore the same." Is St. John v. 14, single sermon, 1717.
En. MARSHALL, this a safe deduction ? Perhaps some heraldic
correspondent will kindly inform me if there is THOMAS TOMKINS (5th S. vi. 188), born 1743 and any connexion between the interlaced three chevdied in Sermon Lane, Doctors' Commons, Sept. 5, ronels of Wyville and other Westmorland families, 1816, was the great caligrapher of the day. On and those of Clare or Fitzhugh. IDONEA. March 31, 1789, the Royal Academy presented an address to the King which was engrossed by him.
“Sop” (5th S. vi. 68) is introduced through the The portrait referred to by Mr. Robinson, the last Anglo-Saxon. Sype, a sop, soup; also there is supicture from the pencil of Sir J. Reynolds (engraved pan, to soak. There is an English verb sob, to in mezzotint by C. Turner, 1805), was bequeathed soak; all the Northern tongues have a similar word. by Mr. Tomkins to the Corporation of London to The Swedish soppa is broth. The Norse sobba is hang amongst the productions of his own pen. It bread and milk. To seeth is the sanie word almost, was exhibited at South Kensington in the Loan Col- and the past participle is sodden... A sope is used lection, 1867. According to Cotton's catalogue of in Northumberland (see Halliwell's Arch. Dict.) for the works of Reynolds, it was exhibited at the a jot, small quantity, also for a sup or mouthful of British Institution in 1813.
C. A. WARD.
Mayfair, The Birch Rod (5th S. vi. 133.)- I do not think it ought to be allowed to go down to pos
This word is of Anglo-Saxon derivation, and, I terity, on the authority of “N. & Q.,” that “ now, think, comes from the same root as soup. The in the nineteenth century, the birch rod is unknown Anglo-Saxon word is súpan, which signifies “to to mammas of little boys, and unused by governesses sip,” “ to taste,” or “to soak.” The Icel. word is of preparatory schools." I suspect that, if Virga sáup, which is synonymous with our soup; and make inquiries among those of his friends who it is upon this ground that I make the assertion. possess nurseries, he will find that, in some house
W. S. holds at least, the rod is a terror both to little
Manchester. boys and little girls. In the mean time let him This word is totally English ; it derives from consult 3rd S. ii. 311 ; x. 72, 155 ; 4th S. iv. 349, the A.-S. verb sûpan, sorbere, gustare. The sub547. I do not suppose that this safe, convenient, stantive is in A.-S. sap, jusculam, sorbillam ; and effective punishment, although at some times O. Icel. sáup ; 0.H.G. souf. The form with o is it may be more fashionable than at others, will met in sopcoppa, catinus pulmentarius. The oriever go completely out of use, at least as regards ginal meaning was that of a liquid, but already in little children, whatever may be the doubts of the oldest Bible translations it has the meaning of anything dipped and softened in liquor, e.g. St. Again, after many years, – John xiii. 26.
F. ROSENTHAL. “The promises which he made to the Church of the Strassburg.
Baptists. For though he confessed he had been twenty
seven years a Black stray Sheep from them, he desired ABBEY PIECES (5th S. vi. 69.)—The thin brass them nevertheless to believe him a white Lamb of their and copper counters or jettons were made, chiefly which he was offer'd a hundred times. Even a Cardinal'a
own Fold. He had refused no less than a Bishoprick, on the Continent, during the fourteenth and suc- Hat he had refused from the Church of Rome. His ceeding centuries. As their name implies, they ambition lay more for a Pulpit at Wapping, than were commonly used for the purpose of arithmeti- Palace at St. Peter's.” cal calculation, to cast up accounts, &c. This was Chalmers, quoting I believe from Crosby's done by placing the counters on a prepared board, History of the Baptists, says :divided by parallel lines into places for units, tens, “In 1698 or 1699 Oates was restored to his place hundreds, &c. These jettons are frequently called among the Baptists, from whence he was excluded in a “abbey pieces,” from the circumstance that large few months as a disorderly person and a hypocrite." numbers of them are found among the ruins of In the History of the King-Killers, 1720, Lond., abbeys and monastic buildings, where the revenues 8vo., ii. 32, it is stated :were large and many accounts had to be cast up. “Oates was promoted to preach in an Anabaptist The designs on these pieces are very various, such meeting in Wapping, where he became so scandalous, as crosses with pellets in the angles, globes sur- that his congregation turned him off. He then went mounted by crosses, ships, coats of arms, busts of and lived privately in Axe Yard, Westminster, where princes, &c. Many are without legends, and many
he died July 12, 1705."
