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which must not be passed over. When in due proportions. He can bear the looking at it, one might almost suppose effects of heat and cold, like other people, that it consisted of two cavities, an upper accustomed to lead a sedentary life, and and a lower one, so much is this poor fel. does not need unusual clothes. His mind low contracted round the loins. The fol- is better constituted, perhaps, than that of lowing admeasurement may afford some many a man, better formed in body. He idea of this circumstance :
comprehends quickly, and his memory is
Ft. In. good. He has learnt to read and write Circumference of the chest,
his own language, and is now anxious to directly under the armpits 2 64 become acquainted with ours. Circumference lower down, op
Such is Claude Ambroise Seurat, who posite the second false rib 2 2
may justly be considered as a most exCircumference round the loins 1 9 Circumference round the pelvis 2 34 calculated to throw much and useful light
traordinary lusus naturæ, -an object The muscles of the sides of the pelvis, on many interesting questions of the highpartake of the general wasting, in conse
est importance, towards the advancement quence of which the trochantes stand out of anatomical study. from the glenon cavities in the same gaunt manner that they do in the true skeleton, So far from having any disinclination being covered by integuments alone. The to being exhibited in this country, Claude thighs are imperfect in bulk, and the Ambroise Seurat has repeatedly urged his knees, like the elbows, appear enlarged. wish to gratify the strong desire of the The calves of the legs seem to have more public, to view him without loss of time; firm good muscle, than any other part of and hearing that one of the journals had the body, particularly that of the right expressed some harshness concerning his leg, which is much more fleshy than the exhibition, he indited and signed the left. The feet are well formed; a trifling following letter overlapping of the toes is probably acci
To the Editor. dental.
Sir, The examination of the back part of Having learned that in an article in Seurat's body corresponds with the front, your journal, the motives and conduct of as far as the general leanness goes. The the persons who brought me to England occiput is flat, the neck broad; the sca- are severely alluded to, it is my duty, both pula projecting, the spine crooked ;.some to them and to the public, to declare, that of the lower cervical vertebræ are curved so far from experiencing any thing disbackwards, and there is a curve towards agreeable, either in having been conthe right side, formed by some of the ducted hither or at being exposed, I feel lower dorsal vertebra. All the bony points great satisfaction not only in the change of the back part of the body are so pro- of my situation, but also at the bounties minent that every individual bone may be with which I have been loaded by the indistinctly traced by the eye, even at a con- dividuals who protect me. Far from siderable distance.
having“ been brought from the tranquilOn first beholding Seurat, a person lity of my native village," I was wandetmight almost imagine that he saw before ing about France, and making but little him, one returned from “ that bourne by the exposure of my person, when I so whence no traveller returns :" the first fortunately met my present protectors, impressions over, he begins to wonder whose liberality will shortly render me how so frail a being exists, and is sur- sufficiently independent to unable me to prised, that all those functions, necessary return and live at my ease in my native for the continuance of his own life, are country. I only beg leave to add, that regularly and effectively perforined. He my present situation is more happy than eats, drinks, and sleeps the progress of di- I ever yet enjoyed during my whole life, gestion, as carried on throughout the ali- and is entirely conformable to my desires. mentary canal, is regularly executed. The I have the honour to be, Sir, your most secretions of the liver, kidnies, and skin humble servant, are separated from the blood, in such
CLAUDE AMBROISE SEURAT. quantities as may be deemed necessary Aug. 4, 1825. for the economy of his frame. His heart This, with what follows, will give a performs its office regularly, and sends tolerably adequate idea of this singular the blood to the various parts of the body, being, both as to his form and mind.
