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Grid Side is Pieroed.
JOHN, XX. He is Buried by Joseph and Nicodemus. Lady of Christ from the least indignity after He had secured: (1.) The reality of our Lord's death was attested And the work giren Him to do. Every imaginable by the party of all others most competent to decide indignity had been permitted before that, up to the moon it, and certainly free from all bias-the officer in meat of his death. But no sooner is that over, than an attendance-in full re Caseen hand is found to have provided against the surrendered the body: (2) The dead Redeemer, thus cabs of the rude soldiers coming in contact with that delivered out of the hands of His enemies and committemple of the Godhead. Very different from such vio ted by the supreme political authority to the care of leo was that spear-thrust, for which not only doubting His friends, was thereby protected from all further Toomas would thank the soldier, but intelligent believ. indigpities; a thing most befitting indeed, now that ers in every age, to whom the certainty of their Lord's His work was done, but impossible, so far as we can see, denth and resurrection is the life of their whole Chris. if His enemies had been at liberty to do with Him as tanity. And again another Scripture saith, They shall they pleased. How wonderful are even the minutest Jak on him whom they pierced-The quotation is from features of this matchless History! also Nicodemus Zechariah, 12. 10: Dot taken as usual from the Septua-(which at the first came to Jesus by night)-This remark Biet the current Greek version), which here is all corresponds to the secrecy of Joseph's discipleship, trong but direct from the Hebrew. And there is a just noticed, and calls attention to the similarity of rezarkable nicety in the choice of the words employed their previous character and conduct, and the remarkbaith by the prophet and the evangelist for " piercing." able change which bad now taken place.' (WEBSTER The word in Zechariah meins to thrust through with & WILKINSON.) brought myrrh and aloes, about an hugBear, javelin, sword, or any such weapon. In that dred pounds weight-an immense quantity, betokening sease it is used in all the ten places, besides this, where the greatness of their love, but part of it probably It is found. How suitable this was to express the action intended as a layer for the spot on which the body was of the Roman soldier, is manifest; and our evangelist to lie. See 2 Chronicles, 16. 14.) (MEYER.] then took to the exactly corresponding word, which the Sep. they the body of Jesas, and wound it in linen clothes with Jangat certainly does not. Very different is the other the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury-the mixed ord for "puerce" in Psalm 22. 16. They pierced my and pulverised myrrh and aloes shaken into the folds, kasds and my feet." The word there used is one sig. and the entire body, thus swathed, wrapt in an outer nifying to hore as with an awl or hammer. How strik. covering of “clean linen cloth.” (Matthew, 27. 59.) ing are these small niceties! 38-40. Joseph of Arima. Had the Lord's own friends had the least reason to
- rich man" Matthew, 27. 57), thus fulfilling think that the spark of life was still in Him, would they laiah, a3.9: "an honourable counsellor, ia member of have done this? But even if one conid conceive them fa Sanhedrim, and of good condition), which also mistaken, could any one have lain thus enveloped for Fuited for the kingdom of God" (Mark, 15. 43..a devout the period during which He was in the grave, and espectant of Messiah's kingdom; "a good man and a life still remained ? Impossible. When, therefore, Ho inst the same had not consented to the counsel and walked forth from the tomb, we can say with the deed of them" (Luke. 23. 50, 51, - he had gone the most absolute certainty, "Now is Christ risen from length, perhaps, of dissenting and protesting in open the dead, and become the first - fruits of them that conseil against the condemnation of our Lord); "who slept!" (1 Corinthians, 16. 20.) No wonder that the slao himself was Jesus' disciple" (Matthew, 27. 57.). learned and the barbarians alike were prepared to die being a disciple of Jesus but secre:ly, for fear of tbe Jews for the name of the Lord Jesus; for sucb evidence was -"He went in boldly unto Pilate" (Mark, 15. 43)-lit., to the unsophisticated resistless. (No mention is made "baring taken courage went in,' or 'had the boldness to of anointing in this operation. No doubt it was a pin' Mark alone, as his manner is, notices the bold. hurried proceeding, for fear of interruption, and bePurwbiet this required. The act would without doubt cause it was close on the Sabbath, the women seem to Identify bim for the first time with the disciples of have set this as their proper task was soon as the Sab. Chris Marvellous it certainly is that one who while bath should be past " (Mark, 16. 1). But as the Lord
