« НазадПродовжити »
published “Tale of Paraguay," cites the his knee, and did somewhat disfigure his Jesuit Ribadeneira's account of this ac- leg, to be cut off, that so his boot might cident to Ignatius from his life of him in sit more handsomely, as he bimself told the “ Actæ Sanctorum,” where it is some me, thinking it to be against his honour what more at length than in the English that such a deformity should be in his edition of Ribadeneira's “ Lives of the leg: nor would he be bound while the Saints," which states that St. Peter ap- bone was sawed off.” Father Bouhours, peared to Ignatius on the eve of his also a Jesuit, and another biographer of feast, with a sweet and gracious aspect, Ignatius, says, that one of his thighs and said that he was come to cure him. having shrunk from the wound, lest lame“ With this visitation of the holy apostle,” ness should appear in his gait, he put says Ribadeneira, “ Ignatius grew much himself for many days together upon a better, and not long after recovered his kind of rack, and with an engine of iron perfect health: but, as he was a spruce violently stretched and drew out his leg, young gallant, desirous to appear in the yet he could never extend it, and ever most neat and comely fashion, he caused after his right leg remained shorter than the end of a bone which stuck out under his left.
When long care
Tale of Paraguay. Ribadeneira says, that one night while till he came to the hospital of St. Lucy Ignatius kept his bed and was praying, at Manresa, where he lived by beggin: a great noise shook all the chamber and among the poor, and exhausting his body, broke the windows, and the Virgin Mary not paring his nails, letting the hair of his appeared to him when he was awake, head and beard both grow, and never with her precious Son in her arms ;" in using a comb ; sleeping on a board or the consequence of this vision he resolved to bare ground; passing the greater part of embrace a life wherein he might afflict his the night in watching, praying, and wet po body. For this purpose, he determined ing; scourging himself three times a day, to go a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and and spending seven hours upon his knas bought a cassock of coarse canvass for a Ribadeneira says, “ he was so set upca coat, a pair of country buskins, a bottle, curbing, and taming, and mortifying his and a pilgrim's staff; he gave his horse flesh, that he allowed it no manner of to the monastery of our blessed lady at ease or content, but was continually perMontserrat; hung up his sword and dag- secuting it, so that in a very short time ger at our lady's altar; and having spent from a strong lusty man, he became weak the night of Lady-day, 1522, at the said and infirm." In 1523, he was so feebie altar, departed to institute the Society of and weak that he could hardly set ose Jesus, in his canvass coat, girded with his leg before the other; where the night cord, walking with his pilgrim's staff overtook him, whether in the fields or bare-headed : he would have gone bare- high-road, there he lay; till at last, as footed but he was forced to wear one well as he could, often falling and risirs shoe on the foot of the broken leg. Thus again, he made a shift to reach Rome, ca he went,
Palm Sunday, where he "made the holy “ One shoe off,
stations," and visited the churches, and And t'other shoe on
after remaining there fifteen days, begged his way from door to door to Venice, Ribadeneira, “ with that readiness and afterwards went to Cyprus, and arrived desire of contempt, that he seemed a at Jerusalem on the 4th of September. novice employed therein for his profit He returned from thence in the depth of and mortification: all this I myself can winter, through frost and snow, with testify, who at that time being a youth, scarcely clothes to cover him, and ar- was a scholar and brother in the society, riving at Cyprus, wanted to ship himself and every day repeated St. Ignatius's on board a Venetian man of war, but catechism. Our blessed father St. Igthe captain disliking his appearance said, natius was general of the society fifteen if he was a saint, as he said he was, he years, three months, and nine days, from might securely walk upon the water and the 22d of April in the year 1541, until Bot fear to be drowned. Ignatius, how. the last of July, 1556, when he departed ever, did not take the hint and set sail this world." upon his coat or a millstone, as other Ribadeneira largely diffuses on the saints are said to have done, but em- austerities of Ignatius, in going almost barked in " a little paltry vessel, quite naked, suffering hunger and cold, Totten and worm-eaten,” which carried self-inflictions with a whip, hair-cloth, him to Venice in January, 1524 On his " and all manner of mortifications that way from thence to Genoa, he was taken he could invent to afflict and subdue his by the Spaniards who thought him a spy, body." He accounts among his virtues, and afterwards thought him a fool; when that Ignatius lived in hospitals like a he got to Spain, at thirty-three years of poor man, amongst the meanest