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Supplementary Particulars.

JOHN, XXI.

Supplementary Particula the former miraculous draught, Luke, 6, 1-11, furnishes comfort, in prospect of the great work before him. the key to this scene. There the draught was symboli- quired some such renewal of his call and re-establi cal of the success of their future ministry: While | ment of his position as this. he "Peter and all that were with him were astonished at time ... lovest thon me, &c. In this repetition of 1 the draught of the fishes which they had taken, Jesus | question, though the wound was meant to be re-op said unto him, Fear not, from henceforth thou shalt ed, the words, " more than these are not repeated ; catch men." Nay, when first called, in the act of “cast- Christ is a tender as well as skilful Physician, # ing their net into the sea, for they were fishers," the Peter's silence on that point was confession enough same symbolic reference was made to their secular his sin and folly. On Peter's repeating his protestat Occupation: "Follow me, and I will make you tishers in the same words, our Lord rises higher in the ms of men." Matthew, 4. 18, 19.) Here, then, if but the festation of His restoring grace. Feed (or 'keep same symbolic reference be kept in view, the design sheep-It has been observed that the word here is a of the whole scene will, we think, be clear. The mul- diously changed, from one signifying simply to feed titude and the size of the fishes they caught symboli- one signifying to 'tend' as a shepherd, denoting 1 cally foreshadowed the vast success of their now fast abiding exercise of that vocation, and in its high approaching ministry, and this only as a beginning of functions, he saith unto him the third time, Simon, successive draughts, through the agency of a Christian of Jonas, lovest tuou me. Peter was grieved because ministry, till, "as the waters cover the sea, the earth said the third time, &c.-This was the Physician's de should be full of the knowledge of the Lord." And est incision into the wound, while yet smarting un whereas, at the first miraculous draught, the pet "was the two former probings. Not till now would Pe breaking" through the weight of what it contained- discern the object of this succession of thrusts. 1 expressive of the difficulty with which, after they had third time reveals it all, bringing up such a rush "caught men," they would be able to retain, or keep dreadful recollections before his view, of his "thu them from escaping back into the world-while here. denying that he knew Him," that he feels it to 1 * for all they were so many yet was not the net broken." quick. It was fitting that he should; it was me