Esas Tis yet alive merely refrained from condemning graciously held it as undesignedly anticipated by Mary Hita, Lot having the courage to espouse his cause by at Bethany (Mark, 14. 8.), so this was probably all the Obe positive act, should, now that He was dead, and anointing, in the strict sense of it, which He received. He cose apparently dead with Him, summon up 41, 42. Now in the place where he was crucified there was songe to go in personally to the Roman Governor and a garden, and in the garden a new sepulchre-The choice uk permission to take down and inter the body. But of tbis tomb was, on their part, dictated by the double I tak be the first instance, it is not the last, that a circumstance that it was so near at hand, and by its singly dead Christ has wakened a sympathy which a belonging to a friend of the Lord; and as there was need liningene had failed to eroke. The heroism of faith is of haste, even they would be struck with the providence sually bundled by desperate circumstances, and is not which thus supplied it. "There laid they Jesus there
en displayed by those wcho before were the most timid. I fore, because of the Jews' preparation day, for the se. and To known as disciples at all. "And Pilate pulchre was nigh at hand." But there was one recomDarrelied if he were"-rather wondered that he was mendation of it which probably would not strike them:
already dead." "And calling the centurion, he asked but God had it in view. Not its being "hewn out of un shether he had been any while dead"-Pilate could a rock" (Mark, 16. 46.), accessible only at the entrance, hardly credit what Joseph nad told him, that He had which doubtless would impress them with its security been dead some time,* and before giving up the body and suitableness. But it was "a new sepulchre" (v.41), to his friends, would learn how the fact stood from "wherein nerer man before was laid" (Luke, 23. 53 ); De centurion, whose business it was to cvergee the exe- and Matthew (27. 60.), says that Joseph laid Him "in citon "And when he knew it of the centurion." that his own new tomb, which he had bewn out in the rock"
Walas Joseph bad said, "he gave"-rather 'made -doubtless for his own use, though the Lord had higher out of the body to Josepb;' struck, possibly, with use for it. Thus as He rode into Jerusalem on an ass, De tank of the petitioner and the dignified boldness "whereon never man before had sat." so now Me shall of the petition, in contrast with the spirit of the other lie in a tomb wherein nerer man before had lain, that party od the low rank to which he had been led to ' from these specimens it may be seen that in all things pellere all the followers of Christ belonged. Nor would He was "SEPARATE FROM SINNERS." Le be unwilling to show that he was not going to carry
CHAPTER XX. this black a Dick ailair any further. ir
But whatever were! Ver. 1-18. MARY'S VISIT TO THE SEPULCHRR, AND es molives two most blessed objects were thus RETURN TO IT WITH PETER AND JOHX-NER RISK
Mary's Visit to the Sepulchre.
Her Risen Lord Appears to Her.
LORD APPEARS TO HER. 1. 2. The first day cometh discover Him-"Woman, why weepest thou whom Liary Magdalene early, &c.-See on Mark, 16. 1-4; and seekest thou?" He will try her ere he tell her. She Matthew, 28. 1, 2. She runneth and cometh to Simon Pe- answers not the stranger's question, but comes straight ter, and to the other disciple whom Jesus loved, and saith to her point with him. Sir, ir thou have borne him hence unto them. They have taken away the Lord out of the sepul. -borne whom? She says not. She can think only of chre-Dear disciple! thy dead Lord is to thee "The Lord" One, and thinks others must understand her. It restill 3-10. Peter therefore went forth, and that other dis- minds one of the question of the spouse, "Saw ye him ciple, and came first to the sepulchre, &c.-These partic- whom my soul loveth?" (Song, 3. 3.) tell me where thon ulars have a singular air of artless truth about them. hast laid him, and I will tak him away-Wilt thou, dear Mary, in her grief, runs to the two apostles who were fragile woman? But it is the language of sublime affec. soon to be so closely associated in proclaiming the Sa- tion, that thinks itself fit for anything if once in pog. viour's resurrection, and they, followed by Mary, has session of its Object. It is enough. Like Joseph, He ten to see with their own eyes. The younger disciple can no longer restrain Himself. (Genesis, 45. 