EDWARD SOLLY. have inscriptions and dates. They are usually very
Sutton, Surrey. thin. For illustrations and full descriptions of the different varieties, MR. HYATT should consult Some particulars of this person not found elseThomas Snelling's View of the Origin, Nature, where will be found in Adam Taylor's History of and Use of Jettons or Counters, especially Black the English General Baptists, 2 vols. 8vo., 1818, Money and Abbey Pieces, folio, London, 1769. and there is a very rare volume in the DenominaHENRY W. HENFREY. tional Library at the General Baptist College,
Chilwell, Nottingham, entitled Some Letters which " ALL ON ONE SIDE, LIKE BRIDGENORTH ELEC- passed between Mr. Titus (ates and a Baptist "TION” (5th S. v. 407, 455; vi. 176.)-H. W.is | Congregation, sm. 4to., 1694. JAMES READ. not quite correct in his reference to the election of Ipswich. 1784. Mr. Isaac Hawkins Browne (not “ J. H.”) was a Tory and a supporter of Pitt, and was a THE SOUTHERN CROSS (5th S. v. 145, 295; vi. candidate in the Apley interest in conjunction 11, 53, 131.) - Perhaps the following extract from with, not in opposition to, Mr. Whitmore. The Notes of a Voyage to Kerguelen Island to observe poll stood thus : Browne 662, Whitmore 646, the Transit of Venus, Dec. 8, 1874, by the Rev. Pigot 381. Admiral Pigot was a Whig, and S. J. Perry, F.R.S. (London, 1876), may throw held office under the Coalition as a Lord of the some light on the points under discussion. Mr. Admiralty.
Perry is speaking of the voyage from England to Mr. Hanbury Tracy was elected against the the Cape of Good Hope : Apley interest, in 1837; but his triumph was short “The starry heavens, the moon, Venus, Jupiter, the lived, as he resigned on the presentation of a peti- glowing milky way, and the glorious clusters of stars
! tion against his return, and no opposition was delighted us for many an hour in the cool evenings of offered to the Tory candidate (Mr. Pigot), whom the tropics ; but the Southern Cross, that wonder of the
heavens, about which poets and poetical astronomer he had defeated at the general election. The love to sing, oh, what a disappointment ! instead of Pigot family adopt the spelling with one t, not cross, a badly formed diamond shape;
and in place two as H. W. writes it.
brilliant stars, only one poor first magnitude star, two of ALFRED B. BEAVEN, M.A.
the second or third, and a bad fourth. I watched it
night after night; I tried to admire it; I wished to find Titus OATES (5th S. v. 168, 336, 434 ; vi. 176.) something in it to praise ; but it was always a puzzle to -Some references may be found to this matter in when such constellations as the Centaur and the ship The Life and History of Titus Oates, the Sala- Argo were in view.” manca Doctor, London, 8vo., 1705 :—
Mr. Perry is an astronomer of acknowledged "About 1670 his Parents, imagining that their own high rank.
J. S. K. Church (Baptists) would not make way for a man of his prodigious parts, submitted to his taking orders in the I bave not been able to find a better description Church, and screw'd him into a small living at Bobbing, and diagram of this constellation than are conGeorge Moor turned him out of his Family: how he tained in The Travels of Ludovico di Varthena, behaved himself when he was translated to Hastings, 1503 to 1508, edited by Dr. Badger for the Hakthe records of that place sufficiently testify."
luyt Society, 1863 (foot-note, pp. 249, 250). Lord
Stanley of Alderley is of opinion that Dante may Mr. Doubleday was secretary to the Institute of have heard of the Crusero through Marco Polo Mining and Mechanical Engineers from 1853 to (see vol. lii., Hakluyt Society, 1874).
