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such composition; it is never suffered to is now disputed whether typography and remain in good work.

architecture may not be accounted Liberal Printing-house. The house wherein Sciences, being so famous Arts !" Seriousprinting is carried on; but it is more ly, however, communications respecting peculiarly used for the printing imple printing are earnestly desired. ments. Such an one, it is said, hath rem moved his printing-house; meaning the implements used in bis former house. Perennial Sunflower. Helianthus multiRevise. A proof sheet taken off after

forus. the first or second proof has been cor

Dedicated to St. Lewis. rected. The corrector examines the faults, marked in the last proof sheet, fault by fault, and carefully marks omissions on

August 26. the revise.

St. Zephyrinus, Pope, A. D. 219. St. GeShort page. Having but little printed nesius, a Comedian, A. D. 303. St. in it; (or relatively, when shorter than Gelasinus, a Comedian at Heliopolis, another

of the work.]

A. D. 297. St. Genesius, of Arles,
Stick-full. The composing-stick filled about the 4th Cent.
with so many lines that it can contain no
Token. An hour's work for half a press,

Il cantar, che nell' animosi sente." viz. a single pressman; this consists of Nay, tell me not of lordly halls ! five quires. An hour's work for a whole

My minstrels are the trees, press is a token of ten quires.

The moss and the rock are my tapestried Turn for it. Used jocosely in the


Earth's sounds my symphonies. chapel: when any of the workmen complain of want of money, or any thing There's music sweeter to my soul else, he shall by another be answered

In the weed by the wild wind fanned

In the heave of the surge, than ever stole " turn for it," viz, make shift for it.

From mortal minstrel's hand. (This is derived from the term turn for a letter, which is thus :—when a There's mighty music in the roar compositor has not letters at hand of the

Of the oaks on the mountain's side, Sort he wants while composing, and finds When the whirlwind bursts on their fore

heads hoar, it inconvenient to distribute letter for it,

And the lightnings flash blue and wide. he turns a letter of the same thickness, face downwards, which turned letter he There's mighty music in the swell takes out when he can accommodate him

Of winter's midnight wave-
self with the right letter, which he places when all above is the thunder peal,
in its stead.]

And all below is the grave.
There's music in the city's hum,

Heard in the noontide glare,

When its thousand mingling voices come Thus much has grown out of the notice, On the breast of the sultry air. that printers formerly papered their There's music in the mournful swing windows about “ Bartlemy-tide," and Of the lonely village bellmore remains behind. But before farther is And think of the spirit upon the wing, stated, if chapels, or individuals belonging. Releas'd by its solemn knell. to them, will bave the goodness to commu- There's music in the forest-stream, nicate any thing to the Editor of the As it plays thro' the deep ravine, Every-Day Book respecting any old or Where never summer's breath or beam present laws, or usages, or other mat- Has pierced its woodland screen. lers of interest connected with print- There's music in the thundering sweep ing, he will make good use of it. Notices

of the mountain waterfall, or anecdotes of this kind will be accept- As its torrents struggle, and foam and leap able when authenticated by the name and From the brow of its marble wall. address of the contributor. If there are There's music in the dawning morn, any who doubt the importance of printing, Ere the lark his pinion drieshey may be reminded that old Holme, a

"Tis the rush of the breeze thro' the dewy 720 seldom moved to praise any thing cornbut for its use in heraldry, says, that “ it

Thro' the garden's perfumed dyes.

There s music on the twilight cloud

As the clanging wild swans spring, Hedge Hawkweed. Hieracium umbellatum,
As homewards the screaming ravens crowd, Dedicated to St. Cæsarius.

Like squadrons upon the wing.
There's music in the depth of night,

August 28.
When the world is still and dim,
And the stars flame out in their pomp of St. Augustine, Bp. and Doctor of the

Church, A. D. 430. St. Hermes, about
Like thrones of the cherubim !

