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The next show-up is the Dean 'and Chapter of Westminster, for the fees they exact on opening to public view the great national temple of our " illustrious dead:"

Oh, very reverend dean and chapter,

Exhibitors of giant men,
Hail, to each surplice-back'd adapter

Of England's dead, in her stone den!
Ye teach us properly to prize

Two-shilling Grays, and Gays, and Handels, And, to throw light upon our eyes,

Deal in Wax Queens like old wax candles.

Oh, as I see you walk along

In ample sleeves and ample back, A pursy and well-orderM throng,

Thoroughly fed, thoroughly black! In vain I strive me to be dumb,—

You keep each bard like fatted kid, Grind bones for bread like Pee faw fum'

And drink from sculls as Byron did?

Oh, licens'd cannibals, ye eat
Yourdinners from your own dead race,
. Gray, preserv'd,—a" funeral meat,"
And Dryden, devil'd,—after grace,

A relish ;_and you take your meal
i rom rare Ben Jonson underdone

Or, whet your holy knives on Steele,
To cut away at Addison!

Oh say, of all this famous age,

Whose learned bones your hopes expect.

A TMeye ""mber'd Rydal's sage, T I TM0°re among your ghosts elect i .Lord Byron was not doom'd to make

You richer by his final sleep— Why don't ye warn the great to take,

Iheir ashes to no other heap!

Southey's reversion have ye got

With Coleridge, for his body, made A bargain ?—has sir Walter Scott,

Like Peter Schlemihl, sold his shade T Has Rogers haggled hard, or sold

His features for your marble shows, Or Campbell barter'd, ere he's cold,

All interest in his " bune repose 1"

Rare is your show, ye righteous men I
Priestly Politos,—rare, I ween:

But should ye not outside the Den'
Pamt up what in it may be seen?

A long green Shakspcare, with a deer
Grasp'd in the many folds it died in,—

w stufiM tram ear t0 ear,

Wet White Bears weeping o'er a Dryden.

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And still, to catch the Clowns the more,

With samples of your shows in Wax, feet some old Harry near the door

To answer queries with his axe

Put up some general begging-trunk

Since the last broke by some mishap. You've all a bit of General Monk,

From the respect you bore his Cap I

The demanding of fees on admission to our public places is a national opprobrium, which it is high time we got rid of :n some manner; but we should be sorry to join in the clamour against the Rev. Dean and his Colleagues; since they merely exercise an unquestionable privilege that they inherit from their predecessors in office, and which, in some measure, they are bound to maintain, and transmit unimpaired to their successors. The fault seems to be in the Legislature not granting some compensation in lieu of the privileges of those reverend gentlemen. That they will voluntarily surrender them is more than can be expected: especially when they have so many illustrious examples round them—of clergymen tenaciously clinging to their tithes, of statesmen to their sinecures, lawyers to their fees, and, in short, hardly any class in society making a gratuitous sacrifice on the altar of national honour and utility, without equivalent.

The last is a spirited and facetious "Ode to Secretary Bodkin," whose comic name has naturally made him obnoxious to the risible humours of our Satirist. From this we shall make no extract—having already selected abundant specimens of the fascinations of this pleasant little volume which we dismiss with our sincere thanks to the writer for the entertainment it has yielded us. It forms an agreeable variety among the graver tomes constantly issuing on political economy, railways, and mining associations. It has only one striking blemish; and that is in the puns, which, among some of the best, contains some of the worst ever made.

A mask of sponge has been recommended as a preservative against the accidents arising from foul air in wells, &c. and the destructive effects of the noxious particles inhaled by workmen in manufactories.

A very important discovery for the French nation has lately been made near Paris, in a vein of excellent coal, with a large quantity of iron stone in its immediate vicinity.

The Quarterly Review is no longer under the superintendence of Mr. Gifford. The new editor is Mr. John Coleridge, the barrister.

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1 Rorinson, 4 Edmonds, 7 Bellamy,

2 Tinny, 6 Braram, 8 Mrs. Bedford,

3 Bedford, 6 Miss Graddon, 9 Miss Love*

The oratorial performances of the past week, considering the allowance we have to make for a too long cherished predilection for heterogeneous diversity, consisted of as well-chosen pieces as we could reasonably expect. Generally speaking, an oratorio, properly so called, is out of view, with the modern conductors: to listen to our theatrical Lenten Music, is to lend our ears to strains, the subjects of which are as discordant, as unconnected with each other, as brevity can be with solemnity, or secular sentiments with sacred. But even in the province of impro

succeeded the Kemp/ und Seig. It is written with all his native fire, exhibits much of his habitual eccentricity, and, with the pleasure its occasional brilliancy afforded, mixed sensations of surprise, excited by the uncommon transitions of its melodial ideas, and the strange and unexpected evolutions of its harmony. The chief novelty of the evening, however, consisted of selections from the opera of Preciosa, in which the same composer has evinced, not only a just conception of the true style of dramatic music, but the power of producing such music: and when

priety, there is some scope for the exercise brought before the public in its own ope

of discretion — a discretion that, in the concerto spirituale on which we shall first remark, was not wholly neglected.

