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fel, on his Route for Jerusalem,

ACTS, XX.

Revisits Philippi and Troas. et over those parts and gave them much exhorta-important part of his Christian life away from his native bon. 5 Titus not having reached Philippi so soon | Derbe, he had latterly retired to some place not very

the apostle, “his flesh had no rest, but he was far from it. and Timotheus-not probably of Derbe, es taxabled on every side; without were fightings, within one might suppose from this verse, but of Lystra (see were fests' 2 Corinthians, 7. 5). (6) At length Titus on ch, 16. 1): both being so associated in his early coneived, to the joy of the apostle, the bearer of better | Dexion with the apostle, that the mention of the one in diting from Corinth than he had dared to expect (2 the previous clause would recall the other on the menConsthians, 7. 6, 7, 13, but chequered by painful in- tion of his name and of Asia, Tycbicus and Trophimus. telligence of the efforts of a hostile party to undermine | The latter was an Ephesian, and probably the former. kis apostolic reputation there (2 Corinthians). (7) Under They seem to have put themselves, from this time the mixed feelings which this produced, he wrote- forward, at the apostle's disposal, and to the very last, han Macedonia, and probably Philippi-his SECOND been a great comfort to him. Ephesians, 6. 21, 22; ColEPISTLE TO THE CORINTHIANS (see Introduction to 2 ossians, 4. 7, 8; ch. 21. 29; 2 Timothy, 4. 12. 20.) From adiothians: despatching Titus with it, and along with the mention of the places to which each of these comla two other unnamed deputies, expressly chosen to panions belonged, and still more the order in which take up and bring their collection for the poor zaints they occur, we are led to conclude that they were ulerusalem, and to whom he bears the beautiful testi-deputies from their respective churches, charged with way, that they were the glory of Christ" (2 Corinth-taking up and bringing on the collection for the poor

, . 24. 23. (8) It must have been at this time that saints at Jerusalem, first at Berea, next at Thessalonle penetrated as far as to the confines of "Illyricum," } ica, then at Philippi (Hows), where we gather that our bong song the shores of the Adriatic (Romans, 15. 19). historian himself rejoined the party (from the resumpHe would naturally wish that his second Letter to the tion at v. 6 of the "we," dropt at ch. 16. 17), by whom the Corinthians should have some time to produce its pro- Philippian collection would naturally be brought on. dect ere he re-visited them, and this would appear 5, 6. These going before-- perhaps to announce and pre

tenient opportunity for a north-western circuit, pare for the apostle's coming. tаrried for us at Troas. which would enable him to pay a passing visit to the And we sailed ... from Philippi after the days of unleavened churebes at Thessalonics and Berea, though of this we bread-i.e., the Passover. This, compared with 1 Cor. se no record. On his way southward to Greece, he inthians, 16. 8, shows that the three months spent at waii preach the Gospel in the intermediate regions of Corinth (v. 3) were the winter months. came to TroasKurus, Tbeasaly, and Beotia (see Romans, 15. 19, though for the third and last time. (See on ch, 16. 8, and on .

Ws we have no record. he came into Greece - or 1.) in five days. As it might have been done in two days, Achats, in pursuance of the second part of his plan, ch, the wind must have been adverse. The vivid style of 11. . And there abode three months. Though the one now present will be here again observed. where we Irince only is here mentioned, it is the city of COR- abode seven days—i.e., arriving on a Monday, they staid Lith that is meant as the province of “Macedonia," over the Jewish Sabbath and the Lord's Day following: 2, 1, mmeant the city of Philippi. Some rough work he occupying himself, doubtless, in refreshing and strengthanticipated on his arrival at Corinth 2 Corinthians, 10. ening fellowship with the brethren during the interval.

., 11. 1-10, thouzh be had reason to expect satis-7. upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came lactica on the whole; and as we know there were other together. This, compared with 1 Corinthians, 16. 2, and Charches in Achaia besides that at Corinth 2 Corinth I other similar allusions, plainly indicates that the Chris0,11; . 10), he would have time enough to pay tian observance of the day afterwards distinctly called en all a brief visit during the three months of his "the Lord's Day." was already a fixed practice of the as there. This period was rendered further memor- churches. Paul preached ("discoursed'). The tense imse by the despatch of the EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS, plies continued action-kept discoursing. 8. there were written daring his stay at Corinth, and sent by "Phebe many lights in the upper chamber-not å mere piece of & Serrat desconess', of the church at Cenchrea" (see graphic detail by an eye-witness (HACKET, Hows), but