A. D. 132. St. Julian, Martyr.

St. Augustine.
His name is in the church of England

calendar. He was born at Tagasta, in

Numidia, in 354. Lardner awards to him
Banded Amaryllis. Amaryllis vittata. the character of an illustrious man, and
Dedicated to St. Zephyrinus.

says, that “a sublime genius, an uninter-
rupted and zealous pursuit of truth, an
indefatigable application, and invincible

patience, a sincere piety, and a subtle
August 27.

and lively wit, conspired to establish his

fame upon the most lasting foundation :" St. Cæsarius, Abp. of Arles, A. D. 542. yet he adds, that “the accuracy and so

St. Pæmen, or Pastor, Abbot about lidity of his judgment were not propor-
1. D. 385. St. Hugh of Lincoln, A, D. tionable to his eminent talents; and that
1255. St. Joseph Calasanctius, A. D. upon many occasions he was more guided
1648. St. Malrubius, about a. p. 1040. by the violent impulse of a warm imagi-
St. Syagrius, Bp. of Autun, A. D. 600. nation than by the cool dictates of reas

and prudence.” He pronounced that and
The Glowworm.

infants dying before baptism were des Dr. Forster in bis “Perennial Calendar” prived of the sight of God; wherein tie quotes the mention of this and other lumin- is followed, says Daille, by Gregorius ous insects from “ a late entomological who from thence was called Tormentes

Arminiensis, a famous theological docter, work,” in the following passage :-“ This

Infantium. little planet of the rural scene may be observed in abundance in the month of

FLORAL DIRECTORY. August, when the earth is almost as

Goldenrod. Solidago Virgaurea. thickly spangled with them as the

cope Dedicated to St. Augustine. of heaven is with stars. It is not only the glowworm that will not bear inspection when its lustre is lost by the

August 29. light of day; but all those luminous The Decollation of St. John Baptist insects that bear the same phosphoric fire

Sabina. St. Sebbi; or Sebba, King, zehn about them, such as the lanthorn fly of

A. D. 697. St. Merri, in Lalu, Vid the West Indies and of China, of which

ricus, Abbot, about A. D. 700. there are several sorts; some of which

FLORAL DIRECTORY. carry their light in a sort of snout, so that when they are seen in a collection, they

Yellow Hollyhock. Althea flata. are remarkably ugly. There is also an

Dedicated to St. Sabina. insect of this luminous sort common in Italy, called the lucciola. An intelligent

August 30. traveller relates, that some Moorish ladies St. Rose of Lima, Virgin, a. D. 1617. Se having been made prisoners by the Ge- Felix and Adauctus, about 4. D. 303 noese, lived in a house near Genoa till St Fiaker, Anchoret, called by they could be exchanged, and, on seeing French, Fiacre, and anciently. For some of the lucciola, or flying glowworms,

about A. D. 670. St. Pammachines, darting about in the evening in the gar- 410. St. Agilus, commonly calle den near them, they caused the windows Aile, about A.D. 650. to be shut in a great alarm, from a strange idea which seized them, that these shining

FLORAL DIRECTORY. flies were the souls of their deceased re- Guernsey Lily. Amaryllis Sersienia lations."

Dedicated to St. Rose.

August 31.

cles and prophecies of him. His cart and

two oxen laden with wood as he drove St. Raymund Nonnatus, A. D. 1240. St. 'them, falling down a high rock into the Isabel

, A. D. 1270. St. Cuthburge, sea, he only made the sign of the cross as 8th Cent. St. Aidan, or Æman, A. D.651. they fell, and received all safe and sound

out of the waters, &c. St. Aidan.