1.) 16, outruns the elder; love haply supplying swifter wings. 17. Jesus saith unto her, Mary! It is not now the dis. He stoops, he gazes in, but enters not we open sepul- tant, though respectful, “Woman." It is the oft-re. chre, held back probably by a reverential fear. The peated nane, uttered, no doubt, with all the wonted bolder Peter, coming up, goes in at once, and is reward- manner, and bringing a rush of unutterable and overed with bright evidence of what had happened. Seeth powering associations with it. She turned herself, and the linen clothes lie (* lying') and the napkin, that was saith to him, Rabboni! But that single word of trabsabout his head, not lying with the lineu clothes-loosely, ported recognition was not enough for woman's full as if hastily thrown down, and indicative of a hurried heart. Not knowing the change which had passed upon and disorderly removal. but wrapped for folded' Him, she hastens to express by her actions what words together in a place by itsell-showing with what grand failed to clothe; but she is checked. Jesus saith anto tranquillity "the Living One" had walked forth from her, Touch me not, for I am not yet ascended to my Father "the dead" (Luke, 24. 5.). "Doubtless the two attend--Old familiarities must now give place to new and ant angels (0, 12), did this service for the Rising One, more awful, yet sweeter approaches; but for these the the one disposing of the linen clothes, the other of the time has not come yet. This seems the spirit, at least, Dapkin.' (BEXGEL) Then went in that other disciple of these mysterious words, on which much difference which came first to the sepulchre-The repetition of this, of opinion has obtained, and not much that is satisface in connection with his not having gone in till after tory said. But go to my brethren. (cf. Matthew, 98, 10: Peter, seems to show that at the moment of penning | Hebrews, 2.11, 17.) That he had still our Humanity and these words the advantage which each of these loving therefore" is not ashamed to call us brethren," is indeed disciples had of the other was present to his mind. grandiy evidenced by these words. But it is worthy of and he saw and believed --Probably he means, though most reverential notice, that roe no where read or an he does not say, that he believed in his Lord's resur- one toho presumed to call Him Brother. "My brethren: rection more immediately and certainly than Peter, Blessed Jesus, who are these! Were they not thy fol. For as yet they knew (i.e., understood, not the Scripture lowers! yea, thy forsakers! How dost thou raise these that he must rise again from the dead, &c. - In other titles with thyself! At first they were thy sertats: words, they believed in His resurrection at first, not then disciples; a little before thy death, they were thy because they were prepared by Scripture to expect it; friends; now, after thy resurrection, they were thy but facts carried resistless conviction of it in the first brethren. But 0, mercy without measure ! how wilt instance to their minds, and furnished a key to the thou, how canst thou call them brethren whom, in thy Scripture predictions of it. 11-15. But Mary stood last parting, thou foundest fugitives! Did they not run without at the sepulchre weeping, &c.-Brief was the stay from thee? Did not one of them rather leave bis inof those two men. But Mary, arriving perhaps by most coat behind him than not be quit of thee! And another direction after they left, lingers at the spot, yet thou sayest, 'Go, tell my brethren!' It is not in weeping for her missing Lord. As she gazes through the power of the sins of our infirmity to unbrother . her tears on the open tomb, she also ventures to stoop ( BisHOP HALL) I ascend unto my Father and your Fe. down and look into it, when lo! "two angels in white' ther, and (to) my God and your God--words of incompart. (as from the world of light, and see on Matthew, 28. 