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“The Othomacas, one of the rudest of “La multitude est plus frappé de ce the Orinoco tribes, suppose themselves qu'on lui ordonne que de ce qu'on lui prouve. descended from a pile of stones upon the Les hommes en général, ont besoin d'être top of a rock called Barraguan, and that fixês : il leur faut des maximes plutôt que they all return to stone as they came from des démonstrations."— PORTALIS. it; so that this mass of rock is composed of See this paper of Portalis. L. GOLDSMITH, their forefathers.

vol. 1, p. 281, &c. concerning a settled mode

of belief. It contains much excellent wisThe system of lying was not practised dom excellently expressed. more impudently by Buonaparte's government, than by the Opposition papers and REFORMATION. the Opposition speakers.

Necessity admitted the consequence of

fraud and falsehood. Johnson once said of Derrick," he may

Errors—in abolishing the Regulars. Purdo very well as long as he can outrun his

gatory. Calvinism. character, but the moment his character

Iconoclasm. The Cross. gets up with him, it is all over.” Alas !

Croyland and Ely still worse for the Recharacter now goes for nothing with the

formation. mob, or even the people in this country. “ Est enim metus magister longè optimus than with the intellect of a Dodo.

Your great Whig landholder is a Leviamaximequè opportunus.”l_GREG. Nazian

REVOLUTION would soon produce malaria

in England. The condition of the Bedford ALFRED's police.-TURNER, vol. 2, p. 304. Level would be more advantageous to coot,

Works of fiction monstrous in kind, de- teal, widgeon, and wild ducks, than to the vilish in feeling, damnable in purpose.

goosey goosey ganders of the house of Rus

sell. Every man his own king, his own priest, and his own God.

Beggars' Opera in Heroics. Lord B. The American war destroyed that ami- No happiness but in a settled state of cable feeling which till then had for half a things. century prevailed between the Church and

“Omne quod exit in hum." the Dissenters. In Abp. Secker's days,

SLAVERY. “ Mais on feint de ne rien croire, afin de

Feudal dependence.

Manufactures. tout permettre," was said of the Dragonnades in Poictou, and may be said of the Cato

TREASURE so frequently concealed in Instreet Conspiracy, &c.

dia, that whenever the foundation of a A. D. 1821. In the course of thirty-nine house is to be dug, officers of government years the Catholics in England are said to

attend to seize one, if it should be found. have increased sevenfold. Their present (This in Tranquebar.) numbers are about 500,000.

Evil of having introduced our system ! I suspect this is a line from the Carmen de

of laws in India.-MURRAY, Hist. Acc. vol. l'itá sua, v. 47.

2, p. 320. Φόβος γάρ ήγεν, ός μέγας διδάσκαλος.

Justice is defied in consequence, and the Tom. ii. p. 678. Ed. Fol. 1840. country at the mercy of most merciless

J. W. W. banditti.

e. g.


Printing. General education.

The world may be progressive as a whole, Emancipation. Association in clubs, &c. while parts are retrograde, e. g. New Hol

Reformation. Revolution in America and land, Canada, and America, while Great France.

Britain, &c. Church. Universities. Lay Monasteries. Protestant nunneries. Alms-houses. Condition of the lower classes, physical Condition of women.

as to health, diet, clothing, fire, moral, reMonastic virtues, humility, obedience. ligious, political Laws.

Hinds, small farmers, domestic servants, Literature.

male and female, manufactures, coachmen, Colonization at home and abroad.

&c. Progress of trade and manufactures. Question of exclusive companies.

QUESTION of improvement examined. Prevention of fires.

Scene, the ruined village. Small farmers

and peasantry, certes worsened. ManuEnd of all disputed successions with the factures a new class. Servants an altered Union of the Roses.

Tradesmen. The old denominations of small coin be- Condition of women. Quoad marriage, coming too small.

worsened, and quoad education, not so good

as in Henry VIII.'s time. MANUFACTURING populace in Flanders. Dr. Johnson, Boswell says,

was willing But the higher classes in those days, Co- to speak favourably of his own age : and mines says, were good people, and sorely indeed maintained its superiority in erery disliked the mutinous spirit of the commu- respect, except in its reverence for governnity. Our mischief lies with the half-edu- ment; the relaxation of which he imputed cated class,—the agitators.

as its grand cause to the shock which our

monarchy received at the Revolution, Consequence of the struggle for Refore though necessary; and secondly, to the mation in different countries. The League. timid concessions made to faction by sucAccidental effect of the Inquisition. cessive administrations in the reign of his

present Majesty, George III.”—Vol. 3, p.3. No one put to death for heresy while Sir T. More was chancellor.