1866, and contributed several interesting papers “Much has been said about this Southern Cross, and to that society. The annual report of the council most travellers have spoken rapturously of the glories
of for the year 1853-4 (vide the published Transacthis constellation. That it is an interesting and beauti- tions of the Institute for that year) contains a ful one is undeniable; but one always feels how much graceful allusion to Mr. Doubleday's “ well-known of the one-sided affair it really represents, and if : Crucis literary ability,” and to their satisfaction in having were a star of equal magnitude with the other three secured his services as secretary upon the resignaThe beauty of the Southern Cross is really derived from tion of Mr. Sinclair.
H. F. Boyd. its association with other constellations, and mainly Moor House, Durham. those two magnificent stars of the Centaur which seem to point up to it."-Collingwood's Rambles of a Naturalist “ULTIMA” AS A CHRISTIAN NAME (5th S. ii. on the Shores and Waters of the China Sea, London, 89, 452;. iii. 37.)--The writer is personally 1868, p. 306.
acquainted with a family of a number of children J. MANUEL
in which one of the daughters was named “BUFT” “MIFF” (5th S. vi. 68, 114.)—“ To
“Postrema,” for, said the facetious Quaker gentlebe miffed” is a very common expression in this
man who suggested this name, “if not the last, she ought to be.”
TE HE. country, meaning “ to be offended.” UNEDA. Philadelphia.
David HARTLEY (5th S. vi. 29, 117, 177.)-
Hartley died on Dec. 19, 1813, "after a Life spent BRADSHAW THE REGICIDE (5th S. vi. 47, 173.) in advocating th' abolishing of Slave Trade—for The President of the High Court of Justice, John| when a Member of the House of Commons, he Bradshaw, had undoubtedly brothers. He is said, spoke for 7 hours and 20 Minutes at one Sitting, when a boy, to have written the following quatrain: and Electrified th’ House by his brilliant Oratory, “My brother Frank shall heir the land,
and his unflinching advocacy of th’ poor Slave's My brother Henry shall be at his command; freedom.” He was returned for Hull in 1774 ; in Whilst I, John Bradshaw, shall do that
1780 he was defeated, William Wilberforce on Which all the world shall wonder at."
that occasion heading the poll. On a bye election Many years ago, when a boy, an original grant late in the same year he was again elected, and of a pardon to Henry Bradshaw was given to me once more suffered defeat in 1784. The Travellers' at Congleton, in Cheshire, which was the place at Guide (1805) says that the experiment of the house which John Bradshaw resided. I presented it, (which was built in 1776) was " successful and not being at that time an appreciator of such conclusive." The obelisk was erected in 1786,“ on treasures or an antiquary, to an old friend in Man- the side of which, toward the road, is an inscripchester, who valued it most highly. But this was tion importing that it was erected 120 years after thirty years since, and I cannot say what was its the Fire of London, on the anniversary of that ultimate fate. It is to be hoped that the parch- dreadful event, in memory of Hartley's invention.” ment now reposes in the collection of some
KINGSTON. Cheshire or Lancashire antiquary, and has not met with that fate which Horace describes :
JOHANNES Amos COMENIUS (5th S. vi. 29, 170.) — " Aut tineas pasces taciturnus inertes,
“Coménius (Jean Amos), fameux grammairien et théoAut fugies Uticam aut vinctus mitteris Ilerdam."
logien Protestant, au 17e siècle, né en Moravie le 28 Mars, John PICKFORD, M.A.