sort of age, he began to learn grammar, fasted people, being despised and contemned, as he did before, cut off the soles of his and desirous to be so: his desire was to shoes that he might walk barefoot, and be mocked and laughed at by all, and if cut down a man that had hanged himself, he would have permitted himself to be who, through his prayers “ returned to carried on by the fervour of his mind, he life.” At Paris, in 1528, he thought fit would have gone up and down the streets to perfect himself in the Latin tongue, almost naked, and like a fool, that the and "humanity;" then, also, he studied boys of the town might have made sport philosophy and divinity, and made jour- with him, and thrown dirt upon him. nies into Flanders and England to beg He had a singular gift of tears which he alms of the Spanish merchants, where shed most abundantly at his prayers, to with he got together a fraternity under the great comfort of his spirit and no less the name of the Fathers of the Society of damage to his body, but at length, beJesus, whom he persuaded John III. of cause the doctors told him so continual Portugal to send to the East Indies as an effusion did impair his health, he missionaries. He afterwards increased prayed for command over his tears, and the number, and retired with two of afterwards he could shed or repress his his order for forty days into a ruined tears as he pleased. and desolate hermitage without doors or It is especially insisted on by Ribawindows, open on all sides to wind and deneira, that “ Ignatius had a strange rain, where they slept on the ground on dominion and command over the devils, a little straw, and lived by begging hard who abhorred and persecuted him as mouldy crusts, which they were obliged their greatest enemy. Whilst he was in to steep in water before ihey could eat: his rigorous course of penance at Manthey then went to Rome on foot, begging resa, Satan often appeared to him in a all the way.
Before entering that city, shining and glistening form, but he disIgnatius going into an old church alone, covered the enemy's fraud and deceit. bad, according to Ribadeneira's account, Several other times, the devil appeared to a celestial interview of a nature that him in some ugly and foul shape, which cannot be here described without violence he was so little terrified with, that he to the feelings of the reader. After the would contemptibly drive him away with removal of certain difficulties, the pope his staff, like a cat, or some troublesome confirmed the order of the Jesuits, and cur. He laboured all he could one day Ignatius was unanimously elected its to terrify him, whilst he lived at Alcala, general. He entered upon his dignity by in the hospital, but he lost his labour. taking upon himself the office of cook, At Rome, he would have choked him in and doing other menial services about his sleep, and he was so hoarse, and his the house, “ which he executed,” says throat so sore, with the violence the
devil offered him, that he could hardly his house till he put more pictures of the speak for a fortnight after. Another saint upon the doors, and several parts time whilst he was in his bed, two devils' of the house, when the molestation fell upon him, and whipped him most wholly ceased.” Of the numerous decruelly, and brother John Paul Castelan, vilries raised and abolished by the who lay nigh him, and afterwards told saint's holiness, these specimens may it me, heard the blows, and rose up suffice. twice that night to help him." In the To so distinguished and efficient a year 1545, the college of the society (of member of the Romish Church, as Iga Jesuits) which we have at our blessed , natius, the gift of prophecy is, of course, Lady's of Loretto, was first begun, and awarded, and the power of working the devils presently began to make war miracles, of necessity, follows; accordagainst our fathers in that college, and to , ingly we find instances of them, “ too molest and disquiet them both by day numerous to mention in this particular." and hy night, making a most terrible It is to be expected that his relics were clatter and noise, and appearing in sun- : equally miraculous, and hence Ribadedry shapes and forms, sometimes of a' neira's account is seasoned sufficiently blackamoor, then of a cat and bear, and high, for the most discriminating palate other beasts, and neither by saying holy of the most miracle-loving epicure. mass, praying, sprinkling holy water, using Water wherein a bit of a bone of Ignaexorcisms, applying relics of saints and the tius's body had been dipped, cured the like, could they rid themselves of that sick at the hospital at Burgos. The molestation, wherefore St. Ignatius, by letters he wrote were preserved as relics letters, recommended a firm and strong for miraculous purposes; and a later confidence, and that he on his part would saint carried the autograph of Ignatius not be wanting to recommend it in his about him as a relic. If one of Ignaprayers; and from that very hour, (a tius's autographs be coveted in England, very remarkable thing,) all those troubles , it may probably be