not reminded of such savings as these (chap. I that he should. But this accomplished, the pain 10. 28.): "I give unto my sheep eternal life, and they dialogue concludes with a delightful "Feed my shed shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of as if He should say, Now, Simon, the last speck of my hand?" (LUTHARDT.) But it is not through the cloud which overhung thee since that night of nag agency of a Christian ministry that all true disciples is dispelled: Henceforth thou art to me and to my w are gathered. Jesus Himself, by unseen methods, as if no such scene had ever happened. 18. 19. w gathers some, who afterwards are recognised by the thou wast young-embracing the whole period of life constituted fishers of men, and mingle with the fruit the verge of old age. thou girdedst thyself, and walki of their labours. And are not these symbolized by that whither thou wouldest-wast thine own master. w portion of our Galilean repast which the fishers found, old, thou shalt stretch forth thine hands-to be bound in some unseen way, made ready to their hand! 12- execution, though not necessarily meaning on a on 14. Noue darst ask him, Who art thou, knowing it was the There is no reason, however, to doubt the very el Lord-implying that they would have liked Him just tradition, that Peter's death was by crucifixion 1 to say, "It is I;" but having such convincing evidence, spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify they were afraid of being "upbraided for their unbe --not, therefore, a mere prediction of the manner of Gef and hardness of heart" if they ventured to put the death, but of the honour to be conferred upon him question. Jesus taketh (the) bread, and giveth them, and dying for his Master. And, indeed, beyond dor (the) fish likewise--See on Luke, 24. 30. This is the third this prediction was intended to follow up his tri time that Jesas showed himself was manifested') to his restoration: Yes, Simon, thou shalt not only feed disciples-his assembled disciples; for if we reckon His lambs, and feed my sheep, but after a long career appearances to individual disciples, they were more, such service, shalt be counted worthy to die for 15-17. When they had dined Jesus saith-Silence appears | name of the Lord Jesus. And when he had spoken t to have reigned during the meal, unbroken on His part. he saith unto him, Follow me-By thus connecting that by their mute observation of Him they might utterance of this prediction with the invitation to bave their assurance of His identity the more confirm- low Him, the evangelist would indicate the deeper se ed; and on theirs, from reverential shrinking to speak in which the call was understood, not merely to till He did. Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thcu me more along with Him at that moment, but to come a than these?-referring lovingly to those sad words of Him taking up his cross." 20, 21. Peter, turning al Peter, shortly before denying his Lord, "Though all - showing that he followed immediately as direct men shall be offended because of thee, yet will I never seeth the disciple whom Jesus loved following: w be offended" Matthew, 26. 33.), and intending by this also leaned on Jesus' breast at [the] supper, and said, L allusion to bring the whole scene vividly before his which is he that betrayeth thee :--The evangelist man mind and put him to shame. Yea, Lord; thou knowest these allusions to the peculiar familiarity to which that I love thee-He adds not, "more than these," but had been admitted on the most memorable of all a prefixes a touching appeal to the Saviour's own om- sons, perhaps lovingly to account for Peter's somew niscience for the truth of his protestation, which makes forward question about him to Jesus ; which is it a totally different kind of speech from his former. | rather probable, as it was at Peter's suggestioni he saith unto him, Feed any lam bg-It is surely wrong to he put the question about the traitor which he view this term as a mere diminutive of affection, and recalls ch. 13, 24, 25.). Peter saith to Jesus, Lord, and as meaning the same thing as "the sheep." (WEBSTER (shall) this man (do)-'What of this many or, I & WILKINSOx.] It is much more according to usage shall it fare with him! 22, 23. Jesus saith to him. to understand by the "lambs young and tender dis- will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee i fa ciples, whether in age or Christian standing Isaiah, thou me-From the fact that John alone of the tw 40. 11; 1 John, 2, 12, 13,) and by the "sheep" the more survived the destruction of Jerusalem, and so mature. Shall we say (with many) that Peter was here i nessed the commencement of that series of ev. renstated in office! Not exactly, since he was not actu- which belongs to "the last days," many good in ally excluded from it. But after such conduct as his, preters think that this is a virtual prediction of 1 the deep wound which the honour of Christ had receiv. and not a mere supposition. But this is very dor ed, the stain brought on his office, the damage done to ful, and it seems more natural to consider our Lon his high standing among his brethren, and even his own intending to give no positive indication of John's :

Land Bama of our Lord upon Earth.

ACTS, I.

His Ascension to Heaven. i bat to siznify that this was a matter which be-things-thus identifying the author of this book with

ad to the Master of both, who would disclose or all that it says of this disciple. we know that his testimony maglit He thought proper, and that Peter's part is true-cf. ch. 19. 35. And there are many other things band his own atlairs. Accordingly, in "follow which Jesus did-cf. ch. 20. 30, 31. if written every one,

'the word "thou" is emphatic. Observe the I suppose-an expression used to show that what follows

tisposal of human life which Christ claims : is not to be pressed too far. even the world itself would In that he tarry till I come, &c. Then went this not hold the books, &c.-not a mere hyperbolical examd among the brethren, that that disciple pression, unlike the sublime simplicity of this writer, ist die-into which they the more easily fell, but intended to let his reader know that, even now the prevalent expectation that Christ's second that he had done, he felt his materials so far from

tas then near at hand, yet Jesus said not unto being exhausted, that he was still running over, and de hall met dieThe evangelist is jealous for His could multiply "Gospels" to almost any extent within Ker'kopoar, which his death might be thought to the strict limits of what "Jesus did." But in the limraise if such a misunderstanding should not itation of these matchless Histories, in point of number,

there is as much of that divine wisdom which has pre11. FISAL CLOSE OF THIS GOSPEL. This is the sided over and pervades the living oracles, as in their

which testifieth of these things, and wrote these variety and fulness,

THE
ACTS OF THE APOSTLES.

