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Our Monthly Retrospect.

UNITED STATES.

500,000! While the foreign demand A SUBJECT OF GRATITUDE.-In our last | with the increase of population at month's Retrospect we stated that the home, will insure the farmer a fair remost cheering fact we had to record ward for his labor, the hopes of the was the prospect of one of the most speculator-the Idler who stands beabundant grain and fruit harvests with tween the producer and consumer-are which we had been blessed for years. finally crushed. They have managed Now, that the expectations then ex to keep up a show of enormous prices pressed have been realized-when the in Philadelphia, but the speculators toil of the husbandman is rewarded and bread-brokers in the great cities with a superabundance of the great must finally yield to the more healthy staples of human subsistence, and all and equilibrious pressure from the the broad acres of our vast country country. We notice that at Wellsare blessed with the providential smiles | burgh, Ohio, (week before last,) a lot of of "peace and plenty”-it would illy flour was offered at SEVEN DOLLARS a become a periodical of the pretensions barrel, for which the holder had refused of The Guardian, not to make this ten dollars a few weeks before ;. but fruitful subject a leading theme for the the flour would not bring the seven Retrospect of this month. Alas! how dollars, and the speculator was obliged many are there in this highly favored to leave it “on sale” at the commission land who will, amid this shower of house for want of a purchaser. blessings, forget the bountiful Hand The weather was exceedingly favorthat has so munificently blessed them! | able for housing the wheat harvest. How few in the aggregate will remem- | On Friday, the 20th, it was intensely ber, in its practical application, that hot, the thermometer ranging at various “God is good," and that “when He points from 94 deg. to 100, but on Friopeneth His hand all His creatures are day evening we were visited by a heavy satisfied”-that “neither is he that rain, with thunder and lightning, and planteth any thing, neither he that it has continued cool and showery up watereth; but God that giveth the to the present writing (25th.) The increase." The farmer may toil“ from thermometer fell in three days over 30 early dawn to twilight gray," may degs., but it is now excellent weather plough and plant, and exhaust all his for the corn and potato crops, which, energies, and yet if it should please as a farmer friend remarked to us yesDivine Wisdom to withhold "the in- terday, “can almost be seen growing.” crease," disappointment, disaster and If it continues warm we will have the ruin will follow. From every section heaviest corn and potato crops ever of the country we have intelligence known, and such is the prospect now. that the harvested crops exceed the ex A NATIONAL PLATFORM.—The Philapectations of the most sanguine. In delphia Ledger suggests that, while so this county, while the straw in some many parties are springing up, each sections was not so heavy as in other claiming to develop and give utterance · years, the yield will be unusually great. to the ideas now at work among the

A great many estimates have been people, a few of our national principles made of the probable extent of the might be carried out a great deal farther crop this year. One puts down the than has yet been attempted. Among crop of all the States and territories at these it enumerates Education, the 158,572,000 bushels, which is 68,000,000 | means of obtaining which should be bushels over the crop of 1849. The placed within the reach of all, free of value of the wheat crop in that year is expense, from A B C to B. A. of a Colput down in the census report at lege at least; with a few institutions $100,000,000. If we value the present for even higher cultivation of particular crop at $1.25 per bushel it will be branches of science, and all possible worth an aggregate of more than $210,- | improvements adapted to make the course of education as practically use- , without which free institutions will ful as possible. One effect would be never spread to others, if they can even that, there being no pecuniary induce survive among ourselves. ments for the officers to keep an army - The LIQUOR QUESTION.—The most inof students at College, if they did not teresting question in the moral and study, the regulations would be formed legal world during the past month has and carried out with a view simply to been the operation of the New York the interests of scholarship. Exami- | Prohibitory Liquor Law, which took nations would be conducted more upon effect on the 4th of July. In the city the principles of West Point, a degree of New York the law has thus far been would mean something when attained, inoperative, owing to the quiescent poand the industrious student would not sition of Mayor Wood, who declines be retarded and ruined by the too com taking any active measures in its enmon dissipations of a College course, forcement until its constitutionality led on by the indolent but perhaps has been decided by the courts of highwealthy young man, whom the officers est resort! In Brooklyn, howerer, dislike to send home, for fear of cutting Mayor Hall has nobly determined to down their numbers. Michigan' has | enforce the law and leave the consealready adopted this plan, and there is quences with its framers and the courts no reason why it should not become who may be called to pass upon it juuniversal. Qualification, to profit by dicially. The Syracuse Journal (which the instructions conferred, should be occupies an independent position) says the only pre-requisite to any degree of that “whatever may be the fate of the educational promotion. For the State law in the courts, the principle on which is always more benefited than even the it is based has, since the 4th, made individual, by his advance in science. many thousands of converts. We form As education must be obtained before this opinion from the state of things it can become remunerative, wherever in this city and vicinity, where, in the the individual contributes the time and | midst of great excitement over the expense of living, the State may safely | prosecution of an ofiender, there has advance that of instruction, especially been an universally expressed congratas this puts education more within the ulation of the most total extinction of reach of the masses. In many States crime and bestiality, as evinced by the the public lands do or might support police returns. A contrast has been the expense of this. In all cases the furnished, during the past few days, land is so raised in value by the edu of sobriety and good order in those cation of the citizens that a tax suffi quarters where the practice of these fircient would be immensely reproductive. tues was before unknown, that makes