1592, fut chassé de son pays par l'édit de 1624, qui pro
scrivoit les ministres de sa communion. Son livre, inMaltby, near Rotherham.
titulé Janua Linguarum referate, qu'il publia à Lesna en
1631, in-8°, et dont l'édition de 1661, in-8°, est en cinq Thomas DOUBLEDAY (5th S. v. 429, 478; vi. langues, lui acquit une telle réputation, qu'il fut appellé 130.)- None, I think, of your correspondents have en Angleterre pour donner une nouvelle forme à tous les mentioned Mr. Doubleday's contributions to the colléges ; mais lorsqu'il y arriva, le Parlement étant oc
cupé à d'autres affaires, Coménius passa en Suède, où Neuccastle Fishers' Garlands, which came out Louis de Geer et le Chancelier Oxenstiern le comblèrent annually from 1820 to 1845, and were written by de bienfaits. Il voyagea ensuite en Transilvanie et en Roberto Roxby, Thomas Doubleday, and others. plusieurs autres pays, proposant partout ses idées They were reprinted in 1852, those, at least,
which nouvelles d'enseigner. Enfin, il se fixa à Amsterdam, were the joint production of Roxby and Double-Geer, fils de Louis, son principal Mécene, La Nouvelle
et y fit imprimer en 1657, aux dépens de Laurent de day, under the title of Coquetdale Fishing Songs; Méthode, in-fol., ouvrage singulier, dont les idées son and finally, in 1864, a reprint of the whole, impratiquables. Comenius donna 'ensuite dans le fana together with fresh garlands for the years 1846-64 tisme, et prétendit
avoir trouvé la clef des prophéties de inclusive, was made under the editorship of Mr. l'Apocalypse. Il fit recueillir avec soin, et publier les Joseph Crawhall (Newcastle-on-Tyne, George Rut- bicius....... Il envoya celles de ce dernier à Louis XIV, land, 8vo. 1864).
insinuant à ce prince que Dieu l'avait choisi, non seule495 ;
ment pour regner en France, mais aussi pour avoir la I have reason to believe the story to be much monarchie universelle du monde. Coménius promettait older than my schoolmate. W». PENGELLY. à ses disciples, par ses visions, le règne des Millénaristes, qu'il assurait devoir commencer en 1672 ou 1673; mais
Torquay. il fut lui-même témoin de la vanité de ses prédictions, et l'eût été de cette dernière s'il ne fût mort à Amsterdam
PROFANE HYMN TUNES (5th S. v. 367, vi. en 1671, à 80 ans. Outre les écrits ci-dessus, on a encore 58, 137.)—MR. BLENKINSOPP brings a very unfair de lui, Pansophiæ prodromus, seu porta sapientiæ recharge against the Scotch Reformers. He says, ferata, Oxfort, 1637, in-8°; Admonitio de Irénico Irenicorum, Amst., 1660, in-8°; Historia fratrum Boemorum,
“ They hit upon the plan of providing profane Halæ, 1702, in-4', et d'autres ouvrages " (Ladvocat, Dic songs to be sung to the old Church melodies," tionnaire Historique, Paris, 1777, i. 427).
whereas the reverse was the case. The Reformers HIRONDELLE.
certainly found the people very much attached to
their old songs, and “hit upon the plan" of proHe was born 1592, some say at Comnia, near viding “gude and godly” songs to be sung to the Braunau, others at “Ungarisch Brod,” in Moravia.
same tunes. In 1614 he was rector at Prerau, 1616 at Fulneck, About the year 1590 a collection of these pieces and became Bishop of the “Moravian Brothers
was printed at Edinburgh by one Andro Hart
, in 1632. In.1642 he was in England, invited to under the title A Compendious Book of Godly and come there by the Parliament.
He led a wander- Spiritual Songs, collected out of Sundrie Parts of ing life, embittered by persecutions of various the Scripture, with Sundrie of other Ballads kinds. But in spite of all his afflictions he strove changed out of Prophane Songs for avoiding of incessantly to reach his aim, viz., to educate youth Sinne and Harlotrie. Other reprints followed, for better times. Comenius died, after having sometimes called Gude and Godly Ballads. I enjoyed some calm years, in Amsterdam in 1671. transcribe a specimen :The number of his works amounts to about one
“John, come kiss me now, hundred. With the kind permission of the editor,
John, come kiss me now, I shall give some time a full account of Comenius's
Come and kiss me by and by, life and works. THEODOR MARX.
And mak nae mair adow. Ingenheim, Germany.
