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More hot it grows ; ye fervours of the sky
Your sultry radiance.—Now the god of day
On silver pinions to salute his ray ;
They bend, they toil across the wide champaign,
For shelter, sated with the golden grain,
you can meet with a better.” Baronius,
the great Romish luminary and authority St. Peter ad Vincula, or St. Peter's chains. in the affairs of papal martyrs, relics, and
The seven Machabees, Brothers, with miracles, says, -" Truly the bonds of St. their Mother. Sts. Faith, Hope, and Peter seem not without reason to be worCharity. St. Etholwold, Bp. A.D. 984. shipped, though the bonds of the other St. Pellegrini, or Peregrinus, A. D. 643. apostles are not: for it is but fit, that
since he has the chief power in the church St. Peter ad Vincula, or the Feast of St. of binding and loosing other men's bonds, Peter's chains.
that his bonds also should be had in The Romish church pretending to honour of all the faithful.” This is a suffipossess one of the chains wherewith Peter cing reason to the believers in the “bindwas bound, and from which the angel de- ing and loosing” according to the gloss livered him, indulges its votaries with a put upon that power by Romish writers. festival in its honour on this day. “ Pa- The empress Eudocia is affirmed to gan Rome," says Alban Butler, “never have brought the two chains of St. Peter derived so much honour from the spoils from Jerusalem, in the year 439, one and trophies of a conquered world, as whereof she gave to a church in Constanchristian Rome receives from the corporal tinople, and sent the other to Rome, where remains of these two glorious apostles, the old lady's chain has yielded, or not (Peter and Paul,) before which the greatest yielded, to the raspings of the file from emperors lay down their diadems, and time immemorial. This chain was pleased prostrate themselves."
Be it observed, to part with some of its particles to the that the papacy also pretends to possess emperor Justinian, who sent ambassadors the chains of Paul: pope Gregory writing begging to the pope for a small portion, to the empress Constantia tells her he “The popes," says Butler, “ were accuswill quickly send her some part of Paul's tomed to send the filings as precious relics chains, if it be possible for him to file any to devout princesthey were often instruoff ;-" for," says Gregory, “since so ments of miracles and the pope himself many frequently come begging a bene- rasped them off for king Childebert, and diction from the chains, that they may enclosed them in a golden key to be hung receive a little of the filings thereof, there about the neck.” Childebert, no doubt, fore a priest is ready with a file; and experienced its aperient qualities. They when some persons petition for it, pre- would be very serviceable to the papal sently in a moment something is filed off interest at this period. for them from the chains; but when others petition, though the file be drawn a great
Gule of August. while through the chains, yet cannot the The first day of August is so called. least jot be got off.” Upon this, bishop Pa- According to Gebelin, as the month of trick says," One may have leave to ask, August was the first the Egyptian why should not this miraculous chain of year, it was called Gule, which being St. Paul have a festival appointed in me- latinized, makes Gula, a word in that mory of it, as well as that of St. Peter ? language signifying throat. “ Our leyou may take Baronius's answer to it till gendaries,” says Brand, “surprised at seeing this word at the head of the month unwilling any thing should be forgotten, or of August, converted it to their own pur. trodden down under the feet of thoughtpose."
They made out of it the feast of less and passing generations, that has the daughter of the tribune Quirinus, who pleasant speculation in it, pray remember they pretend was cured of a disorder in that on the first day of August, Francisco the throat, (Gula,) by kissing the chain of Petrarca was born.-But remember also, St. Peter on the day of its festival. Forc- that on that same day, in 1578, was born ing the Gule of the Egyptians into the our Juliet Capulet. “On Laminas eve throat of the tribune's daughter, they at night shall she be fourteen. That shall instituted a festival to Gule upon the she, marry; I remember it well. Tas festival-day of St. Peter ad Vincula since the earthquake now eleven years,
an' she was weaned." Shakspeare's Lammas-day.