Another plank in this new platform an enduring impression in minds that is the Encouragement of Marriage by had not before thought correctly on every reasonable means, such as dona- | the subject." The same journal adds tions of the public lands, so regulated that there is an earnest hope and conas to make a marriage certificate secure fidence in the breasts of a large majora homestead to each couple, when they ity of the people of that State that the chose to go and settle upon it, and the law may be sustained and enforced; discouragement of foreign, luxurious but should it go down under the deci. and expensive habits, which, by in- sion of the legal authorities, we have creasing the expenses of a family, pre- the fullest confidence in the determivent marriage and entail corruption. / nation of the people that its principle

A third principle is the elevation of 1 shall be sustained. If there be wrong the industrious classes by all just and in the present law, it will be righted; suitable means, such as the protection but there is a great principle of justice of the poor and of the rights of labor at its foundation which must and will by all proper laws from the frauds, cor- be perpetuated. The Tribune says: ruptions and evil enticements too often “ So far as we can judge from the re. successful through misapplied wealth. ports which come to us from all secThese, among others, the Ledger very tions of the State, the Prohibitory Law justly considers more truly our Ameri- | is very generally in operation. It is can principles than any other handed true the liquor sellers stand out in a down from Washington; principles that | few localities, and trample on the law acted up to, will promote the security | in the hope that the courts may some and advancement of all nations, and time or other pronounce it unconstitu

OUR MONTHLY RETROSPECT.

255

tional: but these persons are not nu-l by every one in the State who takes an merous, and they generally reside in interest in this great cause. Those inthe larger cities, a majority of them, terested in the traffic are organizing for being in New York. There is very | REPEAL, and the friends of Temperance little liquor retailed in the agricultural should prepare to meet them, with a districts. In the country towns the complete organization, and fight for bars have generally been closed, and victory under the glorious banner of the beneficial effects are already begin PROHIBITION. ning to be felt."

THE PORTLAND R10T.—The committee "The JuG LAW.”—There appears to of investigation, appointed by the be a favorable reaction taking place in Board of Aldermen to investigate the favor of the "Act for Restraining the circumstances connected with the reSale of Intoxicating Liquors," passed cent liquor riot in Portland, Maine, by the last Legislature of this state, have concluded their labors and puband which its opponents denominate lished a detailed report, in which they “the jug law," by way of derision. The not only exculpate Mayor Dow from all Liquor men have generally abandoned | blame, but declare he would have been the idea of holding whiskey meetings, I highly culpable had he done less than as they find it does them more harm he did. “The committee, on a careful than good! The more the new law is! and laborious investigation of the whole understood the stronger disposition is case, are satisfied that the Mayor and evinced to have it enforced. It is not other executive officers of the city did strictly a prohibitory law, for it has no no more in the emergency than their “search and seizure clause" in it. As duty or the public service required; and its title implies, it is a law to RESTRAIN i that they would have proved unfaiththe sale of intoxicating liquors. Is this ful to their trust had they done less." not greatly needed ? Do not our young | Thus is Neal Dow twice vindicated trimen need it? Do not neglected wives umphantly. and abused children need it? Do not intemperate persons need it ? Tempta