“ There is a strange rout made about

deep play,” said Johnson; "whereas you DESTRUCTION of buildings began with the have many more ruined by adventurous Reformation, when stronger passions were at trade, and yet we do not hear such an outwork than in the successive war of which cry against it." Comines speaks.

Opinions concerning the mercantile proA good remark of Marlborough's upon fession by Cicero, and Plutarch's character Lord Ilalifax, “ if he had no other fault of it in eastern times. — Wadding. vol. 1, but his unreasonable vanity, that alone p. 17. Essexes. Basnage, vol. 1, p. 536. would be capable of making him guilty of

" In colonizing new countries provision

should be made for towns, and those limited Growth of good government through in size. See Henry the Fowler's regulation the wreck of its institutions. Difference in Germany. - TURNER, vol. 2, p. 350. in Iceland.

any fault.

Tue Bramin walking straight forward At the Hospital General in Rouen, old till he dies.

people are permitted on making a calculated

payment to become pensioners comfortably An autumnal poem—the first discoloured resident in it, in various classes, according leaves-possibility of a scathe at the top. to their rank in life.

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The divine right was a wholesome opi

HOBBES nion both for prince and subject ; impress. swallow this? yes, and more too, if needs be;

says, “Could the city of London ing upon both a sense of duty, from which no ill could follow, but much good might palate, nor taste of right and wrong.”

London, you know, has a great belly, but no arise. Is not the increase of poor rates a con

Rogues.-HOLINSHED, vol. 1, p. 309. sequence of the increase of population in great proportion ? that class always breed

The Spencean system is radically the ing without remorse ; and early marriages

same as that in Hindostan of the Zeminnot common in other.

dars and Rayuts, and would end in making

every landholder a tenant at rack rent, by “ Moreover the profit of the earth is way of relieving the subject from taxes; it for all : the king himself is served by the seizes upon all estates in toto. field.”—Ecclesiastes, v. 9.

HENRY VIII. said truly to his ParliaThe Saxons could have brought no trades

ment, “ that no king or kingdom was safe with them -- these must then have been

but where the king had ability to live of his practised by slaves till the liberti arose.

own, and able to defend his kingdom upon

any sudden invasion or insurrection, and to The thirst of gain has occasioned more

reward his well deserving servants." crimes and more misery than the thirst of glory.

Evils which arose from ignorance and

withholding of the scriptures - contrasted MACHINERY tends to create enormous with those which arose from ignorance and wealth for a few individuals.

the use of them.

Causes of the moral and intellectual degradation of the Roman world.

When the feudal system of education in great houses became obsolete, nothing succeeded it in Portugal, and boys of course men only should have been discharged at became little men.

first who wished their discharge, others kept

on for one year at least, till they could find Steam engine. Mail coach. Arkwright. employment for themselves. Watt.

Free passage given to as many as chose

to go out and colonize ; officers tempted to The only means by which such countries colonize by grants of land, passage, and as Naples and Spain can be regenerated their half pay, either by drawing for it, or without a long and dreadful age of suffer- in stores, &c. upon the spot, at English ing, is by an enlightened king or minister prices, for a certain number of years, till possessing his entire confidence and support. the land could well support them; and till

that term, the half pay to be continued to Principles of order and association turned

their widows and children in case of death. against society.

The present race are what Johnson em. We have rats from Norway and cock

phatically called bottomless Whigs. Their roaches from the West Indies, bugs and

attachment to the most sacred institutions blasphemy from London.

of the country is so lax, that no person

knows how far the loose tether of their A Law nicety kept the lawyers cold. principles extends. R. North, vol. 1, p. 185.

In Utopia, “extra senatum aut comitia " It had been a prime jest,” says ROGER publicè, de rebus communibus inire consiNorth (vol. 1, p. 284), “if, under the pre- lium, capitale habetur." — P. 129. This tence of a defence, the criminal should be was a precaution against tyranny. allowed to vent seditious libels, full of mu

BROUGHAM. tiny and reflection, to amuse the people, and so to come forth and be published in print.”