3), ble glory! Jesus had called God habitually Ilir Father appear to her. in a "sitting" posture, as having fin- and on one occasion, in His darkest moment. His God ished some business, and awaiting some one to impart But both are here united, expressing that fall-orbed tidings to.' (BENGEL) one at the head, and the other at relationship which embraces in its vast sweep at once the feet where the body of Jesus had lain-not merely pro- Himself and His redeemned. Yet, note well. He save claiming silently the entire charge they had had of the not, Our Father and our God. All the deepest of the body of Christ (quoted in LUTHARDT,) but rather, church fathers were wont to call attention to this possibly. calling mute attention to the narrow space expressly designed to distinguish between what God within which the Lord of glory had contracted Himself; is to Him and to 08-His Futher essentially, om's not as if they would say, Come, see within what limits, 80: our God essentially. His not so: His God onio je marked off by the interval here between us two, the 'connexion with us: our God only in connecion mith Lord lay! But she is in tears, and these suit not the Him. 18. Mary Magdalene came and told the discinas scene of so glorious an Exit. They are going to point that she nad seen the Lord, and that He had spoken in out to her the incongruity. Woman, why weepest thout things unto her-To a woman was this honour ginen ta
-You would think the vision too much for a lone wo be the first that saw the risen Redeemer. and the man. But absorbed in the one Object of her affection woman was not His mother. (See on Mark. 16 ) and pursuit, she speaks out her grief without fear.! 19-23. JESUS APPEARS TO THE ASSEMRIT Tre. Because, &c.-9.d. Can I choose but weep, when "they CIPLES. 19-23. The saine day at evening.the first daca have taken away." &c., repeating her very words to week, the doors being shut where the disciples were des Peter and John. On this she turned herself and saw bled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus-plainly not he Jesus Himself standing beside her, but took Him for ordinary way of entrance, and saith, Peace be nnt the cardener. Clad therefore in some such style He not the mere wish that even His own exaited nas must have been. But if any ask, as too curious inter might be theirs (ch, 14. 27.), but conveying it into their preters do, whence He got those habiliments, we an- hearts, even as He "opened their understandineret swer. [with OLSLLAUSEN & LUTU ARDT) where the two understand the Scriptures" (Luke, 24. 45.1. And when angels got theirs.-Nor did the voice of His first words be bad so said, he showed them his bands and his side-nat
Jonata Arin Appears to the Disciples.
Supplementary Particulare. only as ocular and tangible evidence of the reality of thou hast believed-words of measured commendation. His recarreetion see on Lake, 94, 97-43.) but as through but of indirect, and doubtless painfully felt rebuke: "the peater of that resurrection" dispensing all His q.d., Thou bast indeed believed; it is well; it is only peace to men. Then were the disciples glad when they saw on the evidence of thy senses, and after peremptorily de Lord. Then said Jesus-prepared now to listen to refusing all evidence short of that.' Blessed they that Hien in a new character. Peace be unto you. As my have not seen and yet have believed - Wonderful in haber hath sent me, so send I you, &c. See on ch. 17. 18. deed, and rich in blessing for us who have not seen be breathed on them-a syinbolical conveyance to them Him, is this closing word of the Gospel (ALFORD.]
the Spirit, and saith, Receive ye the Holy Ghost-ani S0, 31. FIRST CLOSE OF THIS GOSPEL, The connecames and first-fruits of the more copious Pentecostal tion of these verses with the last words of v 29 is beaudesion. whosoever gius ye remit they are remitted into tiful: q.d., 'And îndeed, as the Lord pronounced them thea, &C.-In any literal and authoritatire sense this blessed who not having seen Him have yet believed, S T BIS nener cercised by one of the apostles, and so for that one end have the whole contents of this Gog
haly 2008 Reter understood by themselves as possessed pel been recorded, that all who read it may believe on ee thea or conveyed to them. See on Matthew, 16. 9.) Him, and believing, have life in that blessed name.' The power to intrude upon the relation between men many other signs-miracles. But these are written-as
Godeannot have been given by Christ to His min-sufficient specimens. the Christ, the Son of God-the isters in any but a ministeriai or declarative sense-as one His official, the other His personal title, believing, the authorised interpreters of His word, while in the may have life-See on ch, 6. 51-54. seys of His ministers, the real nature of the power
CELAPTER XXI. amitted to them is seen in the exercise of church Ver. 1-23. SUPPLEMENTARY PARTICULARS. (That
this chapter was added by another hand has been as*- JESUS AQAIN APPEARS TO THE ASSEMBLED serted, against clear evidence to the contrary, by some DISCIPLES. 24, 25. Bu Thomas (see on ch. 11. 16,7 was late critics, chiefly because the evangelist had conclud.