At Drohy-lane, the selection of Wednesday the 2d instant commenced with a repetition of Werer's Kempfund Seig, (Camp and Siege,) the score of which has been graciously lent to this house, for the liberal purpose of communicating its beauties to the British public; and the piece was again very spiritedly executed, and as warmly applauded as in the previous week. The overture to the opera of Garyanthe, composed by the same master,

ratic and natural form, (in the preparation for which the managers of Covent-garden are now actively engaged,) it will, we doubt not, prove a high treat to the lovers of the genuine musical drama. All the airs were applauded, and some of them encored; but of the selected beauties of the piece, the most prominent were the chorus, "Now, all that love daylight are sleeping," and another, accompanied with eight horns, the general management of which was signally effective. To these pieces were added selections from HanDel's Dettingen Te Deum, the lofty no-* bleness of which was followed and relieved by a variety of more or less interesting melodies, among which were "Total eclipse," from the oratorio of Sampson, most impressively given by Braham, and "Bonnie Lassie, in which we found him as electrical as ever. Madame CaranpRi, Miss Love, Mr. Horn, Master Edmonds, and most of the principal singers, acquitted themselves with considerable taste and judgment.

At Covent-garden, on the following Friday, the most sublime offspring of HanDel's mighty genius, the Messiah, was performed; that production, the inspired magnificence of which so ill accorded with the false and puerile taste of the fine gentlemen of 1741, as to be very coldly received, and to reduce the great composer t» the necessity of quitting England—of allowing Irish judgment the honour of discovering its unparalleled merits! It was, on the whole, very judiciously executed, and, in many parts, attended to "with ravished ears." Our favourite, Braham, in "Comfort ye, my people," was admirably pathetic, and gave "the plain bold air of *' Thou shall break them?1 with a vigour and firmness of intonation felt and applauded by the whole audience, Bellamy delivered ** Why do the nations" and "The trumpet shall sound" in a style surpassing his usual manner, both in spirit and in judgment. With Miss Love's "O thou that tellest good tidings," we were much pleased; and Miss M.Tree and Misshammersley,ui "He shall feed his flock," were truly excellent. Madame Caradori gave the sweetly simple air " Thou didst not leave," with the purest and most unaffected taste; and in the fine melody of Mozart's "Laudate Dominum" introduced between the first and second acts, convinced us of her just conception of the composer's sentiment and meaning. On account of Miss Paton's indisposition, Miss Graddon, at a very short notice, undertook the performance of the songs that had been allotted to that lady, and acquitted herself with an address that, throughout, was applausively noticed.

Mr. Samuel Wesley's concerto, founded on a fugue of Seiiastian Bach, in D major, and originally prepared for the Naval Pillar concert, projected by Dr. Busry, and performed at the King's theatre, in 1800, was a truly fine composition, and executed in the most masterly manner. The choruses were performed with energy and precision; and "For unto us a child is born" and "Hallelujah, for the Lord God omnipotent reigncth," were enthusiastically encored. The house was most respectably and crowdediy filled.

(To the Editor of the Circulator.)

Sin,-—I beg leave, through the medium of your popular paper, to give circulation to my case, which may be that of others, to state to you my grievance, and to hope that my example will deter other honest citizens from allowing their children and families to get so Frenchified as to render themselves ridiculous, and to make their homes uncomfortable. I flatter myself that I am a plain, honest man; the former epithet none of my neighbours will dispute with me, the latter must speak for itself: my name is] Place—very common-place, I assure you—but my conceited wife and daughter want to make as queer a fish of me as if I were a plaice coming from the fishmonger's shop to be served up with some high sauce. Indeed, in one point of view, I amlike a fish out of water; for since Madam, my spouse, has been over to the French coast, with Mademoiselle, (for she will no longer an-* swer to Miss,) I have not only not a will of my own, but not a place that I can call my own; my counting-house .is crammed with foreign packages,my diningroom is called a saloon, my lumber-room is turned into a boudoir, and my old family name changed into nonsense. Madam and Miss have taken to studying heraldry, and fain would persuade me that I am of French extraction, and that my surname (or rather my nickname) is De la Place, and that I belong to some of those highwaymen, and invading, pillaging chaps who came over with that son of a gun, William the conqueror, who was called by his own nation William the bastard:— now pray what have I to do with him 1 Nevertheless they have got a pedigree made out, and a copperplate for their visiting cards, and it is Madame de la Place in every place they go to; save me, if this don't find me a place in the bankrupt list at last; but I can't get in a word edgeways for French parley and French foolery. I am smoked out of my room by Ned Place, my son, and stunned in my parlour by Mademoiselle's piano-forte, on which she will play nothing but her foreign airs—indeed it would be well if she only played these airs off at home,—. and then at night she must have her young friends practising waltzes, and a French dancing master with his kit—hang the whole kit of them,—and I can't get "Rule Britannia," or any decent tune, to amuse me and to keep me from sleeping after dinner, but off Miss must go to the French strollers of Tottenham-court-road theatre, and it will be well if all ends well. My Madame is dressed like an opera-dancer, and

