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more perfect state, when he shall have put off his chrysalis form, and emerged into the sunshine of higher knowledge.

But what has all this to do with botanical analysis? Much, every way. That is the process by which we study divine thoughts. Analysis first, then synthesis; the nature and force of the alphabet, then words, then languages. Let us learn well the alphabet, we shall then be able to spell out words, to put them into sentences, and to read the language intelligently; the other method might subject us to some rather awkward blunders, mispronouncing words, and attaching to them a meaning other than that which they designed to speak, to put our own notions in place of their true language, such as we often find in what is commonly called “the language of flowers."

According to the idea of a science, as Professor Agassiz defines it, we may conclude that botanical science is as yet very imperfect; cramped by arbitrary rules and distinctions that have no existence in the nature of vegetation; but are not the beginnings of all sciences, that are so pre-eminently empyrical, and where persons must begin at the surface and dig down for the precious metals, of this character ? What then! Shall we away with them, until some method is discovered by which mines may be dug by beginning at the bottom ? We should rather say, go to work and dig, or at least encourage those who do so, until the soil shall have been taken off, the rocks blasted away, and the vein of ore laid bare in all its richness.

He who loves a flower for its own sake, for the beautiful blending of its mimical colors, for the artistic skill manifested in the proportions of its parts, and the symmetry of the whole, may do much, but if he see nothing more, he feeds opon the husks and shells, and is poor indeed. Nature has not its end in itself. It is but a part of a grand system of truth, in which every thing is fitly and compactly put together, each part serving to complete the whole. Not a flower that blooms unseen, and sheds its fragrance on the desert air, is superfluous. The whole panorama of nature in its outward form is but accidental to something higher; pictures of that which is their reality. Nature and grace hold the relation of the bank note and the specie ; the former is good only because the latter is at hand to redeem it; nature is real only because what it promises is so. In the renovated world no notes will be issued; the notes will be worn out, and duly redeered when the world shall return to God redeemed by his Son.

A UINT TO THE YOUTII.-If the spring purs forth no blossoms, in summer there will be no beauty, and in auturon no fruit. So, if youth le trifled away without improvement, riper years will be contemptible, and old age miscrable

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THE BEST WISH. The cold February wind whistled round the corner of the street, and beat heavily with its burthen of snow against the dwelling that sheltered three rosy-cheeked children. Lightly they heeded it however, for in their pleasant room, the brightly burning lamps added their enlivening light to the fire blaze that flamed up cheerfully in the grate, while the heavy window curtains hid all token of the outward desolation, except in a monotonous pattering of the sleet upon the panes, which rather added to the sense of comfort of those within.

The three children, seated around the fire, were weaving fanciful images from the red coals, when Walter--a fair-haired boy of seven, with his head full of fairy-imaginings and impossibilities--suddenly exclaimed to his sisters : “ Now girls, just suppose we could have one wish granted, what out of the whole world would you choose ?”

Little Alice tossed back her golden curls, with a look half-comical, half-puzzled, as if her wish would be so large she never could get it into words; while the chubby, three-years'-oki Lizzie, raising her large, thoughtful eyes heavenward, after but a moment's hesitation, clapped her dimpled hands together--while a light like the gleam from an angel's wing broke over her face--and exclaimed, “I would rather be in heaven with my little brother Edward."

"Oh, mother, mother !" shouted the older children, Lizzie's is the very best wish that could be, isn't it?

“Yes indeed!" answered the inother, clasping the little ones in her arms; while a strange unaccustomed thrill came over her spirit, as if she saw heaven's glories well nigh hidden in the darkening shade of death.

One short week, and the wind and the snow sported over a child's grave, that grave only the perishable sign of a desire granted in eternity, for Lizzie was " with her little brother Edward.”

Perhaps, my dear children, you may not have a brother or a sister in heaven, but you have a loving Saviour there, and do you ever wish to be with Him? When you kneel down at morning or night to pray to 6 Our Father," do you ask Him that He will lead and guide you by His Holy Spirit that you may be fit for Christ's sake to go and live with Him forever? If you do, and you grow up to be men and women, and go out into the bustle of life with this one kish “ of the whole world” in your hearts you can never fear death, for it will be going home; home to an eternity of happiness; if not, if day by day your growing desires are for everything but leaven, no wonder if you dread to think of the gloomy messenger, the herald of that God who has comman led even little children to seek first His kingdon.

