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St. Crispin and St. Crispinian PATRONS OF E GENTLE CRAFT,

“Our shoes were sow'd with merry notes,

And by our mirth expellid all moan;
Like nightingales, from whese sweet throats
Most pleasant tunes are nightly blown:

The Gentle Craft is fittest then
For poor distressed gentlemen !"

St. Hugh's Song

This representation of St. Crispin and and are told that they came from Rome St. Crispinian at their seat of work, is to preach at Soissons, in France, “ towards faithfully copied from an old engraving the middle of the third century, and, in of the same size by H. David. Every imitation of St. Paul, worked with their body knows that they were shoemakers, hands in the night, making shoes, though and patrons of that " art, trade, mystery, they were said to have been nobly bora calling, or occupation," in praise whereof, and brothers." They converted many to when properly exercised, too much cannot the Christian faith, till a complaint was be said. Now for a word or two concern- lodged against them before Rictius Varus, ing these saints. To begin seriously, we “the most implacable enemy of the will recur to the tenth volume of the Christian name, who had been appoint“Lives of the Saints," by “the Rev. ed governor by the emperor Maximian Alban Butler," where, on the 504th Herculeus. Butler adds, that “they page, we find St. Crispin and St. Cris. were victorious over this most inbuman pinian called “ two glorious martyrs," iudge, by the patience and constancy

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with which they bore the most cruel tor: troops to attend at matins and mass : ments, and finished their course by the from thence he led them to the field. sword about the year 287.” In the sixth His archers, on whom rested his princentury a great church was built to their cipal hope, he placed in front; beside his honour at Soissons, and their shrine was bow and arrows, his battle-axe or sword, richly ornamented. These are all the each bore on his shoulder a long stake circumstances that Butler relates con- sharpened at both extremities, which he cerning these popular saints : most unac- was instructed to fix obliquely before countably he does not venture a single him in the ground, and thus oppose a miracle in behalf of the good name and rampart of pikes to the charge of the reputation of either.

French cavalry. Many of these archers

had stripped themselves naked; the On Crispin's-day, in the year 1415, the others had bared their arms and breasts battle of Agincourt was fought between that they might exercise their limbs with the English, under king Henry V., and the more ease and execution : their wellFrench, under the constable d'Albret. earned reputation in former battles, and The French had “a force," says Hume, their savage appearance this day struck " which, if prudently conducted, was suf- terror into their enemies. Henry himficient to trample down the English in self appeared on a grey palfrey in a helmet the open field." They had nearly a hun- of polished steel, surmounted by a crown dred thousand cavalry. The English sparkling with jewels, and wearing a force was only six thousand men at surcoat whereon were emblazoned in arms, and twenty - four thousand foot, gold the arms of England and France. mostly archers. The constable of France Followed by a train of led horses, ornahad selected a strong position in the fields mented with the most gorgeous trappings, in front of the village of Agincourt. Each he rode from banner to banner cheering lord had planted his banner on the spot and exhorting the men, The French which he intended to occupy during the were drawn up in the same order, but battle. The night was cold, dark, and with this fearful disparity in point of rainy, but numerous fires lighted the ho- number, that while the English files were rizon; while bursts of laughter and mer- but four, theirs were thirty deep. In riment were repeatedly beard from the their lines were military engines or cansoldiery, who spent their time in revelling non to cast stones into the midst of the and debate around their banners, discus- English. The French force relatively to sing the probable events of the next day, the Eng she was as seven or six to one. and fixing the ransom of the English king When 1nry gave the word, “ Banners and his barons. No one suspected the advance the men shouted and ran topossibility of defeat, and yet no one could wards the enemy, until they were within be ignorant that they lay in the vicinity twenty paces, and then repeated the of the field of Cressy. In that fatal field, shout; this was echoed by a detachment and in the equally fatal field of Poictiers, which immediately issuing from its conthe French had been the assailants : the cealment in a meadow assailed the left French determined therefore, on the pre- flank of the French while the archers ran sent occasion, to leave that dangerous before their stakes, discharged their arrows, honour to the English. To the army of and then retired behind their rampart. Henry, wasted with disease, broken with To break this formidable body, a select fatigue, and weakened by the privations battalion of eight hundred men at arms of a march through a hostile country in had been appointed by the constable; the presence of a superior force,—this was only seven score of these came into a night of hope and fear, of suspense and action ; they were quickly slain, while the anxiety. They were men who bad others unable to face the incessant staked their lives on the event of the ap- shower of arrows, turned their vizors proaching battle, and spent the inter- aside, and lost the government of their vening moments in making their wills, horses, which, frantic with pain, plunged and in attending the exercises of religion. back in different directions into the close Henry sent his officers to examine the ranks. The archers seizing the opporground by moon-light, arranged the ope- tunity occasioned by this confusion, rations of the next day, ordered bands of slung their bows behind them, and music to play in succession during the bursting into the mass of the enemy, with night, and before sun-rise summoned his their sword and battle axes, killed the

