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Thus the extent of carriage-way was My object in going to Bartholomew bounded from Cow-lane to Long-lane, Fair was to observe its present state, and in a right line, nor were carriages or record it as I witnessed it in the Every horses suffered to stand or linger, but the Day Book. I therefore first took a per riders or drivers were compelled to go ambulatory view of the exterior, from about their business, if business they had, Giltspur-street, and keeping to the left, or to alight for their pleasure, and enter went completely round Smithfield, on the the Fair, if they came thither in search of pavement, till I returned to the same spot; pleasure. So was order so far preserved; from thence I ventured “to take the road' and the city officers, to whom was com- in the same direction, examined the promitted the power of enforcing it, exercised mising show-cloths and inscriptions ce their duty rigorously, and properly; be- each show, and shall now describe or cause, to their credit, they swerved not mention every show in the Fair. It may from their instructions, and did not give be more interesting to read some years just cause of offence to any whom the re- hence than now. Feeling that our ancesgulations displeased.
tors have slenderly acquainted us wità The sheep-pens occupying the area of what was done here in their time, and Smithfield, heretofore the great public presuming that our posterity may cut cookery at Fair times, was this day re- vate the “ wisdom of looking backward" sorted to by boys and others in expect- in some degree, as we do with the hister ation of steaming abundance ; nor were
wisdom of Rs looking forward," I while as they disappointed. The pens immediately regards Bartholomew Fair, rather u contiguous to the passage through them amuse the future, than to inform the prefrom Bartholomew-hospital-gate towards sent, generation. Smithfield-bars, were not, as of old, decked out and denominated, as they
Show I. were within recollection, with boughs This was the first show, and stood at the and inscriptions tempting hungry errand corner of Hosier-lane. The inscription boys, sweeps, scavengers, dustmen, drov- outside, painted in black letters, a little ers, and bullock-hankers to the “princely more than an inch in height, on a preve pleasures" within the “ Brighton Pavi- of white linen, was as follows fion," the “ Royal Eating Room,” “ Fair “Murder of Mr. Weare, and Probert's Rosamond's Bower," the “ New London cottage. The Execution of William Pro Tavern," and the “Imperial Hotel :" these bert. names were not :--nor were there any de- "A View to be seen here of the Visit of nominations ; but there was sound, and Queen Sheba to King Soloman on t smell, and sight, from sausages almost as Throne.-Daniel in the Den of Lionslarge as thumbs, fried in miniature drip- St. Paul's Conversion.— The Tower of ping-pans by old women, over fires in Babel.-The Greenland Whale Fishers. saucepans; and there were oysters, which The Battle of Waterloo.-A View of the were called “fine and fat," because their city of Dublin.-Coronation of George shells were as large as tea saucers. Cloths IV.” were spread on tables or planks, with This was what is commonly, but errone plates, knives and forks, pepper and salt, ously called a puppet-show; it consisted and, above all, those alluring condiments of scenes rudely painted, successively le to persons of the rank described, mustard down by strings pulled by the showmas; and vinegar. Here they came in crowds; and was viewed through eye-glasses of each selecting his table-d'-hote, dined magnifying power, the spectators standhandsomely for threepence, and sumptu- ing on the ground. A green curtain from ously for fourpence. The purveyors a projecting rod was drawn round them seemed aware of the growing demand for while viewing. “Only a penny-only a cleanliness of appearance, and whatever penny,” cried the showman ; I paid my might be the quality of the viands, they penny, and saw the first and the meates were served up in a more decent way show in the Fair. than many of the consumers were evidently accustomed to. Some of them
Show II. seemed appalled by being in “good com- “Only a penny-only a penny, walk pany," and handled their knives and forks np-pray walk up." So called out a man in a manner which bespoke the embar- with a loud voice, on an elevated stan. rassment of “ dining in public” with such while a long drum and hurdy-qudy pay implements,
ed away; I complied with the invita lui,
and went in to see what the show-cloths Islands in the East," and other wonders. described, “Miss Hipson, the Middlesex One of these “ Wild Indians” had figurWonder; the Largest Child in the King- ed outside the show, in the posture repredom, when young the Handsomest Child sented in the engraving; in that position in the World. The Persian Giant.—The he was sketched by an artist who accomFair Circassian with Silver Hair.—The panied me into the show, and who there Female Dwarf, Two Feet, Eleven Inches drew the “little lady” and the “gigantic high.- Two Wild Indians from the Malay child,” Miss Hipson.