I., a lady apparently of some standing and I mentioned, probably, as increasing the heat and consubstance ubo was going thither on private business. tributing to drowsiness (WEBSTER & WILKINSON), as Ret Rocas, 16. 1. and Introduction to Epistles to the next clause seems to show. 9. in a (the') window Riku12.) sad wben the Jews laid wait for him, as he was -or window-seat, or recess. fell down from the third www to sail auto Syria. He had intended to embark, loft i storey') and was taken up dead, 'The window pro

coably at Cenchres, the eastern harbour of the city. Ijected according to the side of the room where it was shiestine, on bis route to Jerusalem, the third part | situated) either over the street or over the interior sus plan, ch. 19. 21. But having detected some con- ' court: so that in either case he fell on the hard earth no against his life by his bitter Jewish enemies (as or pavement below. 10-12. Paul ... fell on him-like Rascos, eh. 9. 22-26. and Jerusalem, ch. 9. 29, 30). | Elisha, 2 Kings, 4.34. his life is in him-now restored: cf. Changed his plan, and determined "to return" as he Mark, 6. 39. broken bread and eaten-with what a mixcze, through Macedonia." As he was never more ture of awe and joy after such an occurrence! and eaten recurato Corinth, so this route would bring him, for -denoting a coromon repast, as distinguished from the

time, face to face with the attached disciples of breaking of the eucharistic bread, and talked a long Dane te

Thessalonica, and Philippi. 4, 5. there accom-while, even till break of day. How life-like this record e Dumn into the province of Asia, Sopater of Berea, of dear Christian fellowship, as free and gladsome as e true reading, beyond doubt, is, 'Sopater (the son] l it was solemn! (See Ecclesiastes, 9.7.) lyrehna of Berea.' Some think this mention of his 13-38. CONTINUING HIS ROUTE TO JERUSALEM, HE at was to distinguish him from Sosipater (the same | REACHES MILETUS, WHENCE NE SENDS FOR TEE

rue in fuller fort mentioned Romans, 10. 21. But | ELDERS OF EPHESUS-HIS FAREWELL ADDRESS TO that the

vacy were the same person seems more probable. | THEM. 13, 14, we ... sailed (from Troas) unto Assos; the Thestonia at Thessalon12LS, Artstarchus. See on ch. 10. 29. and there to take in Paul: for so had he appointed, miuding him

des-of wborn nothing else is known. Gaius of self to go afoot-'to go by land.' (See on Mark, 6. 33). 4. Though the Gaius or ca. 1920, is said to be of In sailing southward from Troas to Assos, one has to

acedonia," and this one of Derbe," there is no round Cape Lectum, and keeping due east to run along ident reason for supposing them different persons: I the northern shore of the Gulf of Adramythum, on the contrary, Romans. lv. 23. cf. with 3 J. 1. where I which it lies. This is a sail of nearly forty miles; where

naruy any reason to doubt that the same Gaius ) as by land, cutting right across, in a south-easterly direcadressed, seems to show that though he spent an I tion, from sea to sea, by that excellent Boman, toad

: How life-like this

roud doubt, is, 'Sopater hea; lo dear Christian fallo

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Paul Sends for the Elders of Ephesus.

ACTS, XX.

