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acres afford agricultural amount appears APPENDIX Armagh Arthur Young assistance board of guardians capital circumstances Commissioners committees Connaught cottier counties of Ireland Court of Chancery cultivation destitute difficulty distress districts Dublin effect electoral divisions emigrants employed employment enable encumbered England English entails evidence evils exertions exist expenditure expense extent farms greatly improvement increased industry inhabitants injurious interest Irish Irish language Kilkenny labour land in Ireland landed property landed proprietors landlord large estates leases Leinster Limerick live manufacture Mayo means ment middle class mortgage Munster necessary neighbours obtain Occupation of Land occupied owner parish paupers payment peasantry poor poor-law poor-rates population portion possession potatoes present rate-payers relief rent resident respects result sell settlement small farmers soil taxation tenant tenant-right tenantry tenure tion Tipperary Ulster union wages Waterford Wexford whole
Сторінка 324 - In most cases whatever is done in the way of building or fencing is done by the tenant, and in the ordinary language of the country, dwelling-houses, form-buildings, and even the making of fences, are described by the general word
Сторінка 283 - An activity has been here, that has swept away all difficulties before it, and has clothed the very rocks with verdure. It would be a disgrace to common sense to ask the cause; the enjoyment of property must have done it. Give a man the secure possession of a bleak lock, and he will turn it into a garden; give him a nine years' lease of a garden, and he will convert it into a desert.
Сторінка 324 - Ireland, the landlord builds neither dwelling-house nor farm-offices, nor puts fences, gates, &c. into good order, before he lets his land to a tenant. The cases in which a landlord does any of those things are the exceptions.
Сторінка 30 - It was a machine of wise and elaborate contrivance, and as well fitted for the oppression, impoverishment, and degradation of a people and the debasement, in them, of human nature itself...
Сторінка 331 - ... it would be impossible to describe adequately the sufferings and privations which the cottiers and labourers and their families in most part of the country endure ;" that " in many districts their only food is the potato, their only beverage water ;" that " their cabins are seldom a protection against the weather ; " that " a bed ora blanket is a rare luxury ; " and that " nearly in all, their pig and their manure heap constitute their only property...
Сторінка 324 - It is well known, that in England and Scotland, before a landlord offers a farm for letting, he finds it necessary to provide a suitable farmhouse, with necessary farm buildings, for the proper management of the farm. He puts the gates and fences into good order, and he also takes upon himself a great part of the burden of keeping the buildings in repair during the term ; and the rent is fixed with reference to this state of things. Such, at least, is generally the case, although special contracts...
Сторінка 326 - Their condition is necessarily most deplorable. ' It would be impossible for language to convey an idea of the state of distress to which the ejected tenantry have been reduced, or of the disease, misery, and even vice, which they have propagated in the towns wherein they have settled; so that not only they who have been ejected have been rendered miserable, but they have carried with them and propagated that misery.
Сторінка 53 - The whole nature of Christian men appears, in such cases, to be changed, and, the one absorbing feeling as to the possession of land stifles all others. and extinguishes the plainest principles of humanity.