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render it the less just ;” the latter for

Nobember 6. being privy to the conspiracy and not revealing it.

St. Leonard, 6th Cent. St. Winoe, AbA corporation notice is annually left at bot, 8th Cent. St. Iltutus, 6th Cent. the house of every inhabitant in the city Michaelmas Term begins. of London, previous to lord mayor's day. The following (delivered in St. Now Monsieur Term will come to town, Bride's) is its form:

The lawyer putteth on his gown;
SIR, October the 11th, 1825.

Revenge doth run post-swift on legs,

And's sweet as muscadine and eggs; BY Virtue of a Precept from my LORD

And this makes many go to law Mayor, in order to prevent any Tumults For that which is not worth a straw, and Riots that may happen on the Fifth of

But only they their mind will bave, November and the next ensuing LORD No reason hear, nor council crave. Mayor's Day, you are required to charge

Poor Robin's Almanae, 1757. all your Servants and Lodgers, that they

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. neither make, nor cause to be made, any

Sir,

October, 1825. SQUIBS, SERPENTS, FIRE BALLOONS, or

Presuming the object you have in view other Fireworks, nor fire, thing, nor in your Every Day Book is to convey throw them out of your House, Shop, or Warehouse, or in the Streets of this City, utmost correctness, and, if possible, with

useful and pleasing information with the on the Penalties contained in an Act of out contradiction, I beg leave to say, Parliament made in the Tenth year of the your statement in page 100, " that in late King William.

each term there is one day whereon the Note. The Act was made perpetual, courts do not transact business, namely, and is not expired, as some ignorantly on Candlemas-day in Hilary Term, Assuppose.

cension-day in Easter Term, MidsummerC. PUCKERIDGE, Beadle.

day in Trinity Term, and All-Saints'-day Taylor, Printer, Basinghall Street.

in Michaelmas Term," is not quite correct

with respect to the two last days ; for in On the fifth of November, a year or two last term (Trinity) Midsummer-day was ago, an outrageous sparkle of humour subsequent to the last day, which was on broke forth. A poor hard-working man, the 22d of June. And if Midsummerwhile at breakfast in his garret, was en- day falls on the morrow of Corpus ticed from it by a message that some one Christi, as it did in 1614, 1698, 1709, who knew him wished to speak to him at and 1791, Trinity full Term then comthe street door. When he got there he mences, and the courts sit on that day; was shaken hands with, and invited to a otherwise, if it occurs in the term it is a chair. He had scarcely said “ nay” dies non. In 1702, 1713, 1724, 1795. before “ the ayes had him," and clapping and 1801, when Midsummer-day fell him in the vacant seat, tied him there. upon what was regularly the last day of They then painted his face to their liking, term, the courts did not then sit, regardput a wig and paper cap on his head, ing it as a Sunday, and the term was profastened a dark lantern in one of his longed to the 25th. (See Blackstone's hands, and a bundle of matches in the Commentaries, vol. iii. page 278.). With other, and carried him about all day, respect to All-Saints'-day, (1st of Novemwith shouts of laughter and huzzas, beg- ber,) it does not now occur in Michaelmas ging for their “Guy."

." When he was re. Term, for by the statute 24th Geo. II. c. leased at night he went home, and having 48, (1752,) the Essoin day of that term is slept upon his wrongs, he carried them on the morrow of All-Souls, 3d of Novemthe next morning to a police office, whi- ber, consequently Michaelmas Term dors ther his offenders were presently brought not actually commencé before the 6th by warrant, before the magistrates, who of November. ordered them to find bail or stand com- With respect to the grand days of the mitted. It is illegal to smug a man for inns of court, I find by “ The Student's “ a Guy."

Guide to Lincoln's Inn," the two first days you mention are correct with respect to

that society; but in Trinity Term the Angular Physalis. Physalis Alkakengi. grand day is uncertain, unless Midsum

Dedicated to St. Bertille. mer-day is in the term, then that a

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

generally the grand day. In Michaelmas court of justice.” Whereupon she said, Term, grand day is on the second Thursday she thought it singular that she might be in the term.