His Faracell Address to them. which then existed, the distance was scarcely more than looking also to Him as its only Hope of deliverance. half. The one way Paul wished his companions to take, Faith is said to be " towards our Lord Jesus Christ," while he himself, longing perhaps to enjoy a period of because, in that frame of mind just described, it eagerly solitude, took the other, joining the ship, by appoint credits the testimony of relief divinely provided in ment, at Assos. came to Mitylene - the capital of the Christ, gladly embraces the overtures of reconciliation beantiful and classical island of Lesbos, which lies op in Him, and directs all its expectations of salvation, posite the eastern shore of the Egean Sea, about thirty from its first stage to its last, to Him as the one spmiles south of Assos; in whose harbour they seein to pointed Medium of all grace from God to 8 sinful bave lain for the night. 15, 16. came the next day over world. Thus we have here a brief summary of all Gospel against Chios-now Scio: one of the most beautiful of preaching. And it is easy to see why Repentance is those islands between which and the coast the sail is so here put before faith; for the former must of necessity charming. They appear not to have touched at it. next precede the latter. There is & repentance subsequent day we arrived (touched' or 'pat in') at Samos-another to faith, the fruit of felt pardon and restoration. It island coming quite close to the mainland, and about was this which drew the tears with which the Saviour's as far South of Chios as it is South of Lesbos. tarried feet were once so copiously moistened. (Lake, 7. 37, 38 (for the night) at Trogyllium-an anchorage on the pro- 47; and cf. Ezekiel, 16.63.) But that is not the light in jecting mainland, not more than a mile from the south- which it is here presented. 22. 23. And now, behold, IT ern extremity of the island of Samos. next day we came is emphatic here bound in the Spirit: cf. ch. 19. 91. This to Miletus on the mainland: the ancient capital of internal pressure, unattended with any knowledge of Ionia, near the mouth of the Meander. For Paul had "what was to befall him there was the result of that determined to sail by (or 'sail past") Epbesus. He was higher guidance which shaped all his movements. right opposite to it when approaching Chios. because Save that the Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city, &c.he would not spend time in Asia; (the Asian province of | by prophetic utterances from city to city, as ch. 11. 4; which Ephesus was the chief city, for he hasted, if... | 21. 10. 11. Analogous premonitions of coming events are possible ... to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost-43 & not unknown to the general method of God's providsnitable season for giving in the great collection from ence. They would tend to season the apostle's spirit. all the western churches, for keeping the feast, and 24. But none of these things move me, neither, &c. - In clearing his apostolic position with the church, then re- this noble expression of absolute dedication to the presented in large number at Jerusalem. The words service of Christ and preparedness for the worst that imply that there was considerable ground to doubt if he could befall him in such a cause, note (1) his jealousy would attain this object--for more than three of the for the peculiar character of his mission, as immediatela seven weeks from Passover to Pentecost had already from Christ Himself. on which all the charges against expired and they are inserted evidently to explain why him turned; (2) the Burden of that Gospel which he he did not once more visit Ephesus. 17. from Miletus he preached-GRACE; it was "the Gospel of the Grace of sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the churchAs he God." 25 27. I know that ye all... shall see my face o was now some forty miles South of Ephesus, we might more-not an inspired prediction of what was certainly think that more time would be lost by sending thus far to be, but what the apostle, in his peculiar circumfor the elders to come to him, than by going at once to stances, fully expected. Whether, therefore, he ever did Ephesus itself, when so near it. But if unfavourable see them again, is a question to be decided purely on its winds and stormy weather had overtaken them, his own evidence. I am pure from the blood of all men (ch. 18 obiect could not have been attained, and perhaps he | 6: and cf. 1 Samuel, 19. 3, 6; Ezekiel, 3. 17-21; 33. & 9. was unwilling to run the risk of detention at Ephesus | For I have not shunned to declare all the counsel of God by the state of the church and other causes. Those here God's way of Salvation, and His kingdom of souls saveit called "elders" or " presbyters," are in o, 28 called | by His Son Jesus Christ. See Luke, 7. 30. 28. Take "bishops." (See note there.) The identity of presbyters heed ... unto yourselves : cf. 1 Timothy, 3. 2-7; 4. 18; 6, and bishops in the New Testament is beyond all reason- | 11. and to the flock : cf. Hebrews, 13. 17. Observe here able dispute. 18. Ye know... after what manner I have how the personal is put before the pastoral care. cvet been with you at all seasons, &c. For the Christian in ... which the Holy Ghost hath made you-cf. John, 31 tegrity and fidelity of his whole official intercourse 22, 23; Ephesians, 4. 8, 11, 12; Revelation, 3. 1. Ch.14 with them he appeals to themselves. 19. Serving the 23, shows that the apostle did not mean to exclude Lord (Jesus) with all humility,... and many tears and human ordination.) overseers-or, as the same wori is temptations. Self-exaltation was unknown to him, and everywhere else rendered in our version, 'bishops.' The ease of mind: He "sowed in tears," from anxieties both English Version has hardly dealt fair in this case with on account of the converts for whom he "travailed in the sacred text, in rendering the word "overseers,"

th" and of the Jews, whose bitter hostility was whereas it ought here, as in all other places, to have perpetually plotting against him, interrupting his work been 'bishops,' in order that the fact of elders and and endangering his life. 20. kept back-timidly with bishops Laving been originally and apostolically wym held from fear of consequences. nothing that was pro onymous, might be apparent to the ordinary English fitable-edification directing all have tanght you pub-reader, which now it is not. (ALFORD.) The distinc licly, and from house to honse. Did an apostle, whose tion between these offices cannot be certainly trucel functions were of so wide a range, not feel satisfied till the second century, nor was it established till late without private as well as public ministrations? How in that century. to feed the church of God-or 'the Church then must pastors feel! (BENGEL.) 21. testifying both of the Lord.' Which of these two readings of the text to Jews and Greeks labouring under a common malady, I is the true one, is a question which has divided the best and recoverable only by a common treatment) repen critics. The evidence of MSS. preponderates in fsvot tance toward God and faith towards our Lord Jesus Christ. I of 'THE LORD;' some of the most ancient Versions See on ch. 6. 31. REPENTANCE, as distinguished from though not all, so read; and Athanasius, the grest faith, is that state of the "honest and good heart" which champion of the supreme divinity of Christ early in arises from a discovery of one's contrariety to the righ- the fourth century, says the expression Blood of Gas teous demands of the divine law. This is said to be lis unknown to the Scriptures. Which reading, then,

