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TEA AND COFFEE. 173
feet. Transactions of the Bank.—Qold-edged.
St. Michael's Tower, Brussels ...» 381 The art of fricasseeing Frenchmen.—By a
Steeple of Notre Dame, Munich .. 348 frog.
Cupola of St. Paul's, London 347 History of the giants.—Large paper.
Spire at Norwich • 315
Cupola of the Jesuits' Church, '""
Tower at Boston, England 304 TEA ANp CQFFEE.'
St. Michael's Spire, Coventry .... 303
Trinity Spire, ditto • 300 Thomasgarraw AY,in Exchange-alley,
Lincoln's High Tower • 300 Cornhill, tobacconist and coffeeman, was
Chichester Spire, England 297 the first who retailed and sold tea, recom
Minarets of St. Sophia, Constanti- mending it for the cure of all disorders.
nople, Turkey • 290 He states in his hand-bill that it was first
Grantham Spire, England 288 30id jn England about 1657; at which
Ely Spire, England 270 date, from its extreme scarceness, it had
Lichfield Spire 258 been sold at as high a rate as from 6/.
Steeple of Notre Dame, Paris .... 239 to 10/. sterling the pound weight. GarCanterbury Tower • 235 raway too first publicly sold tea in leaf or
Spitalfields Spire, London 234 drink, made according to the direction of
Porcelain Tower, Nankin 228 the most experienced merchants in the east,
Wakefield Spire, England • 225 at the price of from lfo. to 50s. a pound,
Gloucester Tower, ditto 222 about the year 1660.
Glasgow Spire, Scotland 220 The celebrated Thevenot introduced
Durham Tower 214 coffee into France in 1658: he gave it af
York Tower 213 ter dinner, and it was considered at that
Wellington Obelisk, Dublin 210 time as the mere whim of a philosophical
Monument, near London-bridge ... 202 traveller; but ten years afterwards a
Leaning Tower at Pisa 188 Turkish ambassador at Paris, made the
Penmanship.—Mr. Cream, schoolmaster beverage highly fashionable. We were, at Cambridge, has written the ten com- however, acquainted with its use before mandments, the creed, the lard's prayer, the time of Thevenot; for an English the 117th psalm, and his own name, com- Turkish merchant brought a Greek servant prising altogether 2150 letters, in the small jn 1652, who, knowing how to roast and space of a sixpence. They were written in make it, opened a house to sell it publicly, half an hour, without the aid of a glass, The f0nowiDg ;s a copy from his original and most of the writing may be read by handbill: "The virtue of the coffee drink, the naked eye. first publicly made and sold in England, A course of lectures on Political Econo- jy Pasque Rosee, in St. Michael alley, my is announced to be delivered in the Cornhill, at the sign of his own head." City. The lecturer is Mr. Maccullooh. The first introduction of the Chinese A Joint Stock Company is forming for leaf was violently opposed by many of the the encouragement of literature; the capi- Jearned; a German philosopher went so tal to be 100,000/., in shares of 25/. The far as t0 denounce tea-dealers, as immoral plan is to purchase the manuscript and persons, lying in wait for men's purses and copy-right of works of merit, on such terms jives, At a more recent period, those abas may be advantageous to the author, and surd prejudices had a warm advocate in leave a profit to the capitalists. the philanthropist Jonas Hanway, who was Inreading a Catalogue of Books, the fol- aCcustomed to anathematize the fragrant lowing curious coincidences, and mistakes herb as a slow poison. This made Dr. in punctuation, appeared: Johnson remark, who was an inveterate Essay on stupidity.—Bound in calf. tea-drinker, that its operation must indeed Hints on the original state of man.—Very be slow in its operation, since he had drank
old. it with impunity the last forty years 1 History of the reign of Henry 8th.—Octavo.
The conscience of the lawyers.—A farce. •
The history of the coronations.—Royal
paper. JSiarg at (©«uron«£.
Verdicts in the court of chancery.—Very
sCarce, Feb. 28.—The Budget.—The revenue
Life of Charles] St.—With a head capitally has been so productive in the past year,
executed. that it admits of a reduction in the taxes to
Hints to carpenters.—/» boards. the amount of a million and a half. The
Dyer's history of Cambridge,—Sound in statement of the Mimster affords general
moroeeo. satisfaction; some, however, think that the whole of the window taxes 'ought to have study of 1he diminutive order in creation,
been repealed, instead of the repeal being like the fluxional calculus in mathematics^
limited to houses with less thau eight win- forms the higher department in natural his
dows. Petitions for this purpose are in tory. Proficients in the science are anxious
active preparation; it is not improbable to investigate the laws and organization of
that they may be attended with success, the animalculae of nature's works; while the
especially as the Chancellor of the Ex- vulgar mind is most struck by, and most
chequer showed last year, by the remission curious to learn, the structure and conform
of the law duties after bringing forward ations of her greater productions, as the
the annual budget, that he is a man who horse, the elephant, and rhinoceros, may be occasionally advised. Whims Of Lawyers.—The benchers
The inhabitants of Salisbury are adver- of the Middle Temple, for lack of some
tising for persons of capital to establish thing to do, quarrelled with the lime-trees
manufactories there, they having " a very in their garden, because, as they said, they
numerous population unemployed."—The could not see the water after dinner, by
Easter ball at the Mansion-house is post- reason of those trees, though -it is noto
poned, in consequence of the necessity of rious that they see after dinner exactly
putting the Egyptian-hall in repair.—The twice as much as any moderate men would
fall of lambs is so great, as to mitigate in some degree the loss occasioned by the rot.