TROUBLES. We all have our troubles. Troubles in body and in mind. Troubles that spring from ourselves, and such as are brought upon us by others. Troubles that pertain to this world, and troubles that have reference to the world to come.

The greatest number of our troubles we bring upon ourselves. They come from our sins and follies. By undue labor, carried on in a worldly spirit, we cripple and injure our health. How many make themselves physically miserable for life by that abuse and exposure which is the result of “making haste to be rich." Others by leading profligate lives, rack their constitutions in early life, and induce disease, which, like the canker, eats out the vitality of the system, and makes life a scene of misery. A regular, chaste, and temperate mode of life is a grand means of avoiding many bitter troubles. Piety has the promise of the life which now is, as well as that which is to come. The experience of thousands proves this to be true.

If our troubles result from our own follies and sins, we ought to bewail those sins in deep repentance. Our troubles, where they are of that kind, ought to be heeded as earnest monitors, warning us to turn quickly to the fountain by which sin is cleansed, and by which alone sorrows can be healed. When our sins begin to punish us, it may not be too late, but it is high time for us to fly to the refuge. The path will grow darker, and our troubles will only increase if we go on in the same course.

There is no cure for trouble but religion. No one but Jesus can permanently cure sorrow. The world may cover it, or drive it back for a while; but only the great Physician can cure it. He is touched with a feeling of our infirmities; and such is his tenderness that he will not break the bruised reed. His whispers of pardon and peace can cheer into life and joy. the darkest and the saddest heart. Go, sad soul, and pour your sorrows into his gracious heart. Surely he bore our griefs, and carried our sorrows.

Then sorrow, touched by thee grows bright

With more than rapture's ray,
As darkness shows us worlds of light
We never saw by day.

H. H.

MARRIAGE.
His house she enters—there to be a light
Shining within, though all without be night.
A guardian angel o'er his life presiding,
Doubling his pleasures, and his cares dividing.
How oft her eye reads his-her gentle mind
To all his wishes, all his thoughts inclined,
Still subject ever, on the watch to-morrow,
Mirth of his mirth, and sorrow of his sorrow.

Our Monthly Retrospect.

THE UNITED STATES.

The Guardian is deeply interested, we THE FIRST OF OCTOBER, 1855, was a feel that we cannot do better than day long to be remembered in Penn | occupy a portion of the Retrospect with sylvania. On that day the PROTECTION | a synopsis of their provisions. The which the State had afforded to the | “Buckalew law" provides forretail liquor traffic for a long series of 1 1. A fine of from $10 to $50, and imyears, was withdrawn, and the Govern prisonment from ten to sixty days, for ment declared that intoxicating liquor wilfully furnishing intoxicating liquors, is no part of “ entertainment for man as a beverage, by sale, gift or otherwise, and horse." This is a great triumph to minors or insane persons -- to any for the friends of temperance, morality one when intoxicated, or to one known and religion. After a long and severe to be intemperate. The same penalty struggle, in which they had to encoun for thus furnishing such liquors to any ter the bitter opposition of men in intemperate person, for three months fluenced by selfish interests and depra after notice from friends forbidding the ved appetites, as well as of that better same. class who refused to read and examine, 2. Any person furnishing liquor to and consequently to think understand- another, by gift, sale, or otherwise, in ingly on the subject for themselves, the violation of this, or any other act, is temperance men have triumphed in held responsible for damages, to persons part, and, with a continuation of proper or property, resulting therefrom. exertion, a final and complete victory 3. A fine of $50, and imprisonment, awaits them at an early day.

at the discretion of the Court, for marHeretofore those engaged in the tem | rying a person when intoxicated. perance reform have had the law-the 4. A fine of $50 for the unwholesome strong arm of the government itself to adulteration of intoxicating beverages, contend against. Nos, government, or the wilful sale of the same. For the yielding to the omnipotence of moral second offence, $100 fine, and imprisonpower and the independent ballot, has | ment not exceeding sixty days. turned around on their side and placed 5. Expenses, not exceeding $20, to the liquor traffic on the defensive. The be paid to prosecutor. No action to be temperance men, therefore, will work maintained for liquor sold contrary to for the future under much more aus- | any law, and Courts may revoke lipicious and encouraging circumstances cense, &c. than heretofore.