The Lord thy God am I,
That (John) dois call thee ; Cost OF PRINTING (5th S. vi. 89.) – I read in
John represents man Histoire de l’Imprimerie et des Arts et Professions
By grace celestial. qui se rattachent à la Typographie, by P. Lacroix,
My prophets call, my preachers cry, Ed. Fournier, and F. Seré (Paris, Ad. Delahays),
John, come kiss me now, 4to., p. 107 :
John, come kiss me whar I lie,
And mak nae mair adow." “J'estime (écrit M. Crapelet) qu'il n'y a pas un volume in-folio composé de 200 à 250 feuillets qui n'ait coûté Another was — au moins 12,000 ou 15,000 francs (4801. to 6001.) de frais “Wha's at my windo, wha, wha? déboursés par Robert Estienne, et les in-4", 8,000 à 10,000
Go from my windo, gae, gae; francs (3201. to 4001.), selon la nature de la composition.
Who calls there so like ane stranger ? La Bible in-fol. de 1540, qui contient 425 feuillets d'im
Gae from my windo, gae, gae. pression avec additions marginales, a dû employer la valeur actuelle de 25,000 francs (1,0001.), pour frais de
Lord, I am heir ane wretched mortal main-d'ouvre et de papier, toujours en supposant 500
That for thy mercy dois cry and call. exemplaires, mais sans tenir compte des frais accessoires."
Mercy to have thou art not worthy,
Gae from my windo, gae, gae. The book, which is full of curious cuts and fine
J. HAIG. chromolithographs, contains many other details of a similar interest. HENRI GAUSSERON.
“THE MORE I LEARN,” &c. (4th S. vii. 365, 467; Ayr Academy.
viii. 50, 154.)- In the Transactions of the Tea
side Naturalists' Field Club, vol. x., Mr. G. The price of the large handsome folio, the Great Clayton Atkinson gives an interesting account of Bible, 1539-41, was fixed by King Henry VIII. his interview with an old man, upon the occasion at.“ ten shillings unbound, and not above twelve of a recent visit paid by the members of this club shillings well bound and clasped.” R. R.
to the birthplace of Thomas Bewick, the celebrated Boston, Lincolnshire.
engraver on wood. Senex remarked :DIALECT (5th S. vi. 105.) – The story overheard the simple:t subject ; and you will discover that the
• Well, well, you will find life all too short to exhaust by H. B. C. reminds me of a very similar one told more you learn, the less you will find that you really of one of my schoolmates at Looe, in East Corn- know:wall, who was said have held the following con- What is discovered only serves to show versation with his mother :
How little 's known, to what is yet to know.' Boy. Mother, have gooseberries got leggons (=lega)?
Why, sir, it would take a man his lifetime to write the Mother. No, cheeld.
history of a spider." Boy. Then I 've eaten a snortlywink [=caterpillar].
Sir ARTHUR DE CAPELL BROOKE'S “ Travels unless my memory plays me false, will be found in IN SPAIN AND MOROCCO" (5th S. vi. 69.)— The fol- a somewhat heavy poem prefixed to the Epistola lowing observations on polygamy, from vol. ii. Ho Elianæ (Howell's letters). James Howell was p. 143, of Sir Arthur Brooke's book, verify the born 1595, died 1666.
FREDK. RULE. statement which MR. Blair inquires about :
"Surely this is a case where the general march of intellect and the heavy disabilities under which so many
Miscellaneous. of his Majesty's fair subjects labour cry loudly for a more liberal line of policy than the present narrow-minded and
NOTES ON BOOKS, &o. old-fashioned system, hitherto pursued with such mistaken consistency, of limiting a man to one wife, and American Independence : Did the Colonists desire thereby cutting off so many poor superfluous females
it? Letters of John Jay and John Adams; from the chance of ever getting a husband. The rights of the sex, common justice, and even morality itself re.
