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thus descanner of her christ?anity. Mos

they shall flourish in peace and plenty. On the other hand the destruction of the olive was a strong mark of God's displeasure : “ Thou shalt have olive trees throughout all thy coasts, but thou shalt not anoint thyself with oil; for thine olive shall cast his fruit." Deut. 28, 40. See also Habak. 3, 17.

The olive was especially valued on account of the oil which it yielded, which was a great luxury, and could be put to various uses. A full-sized tree, when it bears vigorously, produces a thousand pounds of oil. In gathering the olives, the Jews were bound to remember a very touching commandment in regard to the poor. “When thou beatest thine olive tree, thou shalt not go over the boughs again: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow." Deut. 24, 20. Hear that, ye who not only stint, but even spurn the poor! Your spirit is not even as good as Judaism, to say nothing of christianity. Moses will condemn you; how then will you answer Christ!

The manner of making the olive oil, and the uses made of it, are thus described: “The olives, from which oil is to be expressed, must be gathered by the hands, or softly shaken from the trees before they are fully ripe. The best oil is that which comes from the fruit with very light pressure. This is sometimes called in Scripture green oil, not because of its color, for it is pellucid, but because it is from unripe fruit. It is translated in Ex. xxvii. 20, pure olive-oil beaten, and was used for the golden candlestick. For the extraction of this first oil, panniers or baskets are used, which are gently shaken. The second and third pressing produces inferior oil. The best is obtained from unripe fruit; the worst, from that which is more than ripe. The oil of Egypt is worth little, because the olives are too fat. Hence the Hebrews sent gifts of oil to the Egyptian kings. Hos. xii, 1. The inferior quality is used in making soap. But the Hebrews used oil not merely in lamps, and with salads, but in every domestic employment in which butter is serviceable, and in the meat-offerings of the temple. It is observed by travelers, that the natives of oil countries manifest more attachment to this than to any other article of food, and find nothing adequately to supply its place.

“A press was also used for the extraction of the oil, consisting of two reservoirs, usually eight feet square and four feet deep, situated one above the other. The berries, being in the upper one, were trodden out with the feet.”

The Mount of Olives derives its name from the number of fine olive trees which have in all ages flourished upon its sacred heights, as well as in the “sad Gethsemane" at its foot. The garden, or rather the plot where it once was, has still its sacred olives.

“There are still,” says Robinson, “within this enclosure, eight very old olive trees, with stones thrown around their trunks." What associations cluster around this rural spot. “Giving myself

ment to this, that the meat-offerimployment merely in lan


up,” says Robinson, "to the impressions of the moment, I sat down here for a time alone beneath one of these aged trees. All was silent and solitary around; only a herd of goats were feeding not far off, and a few flocks of sheep grazing on the side of the mountain. High above towered the dead walls of the city, through which penetrated no sound of human life. It was almost like the stillness and loneliness of the desert. Here, or at least not far off, the Saviour endured that “agony and bloody sweat," which was connected with the redemption of the world; and here in deep submission he prayed: “O my father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done !"

'Tis midnight-and on Olive's brow,

The star is dimmed that lately shone;
'Tis midnight-in the garden now,

The suffering Saviour prays alone.
'Tis midnight-and from all removed,
Immanuel wrestles lone with fears;

E'en the disciple that he loved
Ileeds not his Master's grief and tears.
'Tis midnight-and for other's guilt

The man of sorrows weeps in blood;
Yet he that hath in anguish knelt,

Is not forsaken by his God.
'Tis midnight--and from other plains,

Is borne the song that angels know;
Unheard by mortals are the strains

That sweetly soothe the Saviour's wo.

Nor eye hath seen so fair a sight,

Nor ear hath heard so sweet a sound,
Nor heart enjoyed such pure delight,

As in my Saviour I have found.
On Him my brightest hopes repose,

And sweetly in His love I rest;
While He is near I fear no foes,

But in Him feel supremely blest.
'Tis Jesus-who, in life, shall be

My hope, my joy, when sins prevail : 'Tis Jesus who shall comfort me,

When every other hope shall fail !

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"I will be even with my bitterest foe,"
Revenge exclaims, and then returns the blow.
“I'll be superior”-should the Christian say,
And kind forgiveness readily display.