The “Sunday law” imposesWithin the past two years a radical! 1. A fine of $50 for each case of sellchange has been made in our license ing, trading, or bartering of spirituous system, and it is important that the or malt liquors, wine or cider, on Sunpeople should clearly understand the day. The same penalty for wilfully provisions of the liquor laws now in permitting them to be drank on or force. Three laws now combine to about the premises. form our license system, viz.: The 3. In cases of conviction for offences law “to protect certain domestic and on two separate Sundays, a fine of from private rights and prevent abuses in $50 to $100, and imprisonment from the sale and use of intoxicating drinks," three to twelve months, with loss of passed May 8, 1854, and generally license. known as the Buckalew law; the law 3. On failure to pay fines and costs, " to prevent the sale of intoxicating imprisonment, not exceeding three liquors on the Sabbath,” known as the months, or until discharged by due Sunday law; and the law “ to restrain course of law. the sale of intoxicating liquors,” both of 4. Constables, Sheriffs, or Prosecutwhich were passed by the last Legisla ing Attorneys, are fined from $50 to ture. As the operation of these laws $100, for refusing to inform on and progis a matter in which every reader of lecute offenders against this act.

5. Suits for penalties must be brought 7. Constables, for wilfully failing to in the name of the city or county. Any return places, kept in violation of this citizen of the county may prosecute- act, are fined not exceeding 850, and or be a witness, and receive one-half of imprisoned from one to three months. the penalty, the other half to be paid 8. Importers may sell in the original over to the Guardians of the Poor. Any package, without appraisement and li. Mayor or Judge of the Court of Quarter cense; commissioned auctioneers are Sessions may revoke a license for vio also exempted; domestic producers, lations of this act. No compromise of brewers and distillers, may sell liquor suits allowed.

made by them, in quantities not less The "Restraining License Law" than five gallons.

1. Prohibits all drinking houses, and 9. Appraisers of licenses, under this imposes a fine not exceeding $50, with act, are appointed according to former imprisonment not exceeding one month, laws, except in Philadelphia, where for selling, and affording a place, in- | three reputable and temperate citizens, ducement, or any other convenience, I in no way connected with, nor interestwhere intoxicating liquor may be solded in, the liquor business, shall be and drunk. For the second offence $100, and not exceeding three months | Quarter Sessions. imprisonment. The same penalties These laws combined, in their pracwhen two or more persons combine, the tical operation, will produce the followone to sell, and the other to furnish a ling results: place for drinking, or for aiding or 1. Entire prohibition on Sunday abetting.

2. The abolition of all drinking 2. All sales in less measure than a houses, and sale by the small. quart are prohibited. Courts of Quar 3. Entire prohibition of sale to all ter Sessions may-not shall-grant li- | persons, except temperate adults censes to citizens of the United States, 1 4. The transfer of liquor-selling from provided they be of temperate habits, hotels aud eating-houses, to stores and and give bonds, with good securities, other places of business. in the sum of $1000, conditioned for 5. No liquor sold by unnaturalized the faithful observance of ALL laws citizens. relating to the sale of said liquors, to 6. The declaration by Government, be filed in Court; on which bond, fines that “intoxicating liquor is no part of and costs may be collected, upon the entertainment for man or horse," and conviction of the principal. The ap the holding of persons legally responplicant for license must present his pe gible for the damages resulting from tition, have it lawfully advertised, and either gift or sale. , the Court shall fix a time when objec Since the passage of the Restraining tions may be heard.

License Law, the people of Pennsylva3. No hotel, tavern, eating-house; no nia are presented with a spectacle nerer theatre, nor any other place of refresh- before witnessed in this State--a conment, or amusement, can receive license certed and organized resistance to conto sell by any measure whatever, and stitutional law! The liquor dealers, no unnaturalized person under any i banded together in a secret oathcircumstances.

bound society, known as the Liquor 4. Druggists are prohibited from sell League, have openly declared in mauy ing intoxicating beverages, except when Counties that they will not submit to mixed with other medicines.

the law! The time therefore has now 5. Clerks of Quarter Sessions cannot | arrived, when the law and order-loving issue a license until the bond has been | citizens of the commonwealth musi filed, fees paid, and the certificate fur determine whether good and righteous nished. Fees for license, three times laws, passed by their legal representathe present amount; but no license tives to protect society from the curse granted for less than $30.

of intemperance, shall be violated and 6. Persons licensed to sell by the quart and greater measure, must frame few tarern keepers and others -- who their license, and place it conspicuously act purely from selfish and mercenary in their chief place of business, or for motives. This law is general and was feit it; and all sales contrary to this enacted for the general good-and act, punished according to the second would it not be a burning disgrace to section.

| the coumonwealth if the Few shouli

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