with them when Jesas came- why, we know not; ed his part of the work with ch. 20, 30, 31. But neither thuach we are loath to think with STIER, ALFORD, in the Epistles of the New Testament, nor in other good
I LOTHARDTJ it was intentional from sullen despon-authors, is it unusual to insert supplementary matter, dency. The fact merely is here stated, as a loving apo- and so have more than one conclusion.] 1, 2. Jesus lg for his slowness of belief. We have seen the Lord- showed ('manifested') himself again, and on this wise
This way of speaking of Jesus as v. 20 and 21. 7.) so suit- he manifested himself-This way of speaking shows that od to ltis resurrection-state, was soon to become the after flis resurrection He appeared to them but occaprevailing style. Except I see in his hauds the print of sionally, unexpectedly, and in a way qute unearthly. the sals, and put my finger into the print of the nails, though yet really and corporeally. Nathanael-See on 22 thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe-The Matthew, 10.3. 3-6. Peter saith unto them, I go a fishing Tony form of this speech betokens the strength of the -See on Luke, 5. 11. that night caught nothing-as pabeliel. It is not. If I shall see I shall believe, but, I at the first miraculous draught (see on Luke, 6. 5.): no Cras I hall see I will not believe; nor does he expect doubt so ordered that the miracle might strike them ostealthough the others tell him they had. (BENGEL) the more by contrast. The same principle is seen in Hos Christ Himself viewed this state of mind, we operation throughout much of Christ's ministry, and
from Mark, 16. 14, "He upbraided them with is indeed a great law of God's spiritual procedure with their unbelief and hardness of heart because they be. His people. Jesus stood --cf. ch. 20. 19, 26. but the disbere not them which had seen Him after He was ciples knew not it was Jesus--Perhaps there had been Disen." But whence sprang this pertinacity of resist- some considerable interval since the last manifestaare in such kinds ? Not certainly from reluctance to tion, and having agreed to betake themselves to their believe, but as in Nathanael (see on ch. 1. 46, from secular employment, they would be unprepared to exbere dread of mistake in so vital a matter. 26-29.pect Him. Children-This term would not necessarily Asiater aght dayai.e., on the 8th, or first day of the identify Him, being not unusual from any superior; preceding week. They probably met every day during but when they did recognize Him, they would feel it the preceding week, but their Lord designedly reserved sweetly like Himself. have ye ary meatl-provisions, His second appearance amongst them till the recur- 'supplies; meaning fish, they answered, No-This was rance of His resurrection day, that He might thus inau in His wonted style, making them tell their case, and so garate the delightful sanctities of TUE LORD'S DAY" the better prepare them for what was coming. he said Kevelation, 1.10., the disciples were within, and Thomas unto them, Cast the net on the righ: side of the ship-no with the .. Jesus stood in the midst, and saith, Peace be doubt, by this very specific direction, intending to re
to you Then sath he to Thomas, Reach hither ... be- veal to them His knowledge of the deep and power he14... put it into my side, and be not faithless, but over it. 7-11. that disciple whom Jesus loved, said, It is betiering - There is something rhythmical in these the Lord-again having the advantage of his brother in wood, and they are purposely couched in the words of quickness of recognition (see on ch. 20. 8.), to be followComas himself, to put him to sbame." (LUTHARDT.) ed by an alacrity in Peter all his own, he was naked Dat with what condescension and gentleness is this his vest only on, worn next the body, cast himself into doael Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and the sea-the shallow part, not more than a hundred 2 Gad_That Thomas did not do what Jesus invited yards from the water's edge (v. 8); not meaning therefore time to do and what he had made the condition of his to swim, but to get sooner to Jesus than in the full boat
esin weems plain from v. 29, " Because thou hast which they could hardly draw to shore. the other disA me thou hast believed.") He is overpowered, ciples came in a little ship-by ship, they saw ('see') a fire Od the glory of Christ now breaks upon him in a flood of coals, and fish laid thereon, and bread-By comparing Ris exclamation surpasses all that had been yet utter. this with i Ki. 10. 6. and similar passages, the unseen
or can it be surpassed by any thing that ever will agency by which Jesus made this provision will appear be uttered in earth or heaven. On the striking parallel evident. Jesus saith unto them, Bring of the fish ye have
Nathanael, see on ch. 1. 49. The Socinian evasion of caught-Observe the double supply thus provided-His the supreme divinity of Christ here manifestly taught and theirs. The meaning of this will perhaps appear - if it were a mere call upon God in a fit of aston presently. Peter went up into the boat; 'went aboard.