characters, as we all know, be they of So stands the first of August in our what country or of what age they may, English almanacs, and so it stands in the speak as an Englishman would have done printed Saxon Chronicle..." Antiqua- in his own times, and the earthquake here ries,” says Brand, “ are divided in their referred to was felt in 1580. That Juliet, opinions concerning the origin of Lam- our Juliet, should have been born on the mas-Day; some derive it from Lamb- very same day as Petrarch was certainly Mass, because on that day the tenants accidental; yet it is a coincidence worth who held lands under the cathedral observing; and if a calendar of birthdays church in York, which is dedicated to be to recall pleasant recollections, over St. Peter ad Vincula, were bound by “our chirping cups,” why may not Juliet their tenure to bring a live lamb into the be remembered, and her sweetly poetical church at high mass: others derive it existence be associated with the reality of from a supposed offering or tything of Petrarca's life. And where is the dif lambs at this time.” Various other de- ference? Petrarca is, rivations have been imagined. Blount, the glossographer, says, that Lammas is
-nor hand nor foot
Nor arm, nor face, nor any other part called Hlaf-Mass, that is Loaf-Mass, or
Belonging to a man. Bread-Mass, which signifies a feast of thanksgiving for the first fruits of the And what are all the great men that have corn. "It was observed with bread of ever lived but such mocking names ! new wheat, and in some places tenants Montaigne, who translated a theological are bound to bring new wheat to their work by Raimondi di Sibondi, on being lord, on, or before, the first of Au- told by some learned friend that he susgust. New wheat is called Lammas- pected it was but an abstract of St. ThoWheat. Vallancey affirms that this day mas of Aquin, says " 'tis a pity to rob was dedicated, in Ireland, to the sacrifice Sibondi of his honours on such slight au. of the fruits of the soil; that La-ith-mas thority:"-what honours ? when are they the day of the obligation of grain, is offered ? to whom? it is not known that pronounced La-ee-mas, a word readily such a man ever had existence! Not corrupted to Lammas; that ith, signifies love, nor reverence, nor idolatrous admiall kinds of grain, particularly wheat, and ration can stay the progress of oblivion : that mas signifies fruit of all kinds, espe- the grave shuts us out for ever from our cially the acorn, whence the word mast.* fellows, and our generation is the limit of From these explications may easily be our personal and real existence :-mind derived the reasonable meaning of the only is immortal. Francisco Petrarca word Lammas.
was dead, and buried, and forgotten, five
hundred years ago : he is now DO Juliet, CAPULET, AND PETRARCH. more in reality than Juliet; nay, to my. To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.
self, not so much so. The witches in
Macbeth, though pure creations, have Sii,
more of Hesh and blood reality, are more As in your little calendar of worthy familiar to the thoughts of all
, than the observancies you sometimes notice the Lancashire witches that lived cotempo birthdays of those whom we most desire, rary with the poet, and suffered death and who most deserve to be remembered, from the superstition of the age. There and as I am one, who like yourself, am have been many Shakspeares, we knot Brand
but one; that one indeed, from association
and recollection, has a real character in The same or the like flash of lightening our minds, and a real presence in our and cracks of thunder rent the parish hearts :-have we neither association nor church of Bongie, nine miles from Nor. recollection with the name Juliet Capulet? wich, wroong in sunder the wiers and
D. wheels of the clocks, slue two men which
sat in the belfreie, when the other were at FLORAL DIRECTORY.
the procession or suffrages, and scorched Stramony. Datura Stramonium. an other which hardlie escaped.” Dedicated to St. Peter ad Vincula. This damage by lightning to the church
of Bungay, in Suffolk, is most curiously August 2.
narrated in an old tract, entitled “Å
straunge and terrible Wunder wrought St. Stephen, Pope, A. D. 257. Sl. Ethel very late in the parish Church of Bongay, dritha, or Alfrida. A. D. 834.
a Town of no great distance from the citie of Norwich, namely the fourth of
this August in ye yeere of our Lord, 1577, Tiger Lily. Lilium tigrinum.
in a great tempest of violent raine, lightDedicated to St. Alfrida.
ning, and thunder, the like whereof hath been seldome seene. With the appeer
ance of an horrible shaped thing, senAugust 3,
sibly perceived of the people then and The Invention of St. Slephen, or the dis- method, according to the written copye, by
there assembled. Drawen into a plain covery of his relics, A. D. 415. St. Nicodemus. St. Gamaliel, A. D, 415.
Abraham Fleming." St. Walthen, or Waltheof, A.D. 1160.
Mr. Rodd, bookseller, in Great Newport-street, Leicester-square, well known
to collectors by his catalogues and collecFLORAL DIRECTORY.
tions of rare and curious works, has reHolyhock. Althea rosea.
printed this tract, and says, on the authoDedicated to The Invention of St. Ste- rity of Newcourt's “ Repertorium,” vol i., phen's Relics.
p. 519, wherein he is corroborated by An
tony Wood, in his “ Athenæ Oxoniensis ;" August 4.
that of the narrator, Abraham Fleming,
nothing more is known than that he was St. Dominic, Confessor, founder of the rector of St. Pancras, Soper-lane, from
friar preachers, A. D. 1221. St. Lua- October, 1593, till 1607, in which year he nus, or Lugid, or Molua, of Ireland, died. “ He was probably," says Mr. A. D. 622.