CHAPTER 1.

manifestations of Himself in the body to the assembled TIL ISTRODUCTION-LAST DAYS OF OUR LORD disciples, who, instead of being predisposed to believe

ZARTE-HIS ASCENSION. 1, 2, former treatise- it, had to be overpowered by the resistless evidence of * Cogel. Theophilus-see on Luke, 1. 3. begau their own senses, and were slow of yielding even to

teach a very important statement, dividing this. (Mark, 16. 14.) alter his passion--Or .Suffering.' ratka (hrist into two great branches: the one This primary sense of the word 'Passion,' has fallen ir His work on earth, the other fis subsequent into disuse; but it is nobly consecrated in the phrassa konon: the one in His own Person, the other eology of the Church to express the Redeemer's final spirit; the one the "beginning," the other the endurances. seen of them forty days--This important

of the same work; the one complete when specification of time occurs here only speaking of e n on the right hand of the Majesty on high, rather, 'speaking' the things pertaining to the kingdom

shantinge till His second appearing; the one of God-till now only in germ, but soon to take visible

in " The Gospel," the beginnings only of the form; the earliest and the latest burden of His teachbaby in this book of "The Acts." "Hence the ing on earth, should not depart from Jerusalem-Because Story of what Jesus did and taught does not the Spirit was to glorify the existing economy, by with His departure to the Father; but Luke | descending on the disciples at its metropolitan seat,

it in a higher strain: for all the subsequent and at the next of its great festivals after the ascension of the postles are just an exhibition of the of the Church's Head; in order that “out of Zion yoruglorifed Redeemer Himself, because they might go forth the law, and the word of the Lord from ng under H3 authority, and He was the Jerusalem" (Isaiah, 2. 3; and cf, Luke, 21. 49.). ye shall

that operated in them all.' (OLSHAUSEN.] be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence-Ten t h the Holy Ghost, had given coinmandment, days hence, as appears from Leviticus, 23. 15, 16; but fetime to the charge recorded in Matthew, 28. it was expressed thus indefinitely to exercise their faith.

Lar. 14. 15-18: Luke, 24. 44-49. It is worthy of 6-8. wilt thou at this time restore the kingdom to Israel! atat no where else are such communications of -Doubtless their carnal views of Messiah's kingdom

Eedeemer said to have been given "through had by this time been modified, though how far it is Gbost." In general, this might have been impossible to say. But, as they plainly looked for some

2 ke uttered and all fle did in His official restoration of the kingdom to Israel, so they are neither da: for it was for this very end that God "gave rebuked nor contradicted on this point. It is not for ke birit by measure unto Him" (John, 3. 34.). you to know the times, &c.-implying not only that this

* This resurrection, as if to signify the new was not the time, but that the question was irrelevant 3 which he now stood to the Church, He to their present business and future work. receive

Es first meeting with the assembled dis-power-See Luke, 24. 49. and ye shall be witnesses unto

breathing on them immediately after me... in Jerusalem ... in all Judea, ... and unto the E to them His peace) and saying, Receive ye uttermost part of the earth - This order of apostolic G "thus anticipating the donation of the preaching and success supplies the proper key to the plan

e bands see on John, 20, 21, 22,); and on of the Acts, which relates first the progress of the Gospel principle His parting charges are here said "in Jerusalem, and all Judea and Samaria" (ch. 1. to e dren through the Holy Ghost," as if to I ch. .) and then "unto the uttermost part of the earth."

He was now all redolent with the Spirit; 1 (ch. 10. to ch. 28.) 9-11, while they beheld he was taken up as had been busbanded, during His suffering --See on Luke, 24. 50-53. Lest it should be thought He

His own necessary uses, had now been set had disappeared when they were looking in some other e already overflowing from Himself to His direction, and so was only concluded to have gone up and needed but his ascension and glorifica- / to heaven, it is here expressly said that "while they

I forth. See on Joha, 7. 30.) 3-5. showed were looking He was taken up, and a cloud received

- As the author is about to tell us that "the him out of their sight." So Elijah, "If thou see me w the Lord Jesus was the great burden of when I am taken from thee" (2 Kings, 2. 10.); "And

reachine, to the subject is here fitiy intro-Elisha saw it" (v. 12.). See on Luke, 9. 32. while they taulusion to the primary evidence on which looked steadfastly toward heaven-Following Him with fact rusts, the repeated and undeniable their eager eyes, in rapt amazement. Not, however, Return of the Eleven to Jerusalem.

ACTS, II.