Miss Hipson; the female Dwarf; and the Malay.
When a company had collected, they near Yarmouth, and is sociable, agreewere shown from the floor of a caravan on able, and intelligent. The fair Circassian wheels, one side whereof was taken out, is of pleasing countenance and manners, and replaced by a curtain, which was The Persian giant is a good-natured, tall, either drawn to, or thrown back as occa- stately negro. The two Malays could not sion required. After the audience had speak English, except, however, three dispersed, I was permitted by the pro- words, “ drop orum,” which they reprietor of the show, Nicholas Maughan, peated with great glee. One of them, with of Ipswich, Suffolk, to go “ behind the long hair reaching below the waist, excurtain,” where the artist completed his hibited the posture of drawing a bow; sketches, while I entered into conversation Mr. Maughan described them as being with the persons exhibited. Miss Hipson, passionate, and showed me a severe only twelve years of age, is remarkably wound on his finger which the little one, gigantic, or rather corpulent, for her age, in the engraving, had given him by biting, pretty, well-behaved, and well-informed; while he endeavoured to part him and his she weighed sixteen stone a few months countryman, during a quarrel a few days before, and has since increased in size ; ago. 'A“ female giant” was one of the she has ten brothers and sisters, nowise attractions to this exhibition, but she could remarkable in appearance: her father, not be shown for illness : Miss Hipson who is dead, was a bargeman at Brentford. described her to be a very good young The name of the “ little lady" is Lydia woman. Walpole, she was born at Addiscombe, There was an appearance of ease and
good condition, with content of mind, in
MORE WONDERS IN the persons composing this show, which
ATKINS'S ROYAL MENAGERIE.. induced me to put several questions to them, and I gathered that I was not mis- “ Under the Patronage of HIS MAtaken in my conjecture. They described JESTY. themselves as being very comfortable, and that they were taken great care of, and well treated by the proprietor, Mr. Maug- G.
R. han, and his partner in the show. The "little lady" had a thorough good character from Miss Hipson as
“ Wonderful Phenomenon in Nature ! creature; and it seems the females ob- The singular and hitherto deemed impostained exercise by rising early, and being sible occurrence of a LION and ‘Ti. carried into the country in a post-chaise, GRESS cohabiting and producing young, where they walked and thus maintained has actually taken place in this menatheir health. This was to me the most gerie, at Windsor. The tigress, on Wedpleasing show in the Fair.
nesday, the 27th of October last, produced
three fine cubs ; one of them strongly Show III.
resembles the tigress; the other two are The inscription outside was,
of a lighter colour, but striped. Mr. Atkins Ball's Theatre.
had the honour (through the kind inter Here I saw a man who balanced chairs vention of the marquis of Conyngham,) on his chin, and holding a knife in his of exhibiting the lion-tigers to his mamouth, balanced a sword on the edge of jesty, on the first of November, 1824, at the knife; he then put a pewter plate on the Royal Lodge, Windsor Great Park, the hilt of the sword horizontally, and so when his majesty was pleased to observe, balanced the sword with the plate on the they were the greatest curiosity of the edge of the knife as before, the plate have beast creation he ever witnessed. ing previously received a rotary motion, “The royal striped Bengal Tigress has which it communicated to the sword and again whelped three fine cubs, (April was preserved during the balancing: He 22,) two males and one female: the males then balanced the sword and plate in like
are white, but striped; the female resemmanner, with a crown-piece placed edge- bles the tigress, and singular to observe, wise between the point of the sword and she fondles them with all the care of an the knife, and afterwards with two crown- attentive mother. The sire of the young pieces, and then with a key. These feats cubs is the noble male lion. This rewere accompanied by the grimaces of a markable instance of subdued temper and clown, and succeeded by children tum- association of animals to permit the bling, and a female who danced a horn. keeper to enter their den, and introduce pipe. A learned horse found out a lady their young to the spectators, is the greatin the company who wished to be married; est phenomenon in natural philosophy. a gentleman who preferred a quart of beer
“That truly singular and wonderful anito going to church to hear a good sermon; mal, the AUROCHOS. Words can only a lady who liked to lie abed in the morn- convey but a very confused idea of this ing; and made other discoveries which he animal's shape, for there are few so rewas requested to undertake by his master markably formed. Its head is furnished in language not only “ offensive to ears
with two large horns, growing from the polite," but to common decency. The ad- forehead, in a form peculiar to no other mission to this show was a penny. animal; from the nostrils to the forehead, Show IV.