I have paid two visits to Seurat. His with life, and the possession of some depublic exhibition takes place in a room in gree of strength and spirits. This decay Pall-mall called the “ Chinese Saloon;" does not seem to have operated equally its sides are decorated with Chinese pa- upon all parts of the figure: it shows most per; Chinese lanterns are hung from lines strikingly in the appearance of the deck crossing from wall to wall. In front of a and trunk; the upper arms, from the large recess, on one side, is a circular shoulder to the elbow, and the thigh. gauze canopy over a platform covered The upper part of the arm is not quite with crimson cloth, raised about eighteen destitute of flesh; but so small, that it inches from the floor, and enclosed by a may be spanned with ease by a very light brass railing; the recess is enclosed moderate fore-finger and thumb. The by a light curtain depending from the cor- thighs are wasted very much-little renice to the floor of the platform, and open- mains upon them beyond the skin. The ing in the middle. A slight motion within cap of the knee, which is large, and prointimates that the object of attraction is trudes considerably, is of a reddish colour, about to appear; the curtain opens a little unlike the aspect of the flesh or skin in on each side, and Seurat comes forth, as general. The trunk, from the shoulder to he is represented in the first engraving, with the hip, has the appearance, more than no other covering than a small piece of any thing else, of a large bellows, a mere fringed purple silk, supported round the bag of hoops covered with leather, through middle by a red band, with a slit like which the pulsation of the heart is dispocket holes, to allow the hip-bones to tinctly visible. On the thicker part of pass through on each side. On the finger the fore-arm there is flesh, white in apof the left hand, next to the middle one, pearance, though of a soft and unhealthy he wears a plain gold ring. An artist character; and the division of the two who accompanied me at each visit, for the bones, the ulna and the radius, may be purpose of making the drawings here detected by feeling. Upon the calves of engraved, has well represented him. The the legs, again, there is some show of portraits, both front and profile, are better substance, and one is larger than the resemblances than any that exist, and the other. But the most curious circumanatomy of his figure more correct. stance, perhaps, in the man's condition
It is justly remarked, that “ the title of is, that while his whole body exhibits * Living Skeleton' does not seem exactly these extraordinary appearances of decay, to be well applied to this strange produc- his face (which is decidedly French, and tion of nature, and may, perhaps, create not unpleasant,) displays no signs of atsome disappointment; because the cu- tenuation whatever, and scarcely any riosity, as it really exists, lies far less in symptom of disease or weakness." the degree of attenuation which Seurat's It was on the first day of Seurat's exframe exhibits, than in the fact that, with hibition that I first visited him; this was a frame so reduced, a human being should on Tuesday, the 9th of August, 1825; be still in possession of most of his func. a day the present sheet of the Everytions, and enjoying a reasonable quantity Day Book has not yet reached; I have of health. As regards the exhibition of been anxious to be before the day and the bone, for instance, there is not so much public, as regards Seurat, and it is thereas may frequently be found in the dead fore, as to him, anticipated. I was at subject) in cases where persons have died the “ Chinese Saloon” before the doors of lingering consumption. The parch- were opened, and was the first of the ment-like aspect attributed to the skin too public admitted, followed by my friend, seems to have been a little overstated; the artist. Seurat was not quite ready to and, in fact, most medical men who appear; in the mean time, another visitor served in the late war, will recollect in- or two arrived, and after examining the stances enough, where men of five feet canopy, and other arrangements, my ateight inches high, dying from dysentery, tention was directed to the Chinese paperor intermittent fever, have weighed con- ing of the room, while Seurat had silentsiderably less than 78lbs., which is the ly opened the curtains that concealed weight of Seurat. The real novelty, there. him, and stood motionless towards the fore, should be looked for, not in the front of the platform, as he is represented degree to which this man's body is wasted in the engraving. On turning round, I and exhausted, but in the fact that such a was instantly rivetted by his amazing degree of decay should be compatible