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she vows that if ever we have another son he shall be named Childeric, there's a name for you; however, I hope we shall not, increase and multiply in this way. Childeric de la Place! indeed, a pretty name, instead of old Bob Place, and Roger Place, my industrious father. Would you believe it! Madame calls me Robert-mon ami, in honour of the Norman robbers of the conquest; and all this comes from passing three weeks at Boulogne, in France: 'I wish they had never left the Bull-and-Mouth, where I had to pay for their places. Master Ned, too, forsooth, has become a proper Neddy, with papers in his hair like a Miss Molly, and his snuffbox pulled out at every word, or his hat on one ear as if he was drunk, and occasionally a straw 'full of tobacco in his mouth, he looks exactly like the sign of the monkey that has seen the world, and I see no sign of |his getting better. The liberty of the press is a noble thing, and I trust that this public exposure may shame my incurables, and lower their French fever; in the hope, therefore, that Madame Place may keep her proper place—and that Miss de la Place may change her name for some honest English one, like plain fish or flesh —that my Neddy may cease to be thus over head and ears in love with French beauties and French fashions, and, like his old father, be once more all for liberty and a straight head of hair.


How charming is divine philosophy! Not harsh and crabbed as dull fools suppose, But musical as is Apollo's lute, And a perpetual feast of nectar'd sweets, Where no crude surfeit reigns. Milton.

In our last geological article we illustrated the economy of primitive rocks, inasmuch as their importance entitles them to the first claim on our attention in considering the actual structure of the earth. We shall now proceed to the second division of our subject, viz. Intermediate, or as Werner has denominated them, Trausilion Rocks, which generally, in this country, occupy a higher level than the secondary, but a lower one than the primitive formations. Most of these rocks are, in some degree, crystalline, being, according to the inferences of geologists, formed from a state of solution during the transition of the world from a chaotic to a habitable state. Hence, being the lowest id which fossil remains of animals or vegetables are found, they become the indexes to the natural history of the first inhabitants of the globe, and by this means we arrive at Urn important fact„that zoophiles and shell

fish, the lowest link in the scale of animal creation, were the first that received the gift of life. In the secondary, or rocks above these, we meet with the remains of animals of a more complex orgamzatiou, with the faculties of sight and locomotion. Here the student of nature may contemplate the secret but simple train of being with which our Creator first stocked tho earth, and here he may view the parent relics of all animated nature, and fathom the very springs of life:

The antique world, in his first flowing youth,
Found no defect in his Creator's grace;

But with glad thanks and unreproved truth,
The gifts of sovereigne bounty did embrace.

This may be considered as the most important feature in the history of transition rocks. Although not rich in gems, they abound in various veins of ores; as for instance, the mining districts of the Leadhills and Wanloch-head near Edinburgh, those immense deposits of galena, or the black ore of lead. The rich lead and silver mines in Hartz, in Germany, and many of those in Mexico, which are now rousing the avarice of mankind, are in similar rocks. They likewise contain extensive beds of variegated limestone, and fine granites and porphyries, and occasionally coals are found in them, similar to those in primitive rocks.

The principal of Transitive Rocks are slate, flinty-slate, greywacke, which is a coarse kind of slate, sub-crystalline limestone, or common marble, which, being formed of various fragments, is termed brecciated, as the Egyptian breccia, which contains large pebbles of jasper, granite, and porphyry. Few persons visit Lewes, in Sussex, without noticing the fossil marble with which it is paved, which consists of shells and fragments, brecciated, or united by cement. When these several bodies are rounded, they are called pudding-stone. The celebrated pudding-stone, found only in Hertfordshire, and of which there are some very fine specimens near Hemel Hempstead, is, however, supposed to be an original rock, on account of the coloured circlets being always entire, and parallel with the surface. Trap, sienite, porphyry, gneiss, and serpentine and quartz, are also among the transitive rocks, and they for the most part resemble those of the primitive class.