discovered in the ceased, nor were there seen any more i reliquary of Mr. Upcott at the London spirits. This happened whilst St. Ig- Institution. natius was living.' To this, Ribadeneira Enough has certainly been said of St adds story upon story, of women and Ignatius Loyola; yet less space could maids being tormented by devils, who hardly have been devoted to the founder were discomfited by the mere sight of of the celebrated order of the Jesuits, a Ignatius's picture, " which kept off all body which perforates and vermiculates the blows and assaults of the ghostly through every part of the civilized world enemy, yet so great was his malice and wherein the Romish religion predomidesire of doing mischief, that he fell nates, or has ever prevailed. Concern. furiously upon the chamber walls, and ing the present state of an order, comcupboards, chests, coffers, and what- posed of men of talent under a vow of soever else was in the room, beating poverty; devoted to the papacy, and upon them with horrible strokes, though possessing more wealth than any other he never touched any box wherein was catholic fraternity; wearing or not wear. kept a picture of the saint.” He affirms, ing a habit to distinguish them from that the like happened in the year 1599, ordinary citizens in catholic and protestto a schoolmaster of Ancona :-" These ant countries, as may suit their private damned spirits," says Ribadeneira, purposes; prowling unknown, and se“ opened the doors of his house when cretly operating; there can be little gathey were locked, and shut them when thered, and therefore little to communithey were left open, swept the chambers, cate. The coexistence of a free governmade the beds, lighted the lamps, and ment and a free press is a sure and safe then on a sudden put all into disorder defence from all their machinations. and confusion, and removed things from One circumstance, however, related by one room into another; but when the all the biographers of Ignatius, must not good man had hung up a picture of be forgotten. It stands in Ribadeneira's our blessed father in his house, all was life of him thus: “ As he was sitting quiet within doors, yet a most terrible one day upon the steps of St. Domitumult there was without, for they Aung nick's church, and reading our blessed to and fro the doors and windows, and lady's office with much devotion, our beat as it were, the drum round about Lord on a sudden illustrated his understanding, and represented to him a figure the distinction and propriety of the perof the most blessed trinity, which ex- sons, that he noted in a treatise which teriourly expressed to him what inte- was found after his death, written in his riourly God gave him to understand. own hand, that he could not have learnt This caused in him so great comfort and so much with many years' study." This spiritual joy, that he could not restrain pretended revelation with figments his sobs and tears, nor speak of any equally edifying has employed the penthing but this holy mystery, delivering cil of the painter. Rubens has left a the high conceit he had of it with so well-known picture representing Ignamany similitudes and examples, that all tius in bis rapture. From a fine print of who heard him were amazed and asto- it, by Bolswert, the engraving at the head nished, and from that time forward, this of this article has been taken; the picineffable mystery was so imprinted in ture is in the collection at Warwick his soul, that be writ a book of this pro- Castle. found matter which contained fourscore leaves, though at that time he had never studied, and could but only read and
FLORAL DIRECTORY. write ; and he always retained so clear and distinct a knowiedge of the trinity
Great Mullen. Verbuscum Virgatum. of persons, of the divine essence, and of Dedicated to St. Ignatius.
August is the eighth month of the year. Aowers, they sung, they shouted, they
the top of it, every one that had been
love-apples, mignionette, capsicums, MiThe sign of the zodiac entered by the chaelmas daisies, auriculus, asters, or sun this month is Virgo, the Virgin. stars, and China-asters. The additional Spenser's personation of it above is
trees and shrubs in Aower are the tamciiled and engraved by Mr. Samuel Wil- arisk, altheas, Venetian sumach, pomeliams.
granates, the beautiful passion-flower, the “ Admire the deep beauty of this alle- trumpet-flower, and the virgin's bower, gorical picture,” says Mr. Leigh Hunt, or clematis, which is such a quick and
Spenser takes advantage of the sign of handsome climber. But the quantity of the zodiac, the Virgin, to couvert her fruit is considerably multiplied, espeinto Astrea, the goddess of justice, who cially that of pears, peaches, apricots, seems to return to earth awhile, when the and grapes. And if the little delicate exuberance of the season presents enough wild flowers have at last withdrawn from for all.”
the hot sun, the wastes, marshes, and
The garden blooms with vegetable gold,
Her racy fruits now glory in the sun,
To cooling brooks the panting cattle run :
Visits his dreams and multiplies the grain.
| Dr. F. Sayer.