The Disciples Speak with Tongu as & mere fact is this recorded, but as part of that was numbered—'Voted in' by general suffrage. , resistless evidence of their senses on which their whole the eleven apostles- Completing the broken Twelve. subsequent testimony was to be borne, two men in

CHAPTER II. white apparel-Angels in human form, as Luke, 24. 4. Ver. 1-13. DESCENT OF THE SPIRIT-THE DISCIT ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven, &c. SPEAK WITH TONGUES-AMAZEMENT OF THE M - As if your now glorified Head were gone from you TITUDE. 1-4. when the day of Pentecost was fully o never to return: He is coming again; not another, but The fiftieth from the morrow after the first Passo 'this same Jesus;"" and "as ye have seen Him go, in the Sabbath Leviticus, 23, 15, 16.). with one accordlike manner shall He come"-as personally, as risibly, solemnity of the day, perhaps, unconsciously rai: as gloriously: and let the joyful expectation of this com- their expectations. 2. And suddenly there came a so ing swallow up the sorrow of that departure.

from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, &c. --** Ver. 12-26. RETURN OF THE ELEVEN TO JERUSALEM whole description is so picturesque and striking thi - PROCEEDINGS IN THE UPPER ROOM TILL PEN- could only come from an eye-witness." [OLSHATS TECOST. 12-14. & Sabbath-day's journey-Ahout 2000 The suddenness, strength, and diffusiveness of cubits, went up to an upper room--Perhaps the same sound strike with deepest awe the whole company, "large upper room" where with their Lord they had thus complete their preparation for the heavenly celebrated the last Parsover and the first Supper Lake, | Wind was a familiar emblem of the Spirit Ezekiel 22.12.). where abode-Not lodged, but had for their 9; John, 3. 8; 20. 22.). But this was not a rush of act place of rendezvous. Peter, &c.-See on Matthew, 10. : wind. It was only a sound "18 of " it. 3. eld 9-4. continued with one accord-Knit by a bond stronger tongues, like as of fire, &c. - disparted tongues, than death. in prayer and supplication--for the pro- tongue-shaped, flame-like appearances, rising froi mised baptism, the need of which in their orphan state common centre or root, and resting upon each of t would be increasingly felt, and Mary the mother of Jesus large company.-beautiful visible symbol of the bu -Distinguished from the other “women," but 'so as ing energy of the Spirit now descending in all to exclude the idea of her having any pre-eminence plenitude upon the Church, and about to pour it over the disciples. We find her with the rest in prayer through every tongue, and over every tribe of i to her glorified Son." [WEBSTER & WILKINSON.) under heaven! 4. they began to speak with ... tong This is the last mention of her in the New Testament. &c. - Real, living langua.es, as is plain from » The fable of the Assumption of the Virgin has no follows. The thing uttered, prohably the same ty foundation even in tradition. (ALFORD.) with his was "the wonderful works of God," perhaps in brethren-See on John, 7. 3-5. 15-26. in those days, inspired words of the Old Testament evangelicalhy: Or expectant prayer, and probably towards the close though it is next to certain that the speakers themsel of them, when the nature of their future work began understood nothing of wbat they uttered (see a more clearly to dawn upon them, and the Holy Ghost, Corinthians, 14.). 5-11. there were dwelling at Jerusa already * breathed" on the eleven (John 20. 22.). was Jews, devout men out of every nation-not, it would se stirring in Peter, who was to be the leading spirit of the permanently settled there (see v. 9.), though the langu infant community Matthew. 16. 19.). the number ... seems to imply more than a temporary visit tol about an hundred and twenty-Many, therefore, of the this one feast. Parthians, &c. - Beginning with "500 brethren" who saw their risen Lord "at once" farthest east, the Parthians, the enumeration proce (1 Corinthians, 15. 6, must have remained in Galilee. further and further westward till it comes to Ju falling headlong, &c.--This information supplements, next come the western countries, from Cappadod but by no means contradicts, what is said in Matthew, Pamphylia: then the southern, from Egypt to Cyn 27.8. His bishopric-Or 'charge. The words are a com- finally, apart from all geographical considerat bination of Psalm 9. 25; and 109. 8; in which the Cretes and Arabians are placed together. This en apostle discerns a greater than David, and a worse than eration is evidently designed to convey an impresi Ahithophel and his fellow-conspirators against David. of universality. (BAUMGARTEX) all the time the Lord Jesus went in and out ainong us--in 14-36. PETER, FOR THE FIRST TIME, PUELI the close intimacies of a three years' public life. begin- PREACHES CHRIST. 14-21. Peter, standing up wita ning froin the baptism of John--by whom our Lord was eleven-In advance, perhaps, of the rest. these are not only Himself baptized, but first officially announced drunken-meaning, not the eleven, but the body of and introduced to his own disciples. until that same disciples. but the third hour-9a.m. (see Ecclesia day when he was taken up from us, must one be ordained: 10. 16: Isaiah, 5. 11; 1 Thessalonians, 6.7.1. in the to be a witness with us of his resurrection-How clearly days-meaning, the days of the Meksiah (Isaiah, is the primary office of the apostles here expressed: (1) as closing all preparatory arrangements, and consti to testify, from personal observation, to the ope great ing the final dispensation of God's kingdom on es fact of "the resurrection of the Lord Jesus ; (2.) to pour out of my Spirit-In contrast with the mere d show how this glorified His whole previous life, of of all preceding time. upon all flesh-hitherto con which they were constant observers, and established to the seed of Abraham. Sons ... danghters...! His divine claims. they appointed-Put up' in nomina. men ... old men ... servants ... handmaideng-Wit tion, meaning not the eleven but the whole company, distinction of sex, age, or rank, sce visions ...d of whom Peter was the spokesman. two-The choice dreams - This is a mere accommodation to the way would lie between a very few. prayed and said, Thon, / which the Spirit operated under the ancient econd Lord, &c. - The word "Lord," placed absolutely, de when the prediction was delivered; for, in the notes in the New Testament almost universally THE Testament, visions and dreams are rather the excep Sox; and the words "Show whom thou hast chosen," than the rule. I will show wonders, &C.-Referrin are decisive. The apostles are just Christ's messengers: the signs which were to precede the destruction It is He that sends them, and of Him they bear wit- Jerusalem (see on Luke, 21. 25, &c.). whosoever ness. Here, therefore, we have the first example of call on the name of the Lord shall be saved--This po a prayer offered to the exalted Redeemer; furnishing to the permanent establishment of the economy of indirectly the strongest proof of his divinity (OL-vation, which followed on the breaking up of SHAUSEN.) which knowest the hearts of all men - See Jewish state. 22-28. a man approved of God Fat John, 2. 24, 25; 21. 15-17; Revelation, 2. 23. that he might anthenticated,' 'proved,' or 'demonstrated to be go to his own place - A euphemistic or softened ex- ! God.' by miracles ... which God did by him-This is pression of the awful future of the traitor, implying a low view of our Lord's miracles, as has been alle not only destined habitation but congenial element. I nor inconsistent with John, 2. 11, but is in