Rodd, “a schoolmaster, as his almost CHRONOLOGY.
literal translation of Virgil's Pastorals' Holinshed records, that in the year into English metre without rhime, and his 1577,“ on Sundaie the fourth of August, edition of Withall's Dictionary,' were inbetweene the houres of nine and ten of tended for the use of beginners in Latin. the clocke in the forenone, whilest the From his numerous writings and translaminister was reading of the second lesson tions, (a list of which may be seen in in the parish church of Bliborough, a Ames, Tanner, &c.,) he appears to have towne in Suffolke, a strange and terrible been an industrious author, and most protempest of lightening and thunder strake bably subsisted on the labours of his thorough the wall of the same church into pen." the ground almost a yard deepe, draue In a monitory preface, well befitting downe all the people on that side aboue the context, Abraham Fleming says, twentie persons, then renting the wall up “ The order of the thing as I receiued the to the veustre, cleft the doore, and return- sāe I have committed to paper, for the ing to the steeple, rent the timber, brako present viewe and perusing of those that the chimes, and fled towards Bongie, a are disposed. It is grounded uppon towne six miles off. The people that trueth, and therefore not only worthie the were striken downe were found groueling writing and publishing, but also the hearmore than halfe an houre after, whereof ing and considering.” He then proceeds one man more than fortie yeares, and a to“ reporte” his “straunge and wonderful boie of fifteene yeares, old were found spectacle,” in these words :starke dead : the other were scorched. “ Sunday, being the fourth of this Au
gust, in ye yeer of our Lord, 1577, to the in a visible fourm and shape, passed be amazing and singular astonishment of the tween two persons, as they were kneeling present beholders, and absent hearers, at uppon their knees, and occupied in prayer a certein towne called Bongay, not past as it seemed, wrang the necks of them tenne miles distant from the citie of Nor= bothe at one instant clene backward, in wiche, there fell from heaven an exceed- somuch that even at a momēt where they ing great and terrible tempest, sodein and kneeled, they strägely dyed. violent, between nine of the clock in the “ This is a wõderful example of God's morning and tenne of the day aforesaid. wrath, no doubt to terrifie us, that we
“ This tempest took beginning with a might feare him for his iustice, or pulling rain, which fel with a wonderful force and back our footsteps from the pathes of with no lesse violence then abundance, sinne, to love him for his mercy. which made the storme so much the more “ To our matter again. There was at extream and terrible.
ye same time another wonder wrought : “ This tempest was not simply of rain, for the same black dog, stil continuing but also of lightning and thunder, thé and remaining in one and the self same flashing of the one whereof was so rare shape, passing by an other man of the and vehement, and the roaring noise of congregation in the church, gave him the other so forceable and violent, that it such a gripe on the back, thai therwith made not only people perplexed in minde all he was presently drawen togither and and at their wiis end, but ministred such shrunk up, as it were a peece of lether straunge and unaccustomed cause of scorched in a hot tire; or as the mouth of * feare to be cöceived, that dumb creatures a purse or bag, drawen togither with a with ye horrour of that which fortuned, string. The man, albeit hee was in so were exceedingly disquieted, and sense- straunge a taking, dyed not, but as it is lesse things void of all life and feeling, thought is yet alive: whiche thing is mershook and trembled,
velous in the eyes of men, and offereth “ There were assembled at the same much matter of amasing the minde. season, to hear divine service and com- “Moreouer, and beside this, the clark mon prayer, according to order, in the of the said church beeing occupied in parish church of the said towne of Bon- cleansing of the gutter of the church, with gay, the people thereabouts inhabiting, a violent clap of thunder was smitten who were witnesses of the straungenes, downe, and beside his fall had no further the rarenesse and sodenesse of the storm, harme: unto whom beeing all amased consisting of raine violently falling, fear- this straunge shape, whereof we have beful flashes of lightning, and terrible cracks fore spoken, appeared, how beit he escaped of thūder, which came with such un- without daunger : which might peradvenwonted force and power, that to the per- ture seem to sound against truetb, and to ceiving of the people, at the time and in be a thing incredible: but, let us leare the place aboue named, assembled, the thus or thus to iudge, and cry out with church did as it were quake and stagger, the prophet, O Domine, &c.-0 Lord, which struck into the harts of those that how wonderful art thou in thy woorks. were present, such a sore and sodain “ At the time that these things in this feare, that they were in a manner robbed order happened, the rector, or curate of of their right wits.