towards God," because seeing Him to be the party does the internal evidence favour! As 'Church of God dishonoured by sin, it feels all its acknowledgments occurs nine times elsewhere in Paul's writing, and and compunctions to be properly due to Him, as the 'Church of the Lord' nowhere, the probability, it is salle great Lawgiver, and directs them to Him accordingly: is, that he used his wonted phraseology here also condemning, humbling itself, and grieving before Him, But if he did, it is extremely difficult to see how to

Deals Address to the Elders of Ephesus. ACTS, XXI.

The Prophecy of Agabus, &c. uy early transcribers should have altered it into the part, and of warm admiration and attachment on the fute unusual phrase, 'Church of the Lord; whereas, if | part of these Ephesian presbyters. Would to God that the apostle did use this latter expression, and the such scenes were more frequent in the Church! storian wrote it so accordingly, it is easy to see how

CHAPTER XXI. franscribers might, from being so accustomed to the Ver. 1-16. SAILING FROM EPHESUS, THEY LAND AT sual phrase, write it Church of God.' On the whole, TYRE, AND THENCE SAILING kerefore, we accept the second reading as most pro- PROCEED BY LAND TO CESAREA AND JERUSALEM. 1. kably the true one. But see what follows, which he we were gotten (torn') from them expressing the diffiLath parchased made his own,' 'acquired', with his own culty and pain of the parting with a straight courseWand. "His own' is emphatic:q.d. That glorified Lord running before the wind, as ch. 16. 11. unto Coos (Cos') The from the right hand of power in the heavens is an island due South from Miletus, which they would athering and ruling the Church, and by His Spirit, reach in about six hours, and coming close to the main. kragh human agency, hath set you over it, cannot be land. the day following unto Rhodes - another island,

diferent to its welfare in your hands, seeing He hath some fifty miles to the South East, of brilliant classic area for it His own most precious blooil, thus making memory and beauty. thence unto Patara - a town on His own by the dearest of all ties. The transcendant

the magnificent mainland of Lycia, almost due East Banddess of the Church of Christ is thus made to rest

from Rhodes. It was the seat of a celebrated oracle of in the Dignity of its Lord and the consequent precious.

Apollo. 2. And finding a ship (their former one going was of that blood which He shed for it. And as the

nofurther, probably) to Phenicia. See on ch. 11. 19. waitial atoning character of Christ's death is here

went aboard. One would almost think this extracted pluals erpressed, so His supreme dignity is implied as

from a journal of the voyage, so graphic are its details. Carly by the second reading as it is expressed by the

1 3. when we ... discovered sighted.' as the phrase is.) Erst. What a motive to pastoral fidelity is here fur

Cyprus, we left it on the left hand-i.e., steered South bieted! 29. 30. after my departure shall grievous wolves

East of it, leaving it on the North West. sailed into Pater in among you-Two classes of coming enemies are

(unto' Syria, and landed at Tyre-the celebrated seat here announced, the one more external to themselves,

of maritime commerce for East and West. It might the other bred in the bosom of their own community:

be reached from Patara in about two days. there toe both were to be teachers, but the one, "grievous

ship was to uulade her burden-which gave the apostle Talves," not sparing. i.e., making a prey of the flock;

time for what follows. 4-6. finding disciples tinding the other, simply sectarian "perverters of the truth,

out the disciples')-implying some search, Ilicy would with the view of drawing & party after them. Perhaps

expect such, from what is recorded, ch.11. 19. Perhaps the one pointed to that subtle poison of oriental Gno

they were not many; yet there were gifted onos ainony tacion, which we know to have very early infected the

them. who said to Paul... that be should not go to JeruAsistác churches; the other to such Judaising tenden

salem. See on ch. 20, 23; also on v. 11-14. they all brought ou Wa KDOW W nave uvuuicy uci Bu ta know to have troubled nearly all the early

us on our way with wives and children, ... and we kuceled Churches. See the Epistles to the Ephesians, Colossians,

d dians down on the

s down on the shore and prayed, &c. See on ch. 20. 36-38. Observe here that the children of these Tyrian disciples

e and Timothy, also those to the seven churches of Asia

a of these lyrian disciples <DR. 1 und 3). But watchfulness against all that tends

not only were taken along with their parents, but must to injure and corrupt the Church is the duty of its PAR

have joined in this act of solemn worship. See on wns in every age. 31. by the space of three years-speak.