Letters and Documents of other Actors in the quire, indeed, that some relief should be afforded, not American Revolution. Compiled by Jeremiah dealt out with a sparing hand, but liberally, and free Colburn. (Boston, U.S.) from any restraints or fetters except those of Hymen. In this reprint from the New England Historical place the sex at least on an equal footing with their Ma- and Genealogical Register, the two letters from hometan sisterhood, would not only be of incalculable Jay and Adams are of interest. They answer the benefit to the nation by arousing its energies, but would query, Did the American colonists desire to be be received with gratitude by so fair and deserving a por independent of the British Crown? The date of tion of our fellow subjects."
both lett CHARLES W. SUTTON.
(correcting assertions in Botta's Brooks's Bar, Manchester.
Italian History of the American Revolution) is
1821. They are addressed to the translator, Mr. AUTOGRAPH OF Sir Joshua REYNOLDS (5th S. Otis, of Philadelphia. Jay writes :vi. 88.)—I have a book said to be from the library Explicit Professions and Assurances of Allegiance of Sir Joshua Reynolds ; it is Evelyn's Sculptura, and Loyalty to the Sovereign (especially since the acor the History and Art of Chalcography, 12mo., cession of King William), and of affection for the mother old marbled calf, 1662. Like Mr. Craggs's book, Country, abound in the Journals of the colonial Legisthis has the name of “ J. Reynolds” written at the early Periods to the second Petition of congress in 1775.
latures, and of the congresses and conventions, from right upper corner of the title-page, and in addi- “If those Professions and Assurances were sincere, tion has just below the name a small square sort they afford Evidence more than sufficient to invalidate of book-mark—“Se ir”-impressed with a stamp the charge of our desiring and aiming at Independence. such as is sometimes used for marking linen.
“ If, on the other hand, those Professions and AssuI remember having seen some books from Mr. the world an unprecedented Instance of long.continued,
rances were factitious and deceptive, they present to Thackeray's library marked with a stamp in a concurrent, and detestable Duplicity in the colonies. similar manner.
G. D. T. Our country does not deserve this odious and disgusting Huddersfield.
Imputation. During the course of my Life, and until
after the second Petition of congress (in 1775), I never I have Sandeart, Academia Artis Pictoria; on did hear any American of any class, or of any Descripthe flyleaf before frontispiece (on which is printed tion, express a wish for the Independence of the
colonies. Academia picturæ erudile) is Sir Joshua's autograph, a rather scratchy one, but quite legible, Opportunities of becoming acquainted with the Senti
“Few Americans had more or better means and with the ink turned brown ; it is simply “J. Rey-ments and Disposition of the colonists relative to public nolds," and underneath it is the impression of a affairs than the late Doct Franklin. In a letter to his square stamp ith the letters
Some of son, dated the 22 March, 1775, he relates a conversation the
engraved heads in the book are very fine, and which he had with Lord Chatham in the preceding the work is scarce. I bought it at Puttick & Co.'s, opinion prevailing in England, that America aimed at
month of August. His Lordship having mentioned an oddly enough in Reynolds's own painting room, setting up for itself as an independent State, the Doct" unless it has been rebuilt. I do not think the thus expressed himself. autograph added anything to the value of the book, "I assured him, that having more than once travelled for in Bohn's book of prints it is priced at 21. 18s., almost from one End of the continent to the other, and and I only gave 21. 78. for it, autograph and all.
kept a great variety of company, eating, drinking, and
conversing with them freely, I never had heard, in any C. A. WARD.
Conversation, from any Person, drunk or sober, the CURIOUS ERRORS CAUSED BY HOMONYMY (5th S. that such a Thing would be advantageous to America.'
least Expression of a wish for a Separation; or a Hint iv. 483 ; v. 155, 211 ; vi. 111, 199.)— Mons. Bel- " It does not appear to me necessary to enlarge further JAME will find that the o in hora is long.
on this subject. It has always been, and still is, my T. J. A. Opinion and Belief, that our country was prompted and
impelled to Independence by necessity and not by AUTHORS AND QUOTATIONS WANTED (5th S. vi. choice. They wbo know how we were then circum69.)
stanced, know from whence that necessity resulted." * Whence did the wondrous mystic art arise," &c., Adams writes :