damnentis beneath notice, save for the profanity it and drew the net to land full of great fishes, an hundred t rzes upon this disciple, and the straits to which it and fifty and three; and for all there were so many, yet bow themselves reduced. because thou hast seen me was not the net broken-The manifest reference here to
Supplementary Particulars. the former miraculous draught. Luke, 6.1-11, furnishes confort, in prospect of the great work before him, rethe key to this scene. There the draught was symboli- quired some such renewal of his call and re-establishcal of the success of their future ministry: While ment of his position as this, he saith to him the second "Peter and all that were with him were astonished at time ... lovest thou me, &c.-In this repetition of the the draught of the fishes which they had taken. Jesus | question, though the wound was meant to be re-opensaid unto him, Fear not, from henceforth thou shalt ed, the words, "more than these are not repeated : for catch men." Nay, when first called, in the act of "cast- Christ is a tender as well as skilful Physician, and ing their net into the sea, for they were fishers," the Peter's silence on that point was confession enough of same symbolic reference was made to their secular his sin and folly. On Peter's repeating his protestation occupation: "Follow me, and I will make you fishers in the same words, our Lord rises higher in the mani. of men." (Matthew, 4. 18. 19.) Here, then, if but the festation of His restoring grace. Feed (or 'keep' my same symbolic reference be kept in view, the design sheep-It has been observed that the word here is stuof the whole scene will, we think, be clear. The mul- diously changed, from one signifying simply to feed, to titude and the size of the fishes they caught symboli-one signifying to 'tend' as a shepherd, denoting the cally foreshadowed the vast success of their now fast abiding exercise of that vocation, and in its bighest approaching ministry, and this only as a beginning of functions. he saith unto him the third time, Simon, son successive draughts, throngh the agency of a Christian of Jonas, lovest tuou me, Peter was grieved because he ministry, till, "as the waters cover the sea, the earth said the third time, &c.-This was the Physician's deepshould be full of the knowledge of the Lord." And est incision into the wound, while yet smarting under whereas, at the first miraculons draught, the net "was the two former probings. Not till now would Peter breaking through the weight of what it contained- discern the object of this succession of thrusts. The expressive of the difficulty with which, after they had third time reveals it all, bringing up such a rush of
caught men," they would be able to retain, or keep dreadful recollections before his view, of his "thrice them from escaping back into the world-while here, denying that he knew Him," that he feels it to the ** for all they were so many yet was not the net broken." | quick. It was fitting that he should; it was meant are we not reminded of such sayings as these (chap. that he should. But this accomplished, the paintul 10. 28.): "I give unto my sheep eternal life, and they dialogue concludes with a delightful "Feed my sheep.* shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of as if He should say, 'Now, Simon, the last speck of the my hand?" (LUTHARDT.) But it is not through the cloud which overhung thee since that night of nights agency of a Christian ministry that all true disciples is dispelled: Henceforth thou art to me and to my work are gathered. Jesus Himself, by unseen methods, as if no such scene had ever happened. 18, 19. when gathers some, who afterwards are recognised by the thou wast young-embracing the whole period of life to constituted fishers of men, and mingle with the fruit the verge of old age. thou girdedst thyself, and walkedat of their labours. And are not these symbolized by that whither thou wouldest-wast thine own master. when portion of our Galilean repast which the fishers found, old, thou shalt stretch forth thine hands-to be bound for in some unseen way, made ready to their hand! 12- execution, though not necessarily meaning on a cross. 14. Nove darst ask him, Who art thou, knowing it was the There is no reason, however, to doubt the very early Lord-implying that they would have liked Him just tradition, that Peter's death was by crucifixion. This to say, "It is I;" but having such convincing evidence, spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God they were afraid of being "upbraided for their unbe--not, therefore, a mere prediction of the manner of his lief and hardness of heart" if they ventured to put the death, but of the honour to be conferred upon him by question. Jesus taketh (the) bread, and giveth them, and dying for his Master. And, indeed, beyond doubt, (the) fish likewise-See on Luke, 24. 