Epbesians, 6. 1. 7. when we had finished our course g round numbers: for it will nearer three than completing the voyage from Tyre, we came which two years. I ceased not to waru every one night and day

they would do the same day) to Ptolemais - anciently Ma tean. What an appeal to be able to make! 'And called Accho (Judges, 1, 31) now St. Jean d'Acre, or

This was an apostle's part, how much more a pastor's! Acre. and saluted tue brethren, and abode, &c.-disciples TUEEL 3235. I commend you to God-the almighty gathered probably as at Tyre, on the occasion nenConservar of His people, and to the word of his grace tioned ch. 11. 19. 8-10. next day we (that were of Paul's -Det message of His pure grace (v. 24) by the faith company) departed. The words in brackets are omitted u wach He keeps us a Feter, 1. 5). which i.e., God in the best MSS. They were probably added as the con

able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance, &c. necting words at the head of some church Lessons.) and merve bow Salvation-not only in its initial stages of came to Cesarea-a run along the coast, southward, of Ihon and regeneration, but in all its subscquent stages some thirty miles. Philip the evangelist-aterni answer

ap-building," even to its consummation in the final ing apparently very much to our missionary (Hows). Isteritance-is here ascribed to the “ability" of God by whose ministry such joy had been diffused over D below it, as in Romans, 16. 25; Ephesians, 3. 20: par- Suinaria, and the Ethiopian eunuch had been baptized, 1.Haci Jude 24; and cf. 2 Timothy, 1. 12, where the ch. 8. one of the seven (deacons)-who had “purchased dhe tries acribed to Christ among all them which to himself a good degree" (1 Timothy, 3. 13). He and

3 et Sanctification is here viewed as the final | Paul now meet for the first time, some twenty-Ove years lucer and condition of the heirs of glory, regarded after that time. the same man had four dangbters .. as sa sared company. these bonds-doubtless holding which did prophesy-fulfilling Joel, 2. 28 (see ch. 2. 18). Lamud, before Agrippa in chains, ch. 26. 29. have

This is mentioned, it would seem, merely as a high Wired to my necessities, and to them that were with distinction divinely conferred on so devoted a servant

see ch. 18.3; and 1 Corinthians, 4. 12; 9. 6, written of the Lord Jesus, and probably indicates the high Eplesus; also i Thessalonians, 2.9. that so labour-tone of religion in his family. Larried there many a

inave done, for others, as well as myself) ye ought good many') days. Finding himself in good time for support the weak, ani to remember the words of the Pentecost at Jerusalem, he would feel it a refreshing sveste, how he ("how Himself") said, It is more blessed thing to his spirit to hold Christian communion for a

are than to receive, &c. This golden saying, snatched few days with such a family. there came down from Judes from oblivion cum oblivion, and here added to the Church's abiding (the news of Paul's arrival having spread) a certain proaras, so apt to beget the wish that more of what puet,... Agabus-no doubt the same as in ch. 11. 28. from those Lips which "dropped as an honey. 11-14, So shall the Jews bind the man that owaeth this bad been preserved to us. But see on John, 21. girdle, &c. For though the Romans did it, it was at the 6. De kneeled down and prayed with them all, Jews' instigation, v. 33: ch. 28. 17. Such dramatic ung can be more touching than these three methods of announcing important future events would

ung Versek, leaving an indelible impression of bring the old prophets to remembrance. (cf. Isaiah, int ministerial Adelity and affection on the apostle's i 20. 2, &c.; Jereniah, 13. 1, and Ezekiel, 6. 1. dc.) This

Paul Sends for the Elders of Ephesus.

ACTS, XX.