covered in the house of God, and not in In page 156, you state, “ It is of an- the judicature of man. Sir Edward told cient custom on the first day of term for her, “ that from God nd secrets were hid; the judges to breakfast with the lord but that it was not so with man, whose chancellor in Lincoln's Inn Hall.Till intellects were weak; therefore, in the within these few years, and only on the investigation of truth, and especially present lord chancellor removing from when the life of a fellow creature is put Bedford-square, the judges, together with in jeopardy, on the charge of having dethe master of the rolls and his officers, the prived another of life, the court should vice-chancellor, the masters in chancery, see all obstacles removed ; and, because the king's serjeants and counsel, with the the countenance is often an index to the different officers of the court of chancery, mind, all covering should be taken away always assembled at the chancellor's house from the face." Thereupon the chief to breakfast, and from thence, following justice ordered her hat to be taken off, the chancellor in his state carriage, to and she covered her hair with her handWestminster. But on the removal of kerchief. lord Eldon to Hamilton-place, his lordship desired to meet the gentlemen of the courts of law and equity in Lincoln's Inn On Sunday, the 7th of November, 1824, Hall; and from that time, the judges, &c. being the hundredth anniversary of the have met in Lincoln's Inn. This place is death of the celebrated John Eyrle, Esq., better adapted to the convenience of the Pope's “ Man of Ross," the new society profession than one more distant. of ringers in that town rung a “muffled

The above observations, if worth no- peal" on the occasion. Hereford Paper.* tice, may be used on the first day of next term, the 6th of November ; but as the 6th is on a Sunday, term will not actually

FLORAL DIRECTORY begin until the 7th.

Large Furerea. Fureræa Gigantea. I am, sir, &c.

Dedicated to St. Willibrord.
Lincoln's Inn, New-square. S.G.

November 8.
FLORAL DIRECTORY.
Yew. Taxus baccata.

The four crowned Brothers, Martyrs,
Dedicated to St. Leonard.

A. D. 304.

St. Willehad, Bp. A. D. 787. St. Godfrey, Bp. A. D. 1118.

Now the leaf
November 7.

Incessant rustles from the mournful grove ; St. Willibrord, 1st Bp. of Utrecht, A. D. Oft startling such as studious walk below;

738. St. Werenfrid. St. Prosdecionus, And slowly circles through the waving air. 1st. Bp. of Padua, A. D. 103.

As the maturing and dispersing of CHRONOLOGY.

seeds was a striking character of the last

month, so the fall of the leaf distinguishes Hats and Bonnets.

the present. From this circumstance, the On the 7th of November, 1615, (Mi- whole declining season of the year is often chaelmas Term, 13 Jac. I.) when Ann in common language denominated the Turner, a physician's widow, was indicted fall. The melancholy sensations which at the bar of the court of king's bench, attend this gradual death of vegetable nabefore sir Edward Coke (as an accessary ture, by which the trees are stripped of before the fact) for the murder of sir all their beauty, and left so many monuThomas Overbury, the learned judge ob- ments of decay and desolation, forcibly serving she had a hat on, told her “to put suggest to the reflecting mind an apt it off; that a woman might be covered in comparison for the fugitive generations of a church, but not when arraigned in a man.t

Like leaves on trees the race of man is found,
Now green in youth, now with'ring on the ground.

• The Times, 17th November, 1824.

† Aikin's Natural History of the Year.

Another race the following spring supplies;
They fall successive, and successive rise :
So generations in their course decay,
So Hourish these, when those are pass'd away.

Pope's Homer.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

Wednesday the Ninth Day of November Cape Aletris. Veltheimia glauca.

next to be accompanied by his Brethren

the Aldermen, and attended by the Livery Dedicated to the four Brothers.

of the several Companies of this City, to

go from Guildhall, exactly at Eleven November 9,

o'clock in the Forenoon, to Blackfriars

Stairs, and from thence by Water to The Dedication of the Church of St. Westminster there to be sword, and at

John Laterans. St. Theodorus, sur- his return will land at Blackfriars Stairs, named Tyro, A. D. 306. St. Mathurin, and pass from thence to Fleet Bridge, A, D. 388.

St. Vanne, or Vitonus, Bp. through Ludgate Street, Saint Paul's A. D. 525. St. Benignus, or Binen, Church Yard, Cheapside, and down King Bp. A. 7. 468.