FLORAL DIRECTORY. He was born in Ireland, and was bishop Autumnal Pheasant's Eye. Adonis anof Lindisfarne, which from the number of

tumnalis. reputed saints there buried, is called the Dedicated to St. Raymund Holy Island. Bede relates many mira

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Next him September marched eke on foot ;

Yet was he heavy laden with the spoyle
Of harvest's riches, which he made his boot,

And him enriched with bounty of the soyle ;

In his one hand, as fit for harvest's toyle,
He held a knife-hook; and in th' other hand

A paire of weights, with which he did assoyle
Both more and losse, where it in doubt did stand,
And equal gave to each as justice duly scanned,


This is the ninth month of the year: and sober-coloured cup, and dropping it anciently it was the seventh, as its name in a most elegant manner beside the sunny imports, which is compounded of septem, and jagged leaf. We have seen a few of seven, and imber, a shower of rain, from them, with their stems in water, make a the rainy season usually commencing at handsome ornament to a mantle-piece, in this period of the year.

this season of departing flowers. The few Our Saxon ancestors called this month additional flowers this month are cord“ Gerst-monat, for that barley which that flowers, Guernsey-lilies, starwort, and moneth commonly yeelded was antiently saffron, a species of crocus, which is culcalled gerst, the name of barley being tivated in separate grounds. The stagiven unto it by reason of the drinke mens of this flower are pulled, and dried therewith made, called beere, and from into flat square cakes for medicinal purbeerlegh it come to be berlegh, and from poses. It was formerly much esteemed berleg to barley. So in like manner in cookery. The clown in the Winter's beereheym, to wit, the overdecking or co- Tale, reckoning up what he is to buy for vering of beere, came to be called berham, the sheepshearing feast, mentions saffron and afterwards barme, having since got to colour the warden-pies. The fresh ten I wot not how many names besids.- trees and shrubs in flower are bramble, This excellent and healthsome liquor, chaste-tree, laurustinus, įvy, wild boneybeere, antiently also called ael, as of the suckle, spirea, and arbutus, or straw. Danes it yet is (beere and ale being in berry-tree, a favourite of Virgil, which, like effect all one,) was first of the Germans the garden of Alcinous, in Homer, proinvented, and brought in use.

duces flower and fruit at once. Hardy Mr. Leigh Hunt notices, that Spenser annuals, intended to flower in the spring, takes advantage of the exuberance of should now be sown ; annuals of curious harvest, and the sign of the zodiac, libra, sorts, from which seed is to be raised, in this month, to read another lesson on should be sheltered till ripened ; and aujustice. “This is the month,” Mr. Hunt riculas in pots, which were shifted last continues, " of the migration of birds, of month, moderately watered. The stonethe finished harvest, of nut-gathering, of curlew clamours at the beginning of this cyder and perry-making, and, towards the month, wood-owls hoot, the ring-ouzel conclusion, of the change of colour in reappears, the saffron butterfly is seen, trees. The swallows and many other soft- hares congregate; and, at the end of it, billed birds that feed on insects, disap- the woodlark, thrush, and blackbird, are pear for the warmer climates, leaving only heard." a few stragglers behind, probably from Mr. Hunt further observes that, Sepweakness or sickness, who hide themselves tember, though its mornings and evenings in caverns and other sheltered places, and are apt to be chill and foggy, and therefore occasionally appear upon warm days. The not wholesome to those who either do not, or remainder of harvest is got in; and no cannot, guard against them, is generally a sooner is this done, than the husbandman serene and pleasant month, partaking of ploughs up his land again, and prepares the warmth of summer and the vigour of it for the winter grain. The oaks and autumn. But its noblest feature is a cer beeches shed their nuts, which in the fo- tain festive abundance for the supply of rest that still remain, particularly the New all the creation. There is grain for men Forest in Hampshire, furnish a luxurious birds, and horses, hay for the cattle, loads repast for the swine, who feast of an even- of fruit on the trees, and swarms of an ing in as pompous a manner as any alder- in the ocean. If the soft-billed birds man, to the sound of the herdsman's horn. which feed on insects miss their usual But the acorn must not be undervalued supply, they find it in the southern coun because it is food for swine, nor thought tries, and leave one's sympathy to be only robustly of, because it furnishes our pleased with an idea, that repasts arna ships with timber. It is also one of the rently more harmless are alone offered to most beautiful objects of its species, pro- the creation upon our temperate soul. The truding its glossy green nut from its rough feast, as the philosophic poet says on

higher occasion Verstegan,

The feast is ench as earth, the general mother,

Pours from her fairest bosom, when she smiles
In the embrace of Autumn. To each other