Our next division consists of Secondary, Stratified Rocks, which rest immediately on the transition class. These are likewise distinguished by their abundance of fossd organic remains, principally in limestone. The older formations contain oviparous quadrupeds or lizards, and in the newer are found remains of true quadru

peds, as of opossums^ Secondary rocks the distortion of the Images produced by

are highly interesting to the mineralogist: this cause, the eye being naturally short

they also contain the greatest coal-mines sighted, was corrected by a lens, with one

in all countries;* the richest lead-mines surface concave and spherical, and the

in England; the great iron-mines in Eng- other concave and cylindrical; its axis

land and Scotland; the salt of Cheshire, being at right angles to the plane of

Cracow, and other countries; and vast greatest refraction.

quarries of sandstone and limestone. Of Shoes made of Indian-rubber have been

these, the Rock-salt is not the least wor- imported into Philadelphia from South

thy of notice, and many persons on seeing America, and are likely to come into ge

a Ipiece of this substance, have failed to neral use there.

identify it with the salt used for culinary The late lord Courtney, who was of one purposes. The preparation of salt by of the oldest families in Great Britain, evaporation is highly curious.-)- According having married to a Miss Clack, who was to our indefatigable chemist, Henry, the much inferior in point of birth, a converinsoluble portion of sea-salt is a mixture sation took place (at which the late bishop of carbonate of lime, with carbonate of of Exeter was present) on the disparity of magnesia, and a fine silicious sand; and the connection. "What is your objection!" in the salt prepared from Cheshire brine, said the bishop to a lady, who took the it is almost entirely carbonate of lime, principal part in the conversation.— Some estimates of the general proportion "Want of family, my lord." "Want of of this impurity, may be formed from family!" echoed the bishop, "why I"l the fact, that government in levying the prove her of better family than his lordduties, allows 651bs. to the bushel of rock- ship's. He, perhaps, may trace his ansalt instead of 561 bs., the usual weight of cestors as far back as the conquest, but a bushel of salt. That kind of salt which the family of 'Clacks' are as old as is hardest, most compact, and perfect in Eve!"

its crystals, is best adapted for packing Sursidence Oe The Baltic.—It was fish, but the smaller-grained varieties an- suspected that the waters of the Baltic swer equally well for pickling or striking were gradually sinking, but a memoir, pubmeat.}: Mr. Henry's experiments show lished in the Swedish Transactions for that in compactness of texture, the larger- 1823, has put the change beyond a doubt. grained British salt is equal to the foreign Mr. Buncrona has examined the Swedish bay salt, and that their antiseptic or pre- coast with great care from lat. 56 to 62, servative qualities are the same. and Mr. Halstrom has examined that of

the gulf of Bothnia. At the lat. of 55,

-' —~" where the Baltic unites with the German

ocean through the Cattegat, no change

JjJartCtttS. seems to be perceptible; but from lat. 56

to 63, the observations show a mean fall At a meeting of the Cambridge Philo- of 1 foot 6 inches in 40 years, or 4-tenths sophical Society, a notice was read by of an inch annually, or 3 feet 10 inches in professor Cumming, on the subject of the a century. In the gulf of Bothnia the reconversion of cast-iron into plumbago, by suits are more uniform, and indicate a the action of sea water: a specimen of mean fall of 4 feet 4 inches in a century, plumbago formed in this manner was fur- or rather more than an inch annually. The rushed by Mr. Alderson, of Pembroke- Baltic is very shallow at present; and if college, which formed part of the iron its waters continue to sink as they have groove of a patent log belonging to the done, Revel, Abu, Narva, and a hundred ship Zoroaster, of Hull. A very interest- other ports, will by and by become inland ing paper was read by Mr. Airy, of Tri- towns: and the gulfs of Bothnia and nity-college, on a mal-conformation of Finland, and ultimately the Baltic,will be the eye, the refraction in a plane nearly changed into dry land, vertical, being greater than in the others: „EIGHTS or THE Highest Edifices.

feet. Tower of Babel 680

Pyramid of Gezeh, in Egypt 543

* What is generally termed the Coal Forma- St. peter's, at Rome 518

lion consists ot an alternation of grey and white «, i t lU f, ,1, A l /i sandstone, bituminous shale, and slate-clay, clay Steeple Or tne Catnearaf at Coironstone, limestone, and coal. The whole form logne • .••.•••...-•. 501

together a group or set of rocks, which rests on Tower at Strasburg 474

the mountain limestone. - , - . . . , , /",'"

1- Pegwell Bay, on the Kentish coast, is an Steeple 01 the Cathedral at Antinteresting representation of this process, and a werp ....• 476

morning may be advantageously and amusingly n , f* ., ,-, ,. , ', "'TM* ,

passed in their inspection Cupola of the Cathedral at Flo

l fhilos. Transactions, 1810. rence ;1. 384

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