emaciation; he seemed another“ Lazarus, ment of antithesis. When the sight is come forth” without his grave-clothes, and fixed on his face alone, there is nothing for a moment I was too consternated to there to denote that he varies from other observe more than his general appearance. men. I examined him closely and freMy eye, then, first caught the arm as the quently, felt him on different parts of the most remarkable limb; from the shoulder body, and, not speaking his language, put to the elbow it is like an ivory German questions to him
through others, which he flute somewhat deepened in colour by age; readily answered. His head has been it is not larger, and the skin is of that hue, shaved, yet a little hair left on the upper and, not having a trace of muscle, it is as part of the neck, shows it to be black, perfect a cylinder as a writing rule. and he wears a wig of that colour. His Amazed by the wasted limbs, I was still strong black beard is perceptible, although more amazed by the extraordinary de- clean shaved. His complexion is swarthy, pression of the chest. Its indentation is and his features are good, without the similar to that which an over-careful mo- emaciation of which his body partakes ; ther makes in the pillowed surface of an the cheek-bones are high, and the eyes infant's bed for its repose. Nature has are dark brown, approaching to black. here inverted her own order, and turned They are represented as heavy and dull, the convex inwards, while the nobler and to denote little mental capacity; organs, obedient to her will
, maintain but, perhaps, a watchful observer, who life by the gentle exercise of their made pertinent inquiries of him in a wonted functions in a lower region. proper manner, would remark otherwise. Below the ribs, which are well described He usually inclines the head forward in the accounts already given, the trunk towards his breast, and therefore, and beso immediately curves in, that the red cause he is elevated above the spectators, his band of the silk-covering, though it is eyes frequently assume a position wherein only loosely placed, seems a tourniquet he might see, and “descant on his own deto constrict the bowels within their prison formity.” His features are flexible, and house, and the hip bones, being of their therefore capable of great animation, and his natural size, the waist is like a wasp's. forehead indicates capacity. Depression By this part of the frame we are reminded of the eyelid is by no means to be taken as of some descriptions of the abstemious a mark of dulness or inefficient intellect, arid Bedouin Arab of the desert, in whom One of our poets, I think Churchill, no it is said the abdomen seems to cling incompetent judge of human nature, has to the vertebra. If the integument of the a line concerning Genius " lowering on bowels can be called flesh, it is the the penthouse of the eye.” Seurat, on only flesh on the body: for it seems to any other than a common-place question, have wholly shrunk from the limbs; and elevates his head to an ordinary position, where the muscles that have not wholly answers immediately and with precision, disappeared remain, they are also shrunk. and discourses rationally and sensibly; He wears shoes to keep cold from his feet, more sensibly than some in the room, who which are not otherwise shaped than those put childish questions about him to the of people who have been accustomed to wear attendants, and express silly opinions as tight shoes; his instep is good, and by no to bis physical and mental structure and means so flat as in the generality of tavern abilities, and call him “a shocking creawaiters. His legs are not more ill-shaped ture." There is nothing shocking either than in extremely thin or much wasted in his mind or his face. His countenance persons; the right leg, which is somewhat has an air of melancholy, but he expresses larger than the left, is not less than were no feeling of the kind; it is not, howthe legs of the late Mr. Suett, the come- ever, so mournful as the engraving at the dian. On this point, without a private head of this article shows. The artist knowledge of Mr. Liston, I would pub- was timid, and in form and babit the licly appeal to that gentleman, whom, on reverse of Seurat; and as “ like will to my second visit in the afternoon, I saw like," so through dislike to the life of the there, accompanied by Mr. Jones. Mr. subject before him, he imagined more Liston doubtless remembers Suett, and I dolour in Seurat's face than it has ; this think he will never forget Seurat, at whom he could not be remedied by the engraver looked, “ unutterable things," as if he had without hazarding the likeness, which is been about to say—“ Prodigious!" really good. Seurat's voice is pleasing,
Seurat's head and body convey a senti- deep-toned, and gentle. Excepi for the privations to which his conformation con- them far more pitiable, and in a moral strains him, he is not an object of pity, point of view, some of them are far more and perhaps very little on that account. shocking. There is nothing in Seurat to We meet many perfectly-formed beings disgust, as far as I could judge from what in daily society whose abject indulgences I saw or heard of him. *or abject circumstances in life render