Pter, for the First Time,

ACTS, II.

Pulicly Preaches Christ. eccordance with his progress from bumiliation to glory. remission of sins-as the visible seal of that remission. od with his own words in John, 5. 19. This view of For the promise of the Holy Ghost, through the risen Christ is here dwelt on to exhibit to the Jews the Saviour, as the grand blessing of the new covenant, all whole course of Jesus of Nazareth as the ordinance afar off-the Gentiles, as Ephesians, 2. 17. But “to the and doing of the God of Israel. (ALFORD.) determinate Jew first." With many other words did he testify and cinsel and foreknowledge-God's fixed plan and perfect exhort-Thus we have here but a snin mary of Peter's foresight of all the steps involved in it. ye have taken, discourse, though from the next words it would seem c! by wieked hands have crucified and slain-How strik- that only the more practical parts, the home appeals, lady is the criminality of Christ's murderers here are omitted. Save yourselves from this uptoward generapresented in harmony with the eternal purpose to tion-as if Peter already foresaw the hopeless impenisurender him into their hands I was not possible he tence of the nation at large, and would have his hearers Exuld be holden of it-Glorious saying! It was indeed hasten in for themselves and secure their own salvation. impossible that "the Living One" should remain 41-47. BEAUTIFUL BEGINNINGS OF THE CHRISTIAN **trong the dead” Luke, 24. 6.1: but here, the im- CHURCH. 41-47. They that gladly received his word were possibility seems to refer to the prophetic assurance baptized-It is difficult to say how 3,000 could be baptast He should not see corruption. wilt rot leave my tized in one day, according to the old practice of a wal ia bell--In its disembodied state (see on Luke, 16. complete submersion, and the more as in Jerusalem Peale seither ... suffer thine Holy One to see corruption there was no water at hand except Kidron and a few - the grave. Thou hast made known to me the ways of pools. The difficulty can only be removed by supposing Mia, Resurrection-life. thou shalt make me full of that they already employed sprinkling, or baptized in ja mith thy countenance-.e., in glory: as is plain from houses in large vessels. Formal submersion in rivers, the whole connexion and the actual words of the Psalm. or larger quantities of water, probably took place only 23-38. David ... is ... dead and buried, &c. - Peter, where the locality conveniently allowed it.' (OLSHAUhil of the Holy Ghost, sees in this 16th Psalm, one SEN.) the same day there were added to the Church about H16 Man, whose life of high devotedness and lofty 3,000 souls-fitting inauguration of the new kingdom,