His Farewell Address to them. which then existed, the distance was scarcely more than looking also to Ilim as its only Hope of deliverance. half. The one way Paul wished his companions to take, Faith is said to be “towards our Lord Jesus Christ." while he himself. longing perhaps to enjoy a period of because, in that frame of mind just described, it eagerly solitude. took the other joining the ship, by appoint credits the testimony of relief divinely provided in ment, at Assos. came to Mitylene the capital of the Christ, gladly embraces the overtures of reconciliation beautiful and classical island of Lesbos, which lies op- in Him, and directs all its expectations of salvation, posite the eastern shore of the Egean Sea, about thirty from its first stage to its last, to Him as the one apmiles south of Assos: in whose harbour they seein to pointed Medium of all grace from God to & sinful have lain for the night. 15, 16. came the next day over world. Thus we have here a brief summary of all Gospel against Chios-now Scio: one of the most beautiful of preaching. And it is easy to see why Repentance is those islands between which and the coast the sail is so here put before faith; for the former must of necessity charming. They appear not to have touched at it. next precede the latter. There is a repentance subsequent day we arrived touched' or put in') at Samos-another to faith, the fruit of felt pardon and restoration. It island coming quite close to the mainland, and about was this which drew the tears with which the Saviour's as far South of Chios as it is South of Lesbos. tarried feet were once so copiously moistened. (Luke,7. 37, 38, (for the night) at Trogyllium-an anchorage on the pro- 47; and cf. Ezekiel, 16. 63.) But that is not the light in jecting mainland, not more than a mile from the south- which it ia here presented. 22. 23. And now, behold, I ("1" ern extremity of the island of Samos. next day we came is emphatic here) bound in the Spirit: cf. ch, 19. 21. This to Muletus on the mainland; the ancient capital of internal pressure, unattended with any knowledge of Ionia, near the mouth of the Meander. For Panl had | "what was to befall him there" was the result of that determined to sail by (or 'sail past") Ephesus. He was higher guidance which shaped all his moveinents. right opposite to it when approaching Chios. because Save that the Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city, &c.he would not spend time in Asia; (the Asian province of by prophetic utterances from city to city, as ch. 11. 4: which Ephesus was the chief city), for he hasted, if ... 21.10, 11. Analogous premonitions of coming events are possible... to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost-as a not unknown to the general method of God's providsnitable season for giving in the great collection from ence. They would tend to season the apostle's spirit. all the western cburches, for keeping the feast, and 24. But none of these things move me, neither, &c. - In clearing his apostolic position with the church, then re- this noble expression of absolute dedication to the presented in large number at Jerusalem. The words service of Christ and preparedness for the worst that imply that there was considerable ground to doubt if he could befall him in such a cause, note (1) his jealousy would attain this object- for more than three of the for the peculiar character of his mission, as immediatela seven weeks from Passover to Pentecost had already from Christ Himselt on which all the charges agninst expired and they are inserted evidently to explain why him turned ; (2) the Burden of that Gospel which he he did not once more visit Ephesus. 17. from Miletus he preached-GRACE; it was "the Gospel of the Grace of sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church. As he God." 25-27. I know that ye all ... shall see my face no was now some forty miles South of Ephesus, we might mora-not an inspired prediction of what was certainly think that more time would be lost by sending thus far to be, but what the apostle, in his peculiar circumfor the elders to come to him, than by going at once to stances, fully expected. Whether, therefore, he evor did Ephesus itself, when so near it. But if unfavourable see them again, is a question to be decided purely on its winds and stormy weather had overtaken them, his own evidence. I am pure from the blood of all men (ch. 18. object could not have been attained, and perhaps he 6; and cf. 1 Samuel, 19. 3, 6; Ezekiel, 3. 17-21; 33. 8, 9). was unwilling to run the risk of detention at Ephesus For I have not shunned to declare all the counsel of God by the state of the church and other causes. Those here God's way of Salvation, and His kingdom of souls savedt called "elders" or " presbyters," are in v. 28 called by His Son Jesus Christ. See Luke, 7. 30. 28. Take "bishops." (See note there.) The identity of presbyters heed ... unto yourselves : cf. 1 Timothy, 3. 2-7: 4. 16; 6. and bishops in the New Testament is beyond all reason-11. and to the flock : cf. Hebrews, 13. 17. Observe here able dispute. 18. Ye know... after what manner I have how the personal is put before the pastoral care, over been with you at all seasons, &c. For the Christian in- ... which the Holy Ghost hath made yon-cf. John. 20. tegrity and fidelity of his whole official intercourse 22, 23; Ephesians, 4. 8, 11, 12; Revelation, 3. 1. Ch. 14. with them he appeals to themselves. 19. Serving the 23, shows that the apostle did not mean to exclude Lord (Jesus) with all humility, ... and many tears and human ordination.) overseers-or, as the same word is temptations. Self-exaltation was unknown to him, and every chere else rendered in our version, 'bishops.' "The ease of mind: He "sowed in tears," from anxieties both | English Version has hardly dealt fair in this case with on account of the converts for whom he "travailed in the sacred text, in rendering the word "overseers." birth" and of the Jews, whose bitter hostility was whereas it ought here, as in all other places, to have perpetually plotting against him, interrupting his work been bishops,' in order that the fact of elders and and endangering his life. 20. kept back--timidly with-bishops Laving been originally and apostolically synheld from fear of consequences. nothing that was pro onymous, might be apparent to the ordinary English fitable-edification directing all, have taught you pub-reader, which now it is not. (ALFORD.) The distinclicly, and from house to house. Did an apostle, whose tion between these offices cannot be certainly traceut functions were of so wide a range, not feel satisfied in the second century, nor was it established till late without private as well as public ministrations? How in that century. to feed the church of God-or 'the Church then must pastors feel! (BENGEL] 21. testifying both of the Lord.' Which of these two readings of the text to Jews and Greeks labouring under a common malady, is the true one, is a question which has divided the best and recoverable only by a common treatment) repen- critics. The evidence of MSS. preponderates in favour tance toward God and faith towards our Lord Jesus Christ. of 'THE LORD;' some of the most ancient Versions. See on ch. 6. 31. REPENTANCE, as distinguished from though not all, so read; and Athanasius, the great faith, is that state of the "honest and good heart" which champion of the supreme divinity of Christ early in arises from a discovery of one's contrariety to the righ- the fourth century, says the expression 'Blood of God teous demands of the divine law. This is said to be is unknown to the Scriptures. Which reading, then, * towards God," because seeing Him to be the party does the internal evidence favour! As 'Church of God dishonoured by sin, it feels all its acknowledgments occurs nine times elsewhere in Paul's writings, and and compunctions to be properly due to Him, as the 'Church of the Lord' nowhere, the probability, it is said. great Lawgiver, and directs them to Him accordingly: is, that he used his wonted phraseology here also. condemning, humbling itself, and grieving before Him, But if he did, it is extremely difticult to see how so