ADVICE TO YOUNG MEN. There are thousands of men who possess wealth which has been obtained at the neglect of intellectual cultivation. Those would give half their fortunes if they could be set back and have the leisure for mental culture which young men are throwing away. Let this be no longer. Commence now to devote an hour or two each evening to study. It may be difficult at first, but it will be easier as you proceed, and at length will become the most delightful of all your enjoyments. The mind makes the man. Do not suffer yours to be dwarfed by too much enjoyment either in business or pleasure. Whatever you do for the cultivation of your intellect will be permanent. Every hour expended in this manner will return you five hours of the most elevated enjoyment in after years.

Nor is this all. As you become intelligent, your opportunities for usefulness will increase, and you can be the benefactor of your race. With an increase of usefulness comes an increase of emolument. The better able you are to help others, the better qualified will you be to help yourselves. Do not then trifle away the bsst years of your existence in low and frivolous pleasures, which will only degrade you, and impair both your usefulness and success in after life.

FAREWELL, MOTHER. Farewell, Mother, thou hast left us Farewell, Mother-gently sleeping For a bright and heavenly sphere, With a smile upon thy brow, Providonce has thus bereft us

Which does seem to chide our weeping, Of a friend and mother dear.

For thee who art happy now. Farewell, Mother, thou art happy Farewell, Mother, thou must molder While in our bosoms grief doth swell, Underneath the cold, cold ground, Mourning here thy long, long absence Never more shall we behold thee, Farewell, Mother, fare-thee-well.

Till the last loud trump shall sound. Farewell, Mother, we in sadness

Farewell, Mother, thy calm features Round thy lifeless body stand,

Plainly tell us all is well, While thy spirit waits in gladness, Yet it pains our hearts to leave thee, In the bright and heavenly land. And to say the last farewell. Farewell, Mother, gone for ever,

Farewell, Mother, may we meet thee Never more on earth to dwell,

Where the heavenly chorus swellAnd thy pleasing voice shall never Midst the happy we will greet thee, More salute us-fare-thee-well. | Never more to say farewell.

Since trifles make the sum of human things,
And half our misery from our foibles springs ;
Since life's best joys consist in peace and ease,
And though but few can serve, yet all may please ;
0, let the ungentle spirit learn from hence,
A small unkindness is a great offence!

Our Monthly Retrospect.


| sition is to be much regretted and The most cheering fact we have to seriously deprecated. The farmer is record as the development of the past the true nobleman of nature and the month is the prospect, now reduced to most independent of any class of soan admitted certainty, of one of the ciety. He has all within himself upon most abundant grain and fruit harvests which the existence and necessaries of with which we have been blessed for life, with the substantial comforts of years. From all sections of the country Home, really depend. The blessing of the accounts were favorable during the Providence rests upon him in a peculiar earlier part of the season, and now the manner, and he should be the last of wheat crop is so far advanced as to be men to murmur at His dispensations. beyond the reach of any serious injury, Our land has never yet been cursed unless from the depredations of the with a famine, and however much the weevil, which has not yet made its poorer classes in the large cities may appearance, at least in this section. have suffered, the farmer in this counDuring a trip through parts of Lancaster, try has really never experienced the Chester and Montgomery counties near trial of Want. Besides, as a general the close of the month, we everywhere thing, the calls upon his benevolence beheld evidences of the most ample are much less frequent and heavy than rewards of the labors of the husband upon the citizens who are called upon man. The quantity of wheat out is almost every year to alleviate the disvery large and well headed. In some tress of their suffering poor. During places the heavy rains which occurred the past year, especially, the farmer about the 24th ult. beat much of it, has been peculiariy favored. While down, where the straw was too heavy, he has received the highest, and, in but the process of heading and filling some instances, the most exorbitant were too far advanced to result disas prices for the produce of his farm, the trously. The only loss which would wages of such labor as he is obliged to be likely to result to the farmer might employ have not been increased in an be in the increased labor of cutting and arlequate proportion. Then, ye noblegathering. The Peach crop will be un men of nature, who, under Providence, usually fine, the trees everywhere being cause the desert places to blossom and literally burdened with this luscious i the wilderness to bring forth fruit to fruit. The apples and other fruits will make glad the heart of man, be gratebe abundant. The crops of corn do not ful and murmur not, lest God be angerlook to be as forward as might seemed and smite the land of your hope. desirable, owing to the extreme back. The great event of the political world wardness of the season, though if the during the past month has been the late rains are followed by a few weeks l assembling, deliberations, and, finally, of settled, warm and “growing weath the partial dissolution of the National er," the average yield will coin parel American or Know Nothing Convention favorably with other years. The same at Philadelphia. Like the old political may be said of the potato crops, parties this new one, which had swept though we hear some of the farmers the entire north as with a whirlwind of expressing their fears that “we are unprecedented triumph was doomed to having too much rain," and that “the split at last upon the rock of Slavery. potato crop will be ruined!"