iritaality is crowned with the assurance, that though as an economy of the Spirit! continued steadfastly inIle taste of death He shall rise again without seeing 'attended constantly upon.' the apostles' doctrine-or utaption, and be admitted to the bliss of God's im- 'teaching;' giving themselves up to the instructions zaliate presence. Now as this was palpably untrue which, in their raw state, would be indispensable to

David, it could be meant only of One other, even of the consolidation of the immense multitude suddenly Hin whom David was taught to expect as the final admitted to visible discipleship. fellowship - in its Oxurpant of the throne of Israel. Those, therefore, largest sense. breaking of bread- not certainly in the and they are many, who take David himself to be the Lord's Supper alone, but rather in frugal repasts taken object of this Psalm, and the words quoted to refer together, with which the Lord's Supper was probably lo Christ only in a more eminent sense, pullify the conjoined until abuses and persecution led to the diswhole argument of the apostle., The Psalm is then continuance of the common meal. prayers-probably, Affirmed to have had its only proper fulfilment in JESUS, stated seasons of it. fear came upon every soul-a deep

whose resurrection and ascension they were wit- awe rested upon the whole community, all that believed ters, while the glorious effusion of the Spirit by the were together, and had all things common, &c.-(See on Land of this ascended One, setting an infallible seal ch. 4. 34 37.). daily in the temple-observing the hours wa all, was even then witnessed by the thousands of Jewish worship. and breaking bread from house to who stood listening to Him. A further illustration of house-Rather, 'at home' margin), i.e., in private, as Hemiah's ascension and session at God's right hand is contrasted with their temple-worship, but in some stated

and from Psalm 110. 1, in which David cannot be place or places of meeting. eat their meat with gladness lai to speak of himself, seeing he is still in his exultation') and singleness of heart; praising God-"Go arave. Therefore, to sum up all.' let all the house of thy way, eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy wine Israel-fax in this first discourse the appeal is formally with a merry heart, for God noro accepteth thy works made to the whole house of Israel, as the then existing Ecclesiastes, 9. 7; see also on ch. 8. 39.). having favour Kinedom of God. know assuredly - by indisputable with all the people-commending themselves by their Lacts, fulilled predictions, and the seal of the Holy lovely demeanour to the admiration of all who observed Ghost set upon all that God hath made-for Peter's them. And the Lord-i.e., JESUS, as the glorified Head Goject was to show them that, instead of interfering with and Ruler of the Church, added 'kept adding: i.e.. we atingements of the God of Israel, these events to the visible community of believers, though the words

His Own high movements. this same Jesus, whom "to the Church" are wanting, in the most ancient MSS. Te bave concified_ The sting is at the close.' (BENGEL) such as should be saved-Rather, 'the saved,' or 'those 10 prove to them merely that Jesus was the Messiah who were being saved.' "The young Church had but might have left them all unchanged in heart. But to few peculiarities in its outward form, or even in its worince them that He whom they had crucified had doctrine: the single discriminating principle of its few Been by the right hand of God exalted, and constituted members was that they all recognized the crucified the LORD whom David in spirit adored, to whom Jesus of Nazareth as the Messiah. This confession every knee shall bow, and the CHRIST of God, was to would have been a thing of no importance, if it had bring them to look on Him whom they had pierced only presented itself as a naked declaration, and would and moarn for Him." 37-40. pricked in their hearts-the never in such a case have been able to form a combertan fulfillment of Zechariah, 12. 10, whose full ac-munity that would spread itself over the whole Roman omplishment is reserved for the day when "all Israel Empire. It acquired its value only through the power thall be saved see on Romans, 11.). what shall wel of the Holy Ghost, passing from the apostles as they

