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principal towns of each pett

y nation, are likewise marked; and

are accompanied & by figures which refer to a statement of their ancient and modern names. Thus, the purpose of particular in

X, Iceni Cenomanni . xi. Iceni Coritani { XII. Cainabii XIII. Brigantes XIV. Parisii

XV. Voluntii Y
XVI. Sistuntii (
XVII. Ottadini
XVIII. Gadeni
XIX. Silures (
-xx. Dimecia,

XXI. Ordovices
XXII. Cangiani

On the South Wat Li No Street. 1. Rhutupis, Itichborough 2, 10urovernum, Canterbury 3. Durobrivae, Rochester 4. N oviomagus, Holwood Hill 5. Trinobantum, London 6. Verolam, Verulam 7. Durocobrivae, Maiden Bower, near Dunstable 8. Benonis, Claychester 9, Etocetum, Wall 10. Uriconium, Wroxeter 11. Mediolanum, Clawdd Goch 1%. Segontium, Caer Segont 13. Holyhead

On the Nonth Watling street. 14. Bremeniuin, Riechester 15. Epiacum, Lunchester 16. Vinovium, Binchester 17. Cataractonis, catterick 18. Olicana, Ilkley . 19. Cambodunum, slack 29. Deva, Chester 13, Holyhead

formation

we

BRITISH TOWNS.

On the Ixen I el D ST Resr.

21. Ad Taum, Taesborough

7. Durocebriva, Maiden Bower 22. Sorbiodunum, Old Sarum 23. Iberium, Bere 24. Durinum, Maiden castle 25. Isca, Exeter 26. Tamara, on the Tamar 27. Voluba, on the Fowey

28, Cenia, on the Fal

ON The Ryk N1 eln Street. 29. . . . . Chester-le-Street 16. Vinovium w 17. Cataractonis 30. Isurium, Aldborough . 9. Etocetum. 31. Alauna, Alcester, Warwickshire

32. Ariconium, Berry Hill, near Ross

33. Gobannium, Abergavenny 34. Maridunum, Caermarthen 35, Menapia, near St. David's.

On the Ermyn Strker.

16, Winovium 17. Cataractouis

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formation will be best gratified by a reference to a map so comprehensively arranged. But, with a view of facilitating the researches of the reader, I present an enumeration, and general notice of the tribes which formed the population of Britain, previous to the conquests effected by the Romans, and whose appellations so often occur in various pages of the “ Beauties of England and Wales.” ...' Before we enter on such an examination, it is, however, neces

sary 17. Cataractonis 44. Ratae, Leicester 30. Isurium 8. Benonis 36, Ehuracum, York : 41. Corinium 37. Petuaria, Brough 45. Aquae Sulis, Bath 38. Lindum, Lincoln # - 46. Ischalis, Ilchester 39. Durnomagus, Castor 47. Moridunum, Seaton 5. Trinobantum. 4. Noviomagus - ON THE UPPER SALTwAY 40. Anderida Portus, Pevensey 48. Salina, Droitwich

| 49. Venta Belgarum, Winchester

ON THE IKEMAN STREET. * - a "
50. Clausentum, Bittern

o 7. Durocobrivac 41. Corinium, Cirencester 42. Venta Silurum, Caerwent 43. Isca, Caerleon 34. Maridunum 35. Menapia

ON THE WEste RN TRAckway.

51. Luguballium, Carlisle
52. Coccium, Blackrode
- 48. Salinoe
53. Branogena, Worcester
54. Glevum, Gloucester -
55. Uxella, near Bridgewater
25, Isca

On The Foss E.
38. Lindum

Other British Towns, not immediately on the foregoing Trackways, but mentioned by Richard of Cirencester.

- Portus Magnus, Portchester 64. Camalodunum, Lewden. 56. Regentium, Chichester 65. Lovantium, Llanio 57. Halangium, Carnbre. --- 66. Magna, Kentchester 58. Musidum, near Stratton 67. Branogenium, near Lentwarden 59. Artavia, Hartland Point | 68. Camboricum, Cambridge y 60. Termolus, Molland 69. Rerigonium, Ribchester 61. Lemanis, Stutfall castle 70. Portus Felix, at the mouth of the s 62. Dubris, Dover # Humber. 63. Regulbium, Reculver 71. Galacum.