A resolution being adopted, by a vote We have often been struck with the of 80 to 59, affirming “the existing disposition of farmers to complain or laws upon the subject of slavery as a murmur when there is no cause for it. final and conclusive settlement of that No matter how high the prices they re question in spirit and in substance,ceive for their produce, you seldom hear the delegates from the northern States a farmer who is willing to admit that he withdrew and unanimously agreed is “making anything." Such a dispo- | upon an appeal to the People in which

they denounce the repeal of the Mis- | inconsistent with its provisions, and souri Compromise by the passage of the that it therefore leaves the revised staKansas-Nebraska act and declare that , tutes in full force, so that a committal they “will use all constitutional means in accordance with the old statute is to maintain the positive guarantee of valid, although the commitment would that compact until the object for which be wholly unsupported by the new law. it was enacted has been consummatod The committal was therefore sustained. by the admission of Kansas and Ne- | This may be considered a very imporbraska as free States." The newspapers tant decision in sustaining the enforceboth north and south are advocating ment of the laws against the traffio. the formation of parties on this issue, The friends of Horace Greeley were and from present indications the presi shocked with the intelligence, brought dential campaign of 1856 will be a very by the last European arrival, that this exciting and ambiguous contest.

celebrated editor and philosopher had The friends and opponents of the been imprisoned in France, where he is Maine liquor law have been severely attending the French Industrial Exhiexercised of late on the subject of the bition. The natural supposition was recent liquor riot in the city of Port- that the event bad a political character land. Neal Dow was bitterly denounced and that the Imperial Government had by the liquor press as a murderer and been paying him off for somo excessivo his “illegal acts" held up to the public frankness of a democratic nature of as the cause of the riot. The official which he or his paper had been guilty. investigations and reports have trium Such however was not the case. His phantly acquitted Mayor Dow and I Imperial Majesty limits his repressive thrown the responsibility of the riot, 1 measures toward The Tribune to the with all its consequencos, upon the frequent suppression of copies sent to enemies of the law, who conspired to subscribers in France, and has not yet destroy city property under the power laid his beavy hand on the person of of mob law. The sathorities were jus any member of that establishment in tified in every step they took, and had his dominions. The history of Mr. the Mayor hesitated to use the authority Greeley's adventure is narrated by himplaced at his disposal, and the mob been self in a very happy manner, occupying allowed to destroy the City Hall, with four columns of his paper. The arrest its contents, he would have been de was made at the suit of Lechesne the nounced as a cowardly and ineflicient sculptor, who had & claim against the executive by every opposing press in Crystal Palace of New York for a statue the country, and the enforcement of the | --which still lies safe and sound in one Alaino Law represented as an impossi- the courts of the Palace- and who bility. They are now pretty well sat. | thought to hold Mr. Greeley pecuniarily isfied that prohibitory liquor laws can responsible as a director of the Assoand will be enforced as well as other ciation. The Court however refused to laws, and to trust the lesson which adopt Mr. Lechesne's view of the matHon. Neal Dow has taught his enemies ter and discharged the defendant. Mr. will not be without its good effect on Greeley spent two days in “Clichy," all interested.

resolutely refusing to pay the unreaThe unconstitutionality of the new sonable deinand, and he gives a very liquor law has been argued in the Su graphic account of prison life and a preme Court of Massachusetts, before chapter of good philosophy on getting Chief Justice Shaw, on the appeal of a into debt and prison. It was a fortunate woman who had been sentenced to the ciroumstance that Horace got into House of Correction for selling liquor, "Clichy," otherwise his readers would and was committed to jail, not being have been deprived of the most interable to give bonds. The Attorney esting and spicy letter he ever wrote General and District Attorney appeared from Europe. for the Commonwealth, and after an Morals in California seem to be imargument of several hours, the Court | proving under the restricting influence postponed a decision. Judge Shaw of wholesome legislation. The antiafterward decided that the thirty-se gambling law has gone into operation cond section of the liquor law, giving and its provisions are reported to be the right to appeal, is repugnant, in- very generally complied with, causing consistent, unconstitutional and void; considerable satisfaction among the that it has no force to repeal statutes people. The El Dorado House, the

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