30. This is the third this prediction was intended to follow up his triple time that Jesas showed himself was manifested') to his restoration:-Yes, Simon, thou shalt not only feed my disciples-his assembled disciples; for if we reckon His lambs, and feed my sheep, but after a long career of appearances to individual disciples, they were more such service, shalt be counted worthy to die for the 15-17. When they had dined Jesus saith-Silence appears name of the Lord Jesus.' And when he had spoken this, to have reigned during the meal; unbroken on His part, he saith unto him, Follow me-By thus connecting the that by their mute observation of Him they might utterance of this prediction with the invitation to folhave their assurance of His identity the more confirm- low Him,the evangelist would indicate the deeper sense ed; and on theirs, from reverential shrinking to speak in which the call was understood, not merely to go till He did. Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more along with Him at that moment, but to come after than thesel-referring lovingly to those bad words of Him taking up his cross." 20, 21, Peter, turning about Peter, shortly before denying his Lord, "Though all -showing that he followed immediately as directed men shall be offended becanse of thee, yet will I never seeth the disciple whom Jesus loved following: which be offended" (Matthew, 26. 33.), and intending by this also leaned on Jesus' breast at (the) supper, and said, Lord, allusion to bring the whole scene vividly before his which is he that betrayeth thee - The evangelist makes mind and put him to shame. Yea, Lord; thou knowest these allusions to the peculiar familiarity to which he that I love thee-He adds not, "more than these," but had been admitted on the most memorable of all occiprefixes a touching appeal to the Saviour's own om- sons, perhaps lovingly to account for Peter's somewhat niscience for the truth of his protestation, which makes forward question about him to Jesus : which is the it a totally different kind of speech from his former. | rather probable, as it was at Peter's suggestion that he saith unto him, Feed any lambs-It is surely wrong to he put the question about the traitor which he bere view this term as a mere diminutive of affection, and recalls ich, 13, 24, 25.). Peter saith to Jesus, Lord, and what as meaning the same thing as "the sheep." (WEBSTER (shallj this man [do]}_ What of this man! or, How & WILKINSON.] It is much more according to usage shall it fare with him! 22, 23. Jesus saith to him, I I to understand by the "lambs" young and tender dis-will that he tarry till I come, what is that to theel follow ciples, whether in age or Christian standing Isaiah, thou me-From the fact that John alone of the twelve 40. 11; 1 John, 2. 12, 13,) and by the "sheep" the more survived the destruction of Jerusalem, and so witmatuure. Shall we say [with many that Peter was here nessed the commencement of that series of events renstated in office? Not exactly, since he was not actu- which belongs to "the last days, many good interally excluded from it. But after such conduct as his, preters think that this is a virtual prediction of fact, the deep wound which the honour of Christ had receiv. and not a mere supposition. But this is very doubted, the stain brought on his otfice, the damage done to ful, and it seems more natural to consider our Lord as his bigh standing among bis brethren, and even his own | intending to give no positive indication of John's fate
Last Days of Our Lord upon Errth.
His Ascension to Heaven. dall, but to signify that this was a matter which be-things-thus identifying the author of this book with hard to the Master of both, who would disclose or all that it says of this disciple, we know that his testimony conceal it as He thought proper, and that Peter's part is true--cf. ch. 19. 35. And there are many other things ns to mind his own affairs. Accordingly, in "follow which Jesus did-cf. ch. 20. 30, 31. if written every one, Dono me,' the word "thou" is emphatic. Observe the I suppose-an expression used to show that what follows ahelate disposal of human life which Christ claims : is not to be pressed too far. even the world itself would "U/I sul that he tarry till I come, &c. Then went this not hold the books, &c.--not a mere hyperbolical ex. Reg abroad among the brethren, that that disciple pression, unlike the sublime simplicity of this writer,
hould not die-into which they the more easily fell, but intended to let his reader know that, even now from the prevalent expectation that Christ's second that he had done, he felt his materials so far from
ang was then near at hand. yet Jesus said not unto being exhausted, that he was still running over, and home. He shall not die_The evangelist is jealous for His could multiply "Gospels" to almost any extent within Master's honour, which his death might be thought to the strict limits of what "Jesus did." But in the limCompromise if such a misunderstanding should not itation of these matchless Histories, in point of number, be corrected.
there is as much of that divine wisdom which has pre42. FIXAL CLOSE OF THIS GOSPEL This is the sided over and pervades the living oracles, as in their dople which testifieth of these things, and wrote these variety and fulness.