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constable and principal commanders, and buried in the nearest churches, or conrouted the first division of the army. veyed to the tombs of their ancestors. Henry formed the archers again, and The rest, to the number of five thousand charged the second division for two hours eight hundred, were deposited in three in a bloody and doubtful contest, wherein long and deep pits dug in the field of Henry himself was brought on his knees battle. This vast cemetery was surby the mace of one of eighteen French rounded by a strong enclosure of thorns knights who had bound themselves to kill and trees, which pointed out to succeedor take him prisoner : he was rescued by ing generations the spot, where the resolehis guards, and this second division was tion of a few Englishmen triumphed over ultimately destroyed. The third shared the impetuous but ill-directed valour of the same fate, and resistance having their numerous enemies. Henry returned ceased, Henry traversed the field with to England by way of Dover: the crowd his barons, while the heralds examined the plunged into the waves to meet him: and arms and numbered the bodies of the the conqueror was carried in their arms slain. Among them were eight thousand from his vessel to the beach. The road knights and esquires, more than a hun- to London exhibited one triumphal prodred bannerets, seven counts, the three cession. The lords, commons, and clergy, dukes of Brabant, Bar, and Alençon, and the mayor, aldermen, and citizens, conthe constable and admiral of France. The ducted him into the capital : tapestry, reloss of the conquerors amounted to no more presenting the deeds of his ancestors, ihan sixteen hundred nien, with the earl of lined the walls of the houses: pageants Suffolk and the duke of York, who pe- were erected in the streets : sweet wines rished fighting by the king's side, and had ran in the conduits: bands of children an end more honourable than his life. tastefully arrayed sang his praise: and Henry became master of fourteen thou- the whole population seemed'intoxicated sand prisoners, the most distinguishedof with joy.--Lingard. whom were the dukes of Orleans and This memorable achievement on CrisBourbon, and the counts of Eu, Ven- pin's-day is immortalized by Shakspeare, dome, and Richmond. As many of the in a speech that he assigns to Henry V. slain as it was possible to recognise were before the battle.

This day is called the feast of Crispian :
He, that outlives this day, and comes safe home,
Will stand a-tip-toe when this day is named,
And rouse him at the name of Crispian :
He, that shall live this day, and see old age,
Will yearly, on the vigil, feast his friends,
And say, -To-morrow is St. Crispian :
Then will he strip his sleeve, and show his scars.
Old men forget; yet shall not all forget,
But they'll remember, with advantages,
What feats they did that day : Then shall our names,
Familiar in their mouth as household words,-
Harry the king, Bedford, and Exeter,
Warwick, and Talbot, Salisbury, and Glo'ster,-
Be in their flowing cups freshly remembered :
This story shall the good man teach his son :
And Crispin Crispian shall ne'er go by,
From this day to the ending of the world,
But we in it shall be remembered :
We few, we happy few, we band of brothers;
For he to-day that sheds his blood with me,
Shall be my brother; be he ne'er so vile,
This day shall gentle bis condition :
And gentlemen in England, now abed,
Shall think themselves accursed they were not here;
And hold their manhoods cheap, while any speaks
That fought with us upon St. Crispin's day.

In “Times Telescope" for 1816, it is suppose you are some courtier politician observed, that “ the shoemakers of the or other, by that contemplative phiz; but present day are not far behind their pre- be you who or what you will, you are decessors, in the manner of keeping heartily welcome :-drink about-here's St. Crispin. From the highest to the Charles the Fifth's health."_" Then you lowest it is a day of feasting and jollity. love Charles the Fifth ?" replied the emIt is also, we believe, observed as a fes- peror.—“ Love him!” says the son of tival with the corporate body of cord- Crispin ; " ay, ay, I love his long-noseship wainers, or shoemakers, of London, but well enough; but I should love him much without any sort of procession on the better would he but tax us a little less; occasion,-except the proceeding to a but what have we to do with politics? good tavern to partake of a good dinner, round with the glasses, and merry be our and drink the pious memory of St. hearts.” After a short stay, the emperor Crispin."

took his leave, and thanked the cobbler

for his hospitable reception. “ That," On the 29th of July, 1822, the cord- cried he, "you are welcome to; but I wainers of Newcastle held a coronation would not have dishonoured St. Crispin of their patron St. Crispin, and afterwards to-day to have worked for the emperor." walked in procession through the several Charles, pleased with the good nature streets of that town. The coronation took and humour of the man, sent for him next place in the court of the Freemen's Hospi- morning to court. You must imagine tal, at the Westgate, at eleven o'clock; his surprise to see and hear his late guest soon after twelve, the procession moved was his sovereign : he feared his joke forward through the principal streets of upon his long nose inust be punished with that town and Gateshead, and finally death. The emperor thanked him for his halted at the sign of the Chancellor's- hospitality, and, as a reward for it, bade head, in Newgate-street, where the mem- him ask for what he most desired, and bers of the trade partook of a dinner take the whole night to settle his surprise provided for the occasion. A great num- and his ambition. Next day he appeared, ber of people assembled to witness the and requested that, for the future, the procession, as there had not been a simi- cobblers of Flanders might bear for their Iar exhibition since the year 1789.* arms a boot with the emperor's crown