Street to the Guildhall, to Dinner:

Now, for the more decent and orderly Lord Mayor's Day. Performance of the said Solemnity, and To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. for preventing any Tumults and Disorders

which may happen by the great Concourse Sir,

of People, Enclosed are official printed copies

These are in his Majesty's Name to reof the two precepts issued previous to quire you to cause the Constables within lord mayor's day, for the purpose of in

your Ward to keep a good and sufficient forming the master and wardens of the double Watch and Ward of able Men respective livery companies, to whom well weaponed on that Day, as well as at they are directed, (as well as the alder- the landing Places as in the Streets men of the wards through which the pro- through which the said Solemnities are to cession passes,) of the preparations necessary to be made on that day. These pre- said Constables to preserve the said

pass; and you are required to charge the cepts are first ordered to be printed at a Streets and Passages free and clear from court of aldermen; directions accordingly all Stops and Obstructions, and not per: are afterwards given by the town clerk, mit any Coach, Cart, or Dray to stand and, when printed, they are sent to the therein"; and if any Coachman, Drayfour attornies of the lord mayor's court, man, or Carman refuse to move out of by whom they are filled up, afterwards the said Streets, that they carry such they are left at the mansion-house, and Coachman, Drayman, or Carman to one lastly they are intrusted to the marshal- of the Compters, and such Coach, Dray, men to be delivered. The larger preceptor Cart to the Green Yard, and take their is sent to the aldermen of the wards of Numbers that they may be prosecuted acCheap, Cordwainer, Vintry, Farringdon cording to Law. And although every within, Farringdon without, Bread-street, Person is bound by the Law to take Cripplegate within, and Castle Baynard. Notice of all general Acts of Parliament, The smaller precept is forwarded to the yet that there may not be the least colour whole of the livery companies.

or pretence of Ignorance or Inadvertency, I am, sir, &c.

these are also to require you to cause your S. G. *

Beadle to go from House to House, and November 2, 1825.

acquaint the several Inhabitants, that by

an Act of Parliament made in the moth Precept to the Aldermen.

and tenth years of the Reign of King By the MAYOR.

William the Third (which is made per

petual,) It is enacted that no Person of To the Aldermen of the Ward of

what degree or quality soever shall make, FORASMUCH as William VENABLES, sell, or expose to sale, any Squibs, SerEsquire, lately elected Lord Mayor of pents, or other Fireworks ; or any Cases, this City for the Year ensuing, is on Moulds, or other Implements whatsoever for making such Fireworks, nor shall per- any offending, they shall be prosecuted mit any Person to cast or throw any for such their Neglect, Default, or RemissSquibs, Serpents, or other Fireworks ness, according to the utmost Severity of from out of or in their Houses, Lodgings, the Law. Dated this Eleventh Day of or Habitations, nor shall any Person October, 1825. WOODTHORPE. whatsoever cast, throw, or fire any such

Printed by Arthur Taylor,

Printer to the Honourable City of Squibs, Serpenis, or other Fireworks, in,

London, Basinghall Street. out of, or into any Street, House, or Passage; every such Offence being adjudged by the said Act to be a common Nuisance,

Precept to the Companies. and every Offender for every such single

By the MAYOR. Offence being liable to the several Penal- To the Master and Wardens of the ties inflicted by the said Act.

Company op And you are to enjoin your Constables

WHEREAS the Right Honourable the and Watchmen carefully to observe and Lord Mayor Elect and Court of A!der, apprehend ail such Persons as shall pre- Westminster, on Wednesday the 9th day

men have appointed at their return from sume to offend against the said Act, or shall commit any Riots, Tumults, or

of November next, to land at Blackfriars other Disorders whatsoever, and bring Stairs, and pass from thence to Fleet them before me or some other of his Man Street, through Ludgate Street, to St. jesty's Justices of the Peace within this Paul's Church Yard, down Cheapside and City, that they may be punished accord- King-strect, to the Guildhall, to Dinner: ing to the said Act, and as the Law di

These are therefore to require you to rects.

be in your Barge by Eleven o'clock in the And that you cause Notice to be given Forenoon precisely, his Lordship being to the Inhabitants of your Ward to adorn resolved to be going by that time; and the Fronts and Balconies of their Houses that as well in your going as return you with their best Hangings or other Orna- will cause your Barge to go in order ments, and that they cause the Streets be- according to your precedency; and fore their respective Houses to be cleanly that such of your company as walk swept and well paved and amended, in the Streets land at Blackfriars Stairs whereof the Scavengers are also to také aforesaid ; and that you be early and reNotice, and to be warned that they see the gular in taking and keeping your Standsame duly and effectually performed. ings. Dated the Eleventh day of OctoAnd if any Constable, Beadle, or other ber, 1825. Officer shail be found remiss and negli

WOODTHORPE, gent in their Duty, in not apprehending Printed by A. Taylor, 40, Basinghall Street.