with you at all seasoni: whole official intercouch 193 shows that the

wordeere-or, as the same

the

ming a prey or thrlevous ship was to whom Patara in last and West.

with the view of sectarian

Paul's Address to the Elders of Ephesus,

AU
ACTS, XXI.

The Prophecy of Apabus, dc. many early transcribers should have altered it into the part, and of warm admiration and attachment on the caite unusual phrase, 'Church of the Lord; whereas, if part of these Ephesian presbyters. Would to God that the apostle did use this latter expression, and the such scenes were more frequent in the Church! historian wrote it so accordingly, it is easy to see how

CHAPTER XXI. transcribers might, from being so accustomed to the Ver. 1-16. SAILING FROM EPHESUS, THEY LAND AT usual phrase, write it Church of God.' On the whole, TYRE, AND THENCE SAILING TO PTOLOMAIS, THEY therefore, we accept the second reading as most pro PROCEED BY LAND TO CESAREA AND JERUSALEM. 1. bably the true one. But see what follows, which he we were gotten ('torn', from them-expressing the diffihath purchased made his own,' 'acquired') with his own culty and pain of the parting. with a straight course Nood. His own' is emphatic:9. d. That glorified Lord running before the wind, as ch. 16. 11, unto Coos (* Cos') who from the right hand of power in the heavens is an island due South from Miletus, which they would sathering and ruling the Church, and by His Spirit, reach in about six hours, and coming close to the mainthrough buman agency, hath set you over it, cannot be land. the day following unto Rhodes -- another island, indifferent to its welfare in your hands, seeing He hath some fifty miles to the South East, of brilliant classic viven for it His own most precious blooil, thus making memory and beauty. thence unto Patara - a town on it His own by the dearest of all ties. The transcendant

I the magnificent mainland of Lycia, almost due East Escredness of the Church of Christ is thus made to rest

from Rhodes. It was the seat of a celebrated oracle of on the Dignity of its Lord and the consequent precious

Apollo. 2. And finding a ship (their former one going ness of that blood which He shed for it. And as the hou

The no further, probably) to Phenicia, See on ch. 11. 19. acrificial atoning character of Christ's death is here

went aboard. One would almost think this extracted plainly expressed, so His supreme dignity is implied as

from a journal of the voyage, so graphic are its details. clearly by the second reading as it is expressed by the

| 3. when we ... discovered (*sighted,' as the phrase is.) first. What a motive to pastoral fidelity is here fur.