“ While these terrified petitioners were And so

" he took unto the treason trade." brooding over the dangers of Catholic ad-Ibid. p. 285.

mission to Parliament, it might afford so

comfort, as diversion to their fears, to know By Lord Keeper Guildford's advice, coun- how slight a phrase it was which prevented ter-pamphleteers, Sir Roger, &c. were set

Roman Catholic Bishops from sitting in the up, as a better way than prosecutors, “they Upper House, but which precluded Jewish soon wrote the libellers out of the pit, and Rabbis, or even the great Mufti himself, during that king's life, the trade of libels, from coming into Parliament, either by crewhich before had been in great request, fellation from the Crown, or election by the to nothing.”—Ibid.

people. (Hear! and laughter.)

barely the accidental insertion of the word A TIME of long continued deterioration Christian, in one of the tests, which preevery where, except in arts; the light being vented that consummation, dreadful as it only preserved among the Jews. Note this would be to the good men of Kent. Neilapse from the patriarchal and golden age, ther the Mahometan nor the Rabbi had in the second Dialogue.

any objection to the oaths; they could

digest the supremacy, the allegiance, and Turee cries occasioned the acts after the the abjuration of Catholic doctrines; nowar — cheap bread, retrenchment, and a thing kept them out but the fortunate inmetallic currency.

sertion of all this I promise upon the faith

of a Christian.""— Courier, Saturday, May In reducing an army after a war, those 11, 1822.


p. 301.

It was Such trash as this is uttered in Parliament and passes current!!

fore the revolution. - See MRS. CAREY'S Tour, p. 347.

“ The reason," says Swift, “ why the



“I remember to have heard Whigs have taken the atheists, or free

it said by a late anatomist, in a professional thinkers into their body is, because they discourse on the female frame, that it almost wholly agree in their political schemes, and appeared an act of cruelty in nature to prodiffer very little in church power and dis

duce such a being as woman." cipline."

In a Monarchy there certainly is someAr Westminster, the College ought in this thing more like a moral responsibility, more to resemble a college, that each scholar like a conscience than in a Republic, as should have his separate apartment, and Dryden says, that to all others it should be his castle. “ Well Monarchies may own Religious

name, The fault in Europe seems to be too But States are Atheists in their very frame, much government and too little police. They share a sin: and such proportions fall

That like a stink, 'tis nothing to them all." Hobbes says, in his Dialogues concerning the Common Law, “ perhaps the greatest SEE a horrid passage concerning original cause of multitude of suits is this, that for sin in South, vol. 7, p. 131. want of registering of conveyances of land (which might easily be done in the town- An opinion that departed spirits do not ships where the lands lie) a purchase can- see what passes on earth.—Ibid. p. 346. not easily be had which will not be litigious."

Books composed without a grain of re

search or a pennyweight of reason, a scruple MANUFACTURERS seditious when provi- of conscience: a dram of impudence or of sions are at a high price : the agriculturists slander suffices. when they are cheap, and both classes showing their total want of reverence or attach

Society with books.—Eras. Epist. p. 297. ment towards the institutions of their country.

OPPOSITION like the image in Nebuchad

nezzar's dream, from the proudest Whigs Weits—“de inquirendo de prodigo” – down to the most desperate levellers. proposed in that very sensible tract called England's Wants.-SOMERS' Tracts, vol. 9,

“ IN Cretâ Iouis simulacrum confingi certum est sine auribus, quoniam princi

pem uirum, et omnibus late dominantem MR. HUME“ the great toe of the assem

audire addecet neminem, sed id demum perbly."

sequi quod dictat rationis examen, et ius

titiæ nusquam præflorata integritas. Hæc “ Laws and church discipline." — LORD Cælius, li. 6." BROOKE, p. 40.

“In quibus, neque tibi neque mihi satisOwenite communities in Auvergne be- feci, propterea quod rei quæ non ratione

nititur, ratio nulla reddi potest."-SCALI| The Flemings put the estates of prodigals,

GER. Ep. 85, p. 220. as they did those of lunatics, under guardians. See suprà, p. 616.-J. W. W.

“ LITTERÆ quid aliud sunt hodiè, quam

p. 223.

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