is a stiff tuft of hair, and underneath the Atkin's Menagcrie.
jaw to the neck is a similar brush of hair, This inscription was in lamps on one of and between the fore legs is hair growing the largest shows in the fair. The display about a foot and a half long. The mane is of show-cloths representing some of the like that of a horse, white, tinged with animals exhibited within, reached about black, with a beautiful long flowing white forty feet in heighth, and extended prob- tail; the eye remarkably keen, and as ably the same width. The admission was large as the eye of the elephant : colour of sixpence. As a curiosity, and because it the animal, dark chesnut; the appearis a singularly descriptive list, the printed ance of the head, in some degree similar bill of the show is subjoined.
to the buffalo, and in some part formed
like the goat, the hoof being divided; clemency; while the tiger, without prosuch is the general outline of this quad- vocation, is fierce-without necessity, is ruped, which seems to partake of several cruel. Instead of instinct, he hath nospecies. This beautiful animal was thing but a uniform rage, a blind fury; brought over by captain White, from the so blind, indeed, so undistinguishing, that south of Africa, and landed in England, he frequently devours his own progeny; September 20, 1823, and is the same and if the tigress offers to defend them, animal so frequently mistaken by travel- he tears in pieces the dam herself. lers for the unicorn: further to describe “ The Onagra, a native of the Levant, its peculiarities would occupy too much the eastern parts of Asia, and the northspace in a handbill. The only one in' ern parts of Africa. This race differs England.
from the zebra by the size of the body, " That colossal animal, the wonderful (which is larger,) slenderness of the legs, performing
and lustre of the hair. The only one now
alive in England. Elephant,
“ Two Zebras, one full grown, the other Upwards of ten feet high!!-Five tons in its infant state, in which it seems as weight!! His consumption of hay, corn, if the works of art had been combined straw, carrots, water, &c, exceeds 800lbs. with those of nature in this wonderful daily. The elephant, the human race production. In symmetry of shape, and excepted, is the most respectable of ani- beauty of colour, it is the most elegant of mals. In size, he surpasses all other ter- all quadrupeds ever presented; uniting restrial creatures, and by far exceeds any the graceful figure of a horse, with the other travelling animal in England. He fleetness of a stag: beautifully striped has ivory tusks, four feet long, one stand with regular lines, black and white. ing out on each side of his trunk. His “A Nepaul Bison, only twenty-four trunk serves him instead of hands and inches high. arms, with which he can lift up and seize “ Panther, or spotted tiger of Buenos the smallest as well as the largest objects. Ayres, the only one travelling. He alone drags machines which six horses “ A pair of rattle-tail Porcupines. cannot move. To his prodigious strength, Striped untameable Hyæna, or tiger he adds courage, prudence, and an exact wolf. obedience. He remeinbers favours as long “ An elegant Leopard, the handsomest as injuries : in short, the sagacity and marked animal ever seen. knowledge of this extraordinary animal “ Spotted Laughing Hyæna, the same are beyond any thing human imagination kind of animal described never to be can possibly suggest. He will lie down tamed; but singular to observe, it is per. and get up at the word of command, not. fectly tame, and its attachment to a dog withstanding the many fabulous tales of in the same den is very remarkable. their having no joints in their legs. He
“ The spotted Cary. will take a sixpence from the floor, and “ Pair of Jackalls. place it in a box he has in the caravan; “ Pair of interesting Sledge Dogs, bolt and unbolt a door; take his keeper's brought over by captain Parry from one hat off, and replace it; and by the com- of the northern expeditions: they are mand of his keeper will perform so many used by the Esquimaux to draw the wonderful tricks, that he will not only sledges on the ice, which they accomplish astonish and entertain the audience, but with great velocity. justly prove himself the half-reasoning “ A pair of Rackoons, from North beast. "He is the only elephant now tra- America. velling.
“ The Oggouta, from Java. “ A full grown LION and LIONESS, “A pair of Jennetts, or wild cals. with four cubs, produced December 12, “ The Coatimondi, or ant-eater. 1824, at Cheltenham.