[graphic][merged small]

The procession of the corporation of other of the mayor's own proper arms. London to Westminster on the occasion Then a set of hautboys playing, and after of the new lord mayor being sworn into them certain wyfflers,* in velvet coats office, is familiar to most residents in the and chains of gold, with white staves in metropolis, and the journals annually re- their hands; then the Pageant of Tricord the modern processions and festivals umph richly decked, whereupon by cerin the Guildhall, sufficiently to acquaint tain figures and writings, some matter those who have not witnessed them with touching justice and the office of a mathe nature of the proceedings. It is not gistrate is represented. Then sixteen purposed then, for the present, to describe trumpeters, eight and eight, having banwhat passes in our own times, but to ac- ners of the mayor's company. Then quaint the citizens and all who feel an certain wyfflers in velvet coats and chains, interest in ancient customs, with some- with white staves as before. Then the thing of the splendour attendant upon the bachelors, two and two, in long gowns, ceremony in old times.

with crimson hoods on their shoulders of In 1575, “ William Smythe, citezen satin; which bachelors are chosen every and haberdasher of London,” wrote “A year of the same company, that the mayor breffe description of the Royall Citie of is of, (but not of the living) and serve as London, capitall citie of this realme of gentlemen on that and other festival days, England." This manuscript which is in to wait on the mayor, being in number existence sets forth as follows:

according to the quantity of the company, The day of St. Simon and St. Jude, sometimes sixty, or one hundred. After the mayor enters into his state and office. them twelve trumpeters more, with banThe next day he goes by water to West- ners of the mayor's company; then the minster in most triumphant-like manner, drum and Aute of the city, and an ensign his barge being garnished with the arms of of the mayor's company; and after, ibe the city; and near it a ship-boat of the waits of the city in blue gowns, red queen's majesty being trimmed up and sleeves and caps, every one having a rigged like a ship of war, with divers silver collar about his neck. Then they pieces of ordnance, standards, pennons, of the livery in their long gowns, every and targets of the proper arms of the said one having his hood on his left shoulder mayor, of his company, and of the mer- half-black and half-red, the number of chants' adventurers, or of the staple, or

them according to the greatness of the of the company of the new trades ; next company whereof they are. After them before him goeth the barge of the livery follow sheriff's-officers, and then the of his own company, decked with their mayor's officers, with other officers of the own proper arms; then the bachelors' barge ; and so all the companies in Lon- * Whiffler, Mr. Douce says, in his “ Nisstredon, in order, every one having their own tions of Shakspeare," is a term undoubtedly bor.

rowed from whiffie, another name for a ffe or proper barge, with the arms of their com

small Aute; for whifflers were originally those pany. And so passing along the Thames, who preceded armies or processions, as sfers or he landeth at Westminster, where he pipers ; in process of time the term ex his taketh his oath in the exchequer before fifer, came to signify any person who wrat be the judge there; which done, he returneth fore in a procession. He observes, that Min:

shew defines him to be a club or staff-bearer, by water as aforesaid, and landeth at and that it appears, thiflers carried white Paul's wharf, where he, and the rest of staves, as in the annual feast of the printers the aldermen take their horses, and in

founders, and ink-makers, described by Randie

Holme. great pomp pass through Cheapside. Mr. Archdeacon Nares, in his Glossary, cites And first of all cometh two great stand- Grose's mention of the whiflers at Norwah ards, one having the arms of the city, and ing their swords.

who make way for the corporation by flouruska the other the arms of the mayor's com

A friend informs me, that the dexterity of the pany: next them two drums and a fute, Norwich echifilers in turning their sworts to then an ensign of the city, and then about Mr. Archdeacon Nares remarks, that in the lxx or lxxx poore men marching two and city of London, young freemen, who march at iwo, in blue gowns, with red sleeves and lord Mayor's day, some times with flags, were caps, every one bearing a pike and a tar- called whifflers, or backelor autors, not be get, whereon is painted the arms of all

cause they cleared the way, but because they

went first as whitlers did ; and he quotes a ch. them that have been mayors of the same racter in the old play of the City Match, saving. company that this new mayor is of. Then

“I looked the next lord mayor's day to see free two banners, one of the king's arms,

o' the livery, or one of the bachelor ******* the

Hore on Mysteries.

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