the church, beeing partaker of the peo“ Immediately hereupā, there appeared ple's perplexitie, seeing what was seen, in a most horrible similitude and like. and done, comforted the people, and exnesse to the congregation then and there horted them to prayer, whose counsell, in present, a dog as they might discerne it, such extreme distresse they followed, of a black colour; at the sight whereof, and prayed to God as they were assemtogither with the fearful flashes of fire bled togither. which then were seene, moved such ad- “ Now for the verifying of this report, miration in the mindes of the assemblie, (which to sõe wil seem absurd, although that they thought doomes day was already the sensiblenesse of the thing it self cogcome.
firmeth it to be a trueth,) as testimonies “ This black dog, or the divel in such a and witnesses of the force which rested in likenesse (God hee knoweth al who this straunge shaped thing, there are the worketh all,) runing all along down the maining in the stones of the church, and body of the church with great swiftnesse, likewise in the church dore which are and incredible haste, among the people, mervelously rēten and torne, ye marks as
it were of his clawes or talans. Beside, per, and salt, on the second Sunday bethat all the wires, the wheeles, and other fore Easter, and that on his way home things belonging to the clock, were about half-past ten at night his watch was wrung in sunder, and broken in peces. snatched from him. The circumstance is
“ And (which I should haue tolde you noticed as an instance of the practice of in the beginning of this report, if I had keeping Care Sunday at the present time. regarded the observing of order,) at the time that this tempest lasted, and while these stormes endured, ye whole church Blue Bells. Campanula rotundifolia. was so darkened, yea with such a palpa- Dedicated to St. Dominic. ble darknesse, that one persone could not perceive another, neither yet might discern any light at all though it were lesser The Dedication of St. Mary ad Nives. St.
August 5 the the least, but onely when ye great flashing of fire and lightning appeared.
Oswald, King. St. Afra, and Compa“ These things are not lightly with si
nions, A. D. 304. Št. Memmius, or lence to be over passed, but precisely and
Menge, Bp. A. D. 290. throughly to be considered. “ On the self same day, in like manner,
An Every-Day Complaint. into the parish church of another towne In the “ London Chronicle" of the 5th called Blibery, not above sevē miles dis- of August, 1758, there is an advertisement tant from Bongay above said, the like from a sufferer under a disease of such a thing entred, in the same shape and simi- nature that, though the cure is simple, a litude, where placing himself uppon a description of the various afflictions and maine balke or beam, whereon some ye modes of relief peculiar to the progress of Rood did stand, sodainly he gave a swinge the disorder would fill many volumnes. downe through ye church, and there also, To guard the young wholly against it is as before, slew two men and a lad, and impossible; for like the small pox, every burned the hand of another person that one must expect to have it once, and when was there among the rest of the company, it is taken in the natural way, and if the of whom divers were blasted.
remedy is at hand, and the patient “ This mischief thus wrought, he flew follows good advice, recovery speediiy with wonderful force to no little feare of follows. The advertisement alluded to the assembly, out of the church in a hi- runs thus :decus and hellish likenes."
A YOUNG LADY who was at For “a necessary prayer," and other Vauxball on Thursday night last, in particulars concerning this“ straunge and company with two gentlemen, could not but terrible wunder," which was “ Imprinted observe a young gentleman in blue and a at London, by Frauncis Godly, dwelling gold-laced hat, who, being near her by the at the West End of Paules,” the cu
orchestra during the performance, especirious reader may consult Mr. Rodd's ver- ally the last song, gazed upon her with the
utmost attention. He earnestly bopes (if batim reprint of the tract itself, which is unmarried) she will favour him with a line a “ rare" distortion of a thunder storm directed to A. D. at the bar of the Temple with lightning, well worthy to be pos- Exchange Coffee-house, Temple-bar, to insessed by collectors of the marvellous un- form him whether fortune, family, and truths with which Abraham Fleming's age character, may not entitle him upon a furabounded.
ther knowledge, to hope an interest in her
heart. He begs she will pardon the method 1825. This day at the Northumber- he has taken to let her know the situation land assizes, James Coates, aged twenty- of his mind, as, being a stranger, he detwo, and John Blakie, aged sixteen, were spaired of doing it any other way, or even
As his views are found guilty of robbing Thomas Hind- of seeing her more. march of his watch, on Sunday, the 20th founded upon the most honourable princiof March last. It appeared that Hindmarch, ples, le presumes to hope the occasion will who lived at Howden Panns near Shields, this trilling formality of the sex, ratber
justify it, if she generously breaks through had been at Newcastle on Carling Sunday, than, by a cruel silence, render unhappy a day so called, because it is the custom one, who must ever expect to continue so, of the lower orders in the north of Eng. if debarred from a nearer acquaintance with land to eat immense quantities of small her, in whose power alone it is to complete peas, called carlings, fried in buiter, pep- his felicity.