This is that beautiful spirit of genuine compunc preached to the hearers; for He brought the confession Gion and childlike docility.which, discovering its whole from the very hearts of men (1 Colossians, 12. 3,), and past career to bave been one frightful mistake, seeks like a burning flame made their souls glow with lov caly to be set right for the future, be the change in- By the power of this Spirit, therefore, we behold the volved and the sacrifices required what they may. So first Christians not only in a state of active fellowship, caal of Tarsus (ch. 9. 6.). Repent-The word denotes / but also internally changed: the narrow views of the dirge of mind, and here includes the reception of the natural man are broken through; they have their posGospel as the proper iesne of that revolution of mind sessions in common, and they regard themselves as one Fhich they were then undergoing. baptized ... for the family. [OLSHAUSEN.) 183

3 R

Tere His Own high

Peter Acals a Lame Man.

ACTS, III, IV. His Address to the Wondering Multitude. CHAPTER III.

that the times of refreshing may come:'that long period Ver. 1-26. PETER HEAIS A LAME MAN AT THE of repose, prosperity and joy, which all the prophets TEMPLE GATE - HIS ADDRESS TO THE WONDERING | hold forth to the distracted Church and this miserable MULTITUDE. 1-11. Peter and John-already associated world, as eventually to come, and which is here, as in by their Master, first with James (Mark, 1. 29; 5, 37; 9. all the prophets, made to turn upon the national con. 2.). then by themselves Luke 22.8; and see John, 13. 23, version of Israel. he shall send Jesus Christ, &c.-The 24: Now we find them constantly together, but Sohn true reading is, 'He shall send your predestinated for (yet young only as a silent actor. went up were foreordained) Messiah, Jesus, until the times, &c. going up,' were on their way. a certain man lame from embracing the whole period between the ascension and his mother's womb-and now "above 40 years old" (ch. the second advent of Christ. restitut on of all things4. 22.), was carried -- was wont to be carried.' Peter, comprehending, probably, the rectification of all the fastening his eyes on him with Job n, said, Look on us... disorders of the fall, 22-26. a prophet like anto meAnd he gave heed--that, through the eye, faith might be particularly in intimacy of communication with God aided in its birth. Silver and gold have I uone, but such (Numbers, 12. 6-8.). and as the mediatorial head of a new as I have give I thee, &c.-What a lofly superiority order of things (Hebrews, 3, 2-6.). Peter takes it for breathes in these words! In the name of Jesus of granted that, in the light of all he had just said, it Nazareth rise up and walk, &c.—These words, uttered would be seen at once that One only had any claim to with supernatural power, donbtless begat in this poor