Thou who despisest so debased a fate
That bring no joy, and leave no peace behind ;
Southry's Tale of Paraguay
Death is not contemplated by Seurat his chest was depressed, and he was as near to him, and it is even probable much weaker; until that year, he used to that his “ last event" is far off. The run about and play, and tumble down vital organs have wonderfully conformed from feebleness. From that age his feeblethemselves to his malformation, and where ness increased, and he grew rapidly until they are seated, perform their office unin. he was fourteen, when he attained his terruptedly. The quantity of solid nutri- present stature, with further increase of ment for the support of his feeble frame weakness : he is not weaker now than he never exceeds four ounces a day. The was then. His recreation is reading, and pulsations of his heart are regular, and it he is passionately fondof listening to music. has never palpitated; at the wrist, they He cannot stoop, but he can lift a weight of are slow and equally regular. He has twelve pounds from a chair: of course, he never been ill, nor taken medicine, ex- displays no feats of any kind, and unless cept once, and then only a small quantity great care is taken, he may be injured by of manna. His skin is not more dry than cold, and the fatigue of the exhibition. Of the skin of many other living persons this, however, himself and his father, who who abstain, as he does, from strong is with him, and who is a shrewd, sensible vinous or fermented liquors, and drink man, seem aware. He remains about ten sparingly; it is not branny, but perfectly minutes standing and walking before the smooth; nor is it of a colour unnatural to company, and then withdraws between a being who cannot sustain much exercise, the curtains to seat himself, from obserwho exists in health with very little, and vation in a blanketed arm-chair, till antherefore does not require more. The other company arrives. His limbs are complexion of his body is that of a light well-proportioned; he is not at all Creole, or perhaps more similar to that of knock-kneed, nor are his legs any way fine old ivory; it must be remembered, that deformed. his natural complexion is swarthy. What Seurat is “shocking” to those who has been asserted elsewhere is perfectly have never reflected on mortality, and true, that when dressed in padded clothes, think him nearer to the grave than themhe would not in any position be more selves. Perhaps he is only so in appearremarkable than any other person, except ance. The orderly operation of the vital that, among Englishmen, he would be principle within him for the last thirteen taken for a foreigner. On the day before or fourteen years, may continue to the his public exhibition, he walked from the ordinary duration of human life. Every Gothic-hall in the Haymarket, to the one of his spectators is “encompassed Chinese Saloon in Pall-mall, arm-in-arm in a ghostly frame," and exemplifies, as with the gentleman who brought him much as Seurat, the scriptural remark, from France, and was wholly unrecog- that " in the midst of life we are in nized and unnoticed.
death :" it is not further from us for Until ten years of age, Seurat was as not thinking on it, nor is it nearer to us bealthy as other children, except that because it is under our eyes
Seurat's Positions when erhibiting himself. Seurat's existence is peculiar to himseif; improvement might have advanced with he is unlike any being ever heard of, and his corporeal incapacity, and instead of no other like him may ever live. But being shown as a phenomenon, he might if he is alone in the world, and to have fourished as a sage. No man has himself useless, he may not be without been great who has not subdued his pashis use to others. His condition, and the sions; real greatness has insisted on this privations whereby he holds his tenure of as essential to happiness, and artificial existence, are eloquent to a mind reflect- greatness shrunk from it. When Paul ing on the few real wants of mankind,“ reasoned of righteousness, temperance, and the advantages derivable from absti- and judgment to come, Felix trembled." dent and temperate habits. Had he been Seurat's appearance seems an admonition born a little higher in society, his mental from the grave to “ think on these things."
THE SEVEN SLEEPERS.
St. Pantaleon, A. D. 303. Sts. Maximian, These saints, according to Alban Butler,
Malchuus, Martinian, Dionysius, John, were Ephesians, who for their faith, under Serapion, and Constantine, the Seven Decius, in 250, were walled up together Sleepers, A. D. 250. St. Congail. St. in a cave, wherein they had hid themLuica
selves, till they were found, in 479; and