upon it. That request was granted, and, The emperor Charles V. being curious as his ambition was so moderate, the to know the sentiments of his meanest emperor bade him make another. “If,” subjects concerning himself and his ad- says he, I am to have my utmost wishes, ministration, often went incog. and mixed command that, for the future, the comhimself in such companies and conversa. pany of cobblers shall take place of the tion as he thought proper. One night at company of shoemakers." It was, acBrussels, his boot requiring immediate cordingly, so ordained ; and, to this day, mending, he was directed to a cobbler. there is to be seen a chapel in Flanders, Unluckily, it happened to be St. Crispin's adorned with a boot and imperial crown holiday, and, instead of finding the cob- on it: and in all processions, the combler inclined for work, he was in the pany of cobblers takes precedence of the height of his jollity among his acquainte company of shoemakers. ance. The emperor acquainted him with what he wanted, and offered him a band

FLORAL DIRECTORY. some gratuity.—“What, friend !" says the

Flea dane Starwort. Aster Conizoides. fellow," do you know no better than to

Dedicated to St. Crispin. ask one of our craft to work on St. Cris.

Meagre Starwort. Aster miser. pin? Was it Charles himself, I'd not do

Dedicated to St. Crispinian. å stitch for him now; but if you'll come io and drink St. Crispin, do and welcome: we are as merry as the emperor can be."

October 26. The emperor accepted the offer : but St. Evaristus, Pope, A. D. 112. Sts. Lue while he was contemplating their rude cian and Marcian, A. D. 250. pleasure, instead of joining in it, the

It is noticed by Dr. Forster, that in a jovial host thus accosts him :-“What, I

mild autumn late grapes now ripen on * Sykes's Local Records.

• European Magazine, vol. xl. No. 45.


the vines, and that the gathering of the as St. Swithin's. A character in the very late sorts of apples, and of winter Roaring Girl," one of Dodsley's old pears, still continues : these latter fruits, plays, says, “ as well as I know 'will like those of the earlier year, are to be laid rain upon Simon and Jude's day:" and up in the loft to complete their process of afterwards, “ now a continual Simon and ripening, which, except in a few sorts, is Jude's rain beat all your feathers as flat seldom completed on the trees.

down as pancakes.” Hollinshed notices that on the eve of this day in 1536, when

a battle was to have been fought between FLORAL DIRECTORY. Late Golden Rod. Solidago petiolaris.

the troops of Henry VIII., and the insurDedicated to St. Evaristus.

gents in Yorkshire, there fell so great a rain that it could not take place. In the

Runic calendar, the day is marked by a October 27.

ship because these saints were fishermen." St. Frumentius, Apostle of Ethiopia, 4th

Cent. St. Elesbaan, King of Ethiopia,
A. D. 527. St. Abban, Abbot in Ire-

FLORAL DIRECTORY. land, Eth. Cent.

Late Chrysanthemum. Chrysanthemum

scrotinum. Evelyn says," the loppings and leaves

Dedicated to St. Sinon. of the elm, dried in the sun, prove a great relief to cattle when fodder is dear, and

Scattered Starwort. Aster passifiorus. will be preferred to oats by the cattle."

Dedicated to St. Jude.
The Ilerefordshire people, in his time,
gathered them in sacks for this purpose,
and for their swine.

October 29.
St. Narcissus, Bp. of Jerusalem. 2d

Cent. St. Chef, in latin Tacuderins,
Floribund Starwort. Aster floribundus. Abbot, A. D. 575.
Dedicated to St. Frumentius.

New Literary Institution, in 1825. October 28.

At this period, active measures were St. Simon, the Zealot, Apostle. St. Jude, tern Literary and Scientific Institution,"

adopted in London for forming a “ I Apostle. St. Faro, Bp. of Meaux, A. D.

for persons engaged in commercial and 672. St. Neot, A. D. 877.

professional pursuits ; its objects being St. Simon and St.


1. The establishment of a library of re

ference and circulation, and rooms for A festival to these apostles is main- reading and conversation. 2. The for tained on this day in the church of Eng- mation of the members into classes, to land, whereon also it is celebrated by the assist them in the acquisition of ancient church of Rome; hence their names in and modern languages. 3. The delivery our almanacs.

of lectures in literature and science. Tas Simon is called the Canaanite, either is an undertaking fraught with advarts from Cana the place of his birth, or from ges, especially to young men whose naishis having been of a hot and sprightly tem- ations do not permit them conreden per. He remained with the other apos- access to means of instruction withra ime iles till after pentecost, and is imagined reach of their employers, many of whes on slight grounds to have preached in may be likewise bettered by its matuniv. Britain, and there been put to death. The mechanics had an excellent “insen Jude, or Judas, also called "Thaddeus and tution,” while persons, who, engand a Libbius, was brother to James the brother promoting general business, and met to Christ, (Matt. xiii. 55.). Lardner ima- equal regard, remained without the bene gines he was the son of Joseph by a for- fit which growing intelligence offers to a. mer wife. Some presume that he suf- who have industry and inclination sur fered martyrdom in Persia, but this is cient to devise methods for reaching doubtful.*

Other institutions have arisen, and

rapidly arising, for equally praise worth This anniversary was deemed as rainy purposes.

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