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sary to remind the reader, that these large portions of the island, though inhabited by various tribes, were really peopled by two nations only ; the aboriginal, or Celtic inhabitants, and the Belgae. - . & o The geographical line of distinction between the Celtic and Belgic settlers, at the date of Caesar's first invasion, is carefully marked in the annexed map ; but, in order to present a more perspicuous view of the effects of the Belgic invasion of Britain, as connected with the locality and future history of the aboriginal inhabitants, it may be observed, that the Celts, who had, at an early period, occupied all such parts of Britain as lay to the south of the Thames, from the coast of Kent to the extremity of Cornwall, were distinguished by the general name of Senones.* The respective tribes of the people, thus recognised by a general appellation, were named:—I. The Bibroci, who occupied the counties of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey, and part of Berks. II. The Segontiaci, dwelling in Hampshire and Berkshire. III. The Durotriges, in Dorsetshire. IV. The Carnabii, and V. The Cimbri, seated in Devonshire, Cornwall, and part of Somersetshire. VI. The Haedui, in Somersetshire, Gloucestershire, and Wilts. VII. The Ancalites, who possessed a small district, partly on the south of the river Thames, near Henley. Concerning the above tribes may be submitted the following particulars. . . The BibRocit are said, by Richard of Cirencester, to have inhabited Bibrocum, Regentium, and Noviomagus. The site of the first-named place, (the Bibracte of the Itinerary) is uncertain. Regentium is placed at Chichester, and Noviomagus at Hokwood Hill. ... ." The SegontiAcIf were seated in the north-west part of Hamp. 3.2 * . . . . . . . . . . shire, • Richard of Cirencester, p. 37, Hatcher's edit, and remark by the Rev. z Thomas Leman. & . # , ; ; , ; * The Bibroci are mentioned in the Beauties for Berkshire, p. 83.

† For some account of the Segontiaci, see Beauties for Hants, p. 5, and for Berks, p. 83. o 'o

shire, and in a part of Berks on the south-west; having for their chief city Windonis. o The territory of the Durotriges" comprised the present county of Dorset, and their capital was Durinum, (Maiden castie, near Dorchester.) z -: The CARNAB11t occupied the north-and west of Cornwall, to the Land's end; having for their chief cities Musidum, and Halangium; the former supposed to have stood near Stratton, and the last at Carnbre. . The CIMBR1 possessed the south-west part of Somerset, and the north of Devon. Their principal towns were Termolus (uncertain as to site) and Artavia (probably near Hartlandpoint.) x- ~~ The HEduit occupied the whole of Somersetshire, except the south-west corner, together with a part of the south of Gloucestershire, and of the north-west of Wilts. Their chief towns were Ischalis, (Ilchester) Avalonia, (Glastonbury) and Aquae Sulis, (Bath.) . ... < The remaining Celtic tribes of Britain were distinguished by the following appellations, and were distributed over the island in the following manner, at the date of Caesar's first invasion. The Catleuchlani, or CAtieuclani, consisted of two tribes, which were denominated Dobuni and Cassii; and their dominions extended from the Severn to the German Ocean. . of these, the Dobunis (termed Boduni, by Dio) are placed by ancient geographers in the counties of Oxford, Gloucester, and Worcester. In the “Beauties” for Oxfordshire, it is suggested, that the appellation of Dobuni signifies a race possessing *... lands

& * See the Durotriges noticed, Beauties for Dorsetshire, p. 321. + The Carnabii of Cornwall are noticed in the Beauties for that county, p. : The Hedui are mentioned in the Beauties for Wilts, p. 5. . |The Dobuni are noticed in the Beauties for Oxfordshire, p.2–6; and for Gloucestershire, p. 497. $ in regard to their exact lines of territory, it is said, in the notes on Ris . ... . . . chard lands on river-sides, a people who are stream-borderers. It is obvious, that a name, if derived from allusions to locality, would be bestowed on a tribe from its primary circumstances of inhabitation; and it is probable, that the Dobuni first took possession of the lowlands of these districts, and consequently were dwellers in the vicinity of such great streams as formed distinguishing features in the character of surrounding country. Corinium, Cirencester in Gloucestershire, was their capital. The Cassii” appear to have occupied the tract of country now divided into the counties of Hertford, Bedford, Buckingham, Middlesex, and Essex; having their principal town at Verolamium, (St. Alban’s.) × To the north of the Thames dwelt the people known by the general name of Ice N1,t divided into two tribes, termed the Iceni magni, or Cenomanni; and the Iceni Coritani. . The territory of the Iceni Magni is said, in a note on Richard of Cirencester, “to have stretched from the Stour to the north of the Nen and the Ouse, possibly to the Welland; and, on the west, to the boundaries of the Carnabii and Dobuni.” A precise definition of the extent of territory possessed by this, or any other of the British tribes, would appear to be of little importance, unless connected with some historical incident, or illustrative of a Peculiarity in custom or manner, as displayed in tangible vestiges. According to the opinions usually received, the Iceni Magni are believed to have been the ancient inhabitants of the present counties of Huntingdon, Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk, and part of Northamptonshire. They had for their capital, Taesborough, in o C Norfolk,

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chard of Cirencester, that “they were bounded on the west by the Severn, *the south by the Thames, on the east by the Charwell, and on the north by the Carnabii,” Richard of Ciren. Edit. 1809, p. 46. * See the Cassii noticed in the Beauties for Hertfordshire, p. 5; for Bedfordshire, p. 1; and for Buckinghamshire, p. 276. ***atements of many particulars relating to the Iceni, see Beauties for * p. 325–326; for Cambridgeshire, p. 3–1 ; and for Not

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