March 1.—Called at the Chapter coffeebouse. Poor Mrs.Hoddinott, it seems, died more than a fortnight since at Hornsey.— The waiter, Thomas, always puts me in mind of Dominie Sampson, and he looks as demure and full of the " milk of human kindness" as ever.
Sir Francis Burdett In Fashion.-— These are certainly strange times: a few years past, sir Francis rarely brought forward a question in which he was supported by more than one or two members; to-day he made a motion for a parliamentary inquiry into catholic grievances, when he was seconded by a principal member of administration, Supported by Messrs. Can• ning, Plunkett, Wortley, and a majority of 247 members!
2.—The project commenced for forming a tunnel under the Thames from Rotherhithe. Mr. Smith, M. P., previously to laying the first stone, made a long discourse on the utility of the arts and sciences, and exemplified it by reference to this gigantic undertaking. A prayer was offered up by Mr. White for the success of it; when the first stone was laid amid the cheers of the spectators.—An association is said to be forming for producing silk in this country and Ireland. This branch of manufacture is so flourishing, that from 4 to 5,000 hands are advertised for at Macclesfield.—Last year, the gold imported into the mint, amounted to the sum of 4,690,000/.
Intelligence has arrived of the complete discomfiture of the royalist party in Peru; the battle was fought on the ninth of December on the plains of Guamanguilla, and terminated in the capture of La Serena, Canterac, Valdez, their army, baggage, and accoutrements.
4.—Heard Dr. Roget, at the London institution, deliver an interesting lecture on the nutritive powers, and instruments and mode of progression in insects. The
desire to see ; the students, however, who, like poor Ophelia, have "too much water" already, and who have also some natural taste for the woadie, begged the lives of the trees, and after a hard struggle, the trees are likely to be spared, though the old gentlemen accuse them roundly of being sapless old twigs that do no manner of good, and only stand in the way!
Wltikls Calendar. fHard) XII.—Saturday.
Higli Water, Morn. VII. 49 m.—Even. VIII?
Chronology. — 1712. Queen Anne announced in the Royal Gazette her intention to touch publicly for the evil. She was the last of our sovereigns who exercised this miraculous gift. It is rather mortifying to national vanity, that our wiae ancestors for seven hundred years believed in the efficacy of the royal touch in scrofulous affections. But while we pity their credulity, let us not forget that we have still believers in the astrological nonsense of the almanac; and that the Stamford ghost, Richard Brothers, the fasting woman of Tuthury, and 'Joanna Southcott, have had their disciples.
1713.—The first number of the Guardian, a celebrated periodical, published under the direction of Steele.
High Water, Morn. VIII. 55 m,—Even. IX
2Bm. Sunday Lessons, Mom. Gen 43. Luke 24. Even. Gen. 45.1. Then. 4..
Chronology.—365. Belisarius, a celebrated general of the Roman empire, dies, after experiencing the severest trials of royal ingratitude.
1781. Dr. Heraehel discovers the Georgium planet.
High Water, Morn. X. 2 m.—Even. X. 31 m.
Chronology.—1757. The brave admiral Byng shot at Portsmouth; a victim to political persecution.—1799. Expired at Bath, in his 89th year, William Melmoth, an elegant scholar and polite writer.
1803. In his 80th year, Frederick Klopstock, whom the German literati place by the side of Homer and Milton.
High Water, Morn. XI. 0 ro.-Even. XI. 28 m.
Chronology.—41 B.c. Julius Caesar was assassinated in the senate house at Rome.
1784. Expired Dr. Thomas Franklin, whose translation of Phalaris, Sophocles, and Lucian, equally evince his learning and his genius.
High Water, Morn. XI. 57 m.—Even 0.0m.
On this day, 1792, Gustavus III., of Sweden, was assassinated at Stockholm, by Ankerstrom, a discontented officer; but the king did not expire till the 29th.
Angling.—Jack and pike will easily take a live bait in this month; but as they are now full of spawn, ar spawning, Ihe fair sportsman will refrain from killing them: indeed from February to Michaelmas they are hardly worth cooking; the flesh is then tough and tasteless; yet we find this fish in abundance at the fishmongers' shops in the metropolis during March and April, at which season they are easily taken, by snaring, haltering, and other unsportsman-like ways, pursued by poachers.—Carp, chub, roach, dace, flounders, and eels, will now bite freely in mild weather ; so that the angler may enjoy much sport in his favourite diversion, without destroying either jack, perch, pike, or trout; which are all at present unfit for the table.