“A pair of those extraordinary and “ Male Bengal Tiger. Next to the lion, rare birds, PELICANS of the wilderness. the tiger is the most tremendous of the The only two alive in the three kingdoms. carnivorous class ; and whilst he possesses — These birds have been represented on all the bad qualities of the former, seems all crests and coats of arms, to cut their to be a stranger to the good ones : to breasts open with the points of their bills, pride, to strength, to courage, the lion and feed their young with their own blood, adds greatness, and sometimes, perhaps, and are justly allowed by all authors to
be the greatest curiosity of the feathered and bolted it after him ; took up a sixtribe.
pence with his trunk, lifted the lid of a “ Ardea Dubia, or adjutant of Bengal, little box fixed against the wall and degigantic emew, or Linnæus's southern posited it within it, and some time afterostrich. The peculiar characteristics that wards relifted the lid, and taking out the distinguish this bird from the rest of the sixpence with a single motion, returned it feathered tribe ;—it comes from Brazil, to the keeper ; he knelt down when told, in the new continent; it stands from fired off a blunderbuss, took off the eight to nine feet high when full grown; keeper's hat, and afterwards replaced it it is too large to fly, but is capable os on his head with as fitting propriety » out-running the fleetest horses of Arabia; the man's own hand could have done; in what is still more singular, every quill short, he was perfectly docile, and perproduces two feathers. The only one formed various feats that justified the retravelling.
putation of his species for high under“ A pair of rapacious Condor-Minors, standing. The keeper showed every from the interior of South America, the animal in an intelligent manner, and largest birds of flight in the world when answered the questions of the company full grown; it is the same kind of bird readily and with civility. His conduct the Indians have asserted to carry off a was rewarded by a good parcel of halfdeer or young calf in their talons, and pence, when his hat went round with a two of them are sufficient to destroy a buf- hope, that “the ladies and gentlemen falo, and the wings are as much as eigh- would not forget the keeper before be teen feet across.
showed the lion and the tigress." The “ The great Horned Owl of Bohemia. latter was a beautiful young animal, with Several species of gold and silver phea- two playful cubs about the size of bullsants, of the most splendid plumage, from dogs, but without the least fiereeness. China and Peru. "Yellow-crested cock. When the man entered the den, they atoo. Scarlet and buff macaws.-Admit- frolicked and climbed about him like kiitance to see the whole menagerie, 18.– tens; he took them up in his arms, boited Children, 6d.—Open from ten in the them in a back apartment, and after playforenoon till feeding-time, half-past-nine, ing with the tigress a liule, threw back a 28."
partition which separated her den from Here ends Atkins's bill; which was the lion's, and then took the lion by the plentifully stuck against the outside, and beard. This was a noble animal; he was the people “ tumbled up” in crowds, to couching, and being inclined to take his the sound of clarionets, trombones, and a rest, only answered the keeper's command long drum, played by eight performers in to rise, by extending his whole leagth, scarlet beef-eater coats, with wild-skin and playfully putting up one of bis mag. caps, who sat fronting the crowd, while a nificent paws, as a cat does when in a stentorian showman called out“ don't be good humour. The man then took a deceived ; the great performing elephant short whip, and after a smart lash or two -the only lion and tigress in one den upon his back, the lion rose with a yawn, that are to be seen in the Fair, or the pro- and fixed his eye on his keeper with a prietor will forfeit a thousand guineas! look that seemed to say—“Well, I supWalk in ! walk in!" I paid my sixpence, pose I must humour you." The man then and certainly the idea of the exhibition sat down at the back of the den, with his raised by the invitation and the programme, back against the partition, and after some was in no respect overcharged. The ordering and coaxing, the tigress sat on “ menagerie” was thoroughly clean, and his right hand, and the lion on his left, the condition of the assembled animals, and, all three being thus seated, he three told that they were well taken care of. bis arms round their necks, played with The elephant, with his head through the their noses, and laid their heads in his bars of his cage, whisked his proboscis lap. He arose and the animals with him ; diligently in search of eatables from the the lion stood in a fine majestic position, spectators, who supplied him with fruit but the tigress reared, and putting one or biscuits, or handed him halfpence, foot over his shoulder, and patting bim which he uniformly conveyed by his with the other, as if she had been frolicktrunk to a retailer of gingerbread, and ing with one of her cubs, he was obliged got the money's-worth in return. Then to check her playfulness. Then by coathe unbolted the door to let in his keeper, ing, and pushing him about, he caused the