a) nower donbtless begat in this poor / be that Prophet. Him shall ye hear in all things, &c.man the faith that sent healing virtue through his This part of the prediction is empbatically added, in diseased members. And he took ... and lifted him up order to shut up the audience to the obedience of faith, -precisely what his Lord had done to his own mother on pain of being finally "cut off" from the congregain-law Mark, 1. 31.. his feet (or soles) and ancle-bones, tion of the righteous Psalm 1. 1.). foreto'd of these days &c.-the technical language of a physician (Colossians, -of Messiah; all pointing to "the time of reformation 4.14.). leaping up, stood ... walked ...entered the temple (Hebrews, 9. 10.), though with more or less distinctness. walking, leaping, and praising God--Every word here is ye are the children... of the covenant-and so the natural emphatic, expressing the per fection of the cure, as v. heirs of its promises, in thy seed, &c. - See on Gal 7 its immediateness. all the people saw him, &c.-as atians, 3. 8. &c.'. God having raised up-not, from the they assembled at the hour of public prayer, in the dead, but having provided, prepared, and given. his temple courts: so that the miracle had the utmost | Son Jesus-His Servant Jesus' see on v. 13.). Eent him publicity. they knew that it was he which sat for alms, to bless you-lit.. 'sent Sim blessing you,' as if laden &c. cf, John, 9. 8.) the lame man held, &c. --This is with blessing. in turning away every one of you from his nature. all the people ran together unto them in the porch, iniquities-.d., 'Hitherto we have all been looking too &c. How vividly do these grap bic details bring the much for a Messiah who should shed outward bless. whole scene before us! Thus was Peter again furnished ings upon the nation genera with a vast audience, whose wonder at the spectacle of world. But we have learnt other things, and now the healed beggar clinging to his benefactors prepared announce to you that the great blessing with whick them to listen with reverence to his words. 12-16. why Messiah has come laden is the turning away of every marvel at this! -For miracles are marvels only in rela one of you from his iniquities. With what Divine tion to the limited powers of man, as though by our skill does the apostle, founding on resistless facts, bere own power or holineas we had made this man to walk, &C.- drive home to the conscience of his auditors their guilt Neither the might nor the merit of the cure are due to in crucifying the Lord of Glory; then soothe their us, mere agents of Him whom we preach. The God of awakened minds by assurances of forgiveness on turn Abraham, &c.-see on ch. 2. 22, 36. hath glorified his son ing to the Lord, and & glorious future as soon as this Jesus-rather, ‘his Servant Jesus,' as the same word is shall come to pass, to terminate with the Personal rendered in Matthew, 12. 18, but in that high sense in Return of Christ from the heavens whither He has which Isaiah applies it always to Messiah Isaiah, 42. ascended; ending all with warnings, from their own 1: 49. 6: 63. 13; 63. 11.). When 'Son' is intended a dif. Scriptures, to submit to Him if they would not perish, ferent word is used, whom ye delivered up, &c. With and calls to receive from Him the blessings of salvation. what heroic courage does Peter here charge his audi

CHAPTER IV. ence with the heaviest of all conceivable crimes, and Ver. 1-13. PETER AND JOHN BEFORE THE SANNEwith what terrificstrength of language are these charges DRIM, 1-12. the captain of the Levitical guard of the clothed ! killed the Prince of Life Glorious paradox, | temple-annoyed at the disturbance created around it. but how piercing to the conscience of the auditors! and the Sadducees-who "say that there is no resurHis uame through faith in his name hath made this man rection" ch. 23.8.), irritated at the apostles " preaching strong, &c.-With what skill does the apostle use the through rather, 'in' Jesus the resurrection from the miracle both to glorify his ascended Lord and bring dead;" for the resurrection of Christ, if a fact, effectuaily the guilt of His blood more resistlessly home to his overthrew the Sadducean doctrine, the number of the audience! 17-21. And now, brethren, &c.-Our preacher, men-Or 'males,' exclusive of women; though the like his Master, "will not break the bruised reed." | sometimes includes both about five thousand. And His heaviest charges are prompted by love, which now this in Jerusalem, where the means of detecting the hastens to assuage the wounds it was necessary to imposture or crushing the fanaticism, if such it had inflict. I wot-or know through ignorance ye did it been, were within every one's reach, and where there -(See marginal reference.). that Christ- The best MSS. was every inducement to sift it to the bottom, their read, 'that His Christ.' should suffer-The doctrine of a rulers, &c.--This was a regular meeting of the Sanhedrimt SUFFERING MESSIAH was totally at variance with the (see on Matthew, 2. 4.). Annas ... and Caiaphas-See current views of the Jewish Church, and hard to digest I on Luke, 3. 2.). John and Alexander-Of whom nothing even by the Twelve, up to the day of their Lord's resur- is known by what power, or ... name have ye done this rection. Our preacher himself revolted at it, and thus admitting the reality of the miracle, which protested against it, when first nakedly announced, for afterwards they confess themselves unable to deny which he received a terrible rebuke. Here he affirms 16.). then Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost, said-See it to be the fundamental truth of ancient prophecy | Mark, 13, 11; Luke, 21, 15.). be it known unto you...ard realized unwittingly by the Jews themselves, yet by a l to all the people of Israel-As if emitting a formal judiglorious divine ordination. How great a change had cial testimony to the entire nation through its rulers the Pentecostal illumination wrought upon his views! now convened. by the name of Jesus,&c.- see on ch, 3.13 when the times of refreshing shall come-Rather, ' in order &c.). even by him doth this mau stand before you whole

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