Koach fishing is particularly good all this month: they are now emerging from the shallows, and an expert angler may, in many places, take from twenty to thirty pounds weight of them daily.
died at Soul-abbey, m the county of Down, in that kingdom, in the one hundred and twenty-third year of his age. He was interred at Down, according to most accounts: but, respecting his burialplace, there have been warm disputes; and it has been as warm a subject of debate as Homer's birth-place was formerly among the cities of Greece.
1800.—The Queen Charlotte, a British ship of war of 110 guns, blew up off the harbour of Leghorn; when captain Todd, and above eight hundred of the crew, perished by the explosion.
High Water, Morn. I. 6 m.—Even. I. 27^.
Chronology.—Edward, king of the West Saxons, was stabbed in the back, by order of his mother-in-law, Elfrida, at Corfe-castle, in Dorsetshire.
Flora.—The early daffodil, inordinary seasons, is by this time in blow; and though in warm situations, and early seasons, it often appears sooner, yet it is not generally found. The double garden daffodil is sometimes in blow a few days before the single sort, of which it is only a variety. Shakspeare speaks of "the daffodil which comes before the swallow dares."
Natural History.—The gannets, or Soland geese, resort in March to the Hebrides, and other rocky isles of North Britain, to make their nests and lay their eggs. In the months of May and June, • their nests are described as so closely placed together, that it is difficult to walk without treading upon some of them; and it is said, that the swarms of the old birdsare so prodigious, that when they rise into the air they stun the ear with their noise, and overshadow the ground like the clouds. The Boss Isle, in the Frith of Forth, is farmed out for the eggs of the various kind of water-fowl with which it swarms; and the produce of the Soland geese forms a large portion of the rent—for great numbers of their young ones are taken every season, and sold for about twentypence each, in Edinburgh; where they are esteemed a favourite dish, being generally roasted and eaten before dinner.
LES JEUX ET LE RIS.
Apposite Quotation.—Some of lord North's applications of passages from the Latin classics were extremely apposite and comical. To a young friend of his who told him he was about to part with his favourite ntare on account of the embar» rassment of his circumstances, he said, "Before you make up your mind to this, consider what your old friend Horace says ;—
'Equam memento rebus in arduis
Literary Ingenuity.—The following is from an old book, where it is said to have "cost the maker much foolish labour," for it is a perfect verse, and every word is the very same both backward and forward:
"Odo tenet mulum, madidam mappam tenet anna."
From the Greek:
"Blest he who sees; who hears thee truly
blest; Thy kiss is paradise; and heaven the rest."
The reign of Edward I. was marked with a singular occurrence, which serves to illustrate the general character of this monarch. :In the year 1285, Edward took away the charter of London, and turned out the mayor, in consequence of his suffering himself to be bribed by the bakers, and invested one of his own appointing with the civic authority. • • The city, however, by making" various presents to the king, and rendering him other signal services, found means to have their charter restored.
Sir Giles Allingham, A. D. 1631, was convicted for marrying his own niece, and fined'12,000/. to the king, and compelled to give a 20,000/. bond never to cohabit, or come in private with her again; and both of them to do penance at St. Paul's cross, or St. Mary's, in Cambridge, which they accordingly did.
Mr. Pinkerton, in his " Essay on Medals," relates, that in the cellar of a house in Norfolk-street in the Strand, is a fine antique bath, formerly belonging to Thomas earl of Arundel, who first brought the Arundelian marbles into England, and whose house and extensive gardens were adjacent. It is a pity this valuable antique is not more known, and better taken care of.
The funeral of Hugh, bishop of Lincoln, (Henry II.) was attended by two kings, many earls, three archbishops, fourteen bishops, and oneiuudred abbots, Miracles
London: Printed by A. APPLEGATfT,Stamford Street, for THOMAS BOYS, JVo. 7, Ludgate Hill, to whom all Communications (free of expense) are requested to be addressed; and sold also by all Book, sellers. Newsmen, and Venders in Town and. Country,—Published every Saturday,
The figure of a ball being better adapted to the hand and for projection than any other shape, has formed the foundation of a great many pastimes. First is the game of Hand-ball, called by the French palm-play, because the exercise consisted in receiving the ball, and driving it back again with the palm of the hand. Formerly they played with the naked hand, then with a glove, which, in some nstances, was lined; afterwards they bound cords and tendons round the hands to make the ball rebound more forcibly: hence the racket derived its origin. In the reign of Charles I. palm-play was very fashionable in France, being played by the nobility for large sums of money; when they had lost all they had about them, they would sometimes pledge a part vol. I.
of their dress rather than give up the game. In England it was a favourite pastime among the youth of both sexe*, and in many parts of the kingdom they played during the Easter holidays for tansy cakes. It is still played, though under a different name, and probably under a different modification of the game: it is now called Fives.
The game at Pall-mall is a ball diversion. This game consisted in striking a round box ball with a mallet through two high circles of iron, one at each end of the alley, which he that could do it at the fewest blows, or at the number agreed upon, wins. It was a fashionable amusement in the reign of Charles II. and a well-known street, then a walk in St; James's-park, derives its name from