ACTS OF THE APOSTLES.
manifestations of Himself in the body to the assembled Ter. 1-11. INTRODUCTION-LAST DAYS OF OUR LORD disciples, who, instead of being predisposed to believe Tros EARTH-His ASCENS1ox. 1, 2, former treatise- it, had to be overpowered by the resistless evidence of Lee's Gospel, Theophilus-see on Luke, 1. 3. began their own senses, and were slow of yielding even to
do and teach-a very important statement, dividing this. (Mark, 16. 14.) alter his passion--Or 'Suffering.' the work of Christ into two great branches : the one | This primary sense of the word 'Passion,' has fallen ea bracing His work on earth, the other His subsequent | into disuse; but it is nobly consecrated in the phraswork from hearer; the one in His own Person, the other eology of the Church to express the Redeemer's final by His Spirit: the one the "beginning." the other the endurances. seen of them forty days-This important satiouance of the same work; the one complete when specification of time occurs here only speaking of He at down on the right hand of the Majesty on high, rather, 'speaking' the things pertaining to the kingdom Lecther to continue till His second appearing; the one of God-till now only in germ, but soon to take visible To orded in "The Gospel," the beginnings only of the form; the earliest and the latest burden of His teachOther related in this book of “The Acts." "Hence the ing on earth. should not depart from Jerusalem-Because mind history of what Jesus did and taught does not the Spirit was to glorify the existing economy, by endude with His departure to the Father: but Luke descending on the disciples at its metropolitan seat. De bezins it in a higher strain; for all the subsequent and at the next of its great festivals after the ascension habers of the apostles are just an exhibition of the of the Church's Head: in order that "out of Zion
nástry of the glorified Redeeiner Himself, because they might go forth the law, and the word of the Lord from are acting ander His authority, and He was the Jerusalem" (Isaiah, 2, 3; and cf. Luke, 21. 49.). ye shall principle that operated in them all.' (OLSHAUSEN.] be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence-Ten atar be, through the Holy Ghost, had given coinmandment, days hence, as appears from Leviticus, 23. 15, 16; but &c.-referring to the charge recorded in Matthew, 28. it was expressed thus indefinitely to exercise their faith. 1.-9: Marz, 16 15-18 : Luke, 24. 44-49. It is worthy of 6-8. wilt thou at this time restore the kingdom to Israel Dotice that no where else are such communications of -Doubtless their carnal views of Messiah's kingdom the risen Redeemner said to have been given "through had by this time been modified, though how far it is
e Holy Ghost. In general, this might have been impossible to say. But, as they plainl, looked for some said of all be uttered and all He did in His official restoration of the kingdom to Israel, so they are neither Caracter: for it was for this very end that God "gave rebuked nor contradicted on this point. It is not for
Kk the Spirit by measure unto Him" (John, 3. 34.). | you to know the times, &c.-implying not only that this Lut after His resurrection, as if to signify the new was not the time, but that the question was irrelevant relation in which he now stood to the Church, He to their present business and future workreceive Emalized This first meeting with the assembled dis-power-See Luke, 24. 49. and ye shall be witnesses unto sples by "breathing on them (immediately after me... in Jerusalem ... in all Judea,... and unto the dispensing to them His peace) and saying, Receive ye uttermost part of the earth - This order of apostolic The Holy Ghost," thus anticipating the donation of the preaching and success supplies the proper key to the plan spant from His hands 'see on John, 20. 21, 22,); and on of the Acts, which relates first the progress of the Gospel
# surbe principle His parting charges are here said "in Jerusalem, and all Judea and Samaria" (ch. 1. to To have been given through the Holy Ghost." as if toch. 9.) and then “unto the uttermost part of the earth." Dark that He was bow all redolent with the Spirit: (ch. 10. to ch. 28.) 9.11. while they beheld he was taken up Laat what bad been hansbanded, during His suffering See on Luke, 24. 50-53. Lest it should be thought He work, for His own necessary uses, had now been set had disappeared when they were looking in some other free, was already overflowing from Himself to His direction, and so was only concluded to have gone up Qisciples, and needed but his ascension and glorifica- to heaven, it is here expressly said that “while they tion to flow all forth. See on Jobu, 7. 39.) 3-5. showed were looking He was taken up, and a cloud received Lill alive-As the author is about to tell us that "the him out of their sight." So Elijah, "If thou see me Frutation of the Lord Jesus' was the great burden of when I am taken from thee" (2 Kings, 2. 10.): "And apostolic preaching, so the subject is here fitiy intro- Elisha saw it" (v. 12.). See on Luke, 9. 32. while they quod by an allusion to the primary evidence on which looked steadfastly toward heaven-Following Him with
a great fact rests, the repeated and undeniable their eager eyes, in rapt amazement. Not, however,