As some fond parent fondly reconciles
Her warring children, she their wrath beguiles

With their own sustenance; they, relenting, weep.
Such is this festival, which from their isles,

And continents, and winds, and oceans deep,
All shapes may throng to share, that fly, or walk, or creep.



September 1. them up as the doors of his own church.

These are some only of the marvels graveSt. Giles, Abbot, 7th Cent. Twelve Bro- ly told of him,“ many wytnisse that they

thers, Martyrs, A. D. 258. St. Lupus, herde the company of aungelles beryoge or Leu, Abp. A. D. 623. St. Firminus the soule of hym into heven."* II., Bp. of Amiens, A. D. 347. St. Giles.

Great Sedum. Sedum Telephium. This saint is in the church of England

Dedicated to St. Giles. calendar. He was born at Athens, and came into France in 715, having first disposed of his patrimony to charitable uses. September 2. After living two years with Cæsarius, St. Stephen, king of Hungary, A. D. 1038. bishop of Arles, he commenced hermit, and so continued till he was made abbot

St. Justus, Abp. of Lyons, A. D. 390. of an abbey at Nismes, which the king

St. William, Bp. of Roschild, A. D. built for his sake. He died in 750.*

1067. B. Margaret, 13th Cent. St. Giles is the patron of beggars. Going to church in his youth, he gave his

London Burnt, 1666. coat to a sick beggar who asked alms of The “Great Fire" of London is dehim, the mendicant was clothed, and the noted as above in our almanacs on this garment miraculously cured his disorder. day. It broke out at Pudding-lane and He was also the patron of cripples. Af- ended at Pie-corner. The monument or. ter he had retired to a cave in a solitary Fish-street-hill to commemorate the caladesert, the French king was hunting near mity, bears the following inscription on his thicket, and Giles was wounded by the north side :an arrow from a huntsman's bow while “ In the year of Christ, 1666, the 2d day at prayers; whereupon being found un- of September, eastward from hence, at moved from his position, the king fell at the distance of 202 feet, the height of this his feet, craved his pardon, and gave column, a terrible fire broke out about orders for the cure of his wound, but this midnight; which, driven on by a strong the saint would not permit, because he wind, not only wasted the adjacent parts, desired to suffer pain and increase his but also very remote places, with incredimerits thereby, and so he remained a ble noise and fury. It consumed eightycripple, and received reverence from the nine churches, the city gates, Guildhall, king whom he counselled to build a mo- many public structures, hospitals, schools, Dastery; and the king did so, and Giles be- libraries, a vast number of stately edifices, came abbot thereof, " and led the life of 13,200 dwelling-houses, and 430 streets; an angel incarnate," and converted the of the twenty-six wards it utterly destroyking. It is related of him that he rais- ed fifteen, and left eight others shattered ed the dead son of a prince to life, and and half burnt. The ruins of the city made a lame man walk : our church of were 436 acres, from the Tower by the St. Giles, Cripplegate, is dedicated to him. Thames side to the Temple church, and It is further told, that at Rome he cast from the north-east along the City-wall two doors of cypress into the Tiber, and to Holborn-bridge. To the estates and recommended them to heavenly guid- fortunes of the citizens it was merciless, ance, and on his return to France found but to their lives very favourable, that it them at the gates of his monastery, and set might in all things resemble the confla

gration of the world. The destruction * Audley's Companion to the Almanac. Ribadeneira,

* Golden Legends

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