THE OLD WORLD. tion, in its most seductive forms, now ! “Sebastopol is not yet taken!" On meets them at every street corner and the 18th of June the Allies made an cross-roads. They are beguiled and unsucessful attempt to storm the Redan overcome. Go to our prisons. By whom and Malakoff towers, and were repulsed are they filled ? By those who are the with a loss of about 5000 men, killed, victims directly or indirectly, of the li wounded and missing. There are two quor traffic. Go to our poorhouses. By stories current as to the cause of this whom are they filled ? Seven-tenths failure. In Paris it was reported that of the thousands supported there are the failure was, in a measure at least, inebriates and those dependant upon owing to errors committed by the Britthem. Go to the Court of Quarter Ses- | ish commanding officers. These errors sions, and who do you see arraigned are described as twc-fold-first, in not there for petty offences and crimes of a having had fascines provided for filling higher magnitude? The large majority | up the trench within in the Redan; of them are the victims of strong drink. and next, in not having immediately A reverend gentleman of Philadelphia, apprised the French Commander that recently went with Hon. Judge Kelly to they found it necessary to retire. The Moyamensing Prison to witness the British on their side say that they took Court proceedings occasionally held the Redan, but could not hold it because there to save the expense of transport- ! the French failed to silence the Malaing back and forward the victims of koff. The truth of the matter is that intemperance. On a single afternoon the Russian soldiers are much harder one hundred cases passed under re- to conquer than the allied powers had view. Such a miserable throng he had been led to believe. Not only the offiseldom seen. More than sixty of the cers in command, but the rank and file hundred were females, sent to prison of the garrison have shown on all occafor intoxication. Do we not need a re sions the most astonishing coolness and form, and will not every good citizen courage. An American surgeon, in the lend his aid to give efficiency to our employ of the Russians, writing from restraining law? The State Temperance Sebastopol, says, “events have proved Convention, which meets at Reading on that the English soldier is much infethe 8th of August, should be attended l rior to the French or Russian, and that with certain exceptions the Russian is i NOTES ON LITERATURE, &c. as good as the French. Sebastopol," ! It is stated that above 200 eminent he continues, “will never be taken-it scientific foreigners have been invited may be blown up by the Russians." by a local committee to attend the This is the opinion we expressed meeting of the British Association in months ago, and we yet see nothing to September next. Among the names are justify us in changing it.

those of Louis Agassiz, Princes Charles The latest intelligence announces the and Lucien Bonaparte, Baron Humdeath of Lord Raglan, commander-in-boldt, M. Leverrier, Baron Liebeg, M. chief of the British forces in the Cri Quetelet, Chevalier Bunsen, Professor mea, who fell a victim to the climate Encke, Dr. Freund, &c. The third and and an overtaxed mind. He is suc fourth volumes of Mr. Macaulay's Hisceeded by Lord Simpson, who as a com tory are expected to appear in the presmander is almost wholly unknown to ent year. The concluding volumes of fame. The cholera is again making sad | Moore's Life, by Lord J. Russell, are in havoc among the troops, and the heat the press. Tennyson's new volume, so of summer is likely to be as fatal as long expected, will soon appear. It the frost of winter. The destruction contains three new poems of some of life in this war has already been ter length-Maud, an Idyl, and a poem on rible, and thousands of lives are yet Italy. A grand cavalcade of the studestined to be sacrificed before Sebas- | dents of the University of Leyden has topol is taken.

| recently taken place, on the occasion In England the most remarkable of the 280th anniversary of the foundaevent has been the introduction of a tion of that establishment. The town bill into Parliament, and its subsequent wore all the appearance of a fete. The withdrawal, intended to prohibit Sun- strange story of Newton's mental aberday trading. Its introduction by Lord ration, so uncharitably insisted on by Grosvenor was followed by a meeting Biot, is forever set at rest by new proofs or mobin Hyde Park-one of the largest having been discovered of Newton's ever seen there—who denounced the vigorous and unclouded intellect at the bill and its author in the most unmea periods of his alleged insanity. It is sured terms. The mob came in colli said that Philip Bailey, the author of sion with the police, and a number of “ Festus," will visit the United States arrests were made, and the rioters this fall, on an engagement to lecture taken to prison, but the next day they before some of our literary societies. were dismissed and the obnoxious bill Thackeray is making arrangements to was withdrawn. It is said to have again visit the United States to deliver been partly a ministerial measure, and a series of entirely original lectures. had been supported by a considerable James G. Percival, the poet, holds majority of the House, and would have the office of State Geologist of Wisconbecome a law, but for the demonstra- ! sin, having been appointed by Governor tion made against it by the mob. This Barstow about a year ago, since which is one of the most remarkable conces he has resided there. A newspaper sions to a mob on record, and must | correspondent thus describes him: "His finally have a disastrous effect upon the nose is hooked and thin, his eye is home power of the British government. gray, his mouth closed, his forehead It was generally conceded by the min high and broad, with the shape of unistry and lords that the measure was happy years and torturing thought upon right, but the government lacked the it. His timidity is unconquerable; he nerve to stand by its own faith. This is now as bashful as a child-is frightis conceding more to “democracy” in I ened at his own voice in a strange cirmonarchial England than ever was at cle, never speaks until he is addressed, tempted in this country, and more shuns society, and seeks no friends. than can ever be hoped to be achieved Devoted to his duties, he spends his by a mob of Americans. The contrast days in mineral holes and quarries, and is highly creditable to our own excel his evenings in recording his observalent government. Here the general' tions, and his nights in quiet sleep. He Sunday Law and Sunday Prohibitory ) is quite poor, depending upon his proLiquor Law, are observed and respected; fession as a geologist for his support." and everlasting infamy would attach to The Annual Commencement of Frankany Legislature which would bow to lin and Marshall College took place in the mandate of a mob.

this city on the 25th ult.

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