The Consolation of Otherness: The Male Love Elegy in Milton, Gray and Tennyson
McFarland, Incorporated, Publishers, 23 трав. 2002 р. - 184 стор.
The social and religious constraints of their time may have prevented John Milton, Thomas Gray, and Alfred Tennyson from conscious expression or even unconscious recognition of the true extent of their love and devotion to their young male friends, but it lies at the heart of their emotional lives and poetry. Connected by the extraordinary coincidence that each of their loved ones died young, Milton, Gray, and Tennyson are also connected by the male-love elegies that sprang from their grief. This work examines the relationships between John Milton and Charles Diodati, Thomas Gray and Richard West, and Alfred Tennyson and Arthur Hallam through a critical study of Milton's "Epitaphium Damonis," Gray's "Elegy," and Tennyson's "In Memoriam." It shows how their concepts of otherness and difference from the people around them provided comfort after the loss of their loved ones. It discusses Milton's use of Latin to mourn his friend and screen the most resounding expressions of his love while keeping at bay those not ready to understand his concept of otherness, how Gray used both Latin and the vernacular to express his grief while conforming to social and religious constraints by also addressing larger concerns; and Tennyson's ability to use the vernacular with complete security to speak out and yet hold back private thoughts about the person he loved more than almost any other in his life.
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CHAPTER TWO A Secret Sympathy
CHAPTER THREE Points of Resistance
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achievement alienation allows allusion appear beauty becomes beloved close complete concern consolation course critical death desire difference Diodati early Elegy emotional English Epitaphium Damonis existence experience expression fact faith feeling felt final follow force friendship fully Gray Gray's grief Hallam hand happy heart hope human Hylas Ibid identity idyll imagination immortality Italy lament language Latin learning letter lines living loss lost Lycidas male means melancholy Memoriam memory Milton mind mourning nature never once pain particularly passion pastoral perhaps phrase poem poet poet's poetic poetry realized searching seems sense significance social society song soul speak spirit stanza suggest sure taken takes tells Tennyson things thought Thyrsis tion tone tradition true turn verse voice Walpole West West's whole wish writing young youth