Cyprus, we left it on the left hand-i.e., steered South nisbed! 29. 30. after my departure shall grievous wolves

| East of it, leaving it on the North West. sailed into eater in among you-Two classes of coming enemies are

(unto') Syria, and landed at Tyre--the celebrated seat here announced, the one more external to themselves,

of maritime commerce for Fast and West. It might the other bred in the bosom of their own community:

be reached from Patara in about two days. there toe both were to be teachers, but the one, "grievous

ship was to uulade her burden--which gave the apostle wolves," pot sparing. i.e., making a prey of tbe flock;)

time for what follows. 4-6. finding disciples tinding the other, simply sectarian "perverters" of the truth,

out the disciples')-implying some search, llicy would with tbe view of drawing a party after them. Perhaps

expect such, from what is recorded, ch.11. 19. Perhaps the one pointed to that subtle poison of oriental Gno

they were not many: yet there were gifted ones among sticism, which we koow to have very early infected the

them. who said to Paul... that be should not go to JeruAsistic churches; the other to such Judaising tenden

salem. See on ch. 20, 23; also on v. 11-14, they all brought cies as we know to have troubled nearly all the early

us on our way with wives and children, ... and we kuceled churches. See the Epistles to the Ephesians, Colossians,

down on the shore and prayed, &c. Scc on ch. 20. 30-36. and Timothy. also those to the seven churches of Asia

Observe here that the children of these Tyrian disciples Ichs. 2 and 3). But watchfulness against all that tends i

not only were taken along with their parents, but must to injure and corrupt the Church is the duty of its pas.

have joined in this act of solemn worship. See on Lora in every age. 31. by the space of three years-speak | Ephesians, 6. 1. 7. when we had finished our course ing in round numbers; for it was nearer three than (completing the voyage') from Tyre, we came which two years, I ceased not to waru every one night and day they would do the same day) to Ptolemais - anciently with tears. What an appeal to be able to make! And called Accho (Judges, 1, 31) now St. Jean d' Acre, or if this was an apostle's part, how much more a pastor's! | Acre. and saluted tue brethren, and abode, &c.-disciples | BENGEL) 32, 35. I commend you to God-the almighty gathered probably as at Tyre, on the occasion nenConservator of His people, and to the word of his grace tioned ch, 11. 19. 8-10. next day we (that were of Paul's

that message of His pure grace (v. 24) by the faith company] departed. (The words in brackets are omitted of which He keeps us (1 Feter, 1. 5). which i.e., God, in the best MSS. They were probably added as the con. is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance, &c. necting words at the head of some church Lessons.) and (bserve how Salvation-not only in its initial stages of came to Cesarea- run along the coast, southward, of Iardon and regeneration, but in all its subsequent stages some thirty miles. Philip the evangelist-a terni answerdi "op-building," even to its consummation in the final ing apparently very much to our missionary (Hows). inberitance-is here ascribed to the "ability" of God by whose ministry such joy had been diffused over

bestow it, as in Romans, 16. 25; Ephesians, 3. 20; par Samaria, and the Ethiopian eunuch had been baptized. twularly Jude 24; and cf. 2 Timothy, 1. 12, where the ch. 8. one of the seven (deacons)-who had "purchased sume thing is ascribed to Christ. among all them which to himsell & good degree" (1 Timothy, 3. 13). He and ure sanctified. Sanctification is here viewed as the final | Paul now meet for the first time, some twenty-five years character and condition of the heirs of glory, regarded after that time. the same man had four daughters ... as one saved company, these bonds-doubtless holding which did prophesy-fulfilling Joel, 2. 28 (see ch. 2. 18). thern up, as before Agrippa in chains, ch. 26. 29. have This is mentioned, it would seem, merely as a high ministered unto my necessities, and to them that were with

my necessities, and to them that were with distinction divinely conferred on so devoted a servant me. See ch. 18.3; and i Corinthians, 4. 12; 9. 6, written of the Lord Jesus, and probably indicates the high trom Ephesus; also 1 Thessalonians, 2. 9. that so labour I tone of religion in his family. tаrried there many a ing as I have done, for others, as well as myself, ye ought good many') days. Finding himself in good time for to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Pentecost at Jerusalem, he would feel it a refreshing Lord Jesue, bow he (* how Himself') said, It is more blessed thing to his spirit to hold Christian communion for a to give than to receive, &c. This golden saying, snatched few days with such a family. there came down from Judea from oblivion, and here added to the Church's abiding (the news of Paul's arrival having spread) a certain protreagures, so apt to beget the wish that more of what puet,... Agabus-90 doubt the same as in ch. 11. 28. igved from those Lips which "dropped as an honey- 11-14. So shall the Jews bind the man that oweeth this corab." had been preserved to us. But see on John, 21. girdle, &c. For though the Romans did it, it was at the

S. 36-38. he kneeled down and prayed with them all, Jews' instigation, v. 33; ch. 28. 17. Such dramatic &c. Nothing can be more touching than these three methods of announcing important future events would concluding verses, leaving an indelible impression of bring the old prophets to remembrance. (cf. Isaiah, Ture ministerial fidelity and affection on the apostle's 20. 2. &c.: Jeremiah, 13. 1, and Ezekiel, 5. 1